Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry

Online ISBN: 9780470027318

DOI: 10.1002/9780470027318

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  1. Atomic Spectroscopy
    1. Atomic Spectroscopy: Introduction
    2. Atmospheric Aerosols, Analysis of
    3. Background Correction Methods in Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    4. Field-Flow Fractionation with Atomic Spectrometric Detection for Characterization of Engineered Nanoparticles
    5. Flame and Vapor Generation Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    6. Flow Injection Analysis Techniques in Atomic Spectroscopy
    7. Fundamentals and Practical Aspects of Nonspectroscopic Interferences in Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Spectrometry
    8. Generation of Volatile Compounds for Analytical Atomic Spectroscopy
    9. Glaciology – Ultratrace Analysis of Samples from Remote Areas
    10. Glow Discharge Optical Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry
    11. Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    12. High-resolution Continuum Source Atomic Absorption Spectrometry—Theory and Applications
    13. Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry in Biodistribution Studies of (Engineered) Nanoparticles
    14. Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry
    15. Laser Ablation in Atomic Spectroscopy
    16. Laser Spectrometric Techniques in Analytical Atomic Spectrometry
    17. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
    18. Limit of Quantitation in Atomic Spectrometry–Concepts and Definitions
    19. Microdischarges for Analytical Atomic Spectrometry: Design Considerations and Applications
    20. Microextraction Techniques Based on the Combination of Agitation and Extraction in the Same Device
    21. Microwave-Assisted Sample Preparation for Spectrochemistry
    22. Microwave Plasma Systems in Optical and Mass Spectroscopy
    23. Modifiers in Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry—Mechanisms and Applications
    24. Plasma Spectrochemistry in Material Sciences–Theory and Recent Applications
    25. Roles of Nebulizers in Analytical Chemistry
  2. Biomedical Spectroscopy
    1. Biomedical Spectroscopy: Introduction
    2. Electron Microscopic Study of the Human Tooth Enamel: The Central Dark Line
    3. Fluorescence Imaging
    4. Fluorescence Spectroscopy In Vivo
    5. Glucose, In Vivo Assay of
    6. Infrared Spectroscopy in Microbiology
    7. Infrared Spectroscopy of Biological Fluids in Clinical and Diagnostic Analysis
    8. Infrared Spectroscopy, Ex Vivo Tissue Analysis by
    9. Magnetic Nanoparticles and Quantum Dots for Analytical Applications
    10. Magnetic Resonance Angiography
    11. Magnetic Resonance, General Medical
    12. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Functional
    13. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, High Resolution Ex Vivo
    14. Multinuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging
    15. Near-infrared Spectroscopy, In Vivo Tissue Analysis by
    16. Optical Coherence Tomography
    17. Photodynamic Therapy
    18. Single-molecule Fluorescence Imaging Techniques
    19. Structure and Physiological Role of Ion Channels Studied by Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    20. Two-Dimensional Vibrational Correlation Spectroscopy in Biomedical Sciences
    21. Ultrashort Laser-Pulse Medical Imaging
  3. Biomolecules Analysis
    1. Biomolecules Analysis: Introduction
    2. Analytical Ultracentrifugation
    3. Apoptosis (Programed Cell Death) Studied by Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    4. Atomic Force Microscopy: Contribution to the Birth of Nanocell Biology
    5. Bioanalytical Chemistry, Biosensors
    6. Circular Dichroism in Analysis of Biomolecules
    7. Dynamic Light Scattering for Protein Characterization
    8. Fluorescence-Based Biosensors
    9. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography of Biological Macromolecules
    10. Infrared Spectroscopy of Biological Applications: An Overview
    11. Kinetic Isotope Effects in Enzymes
    12. Magic-Angle Spinning Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Application to Structural Biology
    13. Mass Spectrometry of Biological Molecules
    14. Membrane Dynamics: Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    15. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Biomolecules
    16. Probing Biomolecular Interactions Using Nanopore Force Spectroscopy
    17. Quadrupolar Nuclei in Biological Systems
    18. Quantitative Imaging of Membrane Mechanics with Molecular Resolution
    19. Raman Spectroscopy in Analysis of Biomolecules
    20. Selective Nanoparticles in Microextraction
    21. Single Molecule Detection, Analysis, and Manipulation
    22. Using Advanced Correlative Microscopy to Study Complex Biological Samples
    23. Vibrational Optical Activity of Pharmaceuticals and Biomolecules
    24. Voltammetry In Vivo for Chemical Analysis of the Living Brain
    25. Voltammetry In Vivo for Chemical Analysis of the Nervous System
  4. Carbohydrate Analysis
    1. Carbohydrate Analysis: Introduction
    2. Disaccharide, Oligosaccharide and Polysaccharide Analysis
    3. Glycolipid Analysis
    4. Glycoprotein Analysis: General Methods
    5. Glycoprotein Analysis: Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    6. Monosaccharides and Sugar Alcohol Analysis
    7. Proteoglycans and Acidic Polysaccharides Analysis
    8. Structure and Dynamics of Carbohydrate Residues. Fluorescence Spectroscopy Studies
  5. Chemical Weapons Chemicals Analysis
    1. Verification of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    2. Capillary Electrophoresis in Detection of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
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      Detection and Screening of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    4. Fourier Transform Infrared in On-Site and Off-Site Analysis of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    5. Gas Chromatography in Screening of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    6. Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Analysis of Chemicals Relevant to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    7. Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in On-site Analysis of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    8. Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Analysis of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    9. Methods for the Retrospective Detection of Exposure to Toxic Scheduled Chemicals: Analysis of Free Metabolites
    10. Methods for Retrospective Detection of Exposure to Toxic Scheduled Chemicals. Part B: Mass Spectrometric and Immunochemical Analysis of Covalent Adducts to Proteins and DNA
    11. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Analysis of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    12. Ricin Analysis
    13. Sample Preparation for Analysis of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention in an Off-site Laboratory
    14. Sampling, Detection and Screening of Chemicals Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention
    15. Saxitoxin Analysis
  6. Chemometrics
    1. Chemometrics
    2. Chemometric Approach to Chiral Recognition Using Molecular Spectroscopy
    3. Chemometrics in Bioanalytical Chemistry
    4. Chemometrics of Ultrafast Time-Resolved Spectroscopy Data
    5. Classical and Nonclassical Optimization Methods
    6. Clustering and Classification of Analytical Data
    7. Distances and Other Dissimilarity Measures in Chemometrics
    8. Multivariate Calibration of Analytical Data
    9. Second-Order Calibration and Higher
    10. Signal Processing in Analytical Chemistry
    11. Soft Modeling of Analytical Data
  7. Clinical Chemistry
    1. Clinical Chemistry: Introduction
    2. Atomic Spectrometry in Clinical Chemistry
    3. Automation in the Clinical Laboratory
    4. Biochemical Markers of Acute Coronary Syndromes
    5. Biosensor Design and Fabrication
    6. Capillary Electrophoresis in Clinical Chemistry
    7. Clinical Laboratory Informatics
    8. Diagnostic Hematology
    9. DNA Arrays: Preparation and Application
    10. Drugs of Abuse, Analysis of
    11. Electroanalysis and Biosensors in Clinical Chemistry
    12. Electroanalytical Chemistry in Clinical Analysis
    13. Electrolytes, Blood Gases, and Blood pH
    14. Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry in Clinical Chemistry
    15. Glucose Measurement
    16. Immunochemistry
    17. Infrared Spectroscopy in Clinical Chemistry
    18. Laboratory Instruments in Clinical Chemistry, Principles of
    19. Lipid Analysis for Important Clinical Conditions
    20. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry in Analytical Clinical Chemistry
    21. Micro Total Analytical Systems in Clinical Chemistry
    22. Molecular Biological Analyses and Molecular Pathology in Clinical Chemistry
    23. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Nanotechnology: Applications in Clinical Diagnostics and Monitoring
    24. Nucleic Acid Analysis in Clinical Chemistry
    25. Pharmacogenetic Testing
    26. Pharmacogenomics
    27. Phospholipids of Plasma Lipoproteins, Red Blood Cells and Atheroma, Analysis of
    28. Phosphorescence, Fluorescence, and Chemiluminescence in Clinical Chemistry
    29. Planar Chromatography in Clinical Chemistry
    30. Point-of-Care Testing: Principles, Practice, and Critical-Emergency-Disaster Medicine
    31. Preanalytical Variation in Clinical Laboratory Testing
    32. Product Development for the Clinical Laboratory
    33. Serum Proteins
    34. Statistical Quality Control in Clinical Laboratories
    35. Supercritical Fluid Chromatography in Clinical Chemistry
    36. Ultraviolet/Visible Light Absorption Spectrophotometry in Clinical Chemistry
    37. Urinalysis and Other Bodily Fluids
  8. Coatings
    1. Coatings Analysis: Introduction
    2. Atomic Spectroscopy in Coatings Analysis
    3. Gas Chromatography in Coatings Analysis
    4. Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy and Imaging in Coatings Analysis
    5. Mechanical Properties of Solid Coatings
    6. Microscopy of Coatings
    7. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Coating and Adhesive Systems
    8. Rheology in Coatings, Principles and Methods
    9. Thermal Analysis of Coatings
  9. Electroanalytical Methods
    1. Electroanalytical Methods: Introduction
    2. Catalytic Surfaces for Electroanalysis
    3. Chemiluminescence, Electrogenerated
    4. Electroanalytical Methods Based on Hybrid Nanomaterials
    5. Electrochemical Detection Methods Following Liquid Chromatography, Capillary Electrophoresis, and Microchip Electrophoresis Separations
    6. Electrochemical Gas Sensors
    7. Infrared Spectro-Electrochemistry
    8. Ion-Selective Electrodes: Fundamentals
    9. Liquid/Liquid Interfaces, Electrochemistry at
    10. Microbalance, Electrochemical Quartz Crystal
    11. Microelectrodes for Electroanalytical Chemistry
    12. Nanomaterials for Electroanalysis
    13. Neurotransmitters, Electrochemical Detection of
    14. Organic Electrochemical Mechanisms
    15. Potentiometric Nanostructured Sensors
    16. Pulse Voltammetry
    17. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, In Situ, Electrochemical
    18. Selective Electrode Coatings for Electroanalysis
    19. Self-Assembled Monolayers on Electrodes
    20. Surface Analysis for Electrochemistry: Ultrahigh Vacuum Techniques
    21. Ultrafast Electrochemical Techniques
    22. Ultraviolet/Visible Spectroelectrochemistry
    23. X-Ray Methods for the Study of Electrode Interaction
  10. Electronic Absorption and Luminescence
    1. Electronic Absorption and Luminescence: Introduction
    2. Abatement of Polybrominated Molecules by Various Radiative Methods
    3. Absorption and Luminescence Probes
    4. Carbon-Based Luminescent Nanosensors
    5. Circular Dichroism and Linear Dichroism
    6. Detectors, Absorption and Luminescence
    7. Far-Ultraviolet (FUV) Spectroscopy in the Solid and Liquid States, Principle, Instrumentation, and Application of
    8. Fluorescence Imaging Microscopy
    9. Fluorescence in Organized Assemblies
    10. Fluorescence Lifetime Measurements, Applications of
    11. Indirect Detection Methods in Capillary Electrophoresis
    12. Investigation of Pollution in Rivers and Groundwater by Fluorescence
    13. Matrix Methods in Analytical Spectroscopy
    14. Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence of Photosynthetic Complexes
    15. Near-infrared Absorption/Luminescence Measurements
    16. Phosphorescence Measurements, Applications of
    17. Surface Measurements Using Absorption/Luminescence
    18. Thermal Lens Spectroscopy
    19. Ultraviolet and Visible Molecular Absorption and Fluorescence Data Analysis
  11. Electrophoresis
    1. Capillary Electrochromatography
  12. Environment: Trace Gas Monitoring
    1. Environmental Trace Species Monitoring: Introduction
    2. Airborne Instrumentation for Aerosol Measurements
    3. Automotive Emissions Analysis with Spectroscopic Techniques
    4. Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopy: Applications Theory and Instrumentation
    5. Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy, Air Monitoring by
    6. Diode Laser Spectroscopic Monitoring of Trace Gases
    7. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry in Atmospheric and Trace Gas Analysis
    8. Gas in Scattering Media Absorption Spectroscopy
    9. Infrared LIDAR Applications in Atmospheric Monitoring
    10. Laser Absorption Spectroscopy, Air Monitoring by Tunable Mid-Infrared Diode
    11. Laser-Based Combustion Diagnostics
    12. Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, Elemental Analysis
    13. Laser Mass Spectrometry in Trace Analysis
    14. Laser- and Optical-Based Techniques for the Detection of Explosives
    15. Matrix Isolation Spectroscopy in Atmospheric Chemistry
    16. Optical Gas Sensors in Analytical Chemistry: Applications, Trends and General Comments
    17. Photoacoustic Spectroscopy in Trace Gas Monitoring
    18. Precision Molecular Spectroscopy with Frequency Combs
    19. Ultraviolet/Visible Light Detection and Ranging Applications in Air Monitoring
  13. Environment: Water and Waste
    1. Environmental Analysis of Water and Waste: Introduction
    2. Analysis of Emerging Disinfection By-Products in Drinking Water
    3. Analytical Platforms in Metabolomics
    4. Asbestos Analysis
    5. Biological Samples in Environmental Analysis: Preparation and Cleanup
    6. Capillary Electrophoresis Coupled to Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry for Elemental Speciation Analysis
    7. Cell-Electronic Sensing of Cellular Responses to Micro- and Nanoparticles for Environmental Applications
    8. Chiral Environmental Contaminants
    9. Cyanogen Chloride and Cyanogen Bromide Analysis in Drinking Water
    10. Detection of Microbial Water Quality Indicators and Fecal Waterborne Pathogens in Environmental Waters: A Review of Methods, Applications, and Limitations
    11. Detection and Quantification of Environmental Pollutants
    12. Dioxin-Like Compounds, Screening Assays
    13. Dyes, Environmental Analysis of
    14. Evaporative-Based Detectors as Global Response Instruments
    15. Explosives Analysis in the Environment
    16. Flame and Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry in Environmental Analysis
    17. Flow-Injection Techniques in Environmental Analysis
    18. Formaldehyde, Environmental Analysis of
    19. Gas Chromatography by Direct Aqueous Injection in Environmental Analysis
    20. Gas Chromatography with Atomic Emission Detection in Environmental Analysis
    21. Gas Chromatography with Selective Detectors for Amines
    22. Heavy Metals Analysis in Seawater and Brines
    23. Hydride Generation Sample Introduction for Spectroscopic Analysis in Environmental Samples
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      Hyphenated Methods for Speciation Analysis
    25. Immunoassay Techniques in Environmental Analyses
    26. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry in Environmental Analysis
    27. Industrial Wastes and Waste Dumps, Sampling and Analysis
    28. Infrared Spectroscopy in Environmental Analysis
    29. Inorganic Analysis in Environmental Samples by Capillary Electrophoresis
    30. Inorganic Environmental Analysis by Electrochemical Methods
    31. Ion Chromatography in Environmental Analysis
    32. Ion-Selective Electrodes in Environmental Analysis
    33. Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry in Environmental Analysis
    34. Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry in Environmental Analysis
    35. Luminescence in Environmental Analysis
    36. Measurement of Algal Toxins in the Environment
    37. Mercury Analysis in Environmental Samples by Cold Vapor Techniques
    38. Methods for the Determination of Arsenic Speciation in Rice: A Review
    39. Microextraction Technique for Determination of Aromatic Pollutant in Environmental Samples
    40. Microwave-Assisted Techniques for Sample Preparation in Organic Environmental Analysis
    41. Microwave-enhanced Solvent Extraction of Organics in Environmental Analysis
    42. Multiresidue Analysis: State of the Art and Prospects
    43. Nanoparticles in Environmental Waters, Determination of
    44. Neutron Activation in Environmental Analysis
    45. Nitroaromatics, Environmental Analysis of
    46. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance for Environmental Monitoring
    47. Optical Emission Inductively Coupled Plasma in Environmental Analysis
    48. Organic Acids Analysis in Environmental Samples, Ion Chromatography for Determination of
    49. Organic Analysis in Environmental Samples by Capillary Electrophoresis
    50. Organic Analysis in Environmental Samples by Electrochemical Methods
    51. Organometallic Compound Analysis in Environmental Samples
    52. Pervaporation, Analytical
    53. Pharmaceuticals and Hormones in the Environment
    54. Phenols Analysis in Environmental Samples
    55. Structured Materials for Sensing Applications
    56. Polychlorinated Biphenyls Analysis in Environmental Samples
    57. Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons Analysis in Environmental Samples
    58. Proton-Induced X-Ray Emission in Environmental Analysis
    59. Quality Assurance in Environmental Analysis
    60. Sample Preparation for Elemental Analysis of Biological Samples in the Environment
    61. Sample Preparation for Environmental Analysis in Solids (Soils, Sediments, and Sludges)
    62. Sample Preparation Techniques for Elemental Analysis in Aqueous Matrices
    63. Sampling Considerations for Biomonitoring
    64. Slurry Sampling Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry in Environmental Analyses
    65. Soil Instrumental Methods
    66. Soil Sampling for the Characterization of Hazardous Waste Sites
    67. Solid-Phase Microextraction in Environmental Analysis
    68. Soxhlet and Ultrasonic Extraction of Organics in Solids
    69. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Inorganics in Environmental Analysis
    70. Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Organics in Environmental Analysis
    71. Time-of-Flight and Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry for Identifying Unknown Contaminants and Degradation Products in the Environment
    72. Trace Organic Analysis by Gas Chromatography with Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry
    73. Trace Organic Analysis by Gas Chromatography with Selective Detectors
    74. Trihalomethanes in Water, Analysis of
    75. Underground Fuel Spills, Source Identification
    76. Volatile Organic Compounds in Groundwater, Probes for the Analysis of
    77. Waste Extraction Procedures
    78. Water Analysis: Organic Carbon Determinations
    79. X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopic Analysis of Liquid Environmental Samples
  14. Environmental Analysis and Related Instrumentation
    1. Electrospray Mass Spectrometry of Arsenic Compounds and Thiol–Arsenic Complexes
    2. Evolution of the Targets in Environmental Analysis
    3. Microfluidics for the Analysis of the Adhesion and Migration of Mammalian Cells
    4. Trends in Multiresidue Analysis
  15. Field-portable Instrumentation
    1. Portable Instrumentation: Introduction
    2. Aircraft-Based Flux Sampling Strategies
    3. Applications of Portable Near-infrared Spectrometers
    4. Chemical-Sensing Networks: Satellite-Based
    5. Cone-penetrometer-deployed Samplers and Chemical Sensors
    6. Electrochemical Sensors for Field Measurements of Gases and Vapors
    7. Field-Based Analysis of Organic Vapors in Air
    8. Field-Portable Instrumentation for Gas and Vapor Samples
    9. Handheld Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Instruments and Their Applications
    10. Handheld Raman Spectrometers and Their Applications
    11. Identification and Confirmation Algorithms for Handheld Spectrometers
    12. Ion Mobility Spectrometry
    13. MEMS- and MOEMS-Based Near-Infrared Spectrometers
    14. Microelectromechanical Systems Technology Applied to the Miniaturization of Field Instrumentation
    15. Miniature and Tabletop Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometers
    16. Mobile Mass Spectrometry Used for On-Site/In Situ Environmental Measurements
    17. Radon, Indoor and Remote Measurement of
    18. Solid-Phase Microextraction in Analysis of Pollutants in the Field
    19. Solid-state Sensors for Field Measurements of Gases and Vapors
    20. X-Ray Sources for Handheld X-Ray Fluorescence Instruments
  16. Food
    1. Food Analysis Techniques: Introduction
    2. Adulteration Determination
    3. Atomic Spectroscopy in Food Analysis
    4. Dietary Fiber Analysis as Non-Starch Polysaccharides
    5. Electrophoresis and Isoelectric Focusing in Food Analysis
    6. Enzyme Analysis and Bioassays in Food Analysis
    7. Flavor Analysis in Food
    8. Fluorescence Spectroscopy in Food Analysis
    9. Genetically Modified Organisms Detection by Analytical and Spectroscopical Methods
    10. Infrared Spectroscopy, Gas Chromatography/Infrared in Food Analysis
    11. Lipid Analyses in Food
    12. Liquid Chromatography in Food Analysis
    13. Nanoparticles in Foods, Determination of
    14. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Food Analysis
    15. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Analysis of Plant Soil Environments
    16. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in the Analysis of Foodstuffs and Plant Materials
    17. Particle Size Analysis in Food
    18. Pesticides, Mycotoxins and Residues Analysis in Food
    19. Proteins, Peptides, and Amino Acids Analysis in Food
    20. Proximate Assays in Food Analysis
    21. Quality Control in Foods, State of the Art and Prospects
    22. Sample Preparation Analytical Techniques for Food
    23. Sample Preparation for Food Analysis, General
    24. Sample Preparation, Headspace Techniques
    25. Starch Analysis in Food
    26. Viscosity of Food: Measurement and Application
    27. Vitamins Analysis in Food
    28. Water Determination in Food
  17. Forensic Science
    1. Forensic Science: Introduction
    2. Atomic Spectroscopy for Forensic Applications
    3. Capillary Ion Electrophoresis in Forensic Science
    4. Chemometrics and Statistical Considerations in Forensic Science
    5. Chiroptical Spectroscopy in Drug Analysis
    6. Defining Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography
    7. DNA Extraction Methods in Forensic Analysis
    8. Elemental and Isotopic Analyses in Forensic Sciences
    9. Fluorescence in Forensic Science
    10. Gas Chromatography in Forensic Science
    11. Identification of Improvised Inorganic Explosive Devices by Analysis of Postblast Residues Using Ion Chromatography and Capillary Electrophoresis
    12. Immunoassays in Forensic Toxicology
    13. Ion Mobility Spectrometry in Forensic Science
    14. Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry in Forensic Science
    15. Mass Spectrometry Applications in Forensic Science
    16. Mass Spectrometry for Forensic Applications
    17. Microcrystalline Tests in Forensic Drug Analysis
    18. Microspectrophotometry in Forensic Science
    19. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for the Detection and Quantification of Abused Drugs
    20. Optical Microscopy in Forensic Science
    21. Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Forensic Analysis of DNA
    22. Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography in Forensic Science
    23. Raman Spectroscopy in Forensic Science
    24. Scanning Electron Microscopy in Forensic Science
    25. Solid-Phase Extraction
    26. X-Ray Fluorescence in Forensic Science
  18. Gas Chromatography
    1. Gas Chromatography: Introduction
    2. Column Technology in Gas Chromatography
    3. Data Reduction in Gas Chromatography
    4. Hyphenated Gas Chromatography
    5. Instrumentation of Gas Chromatography
    6. Liquid Phases for Gas Chromatography
    7. Multidimensional Gas Chromatography
    8. Sample Preparation for Gas Chromatography
  19. General Articles
    1. Analytical Applications of Ionic Liquids
    2. Analytical Nanotoxicology
    3. Analytical Problem Solving: Selection of Analytical Methods
    4. Archaeological Chemical Analysis
    5. Dispersive Solid-Phase (Micro)Extraction
    6. Gravimetry
    7. Green Solvents for Analytical Separation and Analyses
    8. Historical Pigments: A Survey of Analytical Chemical Archaeometric Usage and Terminology for Forensic Art Analysis
    9. Karl Fischer Moisture Determination
    10. Literature Searching Methodology
    11. Microwave Techniques
    12. Multivariate and Hyperspectral Image Analysis
    13. Nanometrology
    14. New Sample Preparation Strategies for Analytical Determinations
    15. Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry
    16. Quantitative Spectroscopic Calibration
    17. Sample Treatment Strategies for Capillary Electrophoresis Analysis
    18. Some Philosophical Aspects of Analytical Chemistry
    19. Spot Test Analysis
    20. Supramolecular Solvents in the Analytical Process
    21. The Third Way in Analytical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
    22. Titrimetry
    23. Traceability in Analytical Chemistry
    24. Trends in Immunoassay Techniques
    25. Ultrafast Laser Technology and Spectroscopy
  20. Industrial Hygiene
    1. Industrial Hygiene: Introduction
    2. Aerosols and Particulates Analysis: Indoor Air
    3. Carcinogens, Monitoring of Indoor Air
    4. Chromatographic Techniques in Industrial Hygiene
    5. Direct Reading Instruments for the Determination of Aerosols and Particulates
    6. Dust, Measurement of Trace Elements in
    7. Metals in Blood and Urine: Biological Monitoring for Worker Exposure
    8. Parent and Progeny Compounds in Exhaled Breath, Determination of
    9. Sampling and Recovery Techniques for the Determination of Gases and Vapors in Air
    10. Sensors in the Measurement of Toxic Gases in the Air
    11. Spectroscopic Techniques in Industrial Hygiene
    12. Surface and Dermal Monitoring
  21. Infrared Spectroscopy
    1. Infrared Spectroscopy: Introduction
    2. Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
    3. Cavity Ringdown Laser Absorption Spectroscopy
    4. Detection of Explosives using Pulsed Laser Fragmentation and MIR Spectroscopy
    5. Emission Spectroscopy, Infrared
    6. Gas Chromatography/Infrared Spectroscopy
    7. Infrared Reflection–Absorption Spectroscopy
    8. Infrared Sensors
    9. Interpretation of Infrared Spectra, A Practical Approach
    10. Liquid Chromatography/Infrared Spectroscopy
    11. Liquid Chromatography-Infrared and Size Exclusion Chromatography-infrared Analysis for Polymer Characterization
    12. Microspectroscopy in the Mid-Infrared
    13. Neutron Scattering Spectroscopy
    14. Near-Infrared/Infrared Bioanalysis Including Imaging
    15. Quantitative Analysis, Infrared
    16. Size-Exclusion Chromatography Coupled with Infrared Spectroscopy, Applications of
    17. Spectral Data, Modern Classification Methods for
    18. Spectral Databases, Infrared
    19. Sum Frequency Generation Spectroscopy
    20. Terahertz Spectroscopy
    21. Theory of Infrared Spectroscopy
    22. Two-dimensional Optical Spectroscopy: Theory and Experiment
    23. Vibrational Spectroscopy for the Analysis of Geological and Inorganic Materials
  22. Kinetic Determinations
    1. Kinetic Determinations: Introduction
    2. Catalytic Kinetic Determinations: Nonenzymatic
    3. Data Treatment in Kinetics
    4. Differential Rate Determinations
    5. Electrocatalysis-Based Kinetics Determinations
    6. Enzymatic Kinetic Determinations
    7. Instrumentation for Kinetics
    8. Luminescence-based Kinetic Determinations
    9. Uncatalyzed Kinetic Determinations
  23. Liquid Chromatography
    1. Liquid Chromatography: Introduction
    2. Affinity Chromatography
    3. Asymmetric Flow Field Flow Fractionation
    4. Biopolymer Chromatography
    5. Capillary Electrophoresis
    6. Capillary Electrophoresis Mass Spectrometry: Theory and Instrumentation
    7. Chiral Separations by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography
    8. Column Theory and Resolution in Liquid Chromatography
    9. Gradient Elution Chromatography
    10. Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography (HILIC) of Small Molecules
    11. Ion Chromatography
    12. Liquid Chromatography with Enhanced Fluidity Mobile Phases
    13. Membrane Techniques in Analytical Applications: Developments and Recent Advances
    14. Micellar Electrokinetic Chromatography
    15. Microscale High-Performance Liquid Chromatography and the Evolution of Capillary Electrochromatography
    16. Normal-Phase Liquid Chromatography
    17. Planar Chromatography Using Electroosmotic Flow
    18. Reversed Phase Liquid Chromatography
    19. Silica Gel and its Derivatization for Liquid Chromatography
    20. Subcritical Water Chromatography — An Economical and Green Separation Technique
    21. Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
    22. Supramolecular Analytical Chemistry in Separation Techniques
    23. Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation of Colloidal Suspensions
    24. Thin-Layer Chromatography
  24. Mass Spectrometry
    1. Mass Spectrometry: Overview and History
    2. Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems in Mass Spectrometry
    3. Atmospheric Pressure Ionization Mass Spectrometry
    4. Atmospheric Pressure Mass Spectrometry Imaging
    5. Atmospheric-Pressure Solid Analysis Probe (ASAP)
    6. Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry: Theory and Applications
    7. Current Electrospray Mass Spectrometry: an Overview. Part A. Analyte Atomization
    8. Current Electrospray Mass Spectrometry: An Overview. Part B. Analyte Charging
    9. Desorption Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry
    10. Determination of Elemental Composition of Ions from Data Obtained with Unit Mass Resolution Quadrupole Mass Spectrometers in GC/MS and LC/MS
    11. Direct Analysis in Real-Time Ion Source
    12. Discrete Energy Electron Capture Negative Ion Mass Spectrometry
    13. Electron Ionization Mass Spectrometry
    14. Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry
    15. Fundamentals and Advances of Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry
    16. Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    17. High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications
    18. Inorganic Substances, Mass Spectrometric in the Analysis of
    19. Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry
    20. Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry
    21. Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
    22. Literature of Mass Spectrometry
    23. Multidimensional Separations by Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry
    24. Quadrupole Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer
    25. Quantitative Glycomics by Mass Spectrometry and Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
    26. Analytical Perspectives on the Use of Dried Blood Spots and Mass Spectrometry in Newborn Screening
    27. Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry as Related to Surface Analysis
    28. Tandem Mass Spectrometry: Fundamentals and Instrumentation
    29. Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry
  25. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
    1. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: Introduction
    2. C-13 Chemical-Shift Tensors in Organic Materials
    3. Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
    4. Chemical Shifts in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    5. Chemometrics Applied to NMR Analysis
    6. Diffusion and Electrophoretic Studies Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    7. Dipolar Recoupling of Heteronuclear Spin Pairs by Rotational-Echo, Double-Resonance Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    8. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Imaging
    9. Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
    10. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    11. Multidimensional Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Biomolecules
    12. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Statistical Analysis
    13. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Instrumentation
    14. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Geological Materials and Glasses
    15. NMR Spectroscopy in Liquid Crystalline and Ordered Phases
    16. Parameters, Calculation of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    17. Pulsed Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Techniques for Structure Determination
    18. Pulsed Methods in Electron Spin Resonance
    19. Quadrupolar Nuclei in Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    20. Quadrupole Couplings in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, General
    21. Calculating NMR Chemical Shifts and J-Couplings for Heavy Element Compounds
    22. Relaxation in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, General
    23. Scalar Couplings in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, General
    24. Site-directed Spin Labeling and Pulse Dipolar Electron Paramagnetic Resonance
    25. Solid-State NMR Investigations on Complex Disordered Materials
    26. Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    27. Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Pharmaceutical Formulations
    28. Solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Polymorphic Materials
    29. Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Spin-1/2 Nuclei Other than Carbon and Proton
    30. Solution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Spin-1/2 Nuclei Other than Carbon and Proton
    31. Spin Probes and Spin Labels
    32. Two-Dimensional Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Small Molecules
    33. Zeeman Interaction in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  26. Nuclear Methods
    1. Chemical Analysis by Nuclear Methods: Introduction
    2. Accelerator Mass Spectrometry of 14C
    3. Activation Analysis of Large Samples
    4. Activity Determination and Localization of Radioactive Point Source in a Large Medium
    5. Charged Particle Activation Analysis
    6. Coprecipitation in Trace Element Analysis
    7. Cyclic Activation Analysis
    8. Depth Profiling
    9. Determination of β- emitters by Cherenkov Counting
    10. Efficiency Calculation of Gamma Detectors by Monte Carlo Methods
    11. Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis
    12. Elemental Analysis by Isotope Dilution
    13. Hardware and Software Applications in Nuclear Spectrometry
    14. In-Beam Prompt γ-Activation Analysis
    15. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis
    16. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis: Gamma Lines Table
    17. 3D Neutron Imaging
    18. Neutron Radiography for the Analysis of Plant–Soil Interactions
    19. Neutron Radioscopy: Industrial and Scientific Applications
    20. Neutron Resonance Capture and Transmission Analysis
    21. Nuclear Reaction Analysis
    22. Particle-Induced X-Ray Emission (PIXE)
    23. Particle-Induced γ-Ray Emission
    24. Photon Activation Analysis
    25. Production of Radionuclides for Tracers
    26. Prompt γ-Neutron Activation Analysis
    27. Quality Control and Assurance of Neutron Activation Analysis
    28. Radiochemical Neutron Activation Analysis
    29. Radiochemical Separation Schemes for Multielement Determination
    30. Radiotracer Methods
    31. Rutherford Backscattering Spectroscopy
    32. Scattering and Absorption of γ-Rays and Thermalization and Disappearance of Neutrons
    33. Time-Sequenced Prompt γ Neutron Activation Analysis
  27. Nucleic Acids Structure and Mapping
    1. Nucleic Acids Structure and Mapping: Introduction
    2. Advances in Fiber Diffraction of Macromolecular Assembles
    3. AFM Methods for DNA Analysis
    4. Application of Second Harmonic Imaging Microscopy in Biological Studies
    5. Aptamers
    6. Aptamers in Analytical Chemistry
    7. Capillary Electrophoresis of Nucleic Acids
    8. The Comet Assay: A Sensitive and Quantitative Method for Analysis of DNA Damage
    9. Comparative Genomics Approaches and Technologies
    10. Decellularization Techniques for Tissue Engineering
    11. Detection of Nuclear DNA by Interphase Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
    12. DNA Immobilization
    13. DNA Molecules, Properties and Detection of Single
    14. DNA Probes
    15. DNA Structures of Biological Relevance, Studies of Unusual Sequences
    16. Electron Tomography of Chromosome Structure
    17. Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization
    18. Frontiers in DNA Sequencing: the (R)Evolution of Sequencing Technologies
    19. Genome Physical Mapping Using BACs
    20. Histone Deacetylases (HDACs): Function, Mechanism, & Inhibition
    21. Application of Infrared Multiphoton Microscopy in Biological Studies
    22. MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging of Biological Structures
    23. Mass Spectrometry of Nucleic Acids
    24. Nanodevices for DNA Analysis
    25. Next-generation DNA Sequencing Technologies
    26. Novel Approaches in Low-Cost, High-Throughput Gene Sequencing
    27. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Nucleic Acid Structures
    28. Nucleic Acid Structural Energetics
    29. Optical Mapping in Genomic Analysis
    30. PNA and Its Applications
    31. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds Mapping
    32. Polymerase Chain Reaction and Other Amplification Systems
    33. Radiation Hybrid Mapping
    34. Restriction Landmark Genomic and cDNA Scanning
    35. RNA Tertiary Structure
    36. Sequencing and Fingerprinting DNA by Hybridization with Oligonucleotide Probes
    37. Sequencing Strategies and Tactics in DNA and RNA Analysis
    38. Single-Molecule Spectroscopy of Motor Proteins
    39. Structural Analysis of Ribozymes
    40. X-Ray Structures of Nucleic Acids
  28. Particle Size Analysis
    1. Particle Size Analysis: Introduction
    2. Centrifugation in Particle Size Analysis
    3. Diffraction in Particle Size Analysis
    4. Electrozone Sensing Goes Nano
    5. Electrozone Sensing in Particle Size Analysis
    6. Field-Flow Fractionation in Particle Size Analysis
    7. Filtration in Particle Size Analysis
    8. Light Scattering, Classical: Size and Size Distribution Characterization
    9. Optical Particle Counting
    10. Photon Correlation Spectroscopy in Particle Sizing
    11. Sedimentation in Particle Size Analysis
    12. Sieving in Particle Size Analysis
    13. Surface Area and Pore Size Distributions
    14. Turbidimetry in Particle Size Analysis
    15. Ultrasonic Measurements in Particle Size Analysis
    16. Velocimetry in Particle Size Analysis
  29. Peptides and Proteins
    1. Separation and Analysis of Peptides and Proteins: Introduction
    2. Absolute Quantification of Proteins by Mass Spectrometry
    3. Advances in Small- and Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering SAXS and WAXS of Proteins
    4. Amyloids and Protein Aggregation—Analytical Methods
    5. Capillary Electrophoresis in Peptide and Protein Analysis, Detection Modes for
    6. Capillary Electrophoresis of Peptides
    7. Capillary Electrophoresis of Proteins and Glycoproteins
    8. Capillary Electrophoresis/Mass Spectrometry in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    9. Chromatography of Membrane Proteins and Lipoproteins
    10. Electrochemical Detection of Proteins
    11. Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy Labeling in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    12. Fluorescence Spectroscopy in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    13. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    14. Gel Electrophoresis in Protein and Peptide Analysis
    15. High hydrostatic pressure effect on proteins: Fluorescence studies
    16. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry in Peptide and Protein Analysis
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      High-Resolution 4D Imaging in Live Cells
    18. Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry for Conformational Analysis of Proteins
    19. Hydrophilic-Interaction Chromatography in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    20. Ion Dissociation Methods in Proteomics
    21. Mass Spectrometry for Peptide and Protein Analysis
    22. Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    23. Miniaturization of High Performance Liquid Chromatography Separations and Equipment in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    24. Molecular Modeling in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    25. Neutron Diffraction in Studies of Protein Dynamics and Functions, Application of
    26. Nanobody Platform for Determination of Protein Structure, Application of
    27. Separation of Peptide Diastereomers
    28. Posttranslational Oxidative Modifications of Proteins
    29. Probing Membrane Protein Structure and Dynamics by Fluorescence Spectroscopy
    30. Protein Dynamics
    31. Protein Purification: Theoretical and Methodological Considerations
    32. Protein–Drug Interactions
    33. Protein–Oligonucleotide Interactions
    34. Proteolytic Mapping
    35. Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Posttranslationally Modified Proteins
    36. Quantitative Proteomics
    37. Reversed-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatography in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    38. Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy in Peptide and Protein Analysis
    39. Terahertz Spectroscopy as a Tool to Study Hydration Dynamics
    40. X-Ray Crystallography of Biological Macromolecules
  30. Pesticides
    1. Pesticide Analysis: Introduction
    2. Biological Matrices: Pesticides Content Sampling, Sample Preparation and Preservation
    3. Carbamate and Carbamoyloxime Insecticides: Single-Class, Multiresidue Analysis of
    4. Chiral Pesticides and Polychlorinated Biphenyl Congeners in Environmental Samples, Analysis of
    5. Gas Chromatography and Supercritical Fluid Chromatography with Selective Detection in Pesticide Analysis
    6. Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Methods in Pesticide Analysis
    7. Herbicide Residues in Biota, Analysis of
    8. Herbicides (New Generation): Imidazolinones, Aryloxyphenoxypropionic Acids/Esters, and Diphenylethers, Analysis of
    9. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Methods in Pesticide Residue Analysis
    10. High-Performance Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Methods in Pesticide Analysis
    11. Immunochemical Assays in Pesticide Analysis
    12. Multiclass, Multiresidue Analysis of Pesticides, Strategies for
    13. Organochlorine, Pyrethrin and Pyrethroid Insecticides: Single Class, Multiresidue Analysis of
    14. Organophosphorus Pesticides in Water and Food, Analysis of
    15. Pesticides (New Generation) and Related Compounds, Analysis of
    16. Pesticides in Water: Sampling, Sample Preparation, Preservation
    17. Phenoxy Acid and Other Acidic Pesticides: Single Class, Multiresidue Analysis of
    18. Phenyl- and Sulfonylurea Herbicides: Single Class, Multiresidue Analysis of
    19. Soil and Sediments: Pesticides Content Sampling, Sample Preparation, and Preservation
    20. s-Triazine Herbicides and Their Transformation Products, Multi-Residue Analysis of
  31. Petroleum and Liquid Fossil Fuels Analysis
    1. Hydrocarbons Analysis: Introduction
    2. Diesel Fuels Analysis
    3. Fuel Performance Specifications, Mid-Infrared Analysis of
    4. Fuels Analysis, Regulatory Specifications for
    5. Full Range Crudes, Analytical Methodology of
    6. High-temperature Simulated Distillation Applications in Petroleum Characterization
    7. Hydrocarbons: Gas Chromatography Procedures for On-Line and Off-Line Analysis
    8. Lube Products. Molecular Characterization of Base Oils
    9. Lubricant Base Oils: Analysis and Characterization of
    10. Mass Spectrometry, High-Resolution, (Homolog)-Type Analysis of Petroleum and Synfuel Distillates and Refinery Streams
    11. Mass Spectrometry, Low-Resolution Electron Impact, for the Rapid Analysis of Petroleum Matrices
    12. Metals, Nitrogen and Sulfur in Petroleum Residue, Analysis of
    13. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Analysis of Crudes and Transportation Fuels
    14. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterization of Petroleum
    15. Oil Shale and Shale Oil Analysis
    16. Oxygenate Vapor–Liquid Equilibrium in Gasolines
    17. Petroleum Residues, Characterization of
    18. Refractive Index Technology as a Real Time Viscosity Technique
    19. Use of Inspection Properties to Predict Hydrocarbon Fraction Physical Properties
  32. Pharmaceuticals and Drugs
    1. Pharmaceuticals and Drugs: Introduction
    2. Alkaloids, Pharmaceutical Analysis of
    3. Antibiotics, Pharmaceutical Analysis of
    4. Chemical Reagents and Derivatization Procedures in Drug Analysis
    5. Chiral Purity in Drug Analysis
    6. Combinatorial Chemistry Libraries, Analysis of
    7. Eluent Additives and the Optimization of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Procedures
    8. Gas and Liquid Chromatography, Column Selection for, in Drug Analysis
    9. Mass Spectrometry in Pharmaceutical Analysis
    10. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Pharmaceutical Analysis
    11. Planar Chromatography in Pharmaceutical Analysis
    12. Proteins and Peptides Purification in Pharmaceuticals Analysis
    13. Quantitative Structure–Activity Relationships and Computational Methods in Drug Discovery
    14. Robotics and Laboratory Automation in Pharmaceuticals Analysis
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      Solid-Phase Extraction and Clean-Up Procedures in Pharmaceutical Analysis
    16. Steroid Analysis
    17. Ultrahigh-Pressure Liquid Chromatography: An Emerging Technique
    18. Vibrational Spectroscopy in Drug Discovery, Development and Production
    19. Vitamins: Fat and Water Soluble, Analysis of
  33. Plant Analysis: Chemical and Biological
    1. Analysis of Natural Products by Capillary Electrophoresis and Related Techniques
    2. Analysis of Plant Oligo-and-Polysaccharides
    3. Analysis of Plant Saponins
    4. Analytical Strategies for Multipurpose Studies of a Plant Volatile Fraction
    5. Chemical Analysis of Bryophytes
    6. Coumarins: Analytical and Preparative Techniques
    7. Cyclotide Analysis
    8. Extraction Methodologies in Plants: General Introduction
    9. Headspace Sampling and Gas Chromatography of Plants: a Successful Combination to Study the Composition of a Plant Volatile Fraction
    10. High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Analysis of Plant Alkaloids
    11. High Pressure Liquid Chromatography and Ultra-high Pressure Liquid Chromatography of Plants: Basic Concepts
    12. High-Throughput Screening of Plant Chemodiversity
    13. Identification and Characterization of Hydroxycinnamates of Six Galium Species from the Rubiaceae Family
    14. Identification and Characterization of Trimeric Proanthocyanidins of Two Members of the Rhododendron Genus (Ericaceae) by Liquid Chromatography Multi-Stage Mass Spectrometry
    15. Identification of Medicinal Plants Using DNA Barcoding Technique
    16. In Silico-Guided Strategies for the Discovery and Rationalization of Bioactive Natural Products
    17. Innovative Strategies in the Search for Bioactive Plant Constituents
    18. Liquid Chromatography and Liquid Chromatograpy-Mass Spectrometry of Plants: Techniques and Applications
    19. Metabolomics: Experimental Design, Methodology and Data Analysis
    20. Microarrays in Medicinal Plant Analysis
    21. Microscopic Analysis of Plants
    22. Multivariate Data Analysis of Plants
    23. Mycotoxins Contamination in Food: Alternative Plant Preservatives, Legislation and Detection Methods
    24. Naphthoquinones and Anthraquinones: Chemical, Analytical, and Biological Overview
    25. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Natural Product Research
    26. New Developments of Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry in Plant Analysis
    27. New Trends in the Extraction of Natural Products: Microwave-Assisted Extraction and Pressurized Liquid Extraction
    28. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance as Analytical Tool for Crude Plant Extracts
    29. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Large Molecules in Natural Products
    30. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Small Molecules in Natural Products
    31. On-line and At-line Liquid Chromatography Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Related Micro-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Methods in Natural Product Analysis
    32. Phenotyping of Plants
    33. Plant Cardiotonic Glycosides
    34. Plant Proteomics
    35. Plant Sesquiterpenes and other Terpenoids
    36. Plant Small RNAs
    37. Plant Steroids: Occurrence, Biological Significance and their Analysis
    38. Quality Assessment of Herbal Drugs and Medicinal Plant Products
    39. Selection, Identification and Collection of Plants for Analysis
    40. Solid-Phase Microextraction and its Application to Natural Products
    41. Strategies for the Analysis of Plant Lipids
    42. Strategies in the Analysis of Plant Flavonoids
    43. Supercritical Fluid Extraction in Plant Analysis
    44. Thin-layer Chromatography of Plants, with Chemical and Biological Detection Methods
    45. Transcriptome Analysis of Medicinal Plant with Next-Generation Sequencing Technologies
    46. Xanthones from Marine-Derived Microorganisms: Isolation, Structure Elucidation and Biological Activities
  34. Polymers and Rubbers
    1. Polymers and Rubbers: Introduction
    2. Atomic Force Microscopy in Analysis of Polymers
    3. Automated Continuous Online Monitoring of Polymerization Reactions (ACOMP) and Related Techniques
    4. Boronate Affinity Chromatography
    5. Coupled Liquid Chromatographic Techniques in Molecular Characterization
    6. Dielectric Spectroscopy in Analysis of Polymers
    7. Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Polymers and Rubbers
    8. Electrophoretic Approaches for Log P Determination of Small Molecules and Polymers
    9. Field Flow Fractionation in Analysis of Polymers and Rubbers
    10. Gas Chromatography in Analysis of Polymers and Rubbers
    11. Infrared Spectroscopy in Analysis of Plastics Recycling
    12. Infrared Spectroscopy in Analysis of Polymer Crystallinity
    13. Infrared Spectroscopy in Analysis of Polymer Degradation
    14. Infrared Spectroscopy in Analysis of Polymer Structure–Property Relationships
    15. Infrared Spectroscopy in Analysis of Polymers and Rubbers
    16. Inverse Gas Chromatography in Analysis of Polymers
    17. Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry of Synthetic Polymers
    18. Matrix-assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry of Polymers
    19. Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Rubbers
    20. Microstructure Analysis of Acrylate-Methacrylate Copolymers by 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
    21. Near-Infrared Imaging of Polymers; from Basic Science to Industrial Applications
    22. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy of Polymers and Rubbers
    23. Neutron Scattering in the Analysis of Polymers
    24. Non-size-exclusion Chromatography Analysis of Synthetic Polymers
    25. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Imaging of Polymers
    26. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Solid State in Analysis of Polymers and Rubbers
    27. Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy of Polymers and Rubbers
    28. Pulsed Power Applications with Conductive (Carbon-Loaded) Composite Polymer Electrodes—Requirements and Characterization
    29. Pyrolysis Techniques in the Analysis of Polymers and Rubbers
    30. Size-exclusion Chromatography Gradients
    31. Size-Exclusion Chromatography of Polymers
    32. Structural Studies and the Correlation with the Stress–Strain Response in Polyurethanes
    33. Supercritical Fluid Chromatography of Polymers
    34. Surface Energetics of Polymers and Rubbers, Characterization of
    35. Temperature Rising Elution Fractionation and Crystallization Analysis Fractionation
    36. Thermogravimetry of Polymers
    37. X-Ray Scattering in Analysis of Polymers
  35. Process Instrumental Methods
    1. Process Analysis: Introduction
    2. Chemometric Methods in Process Analysis
    3. Chromatography in Process Analysis
    4. Dispersive Liquid–Liquid Microextraction
    5. Flow and Sequential Injection Analysis Techniques in Process Analysis
    6. Infrared Spectroscopy in Process Analysis
    7. Mass Spectrometry in Process Analysis
    8. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Laboratory and Process Analysis
    9. Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Process Analysis
    10. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Process Analysis
    11. Particle Size Determination for Process Analysis
    12. Raman Spectroscopy in Process Analysis
    13. Sampling and Sample Preparation in Process Analysis
    14. Titration Techniques for Process Analysis
    15. Ultraviolet/Visible Spectroscopy in Process Analyses
    16. Use of Ionic Liquids in Microextraction Techniques
  36. Pulp and Paper
    1. Pulp and Paper Matrices Analysis: Introduction
    2. Carbohydrates from Chemical Pulps: Characterization by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis
    3. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in the Pulp and Paper Industry
    4. Mechanical Pulps, Ultraviolet/Visible Spectroscopy of Chromophores in
    5. Pulp and Paper Matrices
    6. Pyrolysis in the Pulp and Paper Industry
    7. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Paper Surface Analysis By
  37. Radiochemical Methods
    1. Radiochemical Methods: Introduction
    2. Actinides and Other Alpha-Emitters, Determination of
    3. β-Particle Emitters, Determination of
    4. γ-Spectrometry, High-Resolution, for Radionuclide Determination
    5. Mass Spectrometry of Long-Lived Radionuclides
    6. Neutron Activation Analysis in the Determination of Very Long-Lived Radionuclides
    7. Nuclear Detection Methods and Instrumentation
    8. Speciation of Radionuclides in the Environment
  38. Raman Spectroscopy
    1. Raman Spectroscopy: Introduction
    2. Application of Two-dimensional Correlation Spectroscopy in Protein Research
    3. Biomedical Applications of Raman Spectroscopy
    4. Dispersive Raman Spectroscopy, Current Instrumental Designs
    5. Fourier Transform Raman Instrumentation
    6. Raman Microscopy and Imaging
    7. Raman Optical Activity
    8. Raman Scattering, Fundamentals
    9. Raman Spectroscopic Analysis of Art and Archaeological Materials
    10. Raman Spectroscopy in Food and Seawater Analysis
    11. Raman Spectroscopy of Catalysts
    12. Raman Spectroscopy of Polymers
    13. Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS): General Introduction
    14. Surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS): Protein Application
    15. Swansea and Nantgarw Porcelain Bodies Based on Analytical Evidence: A Case Study
    16. Tip-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy
    17. Two-Dimensional Correlation Spectroscopy: New Developments and Applications
  39. Remote Sensing
    1. Remote Sensing: Introduction
    2. Biological Oceanography by Remote Sensing
    3. Elevation Modeling and Displacement Mapping using Radar Interferometry
    4. Elevation Modeling from Satellite Data
    5. Global Land Databases for Environmental Analyses
    6. Hyperspectral Remote Sensing: Data Collection and Exploitation
    7. Imaging Spectrometry for Geological Applications
    8. Land Cover Assessment and Monitoring
    9. Polar Environments Assessment by Remote Sensing
    10. Processing and Classification of Satellite Images
    11. Satellite and Sensor Systems for Environmental Monitoring
    12. Sea Ice Monitoring by Remote Sensing
    13. Semiarid Land Assessment: Monitoring Dry Ecosystems with Remote Sensing
    14. Stellar Spectroscopy
    15. Temperate Forest Resource Assessment by Remote Sensing
    16. Tropical Forest Resource Assessment by Remote Sensing
  40. Single Cell Analysis
    1. Single-Cell Hypoxia: Current Analytical Techniques and Future Opportunities
  41. Steel and Related Materials
    1. Steel and Related Materials: Introduction
    2. Atomic Absorption and Emission Spectrometry, Solution-Based in Iron and Steel Analysis
    3. Automation of Analytical Control in the Steel and Metals Industry
    4. Iron Ore, Sample Preparation and Analysis of
    5. Metal Analysis, Sampling and Sample Preparation in
    6. Nickel Ore and Metals Analysis
    7. Noble Metals, Analytical Chemistry of
    8. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Metals Analysis
    9. Thermal Evolution Methods for Carbon, Sulfur, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Hydrogen in Iron and Steel Analysis
    10. X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry in the Iron and Steel Industry
  42. Surfaces
    1. Surfaces: Introduction
    2. Auger Electron Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    3. Conical Carbon Nanoparticles in Analytical Chemistry
    4. Differential Reflectance Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    5. Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    6. Electron Microscopy, Nanoscopy, and Scanning Micro- and Nanoanalysis
    7. Ellipsometry in Analysis of Surfaces and Thin Films
    8. Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    9. Ion Scattering Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    10. Photoluminescence in Analysis of Surfaces and Interfaces
    11. Proximal Probe Techniques
    12. Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
    13. Scanning Electron Microscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    14. Semiconductor Quantum Dots in Bioanalysis
    15. Scanning Near-Field Ultrasound Holography
    16. Scanning Probe Microscopy, Industrial Applications of
    17. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy/Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    18. Soft X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
    19. Using Scanning Probe Microscopy to Characterize Nanoparticles and Nanocrystals
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      X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy in Analysis of Surfaces
  43. Thermal Analysis
    1. Thermal Analysis: Introduction
    2. Differential Scanning Calorimetry and Differential Thermal Analysis
    3. Inorganic Systems, Thermal Analysis Applications to
    4. Simultaneous Techniques in Thermal Analysis
    5. Thermogravimetry
  44. X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Auger Electron Spectroscopy
    1. X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Auger Electron Spectroscopy: Introduction
    2. X-Ray Photoelectron and Auger Electron Spectroscopy
  45. X-Ray Spectrometry
    1. X-Ray Techniques: Overview
    2. Absorption Techniques in X-Ray Spectrometry
    3. Chemical Effects in Hard X-ray Photon-In Photon-Out Spectra
    4. Coincidence, Resonant, and High-Energy Electron Spectroscopies – Resonant Auger, Electron Coincidence for Surface Analysis
    5. Energy Dispersive, X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis
    6. Handheld X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    7. Micro-X-Ray Fluorescence
    8. Portable and Handheld Systems for Energy-Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Analysis
    9. Sample Preparation For X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis
    10. Structure Determination, X-Ray Diffraction for
    11. Synchrotron Radiation X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    12. Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence
    13. Ultrafast Diffraction Techniques
    14. Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis
    15. Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis: Part II
  46. X-Ray Spectrometry and Related Surface Analysis Techniques
    1. Solid Sample Preparations and Applications for X-Ray Fluorescence Analysis

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