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There are 2470 results for: content related to: World War II contrails: a case study of aviation-induced cloudiness

  1. You have free access to this content
    Regional radiative forcing by line-shaped contrails derived from satellite data

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 107, Issue D10, 27 May 2002, Pages: ACL 17-1–ACL 17-15, R. Meyer, H. Mannstein, R. Meerkötter, U. Schumann and P. Wendling

    Article first published online : 31 MAY 2002, DOI: 10.1029/2001JD000426

  2. The microphysical pathway to contrail formation

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

    Volume 120, Issue 15, 16 August 2015, Pages: 7893–7927, B. Kärcher, U. Burkhardt, A. Bier, L. Bock and I. J. Ford

    Article first published online : 13 AUG 2015, DOI: 10.1002/2015JD023491

  3. Effects of optical depth variability on contrail radiative forcing

    Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society

    Volume 139, Issue 675, July 2013 Part B, Pages: 1658–1664, Bernd Kärcher and Ulrike Burkhardt

    Article first published online : 12 NOV 2012, DOI: 10.1002/qj.2053

  4. You have free access to this content
    Extinction and optical depth of contrails

    Geophysical Research Letters

    Volume 38, Issue 11, June 2011, C. Voigt, U. Schumann, P. Jessberger, T. Jurkat, A. Petzold, J.-F. Gayet, M. Krämer, T. Thornberry and D. W. Fahey

    Article first published online : 14 JUN 2011, DOI: 10.1029/2011GL047189

  5. You have free access to this content
    US jet contrail frequency changes: influences of jet aircraft flight activity and atmospheric conditions

    International Journal of Climatology

    Volume 27, Issue 5, April 2007, Pages: 621–632, David J. Travis, Andrew M. Carleton, Jeffrey S. Johnson and James Q. DeGrand

    Article first published online : 9 OCT 2006, DOI: 10.1002/joc.1418

  6. You have free access to this content
    Influence of weather conditions on the distribution of persistent contrails

    Meteorological Applications

    Volume 6, Issue 3, September 1999, Pages: 261–271, Martina Kästner, Richard Meyer and Peter Wendling

    Article first published online : 29 DEC 2006, DOI: 10.1017/S1350482799001231

  7. You have free access to this content
    Environmental conditions required for contrail formation and persistence

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 103, Issue D4, 27 February 1998, Pages: 3929–3936, Eric J. Jensen, Owen B. Toon, Stefan Kinne, Glen W. Sachse, Bruce E. Anderson, K. Roland Chan, Cynthia H. Twohy, Bruce Gandrud, Andrew Heymsfield, Richard C. Miake-Lye

    Article first published online : 1 FEB 1998, DOI: 10.1029/97JD02808

  8. You have free access to this content
    Observation of low-depolarization contrails at Florence (Italy) using a 532–1064 nm polarization LIDAR

    Geophysical Research Letters

    Volume 28, Issue 21, 1 November 2001, Pages: 4067–4070, Massimo Del Guasta and Kandula Niranjan

    Article first published online : 7 DEC 2012, DOI: 10.1029/2001GL013635

  9. In situ observations of particles in jet aircraft exhausts and contrails for different sulfur-containing fuels

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 101, Issue D3, 20 March 1996, Pages: 6853–6869, U. Schumann, J. Ström, R. Busen, R. Baumann, K. Gierens, M. Krautstrunk, F. P. Schröder, J. Stingl

    Article first published online : 1 MAR 1996, DOI: 10.1029/95JD03405

  10. You have free access to this content
    Estimates of cloud radiative forcing in contrail clusters using GOES imagery

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 106, Issue D5, 16 March 2001, Pages: 4927–4937, David P. Duda, Patrick Minnis, Louis Nguyen

    Article first published online : 1 MAR 2001, DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900393

  11. How Reliable are Citizen-Derived Scientific Data? Assessing the Quality of Contrail Observations Made by the General Public

    Transactions in GIS

    Volume 17, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages: 488–506, Amy Fowler, J. Duncan Whyatt, Gemma Davies and Rebecca Ellis

    Article first published online : 22 MAY 2013, DOI: 10.1111/tgis.12034

  12. Aircraft-type dependency of contrail evolution

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres

    Volume 119, Issue 24, 27 December 2014, Pages: 14,015–14,027, S. Unterstrasser and N. Görsch

    Article first published online : 29 DEC 2014, DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022642

  13. You have free access to this content
    Spreading and growth of contrails in a sheared environment

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 103, Issue D24, 27 December 1998, Pages: 31557–31567, Eric J. Jensen, Andrew S. Ackerman, David E. Stevens, Owen. B. Toon, Patrick Minnis

    Article first published online : 1 DEC 1998, DOI: 10.1029/98JD02594

  14. You have free access to this content
    In situ observations of contrail microphysics and implications for their radiative impact

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 104, Issue D10, 27 May 1999, Pages: 12077–12084, Michael R. Poellot, W. Patrick Arnott, John Hallett

    Article first published online : 1 MAY 1999, DOI: 10.1029/1999JD900109

  15. You have free access to this content
    Physicochemistry of aircraft-generated liquid aerosols, soot, and ice particles: 2. Comparison with observations and sensitivity studies

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 103, Issue D14, 27 July 1998, Pages: 17129–17147, B. Kärcher, R. Busen, A. Petzold, F. P. Schröder, U. Schumann, E. J. Jensen

    Article first published online : 1 JUL 1998, DOI: 10.1029/98JD01045

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    Global distribution of contrail radiative forcing

    Geophysical Research Letters

    Volume 26, Issue 13, 1 July 1999, Pages: 1853–1856, Patrick Minnis, Ulrich Schumann, David R. Doelling, Klaus M. Gierens and David W. Fahey

    Article first published online : 1 JUL 1999, DOI: 10.1029/1999GL900358

  17. You have free access to this content
    Differences in early contrail evolution of two-engine versus four-engine aircraft: Lidar measurements and numerical simulations

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 106, Issue D5, 16 March 2001, Pages: 4899–4911, Ralf Sussmann, Klaus M. Gierens

    Article first published online : 1 MAR 2001, DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900533

  18. You have free access to this content
    Interactions between sulfur and soot emissions from aircraft and their role in contrail formation: 2. Development

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 103, Issue D9, 20 May 1998, Pages: 10787–10802, C. Andronache, W. L. Chameides

    Article first published online : 1 MAY 1998, DOI: 10.1029/98JD00173

  19. You have free access to this content
    Near-field measurements on contrail properties from fuels with different sulfur content

    Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012)

    Volume 102, Issue D25, 27 December 1997, Pages: 29867–29880, A. Petzold, R. Busen, F. P. Schröder, R. Baumann, M. Kuhn, J. Ström, D. E. Hagen, P. D. Whitefield, D. Baumgardner, F. Arnold, S. Borrmann, U. Schumann

    Article first published online : 1 DEC 1997, DOI: 10.1029/97JD02209

  20. You have free access to this content
    Aircraft condensation trails and cirrus

    Weather

    Volume 59, Issue 5, May 2004, Pages: 116–121, James A. Screen and A. Robert MacKenzie

    Article first published online : 29 DEC 2006, DOI: 10.1256/wea.140.03