The Cochrane Library: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

DOI: 10.1002/14651858

Reviews/Protocols listed by Cochrane Review Group


  1. Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group
  2. Cochrane Airways Group
  3. Cochrane Anaesthesia, Critical and Emergency Care Group
  4. Cochrane Back and Neck Group
  5. Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group
  6. Cochrane Breast Cancer Group
  7. Cochrane Childhood Cancer Group
  8. Cochrane Colorectal Cancer Group
  9. Cochrane Common Mental Disorders Group
  10. Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group
  11. Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group
  12. Cochrane Dementia and Cognitive Improvement Group
  13. Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group
  14. Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group
  15. Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group
  16. Cochrane ENT Group
  17. Cochrane Epilepsy Group
  18. Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group
  19. Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group
  20. Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancer Group
  21. Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group
  22. Cochrane Haematological Malignancies Group
  23. Cochrane Heart Group
  24. Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group
  25. Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group
  26. Cochrane Hypertension Group
  27. Cochrane IBD Group
  28. Cochrane Incontinence Group
  29. Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group
  30. Cochrane Injuries Group
  31. Cochrane Kidney and Transplant Group
  32. Cochrane Lung Cancer Group
  33. Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group
  34. Cochrane Methodology Review Group
  35. Cochrane Movement Disorders Group
  36. Cochrane Multiple Sclerosis and Rare Diseases of the CNS Group
  37. Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group
  38. Cochrane Neonatal Group
  39. Cochrane Neuromuscular Group
  40. Cochrane Oral Health Group
  41. Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group
  42. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group
    1. About this group
    2. Reviews
      1. Abdominal decompression for suspected fetal compromise/pre-eclampsiaReview
      2. Abdominal decompression in normal pregnancyReview
      3. Abdominal surgical incisions for caesarean sectionReview
      4. Absorbable staples for uterine incision at caesarean sectionReviewWithdrawn
      5. Absorbable suture materials for primary repair of episiotomy and second degree tearsReview
      6. Active versus expectant management for women in the third stage of labourReview
      7. Active versus expectant management in the third stage of labourReviewWithdrawn
      8. Acupuncture for induction of labourReview
      9. Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labourReview
      10. Admission tests other than cardiotocography for fetal assessment during labourReview
      11. Advance misoprostol distribution for preventing and treating postpartum haemorrhageReview
      12. Aerobic exercise for women during pregnancyReview
      13. Altered dietary salt for preventing pre-eclampsia, and its complicationsReview
      14. Alternative magnesium sulphate regimens for women with pre-eclampsia and eclampsiaReview
      15. Alternative positions for the baby at birth before clamping the umbilical cordReview
      16. Alternative versus conventional institutional settings for birthReview
      17. Alternative versus standard packages of antenatal care for low-risk pregnancyReview
      18. Ambroxol for women at risk of preterm birth for preventing neonatal respiratory distress syndromeReview
      19. Ambulatory versus conventional methods for monitoring blood pressure during pregnancyReview
      20. Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling for prenatal diagnosisReview
      21. Amnioinfusion for chorioamnionitisReview
      22. Amnioinfusion for meconium-stained liquor in labourReview
      23. Amnioinfusion for potential or suspected umbilical cord compression in labourReview
      24. Amnioinfusion for third trimester preterm premature rupture of membranesReview
      25. Amniotic fluid index versus single deepest vertical pocket as a screening test for preventing adverse pregnancy outcomeReview
      26. Amniotomy alone for induction of labourReview
      27. Amniotomy for shortening spontaneous labourReview
      28. Amniotomy for shortening spontaneous labourReviewWithdrawn
      29. Amniotomy plus intravenous oxytocin for induction of labourReview
      30. Anaesthesia for evacuation of incomplete miscarriageReview
      31. Analgesia for amniocentesis or chorionic villus samplingReview
      32. Analgesia for forceps deliveryReview
      33. Analgesia for relief of pain due to uterine cramping/involution after birthReview
      34. Antenatal and intrapartum interventions for preventing cerebral palsy: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviewsReviewOverviewNew
      35. Antenatal breast examination for promoting breastfeedingReview
      36. Antenatal breast milk expression by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomesReview
      37. Antenatal breastfeeding education for increasing breastfeeding durationReview
      38. Antenatal cardiotocography for fetal assessmentReview
      39. Antenatal corticosteroids for accelerating fetal lung maturation for women at risk of preterm birthReview
      40. Antenatal day care units versus hospital admission for women with complicated pregnancyReview
      41. Antenatal dietary education and supplementation to increase energy and protein intakeReview
      42. Antenatal dietary supplementation with myo-inositol in women during pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetesReview
      43. Antenatal education for self-diagnosis of the onset of active labour at termReview
      44. Antenatal immunoglobulin for fetal red blood cell alloimmunizationReview
      45. Antenatal interventions for fetomaternal alloimmune thrombocytopeniaReview
      46. Antenatal interventions for preventing the transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) from the mother to fetus during pregnancy and adverse outcomes in the congenitally infected infantReview
      47. Antenatal interventions for reducing weight in obese women for improving pregnancy outcomeReview
      48. Antenatal lower genital tract infection screening and treatment programs for preventing preterm deliveryReview
      49. Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal traumaReview
      50. Antenatal phenobarbital for reducing neonatal jaundice after red cell isoimmunizationReview
      51. Antenatal psychosocial assessment for reducing perinatal mental health morbidityReview
      52. Anti-D administration after childbirth for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisationReview
      53. Anti-D administration after spontaneous miscarriage for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisationReview
      54. Anti-D administration in pregnancy for preventing Rhesus alloimmunisationReview
      55. Antibiotic prophylaxis during the second and third trimester to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes and morbidityReview
      56. Antibiotic prophylaxis for cesarean sectionReviewWithdrawn
      57. Antibiotic prophylaxis for operative vaginal deliveryReviewNew Search
      58. Antibiotic prophylaxis for third- and fourth-degree perineal tear during vaginal birthReview
      59. Antibiotic prophylaxis regimens and drugs for cesarean sectionReview
      60. Antibiotic prophylaxis versus no prophylaxis for preventing infection after cesarean sectionReview
      61. Antibiotic regimens for management of intra-amniotic infectionReview
      62. Antibiotic regimens for management of intraamniotic infectionReview
      63. Antibiotic regimens for postpartum endometritisReview
      64. Antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancyReview
      65. Antibiotics for gonorrhoea in pregnancyReview
      66. Antibiotics for mastitis in breastfeeding womenReview
      67. Antibiotics for meconium-stained amniotic fluid in labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infectionsReview
      68. Antibiotics for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near termReview
      69. Antibiotics for preterm rupture of membranesReview
      70. Antibiotics for syphilis diagnosed during pregnancyReview
      71. Antibiotics for treating bacterial vaginosis in pregnancyReview
      72. Antibiotics for ureaplasma in the vagina in pregnancyReview
      73. Antibiotics prior to amniotomy for reducing infectious morbidity in mother and infantReview
      74. Anticoagulant therapy for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in pregnancyReview
      75. Antihistamines versus aspirin for itching in late pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      76. Antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancyReview
      77. Antioxidants for preventing pre-eclampsiaReview
      78. Antiplatelet agents for preventing and treating pre-eclampsiaReviewWithdrawn
      79. Antiplatelet agents for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complicationsReview
      80. Antispasmodics for labourReview
      81. Antithrombotic therapy for improving maternal or infant health outcomes in women considered at risk of placental dysfunctionReview
      82. Aromatherapy for pain management in labourReview
      83. Aspirin and/or heparin for women with unexplained recurrent miscarriage with or without inherited thrombophiliaReview
      84. Aspirin (single dose) for perineal pain in the early postpartum periodReview
      85. Assessment and support during early labour for improving birth outcomesReview
      86. Baby-led compared with scheduled (or mixed) breastfeeding for successful breastfeedingReview
      87. Bed rest during pregnancy for preventing miscarriageReview
      88. Bed rest in hospital for suspected impaired fetal growthReview
      89. Bed rest in singleton pregnancies for preventing preterm birthReview
      90. Bed rest with and without hospitalisation in multiple pregnancy for improving perinatal outcomesReview
      91. Bed rest with or without hospitalisation for hypertension during pregnancyReview
      92. Betamimetics for inhibiting preterm labourReview
      93. Betamimetics for suspected impaired fetal growthReview
      94. Biochemical tests of placental function for assessment in pregnancyReview
      95. Biofeedback for pain management during labourReview
      96. Biophysical profile for fetal assessment in high risk pregnanciesReview
      97. Breast stimulation for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      98. Breastfeeding education and support for women with twins or higher order multiplesReview
      99. Breastfeeding or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labourReview
      100. Buccal or sublingual misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      101. Caesarean delivery for the second twinReview
      102. Caesarean section for non-medical reasons at termReview
      103. Caesarean section versus vaginal delivery for preterm birth in singletonsReview
      104. Caesarean section versus vaginal delivery for preventing mother to infant hepatitis C virus transmissionReview
      105. Calcium channel blockers for inhibiting preterm labour and birthReview
      106. Calcium channel blockers for potential impaired fetal growthReview
      107. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problemsReview
      108. Calcium supplementation (other than for preventing or treating hypertension) for improving pregnancy and infant outcomesReview
      109. Carbetocin for preventing postpartum haemorrhageReview
      110. Cardiotocography for antepartum fetal assessmentReviewWithdrawn
      111. Cardiotocography versus intermittent auscultation of fetal heart on admission to labour ward for assessment of fetal wellbeingReview
      112. Caregiver support for postpartum depressionReviewWithdrawn
      113. Caregiver support for women during childbirthReviewWithdrawn
      114. Castor oil, bath and/or enema for cervical priming and induction of labourReview
      115. Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentationReview
      116. Cephalic version by postural management for breech presentationReview
      117. Cervical assessment by ultrasound for preventing preterm deliveryReview
      118. Cervical pessary for preventing preterm birthReview
      119. Cervical ripening before first trimester surgical evacuation for non-viable pregnancyReview
      120. Cervical stitch (cerclage) for preventing pregnancy loss in womenReview
      121. Cervical stitch (cerclage) for preventing preterm birth in multiple pregnancyReview
      122. Cervical stitch (cerclage) for preventing preterm birth in singleton pregnancyReview
      123. Chewing gum for enhancing early recovery of bowel function after caesarean sectionReview
      124. Chinese herbal medicines for threatened miscarriageReview
      125. Chinese herbal medicines for treating pre-eclampsiaReview
      126. Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriageReview
      127. Choice of instruments for assisted vaginal deliveryReview
      128. Chorion villus sampling versus amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosisReviewWithdrawn
      129. Closure versus non-closure of the peritoneum at caesarean section: short- and long-term outcomesReview
      130. Combination of tocolytic agents for inhibiting preterm labourReview
      131. Combined oestrogen and progesterone for preventing miscarriageReview
      132. Combined spinal-epidural versus epidural analgesia in labourReview
      133. Commercial hospital discharge packs for breastfeeding womenReviewWithdrawn
      134. Community-based intervention packages for reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality and improving neonatal outcomesReview
      135. Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labourReview
      136. Conservative management of symptomatic and/or complicated haemorrhoids in pregnancy and the puerperiumReview
      137. Continuity of caregivers for care during pregnancy and childbirthReviewWithdrawn
      138. Continuous and interrupted suturing techniques for repair of episiotomy or second-degree tearsReview
      139. Continuous cardiotocography (CTG) as a form of electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) for fetal assessment during labourReview
      140. Continuous electronic heart rate monitoring for fetal assessment during laborReviewWithdrawn
      141. Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion versus multiple daily injections of insulin for pregnant women with diabetesReview
      142. Continuous support for women during childbirthReview
      143. Controlled cord traction for the third stage of labourReview
      144. Corticosteroids for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      145. Corticosteroids for HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) syndrome in pregnancyReview
      146. Corticosteroids for HELLP syndrome in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      147. Corticosteroids for preventing neonatal respiratory morbidity after elective caesarean section at termReview
      148. Creatine for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetusReview
      149. Critical incident audit and feedback to improve perinatal and maternal mortality and morbidityReview
      150. Customised versus population-based growth charts as a screening tool for detecting small for gestational age infants in low-risk pregnant womenReview
      151. Cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitors for preventing preterm labourReview
      152. Cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitors for treating preterm labourReview
      153. Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancyReview
      154. Deflation of gastric band balloon in pregnancy for improving outcomesReview
      155. Diet and exercise interventions for preventing gestational diabetes mellitusReview
      156. Diet or exercise, or both, for preventing excessive weight gain in pregnancyReview
      157. Diet or exercise, or both, for weight reduction in women after childbirthReview
      158. Dietary advice interventions in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitusReview
      159. Dietary regulation for 'gestational diabetes'ReviewWithdrawn
      160. Dietary supplementation with myo-inositol in women during pregnancy for treating gestational diabetesReview
      161. Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depressionReview
      162. Different antibiotic regimens for treating asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancyReview
      163. Different classes of antibiotics given to women routinely for preventing infection at caesarean sectionReview
      164. Different communication strategies for disclosing results of diagnostic prenatal testingReview
      165. Different corticosteroids and regimens for accelerating fetal lung maturation for women at risk of preterm birthReview
      166. Different insulin types and regimens for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetesReview
      167. Different intensities of glycaemic control for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetesReview
      168. Different intensities of glycaemic control for women with gestational diabetes mellitusReview
      169. Different magnesium sulphate regimens for neuroprotection of the fetus for women at risk of preterm birthReview
      170. Different methods for the induction of labour in outpatient settingsReview
      171. Different strategies for diagnosing gestational diabetes to improve maternal and infant healthReviewNew Search
      172. Different treatment regimens of magnesium sulphate for tocolysis in women in preterm labourReview
      173. Different types of dietary advice for women with gestational diabetes mellitusReview
      174. Directed preconception health programs and interventions for improving pregnancy outcomes for women who are overweight or obeseReview
      175. Discontinuation of epidural analgesia late in labour for reducing the adverse delivery outcomes associated with epidural analgesiaReview
      176. Diuretics for preventing pre-eclampsiaReview
      177. Dopamine agonists for preventing future miscarriage in women with idiopathic hyperprolactinemia and recurrent miscarriage historyReview
      178. Doppler ultrasound for fetal assessment in high risk pregnanciesReviewWithdrawn
      179. Drugs for treatment of very high blood pressure during pregnancyReview
      180. Duration of treatment for asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancyReview
      181. Early additional food and fluids for healthy breastfed full-term infantsReview
      182. Early amniocentesis versus transabdominal chorion villus sampling for prenatal diagnosisReviewWithdrawn
      183. Early amniotomy and early oxytocin for prevention of, or therapy for, delay in first stage spontaneous labour compared with routine careReview
      184. Early compared with delayed oral fluids and food after caesarean sectionReview
      185. Early postnatal discharge from hospital for healthy mothers and term infantsReview
      186. Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infantsReview
      187. Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia for labourReview
      188. Effect of administration of antihelminthics for soil-transmitted helminths during pregnancyReview
      189. Effect of partogram use on outcomes for women in spontaneous labour at termReview
      190. Effect of restricted pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeedingReview
      191. Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping and other strategies to influence placental transfusion at preterm birth on maternal and infant outcomesReview
      192. Effect of timing of umbilical cord clamping of term infants on maternal and neonatal outcomesReview
      193. Effects and safety of periconceptional oral folate supplementation for preventing birth defectsReview
      194. Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on fetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcomesReview
      195. Elective birth at 37 weeks’ gestation for women with an uncomplicated twin pregnancyReview
      196. Elective delivery in diabetic pregnant womenReview
      197. Elective preterm birth for fetal gastroschisisReview
      198. Elective repeat caesarean section versus induction of labour for women with a previous caesarean birthReviewNew Search
      199. Enemas during labourReview
      200. Energy/protein restriction for high weight-for-height or weight gain during pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      201. Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia in labourReview
      202. Ethanol for preventing preterm birth in threatened preterm laborReview
      203. Exercise for diabetic pregnant womenReview
      204. Exercise for pregnant women for preventing gestational diabetes mellitusReview
      205. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomesReview
      206. Exercise or other physical activity for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complicationsReview
      207. Expectant care versus surgical treatment for miscarriageReview
      208. Expedited versus conservative approaches for vaginal delivery in breech presentationReview
      209. Expert systems for fetal assessment in labourReview
      210. External cephalic version for breech presentation at termReview
      211. External cephalic version for breech presentation before termReview
      212. Extra-abdominal versus intra-abdominal repair of the uterine incision at caesarean sectionReview
      213. Extra-amniotic prostaglandin for induction of labourReview
      214. Extra fluids for breastfeeding mothers for increasing milk productionReview
      215. Fetal and umbilical Doppler ultrasound in high-risk pregnanciesReview
      216. Fetal and umbilical Doppler ultrasound in normal pregnancyReview
      217. Fetal assessment methods for improving neonatal and maternal outcomes in preterm prelabour rupture of membranesReview
      218. Fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) for fetal monitoring during labourReview
      219. Fetal fibronectin testing for reducing the risk of preterm birthReview
      220. Fetal manipulation for facilitating tests of fetal wellbeingReview
      221. Fetal movement counting for assessment of fetal wellbeingReview
      222. Fetal pulse oximetry for fetal assessment in labourReview
      223. Fetal vibroacoustic stimulation for facilitation of tests of fetal wellbeingReview
      224. First and second trimester serum tests with and without first trimester ultrasound tests for Down's syndrome screeningReviewDiagnostic
      225. First trimester serum tests for Down's syndrome screeningReviewDiagnostic
      226. First trimester ultrasound tests alone or in combination with first trimester serum tests for Down's syndrome screeningReviewDiagnostic
      227. Folate supplementation in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      228. Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomesReview
      229. Follow-up for improving psychological well being for women after a miscarriageReview
      230. Fundal pressure during the second stage of labourReview
      231. Fundal pressure versus controlled cord traction as part of the active management of the third stage of labourReview
      232. Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complicationsReview
      233. Giving women their own case notes to carry during pregnancyReview
      234. Group versus conventional antenatal care for womenReview
      235. Haematological interventions for treating disseminated intravascular coagulation during pregnancy and postpartumReview
      236. Hands and knees posture in late pregnancy or labour for fetal malposition (lateral or posterior)Review
      237. Health system and community level interventions for improving antenatal care coverage and health outcomesReview
      238. Heparin for pregnant women with acquired or inherited thrombophiliasReview
      239. Hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy for preventing infant infectionReview
      240. High-dose versus low-dose oxytocin for augmentation of delayed labourReview
      241. High-dose versus low-dose oxytocin infusion regimens for induction of labour at termReview
      242. High feedback versus low feedback of prenatal ultrasound for reducing maternal anxiety and improving maternal health behaviour in pregnancyReview
      243. High protein supplementation in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      244. Home uterine monitoring for detecting preterm labourReview
      245. Home visits during pregnancy and after birth for women with an alcohol or drug problemReview
      246. Homoeopathy for induction of labourReview
      247. Hormones for suspected impaired fetal growthReview
      248. Hospitalisation and bed rest for multiple pregnancyReview
      249. Human chorionic gonadotrophin for recurrent miscarriageReviewWithdrawn
      250. Human chorionic gonadotrophin for threatened miscarriageReview
      251. Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) for preventing miscarriageReview
      252. Hyaluronidase for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      253. Hyaluronidase for reducing perineal traumaReview
      254. Hydration for treatment of preterm labourReview
      255. Hypnosis during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period for preventing postnatal depressionReview
      256. Hypnosis for induction of labourReview
      257. Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirthReview
      258. Immediate versus deferred delivery of the preterm baby with suspected fetal compromise for improving outcomesReview
      259. Immersion in water in labour and birthReview
      260. Immunotherapy for recurrent miscarriageReview
      261. Impact of Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) and viral influenza vaccinations in pregnancy for improving maternal, neonatal and infant health outcomesReview
      262. Incentives for increasing prenatal care use by women in order to improve maternal and neonatal outcomesReview
      263. Individual or group antenatal education for childbirth or parenthood, or bothReview
      264. Induction of labour at or near term for suspected fetal macrosomiaReview
      265. Induction of labour for improving birth outcomes for women at or beyond termReview
      266. Indwelling bladder catheterisation as part of intraoperative and postoperative care for caesarean sectionReview
      267. Information for pregnant women about caesarean birthReview
      268. Inhaled analgesia for pain management in labourReview
      269. Instruments for chorionic villus sampling for prenatal diagnosisReview
      270. Interconception care for women with a history of gestational diabetes for improving maternal and infant outcomesReview
      271. Intermittent auscultation (IA) of fetal heart rate in labour for fetal well-beingReview
      272. Intermittent oral iron supplementation during pregnancyReview
      273. Internal versus external tocodynamometry during induced or augmented labourReview
      274. Interventionist versus expectant care for severe pre-eclampsia between 24 and 34 weeks' gestationReview
      275. Interventions at caesarean section for reducing the risk of aspiration pneumonitisReview
      276. Interventions for clinical and subclinical hypothyroidism pre-pregnancy and during pregnancyReview
      277. Interventions for heartburn in pregnancyReview
      278. Interventions for heartburn in pregnancyReview
      279. Interventions for helping to turn term breech babies to head first presentation when using external cephalic versionReview
      280. Interventions for hyperthyroidism pre-pregnancy and during pregnancyReview
      281. Interventions for improving outcomes for pregnant women who have experienced genital cuttingReview
      282. Interventions for ketosis during labourReview
      283. Interventions for leg cramps in pregnancyReview
      284. Interventions for leg cramps in pregnancyReview
      285. Interventions for managing asthma in pregnancyReview
      286. Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancyReview
      287. Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      288. Interventions for pregnant women with hyperglycaemia not meeting gestational diabetes and type 2 diabetes diagnostic criteriaReview
      289. Interventions for preventing and treating low-back and pelvic pain during pregnancyReview
      290. Interventions for preventing mastitis after childbirthReview
      291. Interventions for preventing nausea and vomiting in women undergoing regional anaesthesia for caesarean sectionReview
      292. Interventions for preventing or improving the outcome of delivery at or beyond termReviewWithdrawn
      293. Interventions for preventing or reducing domestic violence against pregnant womenReview
      294. Interventions for preventing postpartum constipationReview
      295. Interventions for preventing recurrent urinary tract infection during pregnancyReview
      296. Interventions for promoting the initiation of breastfeedingReview
      297. Interventions for supporting parents’ decisions about autopsy after stillbirthReview
      298. Interventions for supporting pregnant women's decision-making about mode of birth after a caesareanReview
      299. Interventions for suspected placenta praeviaReview
      300. Interventions for the treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndromeReview
      301. Interventions for treating cholestasis in pregnancyReview
      302. Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancyReview
      303. Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancyReview
      304. Interventions for treating genital chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnancyReview
      305. Interventions for treating hyperemesis gravidarumReview
      306. Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding womenReview
      307. Interventions for treating painful sickle cell crisis during pregnancyReview
      308. Interventions for treating peripartum cardiomyopathy to improve outcomes for women and babiesReview
      309. Interventions for treating placental abruptionReview
      310. Interventions for treating postpartum constipationReview
      311. Interventions for trichomoniasis in pregnancyReview
      312. Interventions for varicose veins and leg oedema in pregnancyReview
      313. Interventions for women in subsequent pregnancies following obstetric anal sphincter injury to reduce the risk of recurrent injury and associated harmsReview
      314. Interventions in the workplace to support breastfeeding for women in employmentReview
      315. Interventions (other than pharmacological, psychosocial or psychological) for treating antenatal depressionReview
      316. Intra-amniotic surfactant for women at risk of preterm birth for preventing respiratory distress in newbornsReview
      317. Intracervical prostaglandins for induction of labourReview
      318. Intracutaneous or subcutaneous sterile water injection compared with blinded controls for pain management in labourReview
      319. Intramuscular versus intravenous anti-D for preventing Rhesus alloimmunization during pregnancyReview
      320. Intramuscular versus intravenous prophylactic oxytocin for the third stage of labourReview
      321. Intrapartum antibiotics for Group B streptococcal colonisationReviewWithdrawn
      322. Intrapartum antibiotics for known maternal Group B streptococcal colonizationReview
      323. Intrapartum fetal scalp lactate sampling for fetal assessment in the presence of a non-reassuring fetal heart rate traceReview
      324. Intrapartum interventions for preventing shoulder dystociaReview
      325. Intravenous fluids for reducing the duration of labour in low risk nulliparous womenReview
      326. Intravenous oxytocin alone for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      327. Intravenous prostaglandin for induction of labourReview
      328. Iodine supplementation for women during the preconception, pregnancy and postpartum periodReview
      329. Iron and folate supplementation in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      330. Iron supplementation in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      331. Isocaloric balanced protein supplementation in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      332. Labour assessment programs to delay admission to labour wardsReview
      333. Laparoscopic surgery for presumed benign ovarian tumor during pregnancyReview
      334. Lateral tilt for caesarean sectionReviewWithdrawn
      335. Lifestyle interventions for the treatment of women with gestational diabetesReview
      336. Local anaesthetic nerve block for pain management in labourReview
      337. Local anaesthetic wound infiltration and abdominal nerves block during caesarean section for postoperative pain reliefReview
      338. Local cooling for relieving pain from perineal trauma sustained during childbirthReview
      339. Low-dose dopamine for women with severe pre-eclampsiaReview
      340. Magnesium maintenance therapy for preventing preterm birth after threatened preterm labourReview
      341. Magnesium sulphate and other anticonvulsants for women with pre-eclampsiaReview
      342. Magnesium sulphate for preventing preterm birth in threatened preterm labourReview
      343. Magnesium sulphate for women at risk of preterm birth for neuroprotection of the fetusReview
      344. Magnesium sulphate for women at term for neuroprotection of the fetusReview
      345. Magnesium sulphate versus diazepam for eclampsiaReview
      346. Magnesium sulphate versus lytic cocktail for eclampsiaReview
      347. Magnesium sulphate versus phenytoin for eclampsiaReview
      348. Magnesium supplementation in pregnancyReview
      349. Maintenance therapy with calcium channel blockers for preventing preterm birth after threatened preterm labourReview
      350. Maintenance therapy with oxytocin antagonists for inhibiting preterm birth after threatened preterm labourReview
      351. Management of reported decreased fetal movements for improving pregnancy outcomesReview
      352. Manual removal of placenta at caesarean sectionReviewWithdrawn
      353. Marine oil, and other prostaglandin precursor, supplementation for pregnancy uncomplicated by pre-eclampsia or intrauterine growth restrictionReview
      354. Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labourReview
      355. Maternal antigen avoidance during lactation for preventing atopic disease in infants of women at high riskReviewWithdrawn
      356. Maternal antigen avoidance during lactation for preventing atopic eczema in infantsReviewWithdrawn
      357. Maternal dietary antigen avoidance during pregnancy or lactation, or both, for preventing or treating atopic disease in the childReview
      358. Maternal glucose administration for facilitating tests of fetal wellbeingReview
      359. Maternal hydration for increasing amniotic fluid volume in oligohydramnios and normal amniotic fluid volumeReview
      360. Maternal iodine supplements in areas of deficiencyReviewWithdrawn
      361. Maternal nutrient supplementation for suspected impaired fetal growthReview
      362. Maternal oxygen administration for fetal distressReview
      363. Maternal oxygen administration for suspected impaired fetal growthReview
      364. Maternal position during caesarean section for preventing maternal and neonatal complicationsReview
      365. Maternal positions and mobility during first stage labourReview
      366. Maternal prenatal and/or postnatal n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) supplementation for preventing allergies in early childhoodReview
      367. Maternity waiting facilities for improving maternal and neonatal outcome in low-resource countriesReview
      368. Mechanical dilatation of the cervix at non-labour caesarean section for reducing postoperative morbidityReview
      369. Mechanical methods for induction of labourReview
      370. Medical treatment for early fetal death (less than 24 weeks)Review
      371. Medical treatments for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura during pregnancyReview
      372. Medical treatments for incomplete miscarriageReview
      373. Medications for increasing milk supply in mothers expressing breastmilk for their preterm hospitalised infantsReview
      374. Melatonin for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetusReview
      375. Membrane sweeping for induction of labourReview
      376. Methods for administering subcutaneous heparin during pregnancyReview
      377. Methods for assessing pre-induction cervical ripeningReview
      378. Methods of delivering the placenta at caesarean sectionReview
      379. Methods of milk expression for lactating womenReview
      380. Methods of repair for obstetric anal sphincter injuryReview
      381. Methods of term labour induction for women with a previous caesarean sectionReview
      382. Midwife-led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing womenReview
      383. Mifepristone for induction of labourReview
      384. Mind-body interventions during pregnancy for preventing or treating women's anxietyReview
      385. Misoprostol for induction of labour to terminate pregnancy in the second or third trimester for women with a fetal anomaly or after intrauterine fetal deathReview
      386. Morning versus evening induction of labour for improving outcomesReview
      387. Multiple micronutrient powders for home (point-of-use) fortification of foods in pregnant womenReview
      388. Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancyReview
      389. Music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving maternal and infant outcomesReview
      390. Near-infrared spectroscopy for fetal assessment during labourReview
      391. Nitric oxide donors for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      392. Nitric oxide donors for treating preterm labourReview
      393. Nitric oxide for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complicationsReview
      394. Nitroglycerin for management of retained placentaReview
      395. Non-opioid drugs for pain management in labourReview
      396. Nutritional advice for improving outcomes in multiple pregnanciesReview
      397. Nutritional advice in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      398. Oestrogen supplementation, mainly diethylstilbestrol, for preventing miscarriages and other adverse pregnancy outcomesReview
      399. Oestrogens alone or with amniotomy for cervical ripening or induction of labourReview
      400. Oestrogens and progestins for preventing and treating postpartum depressionReview
      401. Operative versus conservative management for 'fetal distress' in labourReview
      402. Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeedingReview
      403. Oral analgesia for relieving post-caesarean painReview
      404. Oral anti-diabetic agents for women with pre-existing diabetes mellitus/impaired glucose tolerance or previous gestational diabetes mellitusReview
      405. Oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies for the treatment of women with gestational diabetesReview
      406. Oral beta-blockers for mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancyReview
      407. Oral betamimetics for maintenance therapy after threatened preterm labourReview
      408. Oral misoprostol for induction of labourReview
      409. Oral non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (single dose) for perineal pain in the early postpartum periodReview
      410. Oral prostaglandin E2 for induction of labourReview
      411. Outpatient versus inpatient induction of labour for improving birth outcomesReview
      412. Oxytocin augmentation of labour in women with epidural analgesia for reducing operative deliveriesReview
      413. Oxytocin for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near termReviewWithdrawn
      414. Oxytocin for preventing postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in non-facility birth settingsReview
      415. Oxytocin receptor antagonists for inhibiting preterm labourReview
      416. Oxytocin versus no treatment or delayed treatment for slow progress in the first stage of spontaneous labourReview
      417. Package of care for active management in labour for reducing caesarean section rates in low-risk womenReview
      418. Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviewsReviewOverview
      419. Paracetamol/acetaminophen (single administration) for perineal pain in the early postpartum periodReview
      420. Parenteral opioids for maternal pain management in labourReview
      421. Patient-controlled analgesia with remifentanil versus alternative parenteral methods for pain management in labourReview
      422. Pelvimetry for fetal cephalic presentations at or near term for deciding on mode of deliveryReview
      423. Periconceptional supplementation with folate and/or multivitamins for preventing neural tube defectsReviewWithdrawn
      424. Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal traumaReview
      425. Pharmacological interventions for generalised itching (not caused by systemic disease or skin lesions) in pregnancyReview
      426. Pharmacological interventions for promoting smoking cessation during pregnancyReview
      427. Phenobarbital prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhageReview
      428. Piracetam for fetal distress in labourReview
      429. Placental cord drainage after vaginal delivery as part of the management of the third stage of labourReview
      430. Planned caesarean section for term breech deliveryReview
      431. Planned caesarean section for women with a twin pregnancyReview
      432. Planned early birth versus expectant management for women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes prior to 37 weeks' gestation for improving pregnancy outcomeReview
      433. Planned early birth versus expectant management (waiting) for prelabour rupture of membranes at term (37 weeks or more)Review
      434. Planned early delivery versus expectant management for hypertensive disorders from 34 weeks gestation to termReview
      435. Planned early delivery versus expectant management for monoamniotic twinsReview
      436. Planned early delivery versus expectant management of the term suspected compromised baby for improving outcomesReview
      437. Planned elective repeat caesarean section versus planned vaginal birth for women with a previous caesarean birthReview
      438. Planned home versus hospital care for preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) prior to 37 weeks' gestationReview
      439. Planned hospital birth versus planned home birthReview
      440. Plasma volume expansion for suspected impaired fetal growthReview
      441. Plasma volume expansion for treatment of pre-eclampsiaReview
      442. Pneumococcal vaccination during pregnancy for preventing infant infectionReview
      443. Position in the second stage of labour for women with epidural anaesthesiaReview
      444. Position in the second stage of labour for women without epidural anaesthesiaReview
      445. Postnatal parental education for optimizing infant general health and parent-infant relationshipsReview
      446. Postpartum misoprostol for preventing maternal mortality and morbidityReview
      447. Preconception and antenatal screening for the fragile site on the X-chromosomeReview
      448. Preconception care for diabetic women for improving maternal and infant healthReviewNew Search
      449. Prenatal administration of progesterone for preventing preterm birth in women considered to be at risk of preterm birthReview
      450. Prenatal education for congenital toxoplasmosisReview
      451. Prenatal interventions for congenital diaphragmatic hernia for improving outcomesReview
      452. Prenatal versus postnatal repair procedures for spina bifida for improving infant and maternal outcomesReview
      453. Prevention and treatment of postpartum hypertensionReview
      454. Prevention of recurrent miscarriage for women with antiphospholipid antibody or lupus anticoagulantReview
      455. Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetesReview
      456. Probiotics for preventing preterm labourReview
      457. Progestational agents for treating threatened or established preterm labourReview
      458. Progesterone for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complicationsReview
      459. Progestogen for preventing miscarriageReview
      460. Progestogen for treating threatened miscarriageReview
      461. Prophylactic antibiotics for inhibiting preterm labour with intact membranesReview
      462. Prophylactic antibiotics for manual removal of retained placenta in vaginal birthReview
      463. Prophylactic corticosteroids for preterm birthReviewWithdrawn
      464. Prophylactic ergometrine-oxytocin versus oxytocin for the third stage of labourReview
      465. Prophylactic interventions after delivery of placenta for reducing bleeding during the postnatal periodReview
      466. Prophylactic intravenous preloading for regional analgesia in labourReview
      467. Prophylactic manual rotation for fetal malposition to reduce operative deliveryReview
      468. Prophylactic oral betamimetics for preventing preterm labour in singleton pregnanciesReview
      469. Prophylactic oral betamimetics for reducing preterm birth in women with a twin pregnancyReview
      470. Prophylactic oxytocin for the third stage of labour to prevent postpartum haemorrhageReview
      471. Prophylactic use of ergot alkaloids in the third stage of labourReview
      472. Prophylactic versus selective blood transfusion for sickle cell anaemia during pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      473. Prophylactic versus selective blood transfusion for sickle cell disease in pregnancyReview
      474. Prophylactic versus therapeutic amnioinfusion for oligohydramnios in labourReview
      475. Prophylaxis for venous thromboembolic disease in pregnancy and the early postnatal periodReview
      476. Prostaglandins before caesarean section for preventing neonatal respiratory distressReview
      477. Prostaglandins for management of retained placentaReview
      478. Prostaglandins for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near termReviewWithdrawn
      479. Prostaglandins for preventing postpartum haemorrhageReview
      480. Prostaglandins versus oxytocin for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near termReviewWithdrawn
      481. Prostaglandins versus oxytocin for prelabour rupture of membranes at termReviewWithdrawn
      482. Psychological and/or educational interventions for reducing alcohol consumption in pregnant women and women planning pregnancyReview
      483. Psychosocial and psychological interventions for preventing postpartum depressionReview
      484. Psychosocial and psychological interventions for treating antenatal depressionReview
      485. Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to stop smoking in pregnancyReview
      486. Pulmonary artery flow catheters for directing management in pre-eclampsiaReview
      487. Pushing/bearing down methods for the second stage of labourReview
      488. Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation during pregnancy or labour for maternal and neonatal outcomesReview
      489. Rapid versus stepwise negative pressure application for vacuum extraction assisted vaginal deliveryReview
      490. Rectal analgesia for pain from perineal trauma following childbirthReview
      491. Reduced salt intake compared to normal dietary salt, or high intake, in pregnancyReview
      492. Reduction of the number of fetuses for women with a multiple pregnancyReview
      493. Regimens of fetal surveillance for impaired fetal growthReview
      494. Regimens of fetal surveillance of suspected large-for-gestational-age fetuses for improving health outcomesReview
      495. Regional versus general anaesthesia for caesarean sectionReview
      496. Relaxation techniques for pain management in labourReview
      497. Relaxation therapy for preventing and treating preterm labourReview
      498. Relaxin for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      499. Relaxin for preventing preterm birthReview
      500. Repeat digital cervical assessment in pregnancy for identifying women at risk of preterm labourReview
      501. Repeat doses of prenatal corticosteroids for women at risk of preterm birth for improving neonatal health outcomesReview
      502. Rest during pregnancy for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications in women with normal blood pressureReview
      503. Restricting oral fluid and food intake during labourReview
      504. Risk-scoring systems for predicting preterm birth with the aim of reducing associated adverse outcomesReview
      505. Rooming-in for new mother and infant versus separate care for increasing the duration of breastfeedingReview
      506. Routes of administration of antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing infection after caesarean sectionReview
      507. Routine blood cultures in the management of pyelonephritis in pregnancy for improving outcomesReview
      508. Routine perineal shaving on admission in labourReview
      509. Routine pre-pregnancy health promotion for improving pregnancy outcomesReview
      510. Routine prophylactic drugs in normal labour for reducing gastric aspiration and its effectsReview
      511. Routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (after 24 weeks' gestation)Review
      512. Routine vaginal examinations for assessing progress of labour to improve outcomes for women and babies at termReview
      513. Schedules for home visits in the early postpartum periodReviewComment
      514. Screening and subsequent management for thyroid dysfunction pre-pregnancy and during pregnancy for improving maternal and infant healthReview
      515. Screening for gestational diabetes mellitus based on different risk profiles and settings for improving maternal and infant healthReviewUpdateConclusions ChangedComment
      516. Sealing procedures for preterm prelabour rupture of membranesReview
      517. Second trimester serum tests for Down's Syndrome screeningReviewDiagnostic
      518. Secondary suturing compared to non-suturing for broken down perineal wounds following childbirthReview
      519. Selective versus routine use of episiotomy for vaginal birthReview
      520. Sexual intercourse for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      521. Single versus two layer suturing for closing the uterine incision at Caesarean sectionReviewWithdrawn
      522. Skin preparation for preventing infection following caesarean sectionReview
      523. Soft versus rigid vacuum extractor cups for assisted vaginal deliveryReview
      524. Specialised antenatal clinics for women with a multiple pregnancy for improving maternal and infant outcomesReview
      525. Specialised antenatal clinics for women with a pregnancy at high risk of preterm birth (excluding multiple pregnancy) to improve maternal and infant outcomesReview
      526. Spinal versus epidural anaesthesia for caesarean sectionReview
      527. Strategies of testing for syphilis during pregnancyReview
      528. Supplementation with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) to breastfeeding mothers for improving child growth and developmentReview
      529. Supplementation with multiple micronutrients for breastfeeding women for improving outcomes for the mother and babyReview
      530. Support during pregnancy for women at increased risk of low birthweight babiesReview
      531. Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babiesReview
      532. Support for mothers, fathers and families after perinatal deathReview
      533. Surgical procedures for evacuating incomplete miscarriageReview
      534. Surgical repair of spontaneous perineal tears that occur during childbirth versus no interventionReview
      535. Surgical techniques for uterine incision and uterine closure at the time of caesarean sectionReview
      536. Symphysial fundal height (SFH) measurement in pregnancy for detecting abnormal fetal growthReview
      537. Symphysiotomy for feto-pelvic disproportionReview
      538. Symphysis-fundal height measurement in pregnancyReview
      539. Technique modifications for reducing the risks from amniocentesis or chorionic villus samplingReview
      540. Techniques and materials for closure of the abdominal wall in caesarean sectionReview
      541. Techniques and materials for skin closure in caesarean sectionReview
      542. Techniques for assisting difficult delivery at caesarean sectionReview
      543. Techniques for caesarean sectionReview
      544. Techniques for preventing hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean sectionReviewNew Search
      545. Techniques of intrauterine fetal transfusion for women with red-cell isoimmunisation for improving health outcomesReview
      546. Techniques of monitoring blood glucose during pregnancy for women with pre-existing diabetesReview
      547. Telephone support for women during pregnancy and the first six weeks postpartumReview
      548. Terbutaline pump maintenance therapy after threatened preterm labor for preventing preterm birthReview
      549. Terbutaline pump maintenance therapy after threatened preterm labour for reducing adverse neonatal outcomesReview
      550. Therapeutic ultrasound for postpartum perineal pain and dyspareuniaReview
      551. Third trimester antiviral prophylaxis for preventing maternal genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) recurrences and neonatal infectionReview
      552. Thyrotropin-releasing hormone added to corticosteroids for women at risk of preterm birth for preventing neonatal respiratory diseaseReview
      553. Tight control of mild-moderate pre-existing or non-proteinuric gestational hypertensionReview
      554. Timing of intravenous prophylactic antibiotics for preventing postpartum infectious morbidity in women undergoing cesarean deliveryReview
      555. Timing of prophylactic uterotonics for the third stage of labour after vaginal birthReview
      556. Titrated oral misoprostol for augmenting labour to improve maternal and neonatal outcomesReview
      557. Tocolysis for preventing fetal distress in second stage of labourReview
      558. Tocolytics for preterm premature rupture of membranesReview
      559. Tocolytics for suspected intrapartum fetal distressReview
      560. Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancyReview
      561. Topical treatment for vaginal candidiasis (thrush) in pregnancyReview
      562. Topical umbilical cord care at birthReview
      563. Topically applied anaesthetics for treating perineal pain after childbirthReview
      564. Traditional birth attendant training for improving health behaviours and pregnancy outcomesReview
      565. Tranexamic acid for preventing postpartum haemorrhageReview
      566. Transabdominal amnioinfusion for improving fetal outcomes after oligohydramnios secondary to preterm prelabour rupture of membranes before 26 weeksReview
      567. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain management in labourReview
      568. Transcutaneous electrostimulation for suspected placental insufficiency (diagnosed by Doppler studies)Review
      569. Transplacental versus direct fetal corticosteroid treatment for accelerating fetal lung maturation where there is a risk of preterm birthReview
      570. Treatment for primary postpartum haemorrhageReview
      571. Treatment for women with postpartum iron deficiency anaemiaReview
      572. Treatment for women with postpartum iron deficiency anaemiaReview
      573. Treatment of valvular heart disease during pregnancy for improving maternal and neonatal outcomeReview
      574. Treatments for breast abscesses in breastfeeding womenReview
      575. Treatments for breast engorgement during lactationReview
      576. Treatments for breast engorgement during lactationReviewWithdrawn
      577. Treatments for gestational diabetesReview
      578. Treatments for iron-deficiency anaemia in pregnancyReview
      579. Treatments for secondary postpartum haemorrhageReview
      580. Treatments for suppression of lactationReview
      581. Treatments for symptomatic urinary tract infections during pregnancyReview
      582. Treatments for toxoplasmosis in pregnancyReview
      583. Trial of instrumental delivery in theatre versus immediate caesarean section for anticipated difficult assisted birthsReview
      584. Types of intra-muscular opioids for maternal pain relief in labourReviewWithdrawn
      585. Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancyReview
      586. Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      587. Umbilical cord antiseptics for preventing sepsis and death among newbornsReview
      588. Umbilical vein injection for management of retained placentaReview
      589. Umbilical vein injection for the routine management of third stage of labourReview
      590. Urine tests for Down's syndrome screeningReviewDiagnostic
      591. Use of biochemical tests of placental function for improving pregnancy outcomeReview
      592. Use of endoanal ultrasound for reducing the risk of complications related to anal sphincter injury after vaginal birthReview
      593. Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhageReview
      594. Uterine muscle relaxant drugs for threatened miscarriageReview
      595. Utero-placental Doppler ultrasound for improving pregnancy outcomeReview
      596. Vaccines for women for preventing neonatal tetanusReview
      597. Vacuum extraction versus forceps for assisted vaginal deliveryReview
      598. Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour for preventing maternal and neonatal infections (excluding Group B Streptococcal and HIV)Review
      599. Vaginal chlorhexidine during labour to prevent early-onset neonatal group B streptococcal infectionReview
      600. Vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and induction of labourReview
      601. Vaginal preparation with antiseptic solution before cesarean section for preventing postoperative infectionsReview
      602. Vaginal prostaglandin (PGE2 and PGF2a) for induction of labour at termReview
      603. Very tight versus tight control for diabetes in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      604. Vibroacoustic stimulation for fetal assessment in labour in the presence of a nonreassuring fetal heart rate traceReview
      605. Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancyReview
      606. Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn outcomesReview
      607. Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum womenReview
      608. Vitamin C supplementation in pregnancyReview
      609. Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancyReview
      610. Vitamin D supplementation in pregnancyReviewWithdrawn
      611. Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancyReview
      612. Vitamin K prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhageReview
      613. Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriageReview
      614. Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcomeReview
    3. Protocols
      1. Active management of spontaneous labour versus routine care in women who have had one or more previous caesarean sectionsProtocolWithdrawn
      2. Acupuncture for turning a breech baby in pregnancyProtocol
      3. Acute tocolysis for uterine tachysystole or suspected fetal distressProtocol
      4. Alternative prophylactic therapies (acupuncture and/or moxibustion) for reducing blood loss in the third stage of labourProtocol
      5. Amniotomy plus intravenous oxytocin for induction of labourProtocolWithdrawn
      6. Antenatal corticosteroids for fetal lung maturation: an overview of Cochrane reviewsProtocolOverview
      7. Antenatal maternal education for improving postnatal perineal healing for women who have birthed in a hospital settingProtocol
      8. Antenatal screening for Down's syndrome: generic protocolProtocolDiagnostic
      9. Antibiotic prophylaxis for episiotomy repair following vaginal birthProtocol
      10. Antibiotics for gonorrhoea in pregnancyProtocol
      11. Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, or food fortification with calcium, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancyProtocol
      12. Care prior to and during subsequent pregnancies following stillbirth for improving outcomesProtocol
      13. Combined spinal-epidural versus spinal anaesthesia for caesarean sectionProtocol
      14. Complementary and alternative therapies for post-caesarean painProtocol
      15. Complementary and alternative therapies for shortening labourProtocol
      16. Continuous versus pulsatile oxytocin administration for the augmentation of labourProtocolWithdrawn
      17. Cranberries for treating asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancyProtocol
      18. Cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitors for threatened miscarriageProtocol
      19. Diagnostic accuracy of biochemical tests of placental function versus ultrasound assessment of fetal size for stillbirth and small-for-gestational-age infantsProtocolDiagnostic
      20. Different regimens of penicillin antibiotics given to women routinely for preventing infection after caesarean sectionProtocolWithdrawn
      21. Different techniques of blood glucose monitoring in women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and infant healthProtocolWithdrawn
      22. Discontinuation of intravenous oxytocin in the active phase of induced labourProtocol
      23. Drugs for general anaesthesia for caesarean sectionProtocol
      24. Drugs for perineal pain in the early postpartum period: generic protocolProtocol
      25. Early pregnancy screening for identification of undiagnosed pre-existing diabetes to improve maternal and infant healthProtocol
      26. Effects of preventive oral supplementation with iron or iron with folic acid for women following childbirthProtocol
      27. Epidural catheter replacement and intrathecal catheter techniques for preventing post-dural puncture headache following an inadvertent dural puncture in labourProtocol
      28. Epidural therapy for the treatment of severe pre-eclampsia in non labouring womenProtocol
      29. Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomesProtocol
      30. Fetal biometry for guiding the medical management of women with gestational diabetes mellitus for improving maternal and perinatal healthProtocol
      31. First-line uterotonics for treating postpartum haemorrhage: a systematic review and network meta-analysisProtocolNew
      32. Genomics-based non-invasive prenatal testing for detection of fetal chromosomal aneuploidy in pregnant womenProtocolDiagnostic
      33. Group B streptococcus immunisation during pregnancy for improving outcomesProtocol
      34. Guided imagery for treating hypertension in pregnancyProtocol
      35. High dose versus low dose opioid epidural regimens for pain relief in labourProtocol
      36. Home versus hospital glucose monitoring for gestational diabetes during pregnancyProtocol
      37. Homeopathy for reducing blood loss in the third stage of labourProtocol
      38. Hypnosis for preventing preterm labourProtocol
      39. Hypoglycaemic agents for pregnant women with polycystic ovarian syndromeProtocolWithdrawn
      40. Imaging techniques for antenatal detection of morbidly adherent placentaProtocolWithdrawn
      41. Insulin for the treatment of women with gestational diabetesProtocol
      42. Interventions during pregnancy to prevent spontaneous preterm birth: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviewsProtocolOverview
      43. Interventions during the antenatal period for preventing stillbirth: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviewsProtocolOverview
      44. Interventions for fetal immobilisation during fetal surgery and invasive proceduresProtocol
      45. Interventions for improving pregnancy outcomes in antenatally diagnosed or suspected morbidly adherent placentaProtocolWithdrawn
      46. Interventions for insomnia during pregnancyProtocol
      47. Interventions for investigating and identifying the causes of stillbirthProtocol
      48. Interventions for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus: an overview of Cochrane ReviewsProtocolOverview
      49. Interventions for preventing osteoporosis in women on heparin therapy during pregnancyProtocolWithdrawn
      50. Interventions for preventing pre-eclampsia and its consequences: generic protocolProtocol
      51. Interventions for supporting the initiation and continuation of breastfeeding among women who are overweight or obeseProtocol
      52. Interventions for treating genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in pregnancyProtocol
      53. Interventions for treating pre-eclampsia and its consequences: generic protocolProtocol
      54. Interventions (other than psychosocial, psychological and pharmacological) for preventing postpartum depressionProtocol
      55. Iron supplementation for sickle cell disease during pregnancyProtocolWithdrawn
      56. Medical methods for preventing blood loss at caesarean sectionProtocol
      57. Melatonin for preventing pre-eclampsiaProtocol
      58. Melatonin for treating pre-eclampsiaProtocol
      59. Metformin for women who are obese during pregnancy for improving maternal and infant outcomesProtocol
      60. Methods for blood loss estimation after vaginal birthProtocol
      61. Methods for cervical ripening and labour induction in late pregnancy: generic protocolProtocol
      62. Methods for managing miscarriage: a network meta-analysisProtocol
      63. Multi-professional simulation-based team training in obstetric emergencies for improving patient outcomes and trainees' performanceProtocol
      64. Non-pharmacological and non-surgical interventions for managing retained placentaProtocol
      65. Non-pharmacological interventions for women with postpartum fatigueProtocol
      66. Non-pneumatic anti-shock garment (NASG) as a first aid for preventing or reversing hypovolemic shock secondary to obstetric hemorrhageProtocol
      67. Non-surgical interventions for nasal congestion during pregnancyProtocolWithdrawn
      68. Oral galactagogues for increasing breast-milk production in mothers of non-hospitalised term infantsProtocol
      69. Pain management for women in labour: generic protocolProtocol
      70. Perineal dilators for facilitating the second stage of labourProtocol
      71. Planned caesarean section versus planned vaginal delivery for severe preeclampsiaProtocol
      72. Postpartum health professional contact for improving maternal and infant health outcomes for healthy women and their infantsProtocolWithdrawn
      73. Postpartum rubella vaccination for sero-negative womenProtocol
      74. Prenatal administration of progestogens for preventing preterm birth in women with a multiple pregnancyProtocol
      75. Prenatal administration of progestogens for preventing spontaneous preterm birth in women with a singleton pregnancyProtocol
      76. Prostaglandin A for treating pre-eclampsiaProtocolWithdrawn
      77. Regimens of ultrasound surveillance for twin pregnancies for improving outcomesProtocol
      78. Routine antibiotic prophylaxis after normal vaginal birth for reducing maternal infectious morbidityProtocol
      79. Selenium supplementation during pregnancy for improving maternal and newborn outcomesProtocol
      80. Setting and techniques for monitoring blood pressure during pregnancyProtocolNew
      81. Spinal anaesthesia drugs for caesarean sectionProtocol
      82. Suturing versus alternative closure techniques for repair of episiotomy or second degree perineal tearsProtocolWithdrawn
      83. Treatments for women with gestational diabetes mellitus: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviewsProtocolOverview
      84. Ultrasound for diagnosis of birth weight discordance in twin pregnanciesProtocolDiagnostic
      85. Uterotonic agents for preventing postpartum haemorrhage: a network meta-analysisProtocol
      86. Vasodilators for treating intrauterine growth restrictionProtocolWithdrawn
      87. Vitamin K supplementation during pregnancy for improving outcomesProtocolWithdrawn
  43. Cochrane Public Health Group
  44. Cochrane Schizophrenia Group
  45. Cochrane Skin Group
  46. Cochrane STI Group
  47. Cochrane Stroke Group
  48. Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group
  49. Cochrane Upper GI and Pancreatic Diseases Group
  50. Cochrane Urology Group
  51. Cochrane Vascular Group
  52. Cochrane Work Group
  53. Cochrane Wounds Group

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