The Cochrane Library: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

DOI: 10.1002/14651858

Reviews/Protocols listed by Cochrane Review Group


  1. Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group
  2. Cochrane Airways Group
  3. Cochrane Anaesthesia, Critical and Emergency Care Group
  4. Cochrane Back and Neck Group
  5. Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group
  6. Cochrane Breast Cancer Group
  7. Cochrane Childhood Cancer Group
  8. Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group
    1. About this group
    2. Reviews
      1. Abdominal drainage to prevent intra-peritoneal abscess after open appendectomy for complicated appendicitisReview
      2. Adjuvant chemotherapy for small intestine adenocarcinomaReview
      3. Adjuvant Therapy for completely resected Stage II Colon CancerReview
      4. Analgesia in patients with acute abdominal painReview
      5. Anti-angiogenic therapies for metastatic colorectal cancerReview
      6. Antibiotic prophylaxis for hernia repair.Review
      7. Antibiotic regimens for secondary peritonitis of gastrointestinal origin in adultsReview
      8. Antibiotics for uncomplicated diverticulitisReview
      9. Antibiotics versus placebo for prevention of postoperative infection after appendicectomy.Review
      10. Antimicrobial prophylaxis for colorectal surgeryReview
      11. Appendectomy versus antibiotic treatment for acute appendicitisReview
      12. Blood CEA levels for detecting recurrent colorectal cancerReviewDiagnostic
      13. Cesarean delivery for the prevention of anal incontinenceReview
      14. Chewing gum for postoperative recovery of gastrointestinal functionReview
      15. Chinese medical herbs for chemotherapy side effects in colorectal cancer patientsReview
      16. Chromoscopy versus conventional endoscopy for the detection of polyps in the colon and rectumReview
      17. Cisapride for Intestinal ConstipationReview
      18. Colorectal stents for the management of malignant colonic obstructionsReview
      19. Combination chemotherapy versus single-agent chemotherapy during preoperative chemoradiation for resectable rectal cancerReview
      20. Concomitant hyperthermia and radiation therapy for treating locally advanced rectal cancerReview
      21. Conventional versus LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy for patients with symptomatic HemorrhoidsReview
      22. Covering ileo- or colostomy in anterior resection for rectal carcinomaReview
      23. Curative surgery for obstruction from primary left colorectal carcinoma: Primary or staged resection?Review
      24. Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polypsReview
      25. Dietary fibre for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomasReview
      26. Dietary flavonoid for preventing colorectal neoplasmsReview
      27. Duration of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with non-metastatic colorectal cancerReview
      28. Early enteral nutrition within 24h of colorectal surgery versus later commencement of feeding for postoperative complicationsReview
      29. Energy source instruments for laparoscopic colectomyReview
      30. Fast track surgery versus conventional recovery strategies for colorectal surgeryReview
      31. Flexible sigmoidoscopy versus faecal occult blood testing for colorectal cancer screening in asymptomatic individualsReview
      32. Fluoropyrimidine-HAI (hepatic arterial infusion) versus systemic chemotherapy (SCT) for unresectable liver metastases from colorectal cancerReview
      33. Follow-up strategies for patients treated for non-metastatic colorectal cancerReview
      34. Gases for establishing pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopic abdominal surgeryReview
      35. Hand assisted laparoscopic surgery versus conventional laparoscopy for colorectal surgeryReview
      36. Heated CO2 with or without humidification for minimally invasive abdominal surgeryReview
      37. Heparins and mechanical methods for thromboprophylaxis in colorectal surgeryReview
      38. Hepatic artery adjuvant chemotherapy for patients having resection or ablation of colorectal cancer metastatic to the liverReview
      39. Herbal medicines for advanced colorectal cancerReview
      40. Histamine type 2 receptor antagonists as adjuvant treatment for resected colorectal cancerReview
      41. Ileostomy or colostomy for temporary decompression of colorectal anastomosisReview
      42. Incision and drainage of perianal abscess with or without treatment of anal fistulaReview
      43. Interventions for anal canal intraepithelial neoplasiaReview
      44. Intra-abdominal drains for the prophylaxis of anastomotic leak in elective colorectal surgeryReview
      45. Intra-peritoneal prophylactic agents for preventing adhesions and adhesive intestinal obstruction after non-gynaecological abdominal surgeryReview
      46. Irinotecan chemotherapy combined with fluoropyrimidines versus irinotecan alone for overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with advanced and/or metastatic colorectal cancerReview
      47. Lactulose versus Polyethylene Glycol for Chronic ConstipationReview
      48. Laparoscopic techniques versus open techniques for inguinal hernia repairReview
      49. Laparoscopic versus Open surgery for small bowel Crohn's diseaseReview
      50. Laparoscopic versus open surgery for suspected appendicitisReview
      51. Laparoscopic versus open surgery in small bowel obstructionReview
      52. Laparoscopic versus open surgical techniques for ventral or incisional hernia repairReview
      53. Laparoscopic versus open total mesorectal excision for rectal cancerReview
      54. Lateral pararectal versus transrectal stoma placement for prevention of parastomal herniationReview
      55. Laxatives for the treatment of hemorrhoids.Review
      56. Long-term results of laparoscopic colorectal cancer resectionReview
      57. Mechanical bowel preparation for elective colorectal surgeryReview
      58. Narrow band imaging versus conventional white light colonoscopy for the detection of colorectal polypsReview
      59. Nitrous Oxide for ColonoscopyReview
      60. Non-resection versus resection for an asymptomatic primary tumour in patients with unresectable Stage IV colorectal cancerReview
      61. Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and aspirin for preventing colorectal adenomas and carcinomasReview
      62. Non surgical therapy for anal fissureReview
      63. Open Mesh versus non-Mesh for groin hernia repairReview
      64. Open Preperitoneal Techniques versus Lichtenstein Repair for elective Inguinal HerniasReview
      65. Open surgical procedures for incisional herniasReview
      66. Open versus laparoscopic (assisted) ileo pouch anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposisReview
      67. Operative procedures for fissure in anoReview
      68. Oral traditional Chinese medication for adhesive small bowel obstructionReview
      69. Oral water soluble contrast for the management of adhesive small bowel obstructionReview
      70. Palliative chemotherapy for advanced or metastatic colorectal cancerReview
      71. Perioperative blood transfusions and recurrence of colorectal cancerReview
      72. Phlebotonics for haemorrhoidsReview
      73. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in rectal cancer operated for cure.Review
      74. Pre and peri-operative erythropoeitin for reducing allogeneic blood transfusions in colorectal cancer surgery.Review
      75. Pre-operative chemoradiation for non-metastatic locally advanced rectal cancerReview
      76. Pre-operative Nutrition Support in Patients Undergoing Gastrointestinal Surgery.Review
      77. Pre-operative radiotherapy and curative surgery for the management of localized rectal carcinomaReview
      78. Preoperative chemoradiation versus radiation alone for stage II and III resectable rectal cancerReview
      79. Prolonged thromboprophylaxis with Low Molecular Weight heparin for abdominal or pelvic surgeryReview
      80. Prophylactic nasogastric decompression after abdominal surgeryReview
      81. Propofol for sedation during colonoscopyReview
      82. Quality of life after rectal resection for cancer, with or without permanent colostomy.Review
      83. Radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of liver metastases from colorectal cancerReview
      84. Reconstructive Techniques After Rectal Resection for Rectal CancerReview
      85. Resection versus no intervention or other surgical interventions for colorectal cancer liver metastasesReview
      86. Rubber band ligation versus excisional haemorrhoidectomy for haemorrhoidsReview
      87. Screening for colorectal cancer using the faecal occult blood test, HemoccultReview
      88. Second-line chemotherapy in advanced and metastatic CRCReview
      89. Selective internal radiation therapy for liver metastases from colorectal cancerReview
      90. Short term benefits for laparoscopic colorectal resectionReview
      91. Shouldice technique versus other open techniques for inguinal hernia repairReview
      92. Single incision versus conventional multi-incision appendicectomy for suspected appendicitisReview
      93. Single layer versus double layer suture anastomosis of the gastrointestinal tractReview
      94. Stapled versus conventional surgery for hemorrhoidsReview
      95. Stapled versus handsewn methods for colorectal anastomosis surgeryReview
      96. Stapled versus handsewn methods for ileocolic anastomosesReview
      97. Surgical intervention for anorectal fistulaReview
      98. Systemic prokinetic pharmacologic treatment for postoperative adynamic ileus following abdominal surgery in adultsReview
      99. Traditional Chinese Medicine herbs for stopping bleeding from haemorrhoidsReview
      100. Transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) vs totally extraperitoneal (TEP) laparoscopic techniques for inguinal hernia repair.Review
      101. Transparent Cap Colonoscopy versus Standard Colonoscopy to Improve Caecal IntubationReview
      102. Transverse verses midline incisions for abdominal surgeryReview
      103. Virtual reality simulation training for health professions trainees in gastrointestinal endoscopyReview
      104. Water infusion versus air insufflation for colonoscopyReview
      105. Workload and surgeon´s specialty for outcome after colorectal cancer surgeryReview
    3. Protocols
      1. Acupoint stimulation for postoperative ileus  following gastrointestinal surgeryProtocol
      2. Appendix stump closure during laparoscopic appendectomyProtocol
      3. Biomarkers for diagnosis of acute appendicitis in adultsProtocolDiagnostic
      4. Bowel Preparation and Prokinetic Agents for Small Bowel Capsule EndoscopyProtocol
      5. Bowel preparation for colonoscopyProtocol
      6. Bowel Preparation for Paediatric ColonoscopyProtocol
      7. Chemotherapy for downstaging unresectable liver metastases from colorectal cancerProtocol
      8. Chemotherapy with Camptothecin compounds for metastatic colorectal cancerProtocol
      9. Chemotherapy with platinum compounds for metastatic colorectal cancerProtocol
      10. Chronomodulated chemotherapy versus conventional chemotherapy for Advanced and /or Metastatic Colorectal CancerProtocol
      11. Closed versus open approach in laparoscopic colorectal surgeryProtocol
      12. Closure methods for laparotomy incisionsProtocol
      13. Colonoscopic polypectomy for prevention of colorectal cancerProtocol
      14. Coriolus versicolor mushroom for colorectal cancer treatmentProtocol
      15. Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal carcinomatosis in patients with colorectal cancerProtocol
      16. Daikenchuto for reducing postoperative ileus in patients undergoing elective abdominal surgeryProtocolNew
      17. Diagnostic accuracy of Computed Tomography for Appendicitis in AdultsProtocolDiagnostic
      18. Double-stapled anastomosis versus mucosectomy and handsewn anastomosis in ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis or familial adenomatous polyposisProtocol
      19. Early laparoscopy versus observation for patients with acute abdominal painProtocol
      20. Early versus delayed appendicectomy for appendiceal phlegmon or abscessProtocol
      21. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) inhibitors for metastatic colorectal cancerProtocol
      22. Exploration of the contralateral side when operating for inguinal hernia in children for detection of bilateral hernationProtocol
      23. FDG PET-CT imaging for pre operative staging in patients with colorectal cancerProtocolDiagnostic
      24. Glutamine supplementation in enteral or parenteral nutrition for the incidence of mucositis in colorectal cancerProtocolWithdrawn
      25. Guaiac-based faecal occult blood tests versus faecal immunochemical tests for colorectal cancer screening in average-risk individualsProtocolDiagnostic
      26. Herbal medicine for relapse and metastasis in patients operated for colorectal cancerProtocol
      27. Imaging modalities for the detection of posterior compartment disorders in women with obstructed defaecation syndromeProtocolDiagnostic
      28. Interventions for improving uptake of population-based screening for colorectal cancer using fecal occult blood testingProtocol
      29. Interventions for reducing diarrhoea in patients receiving chemotherapy for colorectal cancerProtocol
      30. Intestinal dysfunction and QOL in patients with or without radiotherapy after rectal cancer resection.Protocol
      31. Intravenous hyoscine-N-butyl bromide for aiding colonoscopyProtocol
      32. Iron nutriture for colorectal cancerProtocolWithdrawn
      33. Laparoscopic versus open surgery for colonic diverticulitisProtocol
      34. Lightweight versus Heavyweight mesh for laparoscopic repair of inguinal herniaProtocol
      35. Lightweight versus Heavyweight mesh for open repair of inguinal herniaProtocol
      36. Local surgical treatment in early rectal cancer with or without adjuvant therapyProtocol
      37. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosis of acute appendicitisProtocolDiagnostic
      38. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) versus computed tomography (CT) for the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in preoperative rectal cancerProtocolDiagnostic
      39. Mesalamine (5-ASA) for the management of diverticulitisProtocol
      40. Mesh fixation techniques for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in adultsProtocol
      41. Mesh fixation techniques in primary ventral or incisional hernia repairProtocol
      42. Mesh fixation with glue versus suture for recurrence and pain in Lichtenstein inguinal hernioplastyProtocol
      43. Mesh versus non-mesh for inguinal and femoral hernia repairProtocol
      44. Metronidazole for pain after haemorrhoid surgeryProtocol
      45. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for patients having resection or ablation of liver metastases from colorectal cancer.Protocol
      46. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and aspirin for preventing colorectal adenomas and carcinomas in general populationProtocol
      47. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and aspirin for preventing colorectal adenomas and carcinomas in patients with previous adenomas and/or genetic dispositionProtocol
      48. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and aspirin for preventing recurrence and metachronous colorectal carcinomas in patients previously treated for colorectal cancerProtocol
      49. Octreotide for inoperable malignant bowel obstructionProtocolWithdrawn
      50. Omentoplasty for the prevention of anastomotic leakage after colonic or rectal resectionProtocol
      51. Oral versus intravenous fluoropyrimidines for colorectal cancerProtocol
      52. Oral versus intravenous fluoropyrimidines for metastatic colorectal cancer.ProtocolWithdrawn
      53. Perioperative corticosteroids for patients undergoing elective major abdominal surgery (CORPUS)Protocol
      54. Perioperative prebiotics, probiotics or synbiotics for elective abdominal surgery in adultsProtocol
      55. Planned relaparotomy versus relaparotomy on demand for treatment of secondary peritonitisProtocol
      56. Preservation versus elective neurectomy of the ilioinguinal nerve for open mesh inguinal hernia surgeryProtocol
      57. Prophylactic antibiotics for preventing recurrent symptomatic episodes of acute diverticulitisProtocol
      58. Prosthetic mesh placement for the prevention of parastomal herniationProtocol
      59. Quality of life after laparoscopic versus open resection in colorectal cancerProtocol
      60. Radiotherapy versus combined modality therapy for anal carcinomaProtocol
      61. Robotic surgery for rectal cancerProtocol
      62. Role of homeopathic medicines in prevention and treatment of paralytic ileusProtocol
      63. Screening sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy for reducing colorectal cancer mortality in asymptomatic personsProtocol
      64. Sequential versus combination chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancerProtocol
      65. Single-incision versus standard multi-incision laparoscopic colectomy in patients with malignant or benign colonic diseaseProtocol
      66. Statins for preventing colorectal adenoma and carcinomaProtocol
      67. Sugarbaker procedure for pseudomyxoma peritoneiProtocol
      68. Surgery for complicated diverticular disease: primary or secondary anastomosis after colonic resectionProtocol
      69. Surgery for ulcerative colitis: Outcomes in low volume hospitals versus high volume hospitalsProtocol
      70. Surgical and non-surgical management for intussusception in childrenProtocol
      71. Testicular perfusion and testicular volume after inguinal hernia repairProtocol
      72. Topical treatment for hemorrhoidsProtocol
      73. Trans anal haemorrhoidal de-arterialisation versus stapled haemorrhoidopexy for the management of haemorrhoidal diseaseProtocol
      74. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) compared to radical surgery for rectal cancerProtocol
      75. Ultrasonography for diagnosis of acute appendicitisProtocolDiagnostic
      76. Ursodeoxycholic acid for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomasProtocol
      77. Vitamins and minerals for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomasProtocol
      78. Watchful waiting versus surgical operation for asymptomatic herniaProtocol
  9. Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group
  10. Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group
  11. Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group
  12. Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group
  13. Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group
  14. Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group
  15. Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group
  16. Cochrane ENT Group
  17. Cochrane Epilepsy Group
  18. Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group
  19. Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group
  20. Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancer Group
  21. Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group
  22. Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group
  23. Cochrane Heart Group
  24. Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group
  25. Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group
  26. Cochrane Hypertension Group
  27. Cochrane IBD Group
  28. Cochrane Incontinence Group
  29. Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group
  30. Cochrane Injuries Group
  31. Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Group
  32. Cochrane Lung Cancer Group
  33. Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group
  34. Cochrane Methodology Review Group
  35. Cochrane Movement Disorders Group
  36. Cochrane Multiple Sclerosis and Rare Diseases of the CNS Group
  37. Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group
  38. Cochrane Neonatal Group
  39. Cochrane Neuromuscular Group
  40. Cochrane Oral Health Group
  41. Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
  42. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group
  43. Cochrane Public Health Group
  44. Cochrane Schizophrenia Group
  45. Cochrane Skin Group
  46. Cochrane STI Group
  47. Cochrane Stroke Group
  48. Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group
  49. Cochrane Upper GI and Pancreatic Diseases Group
  50. Cochrane Urology Group
  51. Cochrane Vascular Group
  52. Cochrane Work Group
  53. Cochrane Wounds Group

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