eLS

eLS

Online ISBN: 9780470015902

DOI: 10.1002/047001590X

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  1. Biochemistry
  2. Bioethics & Philosophy
  3. Cell Biology
  4. Developmental Biology
  5. Ecology
  6. Evolution & Diversity of Life
  7. Genetics & Disease
  8. Immunology
  9. Microbiology
  10. Molecular Biology
  11. Neuroscience
  12. Plant Science
  13. Science & Society
  14. Structural Biology
    1. Bioinformatics
    2. Cell Motility and Transport
    3. Electron Microscopy
    4. General Structural Biology
    5. Lipids and Membrane Structure
    6. Mass Spectrometry
    7. Membrane Proteins
    8. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    9. Nucleic Acid Structure
      1. Alterations in DNA Methylation Resulting from Exposure to Chemical Carcinogens
      2. Alternative Splicing: Cell-type-specific and Developmental Control
      3. Antisense Nucleic Acids in Biotechnology
      4. Archaeal Ribosomes
      5. Artificial Chromosomes
      6. Banding Techniques
      7. Base Flipping
      8. Base Pairing in DNA: Unusual Patterns
      9. Base Pairing in RNA: Unusual Patterns
      10. Basepair (bp)
      11. Biased Gene Conversion and Its Impact on Genome Evolution
      12. Biological Macromolecules: UV-visible Spectrophotometry
      13. Biomolecular NMR Spectroscopy of Ribonucleic Acids
      14. BLAST Algorithm
      15. Blocks of Limited Haplotype Diversity
      16. Cancer Cytogenetics
      17. Caps on Eukaryotic mRNAs
      18. Cell Cycle: Chromosomal Organization
      19. Cellular RNAs: Varied Roles
      20. Centromeric Sequences and Sequence Structures
      21. Chromatin Diminution
      22. Chromatin in the Cell Nucleus: Higher-order Organisation
      23. Chromatin Recognition Protein Modules: The PHD Finger
      24. Chromosomal Bands and Sequence Features
      25. Chromosomal Genetic Disease: Structural Aberrations
      26. Chromosome
      27. Chromosome Condensation and Cohesion
      28. Chromosome Mechanics
      29. Chromosome Rearrangements
      30. Chromosome Structures: Visualization
      31. Chromosome-specific Repeats (Low-copy Repeats)
      32. Chromosomes and Chromatin
      33. Chromosomes: Nonhistone Proteins
      34. Clinical and Phenotypic Relevance of cis-Acting Regulatory Polymorphisms
      35. Clustering of Highly Expressed Genes in the Human Genome
      36. Comparative Cytogenetics
      37. Comparative Cytogenetics Technologies
      38. Contig Assembly
      39. CpG Islands and DNA Methylation
      40. Cre–lox-Inducible Gene Targeting
      41. Crystallisation of Nucleic Acids
      42. Crystallization of Protein–DNA Complexes
      43. Cytogenetic Techniques
      44. DNA Chemical Instability
      45. DNA Chip Revolution
      46. You have free access to this content
        DNA Chips and Microarrays
      47. DNA Cloning
      48. DNA Helicase-deficiency Disorders
      49. DNA Looping and Transcription Regulation
      50. DNA Mechanics and Statistical Mechanics
      51. DNA Methylation
      52. DNA Packaging in Sperm
      53. DNA Polymerase Fidelity Mechanisms
      54. You have free access to this content
        DNA Recombination
      55. You have free access to this content
        DNA Replication
      56. You have free access to this content
        DNA Replication Fidelity
      57. DNA Replication Origins
      58. DNA Sequencing
      59. DNA Structure
      60. DNA Structure Changes Coupled to Protein Binding
      61. DNA Structure: A-, B- and Z-DNA Helix Families
      62. DNA Structure: Sequence Effects
      63. DNA Topology: Fundamentals
      64. DNA Topology: Supercoiling and Linking
      65. DNA Transposition: Classes and Mechanisms
      66. DNA: Mechanical Breakage
      67. DNA: Natural Single-stranded
      68. DNA/RNA Flexibility
      69. Engineered Enzymes
      70. Enhancers
      71. Environmental Carcinogens and Mutagens
      72. Eukaryotic Replication Origins and Initiation of DNA Replication
      73. Exonic Splicing Enhancers
      74. Exosome Complex
      75. Flow-sorted Chromosomes
      76. Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH) Techniques
      77. Fluorescence Microscopy
      78. Fragile Sites
      79. Gel Electrophoresis
      80. Gene Conversion
      81. Gene Distribution in Human Chromosomes
      82. Gene Duplication and Redundancy
      83. Gene Mapping and Positional Cloning
      84. You have free access to this content
        Gene Structure and Organization
      85. Gene Synthesis for Protein Production
      86. Genetic and Physical Map Correlation
      87. Genetic Maps: Integration
      88. Genetic Networks
      89. Genome Sequence Analysis
      90. Genome, Proteome and the Quest for a Full Structure–Function Description of an Organism
      91. Genomic Rearrangements: Mutational Mechanisms
      92. Global Alignment
      93. Hammerhead Ribozymes
      94. Heterochromatin: Constitutive
      95. Hidden Markov Models
      96. Histone Acetylation: Long-range Patterns in the Genome
      97. Histones
      98. Homologous DNA Interactions in Interphase: Spatial Organization of Interphase Nucleus
      99. Imprinting (Mammals)
      100. Initiator tRNAs in Bacteria and Eukaryotes
      101. Integrase Class Site-specific Recombinases
      102. Intron Homing
      103. Intronless Genes
      104. Introns: Group I Structure and Function
      105. Kilobase Pair (kbp)
      106. Ligation: Theory and Practice
      107. Linkage and Crossing over
      108. Long Interspersed Nuclear Elements (LINEs)
      109. Macromolecular Interactions: Aptamers
      110. Macromolecular Interactions: Light Scattering
      111. Macromolecular Structure Determination by X-ray Crystallography
      112. Magnetic Tweezers
      113. Matrix-associated Regions (MARs) and Scaffold Attachment Regions (SARs)
      114. Mechanism of Single-Stranded DNA Transposition: A Structural Perspective
      115. Megabase Pair (Mbp)
      116. Megasatellite DNA
      117. Messenger RNA in Eukaryotes
      118. Messenger RNA in Prokaryotes
      119. Messenger RNA Splicing Signals
      120. You have free access to this content
        Messenger RNA: Interaction with Ribosomes
      121. Mitosis
      122. Mitosis: Chromosomal Rearrangements
      123. Mitosis: Chromosome Segregation and Stability
      124. mRNA Formation: 3′ End
      125. mRNA Splicing: Regulated and Differential
      126. mRNA Untranslated Regions (UTRs)
      127. Negative Regulatory Elements (NREs)
      128. Nick Translation
      129. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy: Structure Determination of Proteins and Nucleic Acids
      130. Non-B DNA Structure and Mutations Causing Human Genetic Disease
      131. Nonprotein-coding Genes
      132. Nuclear Receptor Genes
      133. Nucleic Acid Backbone Structure Variations: Peptide Nucleic Acids
      134. You have free access to this content
        Nucleic Acids as Genetic Material
      135. Nucleic Acids: General Properties
      136. Nucleic Acids: Hybridisation
      137. Nucleic Acids: Subtractive Hybridization
      138. Nucleic Acids: Thermal Stability and Denaturation
      139. Nucleolus
      140. Nucleosomes: Structure and Function
      141. Nucleotides: Structure and Properties
      142. Nucleotides: Uncommon, Modified and Synthetic
      143. Plant Nuclear Genome Composition
      144. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR): Specialised Applications
      145. Primary Protein and Nucleic Acid Three-dimensional Structure Databases
      146. Prokaryotic DNA-binding Proteins
      147. Prokaryotic Replication Origins: Structure and Function in the Initiation of DNA Replication
      148. Promoters
      149. Protein Isoforms and Isozymes
      150. Protein Synthesis in Eukaryotes: IRES-mediated Internal Initiation
      151. Protein Synthesis Initiation in Bacteria
      152. Protein–DNA Complexes: Nonspecific
      153. Protein–DNA Complexes: Specific
      154. Protein–DNA Interactions
      155. Protein–DNA Interactions: Polyelectrolyte Effects
      156. Protein–DNA Interactions: Structure and Energetics
      157. Protein–Nucleic Acid Interaction: Major Groove Recognition Determinants
      158. Protein–RNA Interactions
      159. Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoresis
      160. Recombinant DNA
      161. Regulatory RNA
      162. Repetitive Elements: Bioinformatic Identification, Classification and Analysis
      163. Representational Difference Analysis
      164. Repression Mechanism
      165. Restriction Enzymes
      166. Retroviral Repeat Sequences
      167. Ribosomes and Ribosomal Proteins: More Than Just ‘Housekeeping’
      168. RNA Editing
      169. You have free access to this content
        RNA Interactions in mRNA Splicing
      170. RNA Secondary Structure Prediction
      171. RNA Structural Motifs
      172. RNA Structure
      173. RNA Structure: Pseudoknots
      174. RNA Structure: Roles of Divalent Metal Ions
      175. RNA Structure: Tetraloops
      176. RNA Tertiary Structure Prediction: Computational Techniques
      177. Role of Bioinformatics in Genome-wide Association Studies
      178. The Role of Insulators in Genome Organization and Gene Expression
      179. rRNA Structure
      180. Selenocysteine
      181. Sequence Accuracy and Verification
      182. Sequence Alignment
      183. Sequence Assembly
      184. Sequence Similarity
      185. Short Interspersed Elements (SINEs)
      186. Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs): Identification and Scoring
      187. Site-specific Recombination
      188. Small Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs)
      189. Small Regulatory RNAs in Bacteria
      190. Small-Angle Scattering of Neutrons and X-Rays
      191. Smith–Waterman Algorithm
      192. snoRNAs: Biogenesis, Structure and Function
      193. Splice Sites
      194. Spliceosomal Machinery
      195. Spliceosome
      196. Supercoiled DNA: Structure
      197. Telomere
      198. Telomeres
      199. Telomeres in Cell Function: Cancer and Ageing
      200. Telomeres: Protection and Maintenance
      201. Telomeric and Subtelomeric Repeat Sequences
      202. Termination of Replication in Bacteria
      203. Tissue-specific Locus Control: Structure and Function
      204. Topoisomerases
      205. Transcript Elongation and Termination in Bacteria
      206. Transcription Factors
      207. The Transcription/DNA Repair Factor TFIIH
      208. Transfer RNA
      209. Transfer RNA Modification
      210. Transfer RNA Structure
      211. Transfer RNA Synthesis and Regulation
      212. Translation Control by Proteins
      213. Translation Control by RNA
      214. Transposases and Integrases
      215. Transposons
      216. Transposons: Eukaryotic
      217. Transposons: Prokaryotic
      218. 5′-UTRs and Regulation
      219. 3′ UTRs and Regulation
      220. Viruses: Genomes and Genomics
      221. Watson–Crick Base Pairs and Nucleic Acids Stability
      222. X and Y Chromosomes: Homologous Regions
    10. Optical Microscopy
    11. Protein Folding, Evolution and Degradation
    12. Protein Structure
    13. Replication and Recombination
    14. Sample Preparation in Structural Biology
    15. Signal Transduction
    16. Single Molecule Analysis
    17. Spectrophotometric Methods
    18. Structure of Cell-Cell Interactions
    19. Transcription
    20. Translation and Protein synthesis
    21. Virus Structure and Function
    22. X-Ray Crystallography
  15. Virology

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