The Cochrane Library: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

DOI: 10.1002/14651858

Reviews/Protocols listed by Cochrane Review Group


  1. Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group
  2. Cochrane Airways Group
  3. Cochrane Anaesthesia, Critical and Emergency Care Group
  4. Cochrane Back and Neck Group
  5. Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group
  6. Cochrane Breast Cancer Group
  7. Cochrane Childhood Cancer Group
  8. Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group
  9. Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group
  10. Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group
  11. Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group
  12. Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group
  13. Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group
  14. Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group
  15. Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group
  16. Cochrane ENT Group
  17. Cochrane Epilepsy Group
  18. Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group
  19. Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group
  20. Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancer Group
  21. Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group
  22. Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group
  23. Cochrane Heart Group
  24. Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group
  25. Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group
  26. Cochrane Hypertension Group
  27. Cochrane IBD Group
  28. Cochrane Incontinence Group
  29. Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group
  30. Cochrane Injuries Group
  31. Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Group
  32. Cochrane Lung Cancer Group
  33. Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group
  34. Cochrane Methodology Review Group
  35. Cochrane Movement Disorders Group
  36. Cochrane Multiple Sclerosis and Rare Diseases of the CNS Group
  37. Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group
  38. Cochrane Neonatal Group
    1. About this group
    2. Reviews
      1. Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonatesReview
      2. Adjuvant corticosteroids for reducing death in neonatal bacterial meningitisReview
      3. Adrenaline for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with cardiovascular compromiseReview
      4. Aerosolized diuretics for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung diseaseReview
      5. Air versus oxygen for resuscitation of infants at birthReview
      6. Albumin infusion for low serum albumin in preterm newborn infantsReview
      7. Allopurinol for preventing mortality and morbidity in newborn infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathyReview
      8. Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (a1PI) for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      9. Alternative lipid emulsions versus pure soy oil based lipid emulsions for parenterally fed preterm infantsReview
      10. Animal derived surfactant extract for treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      11. Animal derived surfactant extract versus protein free synthetic surfactant for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      12. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs for treatment of retinopathy of prematurityReview
      13. Antibiotic lock for the prevention of catheter-related infection in neonatesReview
      14. Antibiotic regimens for suspected early neonatal sepsisReview
      15. Antibiotic regimens for suspected late onset sepsis in newborn infantsReview
      16. Antibiotic regimens for the empirical treatment of newborn infants with necrotising enterocolitisReview
      17. Antibiotics for neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluidReview
      18. Anticonvulsants for neonates with seizuresReview
      19. Antifungal therapy for newborn infants with invasive fungal infectionReview
      20. Antimicrobial dressings for the prevention of catheter-related infections in newborn infants with central venous cathetersReview
      21. Antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters for prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection in newborn infantsReview
      22. Antistaphylococcal immunoglobulins to prevent staphylococcal infection in very low birth weight infantsReview
      23. Antithrombin for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      24. Antithrombin for the prevention of intraventricular hemorrhage in very preterm infantsReview
      25. Antiviral agents for treatment of herpes simplex virus infection in neonatesReview
      26. Arginine supplementation for prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infantsReview
      27. Audio recordings of consultations with doctors for parents of critically sick babiesReview
      28. Avoidance of bottles during the establishment of breast feeds in preterm infantsReview
      29. Banked preterm versus banked term human milk to promote growth and development in very low birth weight infantsReview
      30. Base administration or fluid bolus for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with metabolic acidosisReview
      31. Body positioning for spontaneously breathing preterm infants with apnoeaReview
      32. Breastfeeding or breast milk for procedural pain in neonatesReview
      33. Bronchodilators for the prevention and treatment of chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      34. Caffeine versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      35. Calcium and phosphorus supplementation of human milk for preterm infantsReview
      36. Carbohydrate supplementation of human milk to promote growth in preterm infantsReview
      37. Carnitine supplementation for preterm infants with recurrent apnoeaReview
      38. Carnitine supplementation of parenterally fed neonatesReview
      39. Chest physiotherapy for preventing morbidity in babies being extubated from mechanical ventilationReview
      40. Chest physiotherapy for reducing respiratory morbidity in infants requiring ventilatory supportReview
      41. Chest shielding for prevention of a haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants receiving phototherapyReview
      42. Chlorhexidine skin or cord care for prevention of mortality and infections in neonatesReview
      43. Clinical decision support systems for neonatal careReview
      44. Clofibrate in combination with phototherapy for unconjugated neonatal hyperbilirubinaemiaReview
      45. Clonidine for sedation and analgesia for neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      46. Co-bedding in neonatal nursery for promoting growth and neurodevelopment in stable preterm twinsReview
      47. Comparison of animal-derived surfactants for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      48. Continuous distending pressure for respiratory distress in preterm infantsReview
      49. Continuous heparin infusion to prevent thrombosis and catheter occlusion in neonates with peripherally placed percutaneous central venous cathetersReview
      50. Continuous infusion versus intermittent bolus doses of indomethacin for patent ductus arteriosus closure in symptomatic preterm infantsReview
      51. Continuous infusion versus intermittent flushing to prevent loss of function of peripheral intravenous catheters used for drug administration in newborn infantsReview
      52. Continuous nasogastric milk feeding versus intermittent bolus milk feeding for premature infants less than 1500 gramsReview
      53. Continuous positive airway pressure versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      54. Continuous versus bolus intragastric tube feeding for preterm and low birth weight infants with gastro-oesophageal reflux diseaseReview
      55. Cooling for newborns with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathyReview
      56. Corticosteroids for treating hypotension in preterm infantsReview
      57. Cot-nursing versus incubator care for preterm infantsReview
      58. Cromolyn sodium for the prevention of chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      59. Cup feeding versus other forms of supplemental enteral feeding for newborn infants unable to fully breastfeedReview
      60. Cycled light in the intensive care unit for preterm and low birth weight infantsReview
      61. Cysteine, cystine or N-acetylcysteine supplementation in parenterally fed neonatesReview
      62. D-Penicillamine for preventing retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infantsReview
      63. Deep versus shallow suction of endotracheal tubes in ventilated neonates and young infantsReview
      64. Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infantsReview
      65. Developmental care for promoting development and preventing morbidity in preterm infantsReview
      66. Devices and pressure sources for administration of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm neonatesReview
      67. Diazepam for treating tetanusReview
      68. Digoxin for preventing or treating neonatal respiratory distress syndromeReview
      69. Dilute versus full strength formula in exclusively formula-fed preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      70. Diuretic therapy for newborn infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatationReview
      71. Diuretics acting on the distal renal tubule for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung diseaseReview
      72. Diuretics for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      73. Diuretics for transient tachypnoea of the newbornReview
      74. Dopamine for prevention of morbidity and mortality in term newborn infants with suspected perinatal asphyxiaReview
      75. Dopamine versus dobutamine for hypotensive preterm infantsReview
      76. Dopamine versus no treatment to prevent renal dysfunction in indomethacin-treated preterm newborn infantsReview
      77. Double wall versus single wall incubator for reducing heat loss in very low birth weight infants in incubatorsReview
      78. Doxapram treatment for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      79. Doxapram versus methylxanthine for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      80. Early (< 8 days) postnatal corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      81. Early administration of inhaled corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in very low birth weight preterm neonatesReview
      82. Early developmental intervention programmes provided post hospital discharge to prevent motor and cognitive impairment in preterm infantsReview
      83. Early discharge with home support of gavage feeding for stable preterm infants who have not established full oral feedsReview
      84. Early erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      85. Early intravenous nutrition for the prevention of neonatal jaundiceReview
      86. Early introduction of lipids to parenterally-fed preterm infantsReview
      87. Early light reduction for preventing retinopathy of prematurity in very low birth weight infantsReview
      88. Early nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm infantsReview
      89. Early removal versus expectant management of central venous catheters in neonates with bloodstream infectionReview
      90. Early surfactant administration with brief ventilation vs. selective surfactant and continued mechanical ventilation for preterm infants with or at risk for respiratory distress syndromeReview
      91. Early trophic feeding versus enteral fasting for very preterm or very low birth weight infantsReview
      92. Early versus delayed initiation of continuous distending pressure for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      93. Early versus delayed selective surfactant treatment for neonatal respiratory distress syndromeReview
      94. Early versus late administration of amino acids in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutritionReview
      95. Early versus late discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      96. Early versus late erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      97. Early volume expansion for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infantsReview
      98. Early volume expansion versus inotrope for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infantsReview
      99. The effect of inotropes on morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with low systemic or organ blood flowReview
      100. Effect of taurine supplementation on growth and development in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      101. Effects of targeting lower versus higher arterial oxygen saturations on death or disability in preterm infantsReview
      102. Elective high frequency jet ventilation versus conventional ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      103. Elective high frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for acute pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      104. Endothelin receptor antagonists for persistent pulmonary hypertension in term and late preterm infantsReview
      105. Endotracheal intubation at birth for preventing morbidity and mortality in vigorous, meconium-stained infants born at termReview
      106. Enteral antibiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in low birthweight or preterm infantsReview
      107. Enteral iron supplementation in preterm and low birth weight infantsReview
      108. Enteral lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infantsReview
      109. Epinephrine for the resuscitation of apparently stillborn or extremely bradycardic newborn infantsReview
      110. Epinephrine for transient tachypnea of the newbornReview
      111. Erythromycin for the prevention and treatment of feeding intolerance in preterm infantsReview
      112. Erythromycin for the prevention of chronic lung disease in intubated preterm infants at risk for, or colonized or infected with Ureaplasma urealyticumReview
      113. Ethamsylate for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm or very low birth weight infantsReview
      114. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe respiratory failure in newborn infantsReview
      115. Extubation from low-rate intermittent positive airway pressure versus extubation after a trial of endotracheal continuous positive airway pressure in intubated preterm infantsReview
      116. Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infantsReview
      117. Feed thickener for newborn infants with gastro-oesophageal refluxReview
      118. Fibreoptic phototherapy for neonatal jaundiceReview
      119. Flow-cycled versus time-cycled synchronized ventilation for neonatesReview
      120. Fluid restriction and prophylactic indomethacin versus prophylactic indomethacin alone for prevention of morbidity and mortality in extremely low birth weight infantsReview
      121. Fluid restriction for term infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy following perinatal asphyxiaReview
      122. Fluid restriction for treatment of preterm infants with chronic lung diseaseReview
      123. Fluid supplementation for neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemiaReviewNew
      124. Formula milk versus maternal breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      125. Formula versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      126. Frenotomy for tongue-tie in newborn infantsReview
      127. Frequency of endotracheal suctioning for the prevention of respiratory morbidity in ventilated newbornsReview
      128. Furosemide for prevention of morbidity in indomethacin-treated infants with patent ductus arteriosusReview
      129. G-CSF and GM-CSF for treating or preventing neonatal infectionsReview
      130. Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal diseaseReview
      131. Glutamine supplementation to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      132. Glycerin laxatives for prevention or treatment of feeding intolerance in very low birth weight infantsReview
      133. Gowning by attendants and visitors in newborn nurseries for prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortalityReview
      134. Gradual versus abrupt discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      135. Granulocyte transfusions for neonates with confirmed or suspected sepsis and neutropeniaReview
      136. Head midline position for preventing the occurrence or extension of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infantsReviewNew
      137. Heparin for prolonging peripheral intravenous catheter use in neonatesReview
      138. Heparin for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infantsReview
      139. Heparin for the treatment of thrombosis in neonatesReview
      140. High flow nasal cannula for respiratory support in preterm infantsReview
      141. High frequency jet ventilation versus high frequency oscillatory ventilation for pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      142. High frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for infants with severe pulmonary dysfunction born at or near termReview
      143. High versus low medium chain triglyceride content of formula for promoting short-term growth of preterm infantsReview
      144. Higher versus lower protein intake in formula-fed low birth weight infantsReview
      145. Home- versus hospital-based phototherapy for the treatment of non-haemolytic jaundice in infants at more than 37 weeks' gestationReview
      146. Hydralazine in infants with persistent hypoxemic respiratory failureReview
      147. Ibuprofen for the prevention of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      148. Ibuprofen for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low birth weight (or both) infantsReview
      149. Immunoglobulin infusion for isoimmune haemolytic jaundice in neonatesReview
      150. Increased energy intake for preterm infants with (or developing) bronchopulmonary dysplasia/chronic lung diseaseReview
      151. Indomethacin for asymptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsReview
      152. Infant formulas containing hydrolysed protein for prevention of allergic disease and food allergyReviewWithdrawn
      153. Infant pacifiers for reduction in risk of sudden infant death syndromeReview
      154. Infant position in neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      155. Inhaled nitric oxide for respiratory failure in preterm infantsReview
      156. Inhaled versus systemic corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in ventilated very low birth weight preterm neonatesReview
      157. Inhaled versus systemic corticosteroids for the treatment of chronic lung disease in ventilated very low birth weight preterm infantsReview
      158. Inositol in preterm infants at risk for or having respiratory distress syndromeReview
      159. Instruments for assessing readiness to commence suck feeds in preterm infants: effects on time to establish full oral feeding and duration of hospitalisationReview
      160. Interventions for non-oliguric hyperkalaemia in preterm neonatesReview
      161. Interventions for prevention of neonatal hyperglycemia in very low birth weight infantsReview
      162. Interventions for treatment of neonatal hyperglycemia in very low birth weight infantsReview
      163. Interventions to prevent hypothermia at birth in preterm and/or low birthweight infantsReview
      164. Intramuscular penicillin for the prevention of early onset group B streptococcal infection in newborn infantsReview
      165. Intratracheal Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) administration in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      166. Intravenous dexamethasone for extubation of newborn infantsReview
      167. Intravenous immunoglobulin for preventing infection in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      168. Intravenous immunoglobulin for suspected or proven infection in neonatesReview
      169. Intravenous in-line filters for preventing morbidity and mortality in neonatesReview
      170. Intravenous midazolam infusion for sedation of infants in the neonatal intensive care unitReview
      171. Intravenous or enteral loop diuretics for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung diseaseReview
      172. Intraventricular antibiotics for bacterial meningitis in neonatesReview
      173. Intraventricular streptokinase after intraventricular hemorrhage in newborn infantsReview
      174. Iodine supplementation for the prevention of mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infantsReview
      175. Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infantsReview
      176. Kinesthetic stimulation for preventing apnea in preterm infantsReview
      177. Kinesthetic stimulation for treating apnea in preterm infantsReview
      178. Kinesthetic stimulation versus methylxanthine for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      179. Lactase treated feeds to promote growth and feeding tolerance in preterm infantsReview
      180. Laryngeal mask airway surfactant administration for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      181. Laryngeal mask airway versus bag-mask ventilation or endotracheal intubation for neonatal resuscitationReview
      182. Late (≥ 7 days) inhalation corticosteroids to reduce bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsReview
      183. Late (> 7 days) postnatal corticosteroids for chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      184. Late erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      185. Late versus early surgical correction for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in newborn infantsReview
      186. Lidocaine-prilocaine cream for analgesia during circumcision in newborn boysReviewWithdrawn
      187. Light-emitting diode phototherapy for unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia in neonatesReview
      188. Local anaesthetic eye drops for prevention of pain in preterm infants undergoing screening for retinopathy of prematurityReview
      189. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at termReview
      190. Long versus short inspiratory times in neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      191. Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in preterm infantsReview
      192. Low versus high haemoglobin concentration threshold for blood transfusion for preventing morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight infantsReview
      193. Lung lavage for meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infantsReview
      194. Magnesium sulfate for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newbornReview
      195. Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infantsReview
      196. Mechanical ventilation for newborn infants with respiratory failure due to pulmonary diseaseReview
      197. Metalloporphyrins for treatment of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in neonatesReview
      198. Methods for securing endotracheal tubes in newborn infantsReview
      199. Methylxanthine treatment for apnoea in preterm infantsReview
      200. Milrinone for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newbornReview
      201. Moderately early (7-14 days) postnatal corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      202. Molecular assays for the diagnosis of sepsis in neonatesReviewDiagnostic
      203. Multi-nutrient fortification of human milk for preterm infantsReview
      204. Multinutrient fortification of human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital dischargeReview
      205. Multiple versus single doses of exogenous surfactant for the prevention or treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndromeReview
      206. Multiple versus single lumen umbilical venous catheters for newborn infantsReview
      207. Naloxone for opiate-exposed newborn infantsReview
      208. Naloxone for preventing morbidity and mortality in newborn infants of greater than 34 weeks' gestation with suspected perinatal asphyxiaReview
      209. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure immediately after extubation for preventing morbidity in preterm infantsReview
      210. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for apnea of prematurityReview
      211. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm neonates after extubationReview
      212. Nasal versus oral intubation for mechanical ventilation of newborn infantsReview
      213. Nasal versus oral route for placing feeding tubes in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      214. Nebulised surfactant in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      215. Nebulized racemic epinephrine for extubation of newborn infantsReview
      216. Needle aspiration versus intercostal tube drainage for pneumothorax in the newbornReview
      217. Neonatal vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in term neonates in low and middle income countriesReview
      218. Neuromuscular paralysis for newborn infants receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      219. Nitric oxide for respiratory failure in infants born at or near termReview
      220. Non-nutritive sucking for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in preterm and low birth weight infantsReview
      221. Non-nutritive sucking for increasing physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infantsReview
      222. Nutrient-enriched formula milk versus human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital dischargeReview
      223. Nutrient-enriched formula versus standard formula for preterm infants following hospital dischargeReview
      224. Octreotide for the treatment of chylothorax in neonatesReview
      225. One dose per day compared to multiple doses per day of gentamicin for treatment of suspected or proven sepsis in neonatesReview
      226. Opiate treatment for opiate withdrawal in newborn infantsReview
      227. Opioids for neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      228. Oral dextrose gel for the treatment of hypoglycaemia in newborn infantsReview
      229. Oral dextrose gel to prevent hypoglycaemia in at-risk neonatesReviewNew
      230. Oral immunoglobulin for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm and low birth weight neonatesReview
      231. Oral immunoglobulin for the prevention of rotavirus infection in low birth weight infantsReview
      232. Oral immunoglobulin for the treatment of rotavirus diarrhea in low birth weight infantsReview
      233. Oral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonatesReview
      234. Oral stimulation for promoting oral feeding in preterm infantsReview
      235. Oral zinc for the prevention of hyperbilirubinaemia in neonatesReview
      236. Orotracheal intubation in infants performed with a stylet versus without a styletReview
      237. Pain relief for neonatal circumcisionReview
      238. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low-birth-weight infantsReview
      239. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) for prevention or treatment of pain in newbornsReview
      240. Partial exchange transfusion to prevent neurodevelopmental disability in infants with polycythemiaReview
      241. Patient isolation measures for infants with candida colonization or infection for preventing or reducing transmission of candida in neonatal unitsReview
      242. Pentoxifylline for the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsReview
      243. Pentoxifylline for treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonatesReview
      244. Percutaneous central venous catheters versus peripheral cannulae for delivery of parenteral nutrition in neonatesReview
      245. Peripheral retinal ablation for threshold retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infantsReview
      246. Peritoneal drainage versus laparotomy as initial surgical treatment for perforated necrotizing enterocolitis or spontaneous intestinal perforation in preterm low birth weight infantsReview
      247. Permissive hypercapnia for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated newborn infantsReview
      248. Pharyngeal instillation of surfactant before the first breath for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      249. Physical activity programs for promoting bone mineralization and growth in preterm infantsReview
      250. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infancy for the prevention of allergyReview
      251. Positive end expiratory pressure for preterm infants requiring conventional mechanical ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome or bronchopulmonary dysplasiaReview
      252. Positive end-expiratory pressure for resuscitation of newborn infants at birthReview
      253. Postnatal phenobarbital for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infantsReview
      254. Postnatal thyroid hormones for preterm infants with transient hypothyroxinaemiaReview
      255. Postnatal thyroid hormones for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      256. Pre-discharge "car seat challenge" for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      257. Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergyReview
      258. Preoxygenation for tracheal suctioning in intubated, ventilated newborn infantsReview
      259. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infantsReview
      260. Probiotics in infants for prevention of allergic disease and food hypersensitivityReview
      261. Prolonged versus short course of indomethacin for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsReview
      262. Prophylactic animal derived surfactant extract for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      263. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in neonates with umbilical artery cathetersReview
      264. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in neonates with umbilical venous cathetersReview
      265. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in newborn infants with intercostal cathetersReview
      266. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in ventilated newborn infantsReview
      267. Prophylactic barbiturate use for the prevention of morbidity and mortality following perinatal asphyxiaReview
      268. Prophylactic caffeine to prevent postoperative apnoea following general anaesthesia in preterm infantsReview
      269. Prophylactic doxapram for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants undergoing endotracheal extubationReview
      270. Prophylactic intravenous indomethacin for preventing mortality and morbidity in preterm infantsReview
      271. Prophylactic methylxanthine for prevention of apnoea in preterm infantsReview
      272. Prophylactic methylxanthines for endotracheal extubation in preterm infantsReview
      273. Prophylactic nasal continuous positive airway pressure for preventing morbidity and mortality in very preterm infantsReview
      274. Prophylactic oral/topical non-absorbed antifungal agents to prevent invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight infantsReview
      275. Prophylactic phototherapy for preventing jaundice in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      276. Prophylactic postnatal thyroid hormones for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      277. Prophylactic protein free synthetic surfactant for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      278. Prophylactic surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus for prevention of mortality and morbidity in extremely low birth weight infantsReview
      279. Prophylactic systemic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in neonates with central venous cathetersReview
      280. Prophylactic systemic antifungal agents to prevent mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infantsReview
      281. Prophylactic versus selective antibiotics for term newborn infants of mothers with risk factors for neonatal infectionReview
      282. Prophylactic versus selective use of surfactant in preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      283. Prophylactic vitamin K for vitamin K deficiency bleeding in neonatesReview
      284. Propofol for procedural sedation/anaesthesia in neonatesReview
      285. Protein containing synthetic surfactant versus animal derived surfactant extract for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      286. Protein-containing synthetic surfactant versus protein-free synthetic surfactant for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      287. Protein supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infantsReview
      288. Protocolized versus non-protocolized weaning for reducing the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in newborn infantsReview
      289. Push versus gravity for intermittent bolus gavage tube feeding of premature and low birth weight infantsReview
      290. Radiant warmers versus incubators for regulating body temperature in newborn infantsReview
      291. Rapid correction of early metabolic acidaemia in comparison with placebo, no intervention or slow correction in LBW infantsReview
      292. Recombinant human activated protein C for severe sepsis in neonatesReview
      293. Regional (spinal, epidural, caudal) versus general anaesthesia in preterm infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy in early infancyReview
      294. Repeated lumbar or ventricular punctures in newborns with intraventricular haemorrhageReview
      295. Replacement of estrogens and progestins to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      296. Rescue high-frequency jet ventilation versus conventional ventilation for severe pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      297. Rescue high frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      298. Respiratory function monitoring to reduce mortality and morbidity in newborn infants receiving resuscitationReview
      299. Responsive versus scheduled feeding for preterm infantsReview
      300. Restricted versus liberal oxygen exposure for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      301. Restricted versus liberal water intake for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      302. Routine neonatal circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infections in infancyReview
      303. Routine oro/nasopharyngeal suction versus no suction at birthReview
      304. Salbutamol for transient tachypnea of the newbornReview
      305. Saline irrigation for the management of skin extravasation injury in neonatesReview
      306. Screening programmes for developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infantsReview
      307. Sedatives for opiate withdrawal in newborn infantsReview
      308. Selenium supplementation to prevent short-term morbidity in preterm neonatesReview
      309. Servo-control for maintaining abdominal skin temperature at 36C in low birth weight infantsReview
      310. Sildenafil for pulmonary hypertension in neonatesReviewNew Search
      311. Single versus double volume exchange transfusion in jaundiced newborn infantsReview
      312. Skin-to-skin care for procedural pain in neonatesReview
      313. Slow advancement of enteral feed volumes to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infantsReview
      314. Sodium bicarbonate infusion during resuscitation of infants at birthReview
      315. Sound reduction management in the neonatal intensive care unit for preterm or very low birth weight infantsReview
      316. Soy formula for prevention of allergy and food intolerance in infantsReview
      317. Specialist teams for neonatal transport to neonatal intensive care units for prevention of morbidity and mortalityReview
      318. Standardised formal resuscitation training programmes for reducing mortality and morbidity in newborn infantsReview
      319. Steroid therapy for meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infantsReview
      320. Strategies for the discontinuation of humidified high flow nasal cannula (HHFNC) in preterm infantsReview
      321. Strategies for the withdrawal of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infantsReview
      322. Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing painful proceduresReview
      323. Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infantsReview
      324. Supplemental oxygen for the treatment of prethreshold retinopathy of prematurityReview
      325. Surfactant for bacterial pneumonia in late preterm and term infantsReview
      326. Surfactant for meconium aspiration syndrome in term and late preterm infantsReview
      327. Surfactant for pulmonary haemorrhage in neonatesReview
      328. Surgical versus medical treatment with cyclooxygenase inhibitors for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsReview
      329. Sustained versus standard inflations during neonatal resuscitation to prevent mortality and improve respiratory outcomesReview
      330. Synchronized mechanical ventilation for respiratory support in newborn infantsReview
      331. Synthetic surfactant for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      332. Systemic corticosteroid regimens for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsReview
      333. Techniques to ascertain correct endotracheal tube placement in neonatesReview
      334. Telemedicine for the support of parents of high-risk newborn infantsReview
      335. Thrombolytic agents for arterial and venous thromboses in neonatesReview
      336. Thyroid hormone supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants undergoing cardiac surgeryReview
      337. Thyroid hormones for preventing neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm infantsReview
      338. Topical anaesthesia for needle-related pain in newborn infantsReview
      339. Topical emollient for preventing infection in preterm infantsReview
      340. Tracheal gas insufflation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated newborn infantsReview
      341. Tracheal suctioning without disconnection in intubated ventilated neonatesReview
      342. Transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring for the prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortalityReview
      343. Transfer of preterm infants from incubator to open cot at lower versus higher body weightReview
      344. Transpyloric versus gastric tube feeding for preterm infantsReview
      345. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter design (end vs. side hole)Review
      346. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter materialsReview
      347. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of heparinReview
      348. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of position of the catheter tipReview
      349. Vancomycin for prophylaxis against sepsis in preterm neonatesReview
      350. Vasopressin and its analogues for the treatment of refractory hypotension in neonatesReview
      351. Venepuncture versus heel lance for blood sampling in term neonatesReview
      352. Videolaryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy for tracheal intubation in neonatesReview
      353. Vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants one to six months of ageReview
      354. Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short- and long-term morbidity in very low birth weight infantsReview
      355. Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      356. Volume-targeted versus pressure-limited ventilation in the neonateReview
      357. Ward reduction without general anaesthesia versus reduction and repair under general anaesthesia for gastroschisis in newborn infantsReview
      358. Washed versus unwashed red blood cells for transfusion for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
    3. Protocols
      1. Alterations in parenteral nutrition management for the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in term and preterm infantsProtocol
      2. Antibiotics at the time of removal of central venous catheter to reduce morbidity and mortality in newborn infantsProtocol
      3. Antifungal agents for the treatment of mucocutaneous candidiasis in neonates and childrenProtocol
      4. Antiviral therapy for symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection in neonates and infants up to 3 months of ageProtocol
      5. Beta-blockers for prevention and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infantsProtocol
      6. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation for improving nutrition in term and preterm neonatesProtocol
      7. C-reactive protein for diagnosing late-onset infection in newborn infantsProtocolDiagnostic
      8. Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring for prevention of brain injury in very preterm infantsProtocol
      9. Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      10. Clinical assessment for diagnosing congenital heart disease in newborn infants with Down syndromeProtocolDiagnostic
      11. Community based management of neonatal sepsis in developing countriesProtocol
      12. Cutaneous antisepsis for prevention of intravascular catheter–associated infection in newborn infantsProtocol
      13. Dexmedetomidine for analgesia and sedation in newborn infants receiving mechanical ventilationProtocol
      14. Diagnostic accuracy of pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defectsProtocolDiagnostic
      15. Different strains of probiotics for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a network meta-analysisProtocol
      16. Early planned removal of umbilical venous catheters to prevent infection in newborn infantsProtocol
      17. Early planned removal versus expectant management of peripherally inserted central catheters to prevent infection in newborn infantsProtocol
      18. Early versus later discharge of physiologically stable preterm infants who are fully orally feedingProtocol
      19. Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in later infancy in infants born pretermProtocol
      20. Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in later infancy in term-born infantsProtocol
      21. The effect of community health educational interventions on newborn survival in developing countriesProtocol
      22. Effect of exchange transfusion on mortality in neonates with septicemiaProtocol
      23. Effect of pre-exchange albumin infusion on neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and long-term developmental outcomesProtocol
      24. The effects of thyroxine on end organ damage in asphyxiated neonatesProtocol
      25. Endotracheal intubation versus face mask for newborns resuscitated with positive pressure ventilation at birthProtocolWithdrawn
      26. Erythropoietin for preterm infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathyProtocol
      27. Erythropoietin for term and late preterm infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathyProtocol
      28. Exchange transfusion for neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      29. Fluid restriction for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsProtocol
      30. Fluid restriction in the management of transient tachypnea of the newbornProtocol
      31. Folic acid supplementation for the prevention of anaemia in preterm neonatesProtocol
      32. Glucose for the management of procedural pain in neonatesProtocolWithdrawn
      33. Heated and humidified inspired gas through heated humidifiers in comparison to non-heated and non-humidified gas in hospitalised neonates receiving respiratory supportProtocol
      34. Heliox for prevention of morbidity and mortality in ventilated newborn infantsProtocol
      35. High flow nasal cannula for respiratory support in term infantsProtocol
      36. High versus low thresholds for repeat administration of surfactant in intubated preterm neonatesProtocol
      37. High versus standard protein content of human milk fortifier for promoting growth and neurological development in preterm infantsProtocol
      38. High versus standard volumes of enteral feeds for preterm or low birth weight infantsProtocol
      39. High vs low dose conventional phototherapy for neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      40. Higher versus lower amino acid intake in parenteral nutrition for newborn infantsProtocol
      41. Higher versus lower humidity for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants in incubatorsProtocol
      42. Higher versus lower oxygen concentrations titrated to target oxygen saturations during resuscitation of preterm infants at birthProtocol
      43. Higher versus lower sodium intake for preterm infantsProtocol
      44. Home-based post-discharge parental support to prevent morbidity in preterm infantsProtocolWithdrawn
      45. Hyperbaric oxygen for term newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathyProtocol
      46. Infant isolation and cohorting for preventing or reducing transmission of healthcare-associated infections in neonatal unitsProtocol
      47. Initiation of complementary feeding before four months of age for prevention of postnatal growth restriction in preterm infantsProtocol
      48. Intermittent phototherapy versus continuous phototherapy for neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      49. Intratracheal instillation of corticosteroids using surfactant as a vehicle for the prevention of chronic lung disease in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndromeProtocol
      50. Lactoferrin for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgeryProtocol
      51. Laser photocoagulation versus transscleral cryotherapy for threshold retinopathy of prematurityProtocol
      52. Local wound analgesia in infants undergoing thoracic or abdominal surgeryProtocol
      53. Loop diuretics during blood transfusion for anemia in preterm infantsProtocol
      54. Lung recruitment manoeuvres for reducing respiratory morbidity in mechanically ventilated neonatesProtocol
      55. Lutein and zeaxanthin for reducing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsProtocol
      56. Magnesium sulfate for term infants following perinatal asphyxiaProtocol
      57. Manual ventilation devices for neonatal resuscitationProtocol
      58. Maternal probiotic supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsProtocol
      59. Medical therapies for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in term and preterm infantsProtocol
      60. Mesenchymal stem cells for the prevention and treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsProtocol
      61. Methods of securing peripheral vascular catheters to reduce morbidity in neonatesProtocol
      62. Milrinone for the treatment of cardiac dysfunction in neonatesProtocol
      63. Nasal airways (single or double prong, long or short) for neonatal resuscitationProtocol
      64. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for term neonates with respiratory distressProtocol
      65. Neonatal interventions for preventing cerebral palsy: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviewsProtocolOverview
      66. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist for neonatal respiratory supportProtocol
      67. Non-invasive high-frequency ventilation in newborn infants with respiratory distressProtocolNew
      68. One-step techniques for primary distal hypospadias in children and adolescentsProtocol
      69. Oropharyngeal colostrum in preventing mortality and morbidity in preterm infantsProtocol
      70. Overview of ventilation strategies for the early management of intubated preterm infantsProtocolOverview
      71. Periodic change of body position under phototherapy in term and late preterm neonates with hyperbilirubinemiaProtocol
      72. Pharmacological interventions for prevention and treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in newborn infantsProtocol
      73. Pharmacological pain and sedation interventions for the prevention of intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infants on assisted ventilation - an overview of systematic reviewsProtocolOverview
      74. Plasma transfusion to prevent intraventricular haemorrhage in very preterm infantsProtocol
      75. Prebiotics for the prevention of hyperbilirubinaemia in neonatesProtocolNew
      76. Premedication for endotracheal intubation in neonatesProtocolWithdrawn
      77. Premedication for non-urgent endotracheal intubation for preventing pain in neonatesProtocol
      78. Preterm formula milk versus term formula milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infantsProtocol
      79. Probiotics for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgeryProtocol
      80. Prophylactic intravenous calcium therapy for exchange blood transfusion in the newbornProtocol
      81. Prophylactic vitamin K for the prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding in preterm neonatesProtocol
      82. Prostaglandin E1 for maintaining ductal patency in neonates with ductus-dependent cardiac lesionsProtocol
      83. Protein hydrolysate versus standard formula for preterm infantsProtocol
      84. Provision of respiratory support compared to no respiratory support before cord clamping for preterm infantsProtocol
      85. Pulse oximetry sensor application for neonates during resuscitationProtocol
      86. Recombinant activated Factor VII for prevention and treatment of intraventricular haemorrhage in neonatesProtocol
      87. Routine screening by echocardiography to reduce morbidity and mortality from congenital heart disease in neonates with Down syndromeProtocol
      88. Short-duration versus standard-duration antibiotic regimens for the treatment of neonatal bacterial infectionProtocol
      89. Short versus long feeding interval for bolus feedings in very preterm infantsProtocol
      90. Subcutaneous reservoir drainage versus ventriculoperitoneal shunt for the treatment of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in preterm infantsProtocol
      91. Supine versus non-supine sleep position for preventing short-term morbidity and mortality in hospitalised spontaneously breathing preterm infantsProtocol
      92. Surfactant for newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic herniaProtocolWithdrawn
      93. Surfactant therapy via brief tracheal catheterization in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeProtocol
      94. Topical emollient therapy for preventing infection in preterm infants in low- or middle-income countriesProtocolWithdrawn
      95. Topical oils for the prevention or treatment of dry skin in term infantsProtocol
      96. Tracheal suction at birth in non-vigorous neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluidProtocol
      97. Transcutaneous bilirubinometry versus total serum bilirubin measurement for newbornsProtocolDiagnostic
      98. Transcutaneous screening for hyperbilirubinemia in neonatesProtocol
      99. Transfusion of fresh versus non-fresh (older) red blood cell in neonatesProtocol
      100. Use of reflective materials during phototherapy for newborn infants with unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemiaProtocol
      101. Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of vitamin D deficiency in preterm and low birth weight infantsProtocol
      102. Xenon as an adjuvant to therapeutic hypothermia in near term and term newborns with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathyProtocolNew
      103. Zinc supplementation for the promotion of growth and prevention of infections in infants less than six months of ageProtocol
      104. Zinc supplementation of parenteral nutrition in newborn infantsProtocol
  39. Cochrane Neuromuscular Group
  40. Cochrane Oral Health Group
  41. Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
  42. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group
  43. Cochrane Public Health Group
  44. Cochrane Schizophrenia Group
  45. Cochrane Skin Group
  46. Cochrane STI Group
  47. Cochrane Stroke Group
  48. Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group
  49. Cochrane Upper GI and Pancreatic Diseases Group
  50. Cochrane Urology Group
  51. Cochrane Vascular Group
  52. Cochrane Work Group
  53. Cochrane Wounds Group

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