The Cochrane Library: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

DOI: 10.1002/14651858

Reviews/Protocols listed by Cochrane Review Group


  1. Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group
  2. Cochrane Airways Group
  3. Cochrane Anaesthesia, Critical and Emergency Care Group
  4. Cochrane Back and Neck Group
  5. Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group
  6. Cochrane Breast Cancer Group
  7. Cochrane Childhood Cancer Group
  8. Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group
  9. Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group
  10. Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group
  11. Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group
  12. Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group
  13. Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group
  14. Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group
  15. Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group
  16. Cochrane ENT Group
  17. Cochrane Epilepsy Group
  18. Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group
  19. Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group
  20. Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancer Group
  21. Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group
  22. Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group
  23. Cochrane Heart Group
  24. Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group
  25. Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group
  26. Cochrane Hypertension Group
  27. Cochrane IBD Group
  28. Cochrane Incontinence Group
  29. Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group
  30. Cochrane Injuries Group
  31. Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Group
  32. Cochrane Lung Cancer Group
  33. Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group
  34. Cochrane Methodology Review Group
  35. Cochrane Movement Disorders Group
  36. Cochrane Multiple Sclerosis and Rare Diseases of the CNS Group
  37. Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group
  38. Cochrane Neonatal Group
    1. About this group
    2. Reviews
      1. Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonatesReview
      2. Adjuvant corticosteroids for reducing death in neonatal bacterial meningitisReview
      3. Adrenaline for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with cardiovascular compromiseReview
      4. Aerosolized diuretics for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung diseaseReview
      5. Air versus oxygen for resuscitation of infants at birthReview
      6. Albumin infusion for low serum albumin in preterm newborn infantsReview
      7. Allopurinol for preventing mortality and morbidity in newborn infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathyReview
      8. Alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (a1PI) for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      9. Alternative lipid emulsions versus pure soy oil based lipid emulsions for parenterally fed preterm infantsReview
      10. Animal derived surfactant extract for treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      11. Animal derived surfactant extract versus protein free synthetic surfactant for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      12. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) drugs for treatment of retinopathy of prematurityReview
      13. Antibiotic lock for the prevention of catheter-related infection in neonatesReview
      14. Antibiotic regimens for suspected early neonatal sepsisReview
      15. Antibiotic regimens for suspected late onset sepsis in newborn infantsReview
      16. Antibiotic regimens for the empirical treatment of newborn infants with necrotising enterocolitisReview
      17. Anticonvulsants for neonates with seizuresReview
      18. Antifungal therapy for newborn infants with invasive fungal infectionReview
      19. Antimicrobial dressings for the prevention of catheter-related infections in newborn infants with central venous cathetersReview
      20. Antimicrobial-impregnated central venous catheters for prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection in newborn infantsReview
      21. Antistaphylococcal immunoglobulins to prevent staphylococcal infection in very low birth weight infantsReview
      22. Antithrombin for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      23. Antithrombin for the prevention of intraventricular hemorrhage in very preterm infantsReview
      24. Antiviral agents for treatment of herpes simplex virus infection in neonatesReview
      25. Arginine supplementation for prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infantsReviewNew Search
      26. Audio recordings of consultations with doctors for parents of critically sick babiesReview
      27. Avoidance of bottles during the establishment of breast feeds in preterm infantsReview
      28. Banked preterm versus banked term human milk to promote growth and development in very low birth weight infantsReview
      29. Base administration or fluid bolus for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with metabolic acidosisReview
      30. Body positioning for spontaneously breathing preterm infants with apnoeaReview
      31. Breastfeeding or breast milk for procedural pain in neonatesReview
      32. Bronchodilators for the prevention and treatment of chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      33. Caffeine versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      34. Calcium and phosphorus supplementation of human milk for preterm infantsReview
      35. Carbohydrate supplementation of human milk to promote growth in preterm infantsReview
      36. Carnitine supplementation for preterm infants with recurrent apnoeaReview
      37. Carnitine supplementation of parenterally fed neonatesReview
      38. Chest physiotherapy for preventing morbidity in babies being extubated from mechanical ventilationReview
      39. Chest physiotherapy for reducing respiratory morbidity in infants requiring ventilatory supportReview
      40. Chest shielding for prevention of a haemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants receiving phototherapyReview
      41. Chlorhexidine skin or cord care for prevention of mortality and infections in neonatesReview
      42. Clinical decision support systems for neonatal careReview
      43. Clofibrate in combination with phototherapy for unconjugated neonatal hyperbilirubinaemiaReview
      44. Clonidine for sedation and analgesia for neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReviewNew
      45. Co-bedding in neonatal nursery for promoting growth and neurodevelopment in stable preterm twinsReview
      46. Comparison of animal-derived surfactants for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      47. Continuous distending pressure for respiratory distress in preterm infantsReview
      48. Continuous heparin infusion to prevent thrombosis and catheter occlusion in neonates with peripherally placed percutaneous central venous cathetersReview
      49. Continuous infusion versus intermittent bolus doses of indomethacin for patent ductus arteriosus closure in symptomatic preterm infantsReview
      50. Continuous infusion versus intermittent flushing to prevent loss of function of peripheral intravenous catheters used for drug administration in newborn infantsReview
      51. Continuous nasogastric milk feeding versus intermittent bolus milk feeding for premature infants less than 1500 gramsReview
      52. Continuous positive airway pressure versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      53. Continuous versus bolus intragastric tube feeding for preterm and low birth weight infants with gastro-oesophageal reflux diseaseReview
      54. Cooling for newborns with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathyReview
      55. Corticosteroids for treating hypotension in preterm infantsReview
      56. Cot-nursing versus incubator care for preterm infantsReview
      57. Cromolyn sodium for the prevention of chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      58. Cup feeding versus other forms of supplemental enteral feeding for newborn infants unable to fully breastfeedReview
      59. Cycled light in the intensive care unit for preterm and low birth weight infantsReview
      60. Cysteine, cystine or N-acetylcysteine supplementation in parenterally fed neonatesReview
      61. D-Penicillamine for preventing retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infantsReview
      62. Deep versus shallow suction of endotracheal tubes in ventilated neonates and young infantsReview
      63. Delayed introduction of progressive enteral feeds to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infantsReview
      64. Developmental care for promoting development and preventing morbidity in preterm infantsReview
      65. Devices and pressure sources for administration of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm neonatesReview
      66. Diazepam for treating tetanusReview
      67. Digoxin for preventing or treating neonatal respiratory distress syndromeReview
      68. Dilute versus full strength formula in exclusively formula-fed preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      69. Diuretic therapy for newborn infants with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatationReview
      70. Diuretics acting on the distal renal tubule for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung diseaseReview
      71. Diuretics for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      72. Diuretics for transient tachypnoea of the newbornReview
      73. Dopamine for prevention of morbidity and mortality in term newborn infants with suspected perinatal asphyxiaReview
      74. Dopamine versus dobutamine for hypotensive preterm infantsReview
      75. Dopamine versus no treatment to prevent renal dysfunction in indomethacin-treated preterm newborn infantsReview
      76. Double wall versus single wall incubator for reducing heat loss in very low birth weight infants in incubatorsReview
      77. Doxapram treatment for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      78. Doxapram versus methylxanthine for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      79. Early (< 8 days) postnatal corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      80. Early administration of inhaled corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in very low birth weight preterm neonatesReview
      81. Early developmental intervention programmes provided post hospital discharge to prevent motor and cognitive impairment in preterm infantsReview
      82. Early discharge with home support of gavage feeding for stable preterm infants who have not established full oral feedsReview
      83. Early erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      84. Early intravenous nutrition for the prevention of neonatal jaundiceReview
      85. Early introduction of lipids to parenterally-fed preterm infantsReview
      86. Early light reduction for preventing retinopathy of prematurity in very low birth weight infantsReview
      87. Early nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus early nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm infantsReview
      88. Early removal versus expectant management of central venous catheters in neonates with bloodstream infectionReview
      89. Early surfactant administration with brief ventilation vs. selective surfactant and continued mechanical ventilation for preterm infants with or at risk for respiratory distress syndromeReview
      90. Early trophic feeding versus enteral fasting for very preterm or very low birth weight infantsReview
      91. Early versus delayed initiation of continuous distending pressure for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      92. Early versus delayed selective surfactant treatment for neonatal respiratory distress syndromeReview
      93. Early versus late administration of amino acids in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutritionReview
      94. Early versus late discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      95. Early versus late erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      96. Early volume expansion for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infantsReview
      97. Early volume expansion versus inotrope for prevention of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infantsReview
      98. The effect of inotropes on morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with low systemic or organ blood flowReview
      99. Effect of taurine supplementation on growth and development in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      100. Effects of targeting lower versus higher arterial oxygen saturations on death or disability in preterm infantsReview
      101. Elective high frequency jet ventilation versus conventional ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      102. Elective high frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for acute pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      103. Endothelin receptor antagonists for persistent pulmonary hypertension in term and late preterm infantsReview
      104. Endotracheal intubation at birth for preventing morbidity and mortality in vigorous, meconium-stained infants born at termReview
      105. Enteral antibiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in low birthweight or preterm infantsReview
      106. Enteral iron supplementation in preterm and low birth weight infantsReview
      107. Epinephrine for the resuscitation of apparently stillborn or extremely bradycardic newborn infantsReview
      108. Epinephrine for transient tachypnea of the newbornReview
      109. Erythromycin for the prevention and treatment of feeding intolerance in preterm infantsReview
      110. Erythromycin for the prevention of chronic lung disease in intubated preterm infants at risk for, or colonized or infected with Ureaplasma urealyticumReview
      111. Ethamsylate for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm or very low birth weight infantsReview
      112. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe respiratory failure in newborn infantsReview
      113. Extubation from low-rate intermittent positive airway pressure versus extubation after a trial of endotracheal continuous positive airway pressure in intubated preterm infantsReview
      114. Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infantsReview
      115. Feed thickener for newborn infants with gastro-oesophageal refluxReview
      116. Fibreoptic phototherapy for neonatal jaundiceReview
      117. Flow-cycled versus time-cycled synchronized ventilation for neonatesReview
      118. Fluid restriction and prophylactic indomethacin versus prophylactic indomethacin alone for prevention of morbidity and mortality in extremely low birth weight infantsReview
      119. Fluid restriction for term infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy following perinatal asphyxiaReview
      120. Fluid restriction for treatment of preterm infants with chronic lung diseaseReview
      121. Formula milk versus maternal breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      122. Formula versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      123. Frenotomy for tongue-tie in newborn infantsReview
      124. Frequency of endotracheal suctioning for the prevention of respiratory morbidity in ventilated newbornsReview
      125. Furosemide for prevention of morbidity in indomethacin-treated infants with patent ductus arteriosusReview
      126. G-CSF and GM-CSF for treating or preventing neonatal infectionsReview
      127. Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal diseaseReview
      128. Glutamine supplementation to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      129. Glycerin laxatives for prevention or treatment of feeding intolerance in very low birth weight infantsReview
      130. Gowning by attendants and visitors in newborn nurseries for prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortalityReview
      131. Gradual versus abrupt discontinuation of oxygen in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      132. Granulocyte transfusions for neonates with confirmed or suspected sepsis and neutropeniaReview
      133. Heparin for prolonging peripheral intravenous catheter use in neonatesReview
      134. Heparin for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infantsReview
      135. Heparin for the treatment of thrombosis in neonatesReview
      136. High flow nasal cannula for respiratory support in preterm infantsReview
      137. High frequency jet ventilation versus high frequency oscillatory ventilation for pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      138. High frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for infants with severe pulmonary dysfunction born at or near termReview
      139. High versus low medium chain triglyceride content of formula for promoting short-term growth of preterm infantsReview
      140. Higher versus lower protein intake in formula-fed low birth weight infantsReview
      141. Home- versus hospital-based phototherapy for the treatment of non-haemolytic jaundice in infants at more than 37 weeks' gestationReview
      142. Hydralazine in infants with persistent hypoxemic respiratory failureReview
      143. Ibuprofen for the prevention of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      144. Ibuprofen for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low birth weight (or both) infantsReview
      145. Immunoglobulin infusion for isoimmune haemolytic jaundice in neonatesReview
      146. Increased energy intake for preterm infants with (or developing) bronchopulmonary dysplasia/chronic lung diseaseReview
      147. Indomethacin for asymptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsReview
      148. Infant formulas containing hydrolysed protein for prevention of allergic disease and food allergyReviewWithdrawn
      149. Infant pacifiers for reduction in risk of sudden infant death syndromeReviewNew
      150. Infant position in neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      151. Inhaled nitric oxide for respiratory failure in preterm infantsReview
      152. Inhaled versus systemic corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in ventilated very low birth weight preterm neonatesReview
      153. Inhaled versus systemic corticosteroids for the treatment of chronic lung disease in ventilated very low birth weight preterm infantsReview
      154. Inositol in preterm infants at risk for or having respiratory distress syndromeReview
      155. Instruments for assessing readiness to commence suck feeds in preterm infants: effects on time to establish full oral feeding and duration of hospitalisationReview
      156. Interventions for non-oliguric hyperkalaemia in preterm neonatesReview
      157. Interventions for prevention of neonatal hyperglycemia in very low birth weight infantsReview
      158. Interventions for treatment of neonatal hyperglycemia in very low birth weight infantsReview
      159. Interventions to prevent hypothermia at birth in preterm and/or low birthweight infantsReview
      160. Intramuscular penicillin for the prevention of early onset group B streptococcal infection in newborn infantsReview
      161. Intratracheal Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) administration in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      162. Intravenous dexamethasone for extubation of newborn infantsReview
      163. Intravenous immunoglobulin for preventing infection in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      164. Intravenous immunoglobulin for suspected or proven infection in neonatesReview
      165. Intravenous in-line filters for preventing morbidity and mortality in neonatesReview
      166. Intravenous midazolam infusion for sedation of infants in the neonatal intensive care unitReview
      167. Intravenous or enteral loop diuretics for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung diseaseReview
      168. Intraventricular antibiotics for bacterial meningitis in neonatesReview
      169. Intraventricular streptokinase after intraventricular hemorrhage in newborn infantsReview
      170. Iodine supplementation for the prevention of mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infantsReview
      171. Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infantsReview
      172. Kinesthetic stimulation for preventing apnea in preterm infantsReview
      173. Kinesthetic stimulation for treating apnea in preterm infantsReview
      174. Kinesthetic stimulation versus methylxanthine for apnea in preterm infantsReview
      175. Lactase treated feeds to promote growth and feeding tolerance in preterm infantsReview
      176. Laryngeal mask airway surfactant administration for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      177. Laryngeal mask airway versus bag-mask ventilation or endotracheal intubation for neonatal resuscitationReview
      178. Late (≥ 7 days) inhalation corticosteroids to reduce bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsReview
      179. Late (> 7 days) postnatal corticosteroids for chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      180. Late erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infantsReview
      181. Late versus early surgical correction for congenital diaphragmatic hernia in newborn infantsReview
      182. Lidocaine-prilocaine cream for analgesia during circumcision in newborn boysReviewWithdrawn
      183. Light-emitting diode phototherapy for unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia in neonatesReview
      184. Local anaesthetic eye drops for prevention of pain in preterm infants undergoing screening for retinopathy of prematurityReview
      185. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at termReview
      186. Long versus short inspiratory times in neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      187. Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in preterm infantsReview
      188. Low versus high haemoglobin concentration threshold for blood transfusion for preventing morbidity and mortality in very low birth weight infantsReview
      189. Lung lavage for meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infantsReview
      190. Magnesium sulfate for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newbornReview
      191. Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infantsReview
      192. Mechanical ventilation for newborn infants with respiratory failure due to pulmonary diseaseReview
      193. Metalloporphyrins for treatment of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in neonatesReview
      194. Methods for securing endotracheal tubes in newborn infantsReview
      195. Methylxanthine treatment for apnoea in preterm infantsReview
      196. Milrinone for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newbornReview
      197. Moderately early (7-14 days) postnatal corticosteroids for preventing chronic lung disease in preterm infantsReview
      198. Molecular assays for the diagnosis of sepsis in neonatesReviewDiagnostic
      199. Multi-nutrient fortification of human milk for preterm infantsReview
      200. Multinutrient fortification of human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital dischargeReview
      201. Multiple versus single doses of exogenous surfactant for the prevention or treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndromeReview
      202. Multiple versus single lumen umbilical venous catheters for newborn infantsReview
      203. Naloxone for opiate-exposed newborn infantsReview
      204. Naloxone for preventing morbidity and mortality in newborn infants of greater than 34 weeks' gestation with suspected perinatal asphyxiaReview
      205. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure immediately after extubation for preventing morbidity in preterm infantsReview
      206. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for apnea of prematurityReview
      207. Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) for preterm neonates after extubationReview
      208. Nasal versus oral intubation for mechanical ventilation of newborn infantsReview
      209. Nasal versus oral route for placing feeding tubes in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      210. Nebulised surfactant in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      211. Nebulized racemic epinephrine for extubation of newborn infantsReview
      212. Needle aspiration versus intercostal tube drainage for pneumothorax in the newbornReview
      213. Neonatal vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in term neonates in low and middle income countriesReview
      214. Neuromuscular paralysis for newborn infants receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      215. Nitric oxide for respiratory failure in infants born at or near termReview
      216. Non-nutritive sucking for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in preterm and low birth weight infantsReview
      217. Non-nutritive sucking for increasing physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infantsReview
      218. Nutrient-enriched formula milk versus human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital dischargeReview
      219. Nutrient-enriched formula versus standard formula for preterm infants following hospital dischargeReview
      220. Octreotide for the treatment of chylothorax in neonatesReview
      221. One dose per day compared to multiple doses per day of gentamicin for treatment of suspected or proven sepsis in neonatesReview
      222. Opiate treatment for opiate withdrawal in newborn infantsReview
      223. Opioids for neonates receiving mechanical ventilationReview
      224. Oral dextrose gel for the treatment of hypoglycaemia in newborn infantsReview
      225. Oral immunoglobulin for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm and low birth weight neonatesReview
      226. Oral immunoglobulin for the prevention of rotavirus infection in low birth weight infantsReview
      227. Oral immunoglobulin for the treatment of rotavirus diarrhea in low birth weight infantsReview
      228. Oral lactoferrin for the prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infantsReview
      229. Oral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonatesReview
      230. Oral stimulation for promoting oral feeding in preterm infantsReview
      231. Oral zinc for the prevention of hyperbilirubinaemia in neonatesReview
      232. Pain relief for neonatal circumcisionReview
      233. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) for patent ductus arteriosus in preterm or low-birth-weight infantsReview
      234. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) for prevention or treatment of pain in newbornsReview
      235. Partial exchange transfusion to prevent neurodevelopmental disability in infants with polycythemiaReview
      236. Patient isolation measures for infants with candida colonization or infection for preventing or reducing transmission of candida in neonatal unitsReview
      237. Pentoxifylline for the prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsReview
      238. Pentoxifylline for treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonatesReview
      239. Percutaneous central venous catheters versus peripheral cannulae for delivery of parenteral nutrition in neonatesReview
      240. Peripheral retinal ablation for threshold retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infantsReview
      241. Peritoneal drainage versus laparotomy as initial surgical treatment for perforated necrotizing enterocolitis or spontaneous intestinal perforation in preterm low birth weight infantsReview
      242. Permissive hypercapnia for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated newborn infantsReview
      243. Pharyngeal instillation of surfactant before the first breath for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants at risk of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      244. Physical activity programs for promoting bone mineralization and growth in preterm infantsReview
      245. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infancy for the prevention of allergyReview
      246. Positive end expiratory pressure for preterm infants requiring conventional mechanical ventilation for respiratory distress syndrome or bronchopulmonary dysplasiaReview
      247. Positive end-expiratory pressure for resuscitation of newborn infants at birthReview
      248. Postnatal phenobarbital for the prevention of intraventricular haemorrhage in preterm infantsReview
      249. Postnatal thyroid hormones for preterm infants with transient hypothyroxinaemiaReview
      250. Postnatal thyroid hormones for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      251. Pre-discharge "car seat challenge" for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      252. Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergyReview
      253. Preoxygenation for tracheal suctioning in intubated, ventilated newborn infantsReview
      254. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infantsReview
      255. Probiotics in infants for prevention of allergic disease and food hypersensitivityReview
      256. Prolonged versus short course of indomethacin for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsReview
      257. Prophylactic animal derived surfactant extract for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      258. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in neonates with umbilical artery cathetersReview
      259. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in neonates with umbilical venous cathetersReview
      260. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in newborn infants with intercostal cathetersReview
      261. Prophylactic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in ventilated newborn infantsReview
      262. Prophylactic barbiturate use for the prevention of morbidity and mortality following perinatal asphyxiaReview
      263. Prophylactic caffeine to prevent postoperative apnoea following general anaesthesia in preterm infantsReview
      264. Prophylactic doxapram for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants undergoing endotracheal extubationReview
      265. Prophylactic intravenous indomethacin for preventing mortality and morbidity in preterm infantsReview
      266. Prophylactic methylxanthine for prevention of apnoea in preterm infantsReview
      267. Prophylactic methylxanthines for endotracheal extubation in preterm infantsReview
      268. Prophylactic nasal continuous positive airway pressure for preventing morbidity and mortality in very preterm infantsReview
      269. Prophylactic oral/topical non-absorbed antifungal agents to prevent invasive fungal infection in very low birth weight infantsReview
      270. Prophylactic phototherapy for preventing jaundice in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      271. Prophylactic postnatal thyroid hormones for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      272. Prophylactic protein free synthetic surfactant for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      273. Prophylactic surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus for prevention of mortality and morbidity in extremely low birth weight infantsReview
      274. Prophylactic systemic antibiotics to reduce morbidity and mortality in neonates with central venous cathetersReview
      275. Prophylactic systemic antifungal agents to prevent mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infantsReview
      276. Prophylactic versus selective antibiotics for term newborn infants of mothers with risk factors for neonatal infectionReview
      277. Prophylactic versus selective use of surfactant in preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      278. Prophylactic vitamin K for vitamin K deficiency bleeding in neonatesReview
      279. Propofol for procedural sedation/anaesthesia in neonatesReview
      280. Protein containing synthetic surfactant versus animal derived surfactant extract for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      281. Protein-containing synthetic surfactant versus protein-free synthetic surfactant for the prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndromeReview
      282. Protein supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infantsReview
      283. Protocolized versus non-protocolized weaning for reducing the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in newborn infantsReview
      284. Push versus gravity for intermittent bolus gavage tube feeding of premature and low birth weight infantsReview
      285. Radiant warmers versus incubators for regulating body temperature in newborn infantsReview
      286. Rapid correction of early metabolic acidaemia in comparison with placebo, no intervention or slow correction in LBW infantsReview
      287. Recombinant human activated protein C for severe sepsis in neonatesReview
      288. Regional (spinal, epidural, caudal) versus general anaesthesia in preterm infants undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy in early infancyReview
      289. Repeated lumbar or ventricular punctures in newborns with intraventricular haemorrhageReviewNew Search
      290. Replacement of estrogens and progestins to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      291. Rescue high-frequency jet ventilation versus conventional ventilation for severe pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      292. Rescue high frequency oscillatory ventilation versus conventional ventilation for pulmonary dysfunction in preterm infantsReview
      293. Respiratory function monitoring to reduce mortality and morbidity in newborn infants receiving resuscitationReview
      294. Responsive versus scheduled feeding for preterm infantsReview
      295. Restricted versus liberal oxygen exposure for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm or low birth weight infantsReview
      296. Restricted versus liberal water intake for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      297. Routine neonatal circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infections in infancyReview
      298. Routine oro/nasopharyngeal suction versus no suction at birthReviewNew
      299. Salbutamol for transient tachypnea of the newbornReview
      300. Saline irrigation for the management of skin extravasation injury in neonatesReview
      301. Screening programmes for developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infantsReview
      302. Sedatives for opiate withdrawal in newborn infantsReview
      303. Selenium supplementation to prevent short-term morbidity in preterm neonatesReview
      304. Servo-control for maintaining abdominal skin temperature at 36C in low birth weight infantsReview
      305. Sildenafil for pulmonary hypertension in neonatesReview
      306. Single versus double volume exchange transfusion in jaundiced newborn infantsReview
      307. Skin-to-skin care for procedural pain in neonatesReview
      308. Slow advancement of enteral feed volumes to prevent necrotising enterocolitis in very low birth weight infantsReview
      309. Sodium bicarbonate infusion during resuscitation of infants at birthReview
      310. Sound reduction management in the neonatal intensive care unit for preterm or very low birth weight infantsReview
      311. Soy formula for prevention of allergy and food intolerance in infantsReview
      312. Specialist teams for neonatal transport to neonatal intensive care units for prevention of morbidity and mortalityReview
      313. Standardised formal resuscitation training programmes for reducing mortality and morbidity in newborn infantsReview
      314. Steroid therapy for meconium aspiration syndrome in newborn infantsReview
      315. Strategies for the discontinuation of humidified high flow nasal cannula (HHFNC) in preterm infantsReview
      316. Strategies for the withdrawal of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) in preterm infantsReview
      317. Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing painful proceduresReview
      318. Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infantsReview
      319. Supplemental oxygen for the treatment of prethreshold retinopathy of prematurityReview
      320. Surfactant for bacterial pneumonia in late preterm and term infantsReview
      321. Surfactant for meconium aspiration syndrome in term and late preterm infantsReview
      322. Surfactant for pulmonary haemorrhage in neonatesReview
      323. Surgical versus medical treatment with cyclooxygenase inhibitors for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsReview
      324. Sustained versus standard inflations during neonatal resuscitation to prevent mortality and improve respiratory outcomesReview
      325. Synchronized mechanical ventilation for respiratory support in newborn infantsReview
      326. Synthetic surfactant for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infantsReview
      327. Systemic corticosteroid regimens for prevention of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsReview
      328. Techniques to ascertain correct endotracheal tube placement in neonatesReview
      329. Telemedicine for the support of parents of high-risk newborn infantsReview
      330. Thrombolytic agents for arterial and venous thromboses in neonatesReview
      331. Thyroid hormone supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants undergoing cardiac surgeryReview
      332. Thyroid hormones for preventing neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm infantsReview
      333. Topical anaesthesia for needle-related pain in newborn infantsReview
      334. Topical emollient for preventing infection in preterm infantsReview
      335. Tracheal gas insufflation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated newborn infantsReview
      336. Tracheal suctioning without disconnection in intubated ventilated neonatesReview
      337. Transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring for the prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortalityReview
      338. Transfer of preterm infants from incubator to open cot at lower versus higher body weightReview
      339. Transpyloric versus gastric tube feeding for preterm infantsReview
      340. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter design (end vs. side hole)Review
      341. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of catheter materialsReview
      342. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of heparinReview
      343. Umbilical artery catheters in the newborn: effects of position of the catheter tipReview
      344. Vancomycin for prophylaxis against sepsis in preterm neonatesReview
      345. Vasopressin and its analogues for the treatment of refractory hypotension in neonatesReview
      346. Venepuncture versus heel lance for blood sampling in term neonatesReview
      347. Videolaryngoscopy versus direct laryngoscopy for tracheal intubation in neonatesReview
      348. Vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants one to six months of ageReview
      349. Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short- and long-term morbidity in very low birth weight infantsReview
      350. Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
      351. Volume-targeted versus pressure-limited ventilation in the neonateReview
      352. Ward reduction without general anaesthesia versus reduction and repair under general anaesthesia for gastroschisis in newborn infantsReview
      353. Washed versus unwashed red blood cells for transfusion for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsReview
    3. Protocols
      1. Alterations in parenteral nutrition management for the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in term and preterm infantsProtocol
      2. Antibiotics at the time of removal of central venous catheter to reduce morbidity and mortality in newborn infantsProtocol
      3. Antibiotics for neonates born through meconium stained amniotic fluidProtocol
      4. Antifungal agents for the treatment of mucocutaneous candidiasis in neonates and childrenProtocol
      5. Antiviral therapy for symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infection in neonates and infants up to 3 months of ageProtocol
      6. Beta-blockers for prevention and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity in preterm infantsProtocol
      7. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation for improving nutrition in term and preterm neonatesProtocol
      8. C-reactive protein for diagnosing late-onset infection in newborn infantsProtocolDiagnostic
      9. Cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy monitoring for prevention of brain injury in very preterm infantsProtocol
      10. Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      11. Clinical assessment for diagnosing congenital heart disease in newborn infants with Down syndromeProtocolDiagnostic
      12. Community based management of neonatal sepsis in developing countriesProtocol
      13. Cutaneous antisepsis for prevention of intravascular catheter–associated infection in newborn infantsProtocol
      14. Dexmedetomidine for analgesia and sedation in newborn infants receiving mechanical ventilationProtocol
      15. Diagnostic accuracy of pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart defectsProtocolDiagnostic
      16. Different strains of probiotics for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a network meta-analysisProtocol
      17. Early planned removal of umbilical venous catheters to prevent infection in newborn infantsProtocol
      18. Early planned removal versus expectant management of peripherally inserted central catheters to prevent infection in newborn infantsProtocol
      19. Early versus later discharge of physiologically stable preterm infants who are fully orally feedingProtocol
      20. Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in later infancy in infants born pretermProtocol
      21. Education of family members to support weaning to solids and nutrition in later infancy in term-born infantsProtocol
      22. The effect of community health educational interventions on newborn survival in developing countriesProtocol
      23. Effect of exchange transfusion on mortality in neonates with septicemiaProtocol
      24. Effect of pre-exchange albumin infusion on neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia and long-term developmental outcomesProtocol
      25. The effects of thyroxine on end organ damage in asphyxiated neonatesProtocol
      26. Endotracheal intubation versus face mask for newborns resuscitated with positive pressure ventilation at birthProtocolWithdrawn
      27. Erythropoietin for preterm infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathyProtocol
      28. Erythropoietin for term and late preterm infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathyProtocol
      29. Exchange transfusion for neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      30. Fluid restriction for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infantsProtocol
      31. Fluid restriction in the management of transient tachypnea of the newbornProtocol
      32. Fluid supplementation for neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemiaProtocol
      33. Folic acid supplementation for the prevention of anaemia in preterm neonatesProtocol
      34. Glucose for the management of procedural pain in neonatesProtocolWithdrawn
      35. Head midline position for preventing the occurrence or extension of germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm infantsProtocol
      36. Heated and humidified inspired gas through heated humidifiers in comparison to non-heated and non-humidified gas in hospitalised neonates receiving respiratory supportProtocol
      37. Heliox for prevention of morbidity and mortality in ventilated newborn infantsProtocol
      38. High flow nasal cannula for respiratory support in term infantsProtocol
      39. High versus low thresholds for repeat administration of surfactant in intubated preterm neonatesProtocol
      40. High versus standard protein content of human milk fortifier for promoting growth and neurological development in preterm infantsProtocol
      41. High versus standard volumes of enteral feeds for preterm or low birth weight infantsProtocol
      42. High vs low dose conventional phototherapy for neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      43. Higher versus lower amino acid intake in parenteral nutrition for newborn infantsProtocol
      44. Higher versus lower humidity for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants in incubatorsProtocol
      45. Higher versus lower oxygen concentrations titrated to target oxygen saturations during resuscitation of preterm infants at birthProtocol
      46. Higher versus lower sodium intake for preterm infantsProtocolNew
      47. Home-based post-discharge parental support to prevent morbidity in preterm infantsProtocolWithdrawn
      48. Hyperbaric oxygen for term newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathyProtocol
      49. Infant isolation and cohorting for preventing or reducing transmission of healthcare-associated infections in neonatal unitsProtocol
      50. Initiation of complementary feeding before four months of age for prevention of postnatal growth restriction in preterm infantsProtocol
      51. Intermittent phototherapy versus continuous phototherapy for neonatal jaundiceProtocol
      52. Intratracheal instillation of corticosteroids using surfactant as a vehicle for the prevention of chronic lung disease in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndromeProtocol
      53. Lactoferrin for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgeryProtocol
      54. Laser photocoagulation versus transscleral cryotherapy for threshold retinopathy of prematurityProtocol
      55. Local wound analgesia in infants undergoing thoracic or abdominal surgeryProtocolNew
      56. Loop diuretics during blood transfusion for anemia in preterm infantsProtocol
      57. Lung recruitment manoeuvres for reducing respiratory morbidity in mechanically ventilated neonatesProtocol
      58. Lutein and zeaxanthin for reducing morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsProtocol
      59. Magnesium sulfate for term infants following perinatal asphyxiaProtocol
      60. Manual ventilation devices for neonatal resuscitationProtocol
      61. Maternal probiotic supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infantsProtocol
      62. Medical therapies for parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in term and preterm infantsProtocol
      63. Mesenchymal stem cells for the prevention and treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infantsProtocol
      64. Methods of securing peripheral vascular catheters to reduce morbidity in neonatesProtocol
      65. Milrinone for the treatment of cardiac dysfunction in neonatesProtocol
      66. Nasal airways (single or double prong, long or short) for neonatal resuscitationProtocol
      67. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) for term neonates with respiratory distressProtocol
      68. Neonatal interventions for preventing cerebral palsy: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviewsProtocolOverview
      69. Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist for neonatal respiratory supportProtocol
      70. One-step techniques for primary distal hypospadias in children and adolescentsProtocol
      71. Oral dextrose gel for the prevention of hypoglycaemia in newborn infantsProtocol
      72. Oropharyngeal colostrum in preventing mortality and morbidity in preterm infantsProtocol
      73. Overview of ventilation strategies for the early management of intubated preterm infantsProtocolOverview
      74. Periodic change of body position under phototherapy in term and late preterm neonates with hyperbilirubinemiaProtocol
      75. Pharmacological interventions for prevention and treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in newborn infantsProtocol
      76. Plasma transfusion to prevent intraventricular haemorrhage in very preterm infantsProtocol
      77. Premedication for endotracheal intubation in neonatesProtocolWithdrawn
      78. Premedication for non-urgent endotracheal intubation for preventing pain in neonatesProtocol
      79. Preterm formula milk versus term formula milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infantsProtocol
      80. Probiotics for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgeryProtocol
      81. Prophylactic intravenous calcium therapy for exchange blood transfusion in the newbornProtocol
      82. Prophylactic vitamin K for the prevention of vitamin K deficiency bleeding in preterm neonatesProtocol
      83. Prostaglandin E1 for maintaining ductal patency in neonates with ductus-dependent cardiac lesionsProtocol
      84. Protein hydrolysate versus standard formula for preterm infantsProtocol
      85. Provision of respiratory support compared to no respiratory support before cord clamping for preterm infantsProtocol
      86. Pulse oximetry sensor application for neonates during resuscitationProtocol
      87. Rates of successful orotracheal intubation in infants when performed with a stylet versus without a stylet.Protocol
      88. Recombinant activated Factor VII for prevention and treatment of intraventricular haemorrhage in neonatesProtocol
      89. Routine screening by echocardiography to reduce morbidity and mortality from congenital heart disease in neonates with Down syndromeProtocol
      90. Short-duration versus standard-duration antibiotic regimens for the treatment of neonatal bacterial infectionProtocol
      91. Short versus long feeding interval for bolus feedings in very preterm infantsProtocol
      92. Subcutaneous reservoir drainage versus ventriculoperitoneal shunt for the treatment of posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus in preterm infantsProtocol
      93. Supine versus non-supine sleep position for preventing short-term morbidity and mortality in hospitalised spontaneously breathing preterm infantsProtocol
      94. Surfactant for newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic herniaProtocol
      95. Surfactant therapy via brief tracheal catheterization in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndromeProtocol
      96. Topical emollient therapy for preventing infection in preterm infants in low- or middle-income countriesProtocolWithdrawn
      97. Topical oils for the prevention or treatment of dry skin in term infantsProtocol
      98. Tracheal suction at birth in non-vigorous neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluidProtocolNew
      99. Transcutaneous bilirubinometry versus total serum bilirubin measurement for newbornsProtocolDiagnosticNew
      100. Transcutaneous screening for hyperbilirubinemia in neonatesProtocol
      101. Transfusion of fresh versus non-fresh (older) red blood cell in neonatesProtocol
      102. Use of reflective materials during phototherapy for newborn infants with unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemiaProtocol
      103. Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of vitamin D deficiency in preterm and low birth weight infantsProtocol
      104. Zinc supplementation for the promotion of growth and prevention of infections in infants less than six months of ageProtocol
      105. Zinc supplementation of parenteral nutrition in newborn infantsProtocol
  39. Cochrane Neuromuscular Group
  40. Cochrane Oral Health Group
  41. Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
  42. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group
  43. Cochrane Public Health Group
  44. Cochrane Schizophrenia Group
  45. Cochrane Skin Group
  46. Cochrane STI Group
  47. Cochrane Stroke Group
  48. Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group
  49. Cochrane Upper GI and Pancreatic Diseases Group
  50. Cochrane Urology Group
  51. Cochrane Vascular Group
  52. Cochrane Work Group
  53. Cochrane Wounds Group

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