Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

Encyclopedia of Structural Health Monitoring

Online ISBN: 9780470061626

DOI: 10.1002/9780470061626

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  1. Introduction
    1. Structural Health Monitoring—An Introduction and Definitions
  2. Physical Monitoring Principles
    1. Physics-based and Data-driven Modeling of Structural Component Behavior
      1. Free and Forced Vibration Models
      2. Fundamentals of Guided Elastic Waves in Solids
      3. Acoustic Emission
      4. Electromechanical Impedance Modeling
      5. Thermomechanical Models
    2. Modeling of Load and Damage Mechanisms in SHM
      1. Civil Infrastructure Load Models for Structural Health Monitoring
      2. Static Damage Phenomena and Models
      3. Damage Evolution Phenomena and Models
      4. Failure Modes of Aerospace Materials
    3. Passive and Active Measurements with Data Analysis Approaches for Load and Damage Identification
      1. Modal–Vibration-Based Damage Identification
      2. Data Interrogation Approaches with Strain and Load Gauge Sensor Arrays
      3. Applications of Acoustic Emission for SHM: A Review
      4. Ultrasonic Methods
      5. Nonlinear Acoustic Methods
      6. Guided-Wave Array Methods
      7. Lamb Wave-Based SHM for Laminated Composite Structures
      8. Piezoelectric Impedance Methods for Damage Detection and Sensor Validation
      9. Thermal Imaging Methods
      10. Eddy-Current Methods
  3. Signal Processing
    1. Signal Processing for Damage Detection
    2. Data Preprocessing for Damage Detection
    3. Statistical Time Series Methods for SHM
    4. Cepstral Methods of Operational Modal Analysis
    5. Hilbert Transform, Envelope, Instantaneous Phase, and Frequency
    6. Time–Frequency Analysis
    7. Wavelet Analysis
    8. Damage Detection Using the Hilbert–Huang Transform
    9. Higher Order Statistical Signal Processing
    10. Statistical Pattern Recognition
    11. Machine Learning Techniques
    12. Artificial Neural Networks
    13. Dimensionality Reduction Using Linear and Nonlinear Transformation
    14. Nonlinear Features for SHM Applications
    15. Novelty Detection
    16. Model-Based Statistical Signal Processing for Change and Damage Detection
    17. Data Fusion of Multiple Signals from the Sensor Network
    18. Optimization Techniques for Damage Detection
    19. Uncertainty Analysis
  4. Simulation
    1. Constitutive Modelling of Smart Materials
      1. Piezoceramic Materials—Phenomena and Modeling
      2. Constitutive Modeling of Magnetostrictive Materials
    2. Modeling Methods for SHM
      1. Modeling Aspects in Finite Elements
      2. Finite Elements: Modeling of Piezoceramic and Magnetostrictive Sensors and Actuators
      3. A Simplified Damage Model for SHM Metallic and Composite Structures
      4. Modeling for Detection of Degraded Zones in Metallic and Composite Structures
      5. Fatigue Life Assessment of Structures
    3. Damage Detection Algorithms and Techniques
      1. Damage Detection Using Piezoceramic and Magnetostrictive Sensors and Actuators
      2. Damage Measures
      3. Modeling of Lamb Waves in Composite Structures
    4. Probabilistic Approaches
      1. Probabilistic Approaches to Sensor Layout Design, Data Processing, and Damage Detection
      2. Development of Fuzzy Rules for Damage Detection and Location
  5. Sensors
    1. Piezoelectricity Principles and Materials
    2. Operational Loads Sensors
    3. Nondestructive Evaluation/Nondestructive Testing/Nondestructive Inspection (NDE/NDT/NDI) Sensors—Eddy Current, Ultrasonic, and Acoustic Emission Sensors
    4. Piezoelectric Wafer Active Sensors
    5. Damage Presence/Growth Monitoring Sensors
    6. Piezoelectric Paint Sensors for Ultrasonics-based Damage Detection
    7. Eddy-Current in situ Sensors for SHM
    8. Fiber-Optic Sensor Principles
    9. Intensity-, Interferometric-, and Scattering-Based Optical-Fiber Sensors
    10. Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors
    11. Novel Fiber-Optic Sensors
    12. Electric and Electromagnetic Properties Sensing
    13. Directed Energy Sensors/Actuators
    14. Full-Field Sensing: Three-Dimensional Computer Vision and Digital Image Correlation for Noncontacting Shape and Deformation Measurements
    15. Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSSs) for Monitoring Long Suspension Bridges
    16. Nanoengineering of Sensory Materials
    17. Miniaturized Sensors Employing Micro- and Nanotechnologies
  6. Systems and System Design
    1. Sensor/Actuator Network Configuration
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        Wireless Sensor Network Platforms
      2. Sensor Placement Optimization
      3. Sensor Network Paradigms
      4. Nondestructive Evaluation of Cooperative Structures (NDECS)
    2. Information Fusion and Data Management
      1. Web-based SHM
      2. Design of Active Sensor Network and Multilevel Data Fusion
    3. Autonomous Sensing
      1. Energy Harvesting and Wireless Energy Transmission for SHM Sensor Nodes
      2. On the Way to Autonomy: the Wireless-interrogated and Self-powered “Smart Patch” System
      3. Energy Harvesting using Thermoelectric Materials
    4. Examples of Systems
      1. Stanford Multiactuator–Receiver Transduction (SMART) Layer Technology and Its Applications
      2. Hybrid PZT/FBG Sensor System
      3. The HELP-Layer® System
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        Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS)
  7. Principles of SHM-based Structural Monitoring, Design and Maintenance
    1. Design and Assessment
      1. Principles of Structural Degradation Monitoring
      2. Design Principles for Aerospace Structures
      3. Design Principles for Civil Structures
    2. Loads and Environment Monitoring
      1. Loads Monitoring in Aerospace Structures
      2. Risk Monitoring of Aircraft Fatigue Damage Evolution at Critical Locations
      3. Risk Monitoring of Civil Structures
      4. Environmental Monitoring of Aircraft
    3. Maintenance
      1. Maintenance Principles for Civil Structures
      2. Military Aircraft
      3. Use of Leave-in-Place Sensors and SHM Methods to Improve Assessments of Aging Structures
    4. Management
      1. Usage Management of Military Aircraft Structures
      2. Usage Management of Civil Structures
      3. Value Assessment Approaches for Structural Life Management
  8. Aerospace Applications
    1. Full-Scale Aerospace Vehicles
      1. Commercial Fixed-Wing Aircraft
      2. History of SHM for Commercial Transport Aircraft
      3. Fatigue Monitoring in Military Fixed-Wing Aircraft
      4. Agile Military Aircraft
      5. Flight Demonstration of a SHM System on a USAF Fighter Airplane
      6. Operational Loads Monitoring in Military Transport Aircraft and Military Derivatives of Civil Aircraft
      7. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
      8. Health and Usage Monitoring Systems (HUM Systems) for Helicopters: Architecture and Performance
      9. Experience with Health and Usage Monitoring Systems in Helicopters
      10. Thermal Protection System Monitoring of Space Structures
    2. Technologies
      1. Validation of SHM Sensors in Airbus A380 Full-Scale Fatigue Test
      2. Comparative Vacuum Monitoring (CVM™)
      3. Development of an Active Smart Patch for Aircraft Repair
      4. Aerospace Applications of SMART Layer Technology
      5. Fiber-optic Sensors
    3. Aircraft Structural Design
      1. Design Benefits in Aeronautics Resulting from SHM
      2. Design, Analysis, and SHM of Bonded Composite Repair and Substructure
      3. Aircraft Structural Diagnostic and Prognostic Health Monitoring for Corrosion Prevention and Control
    4. Aircraft Systems
      1. Video Landing Parameter Surveys
      2. Landing Gear
      3. Monitoring of Aircraft Engines
      4. Monitoring of Solid Rocket Motors
      5. Health Monitoring, Diagnostics, and Prognostics of Avionic Systems
  9. Civil Engineering Applications
    1. The Character of SHM in Civil Engineering
    2. Ambient Vibration Monitoring
    3. The Influence of Environmental Factors
    4. Long-Term Monitoring of Dynamic Loads on the Brandenburg Gate
    5. Development of a Monitoring System for a Long-span Cantilever Truss Bridge
    6. Modular Architecture of SHM System for Cable-Supported Bridges
    7. Monitoring of Bridges in Korea
    8. Bridge Monitoring in Japan
    9. Continuous Vibration Monitoring and Progressive Damage Testing on the Z24 Bridge
    10. Continuous Monitoring of the Øresund Bridge: Data Acquisition and Operational Modal Analysis
    11. Condition Compensation in Frequency Analyses—a Basis for Damage Detection
    12. Modal Testing of the Vasco da Gama Bridge, Portugal
    13. Multiple-Model Structural Identification
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      Construction Process Monitoring at the New Berlin Main Station
    15. SHM Actions on the Holy Shroud Chapel in Torino
    16. SHM of a Tall Building
    17. Dynamic Response of Buildings of the Cultural Heritage
    18. Suspended Roof of Braga Sports Stadium, Portugal
    19. Dams
    20. Condamine Floating Dock, Monaco
    21. Soil–Structure Interaction and Seismic Effects
    22. System Identification for Soil—Structure Interaction
    23. Loads and Temperature Effects on a Bridge
    24. Environmental Factors Derived from Satellite Data of Java, Indonesia
  10. Other Applications
    1. Monitoring Marine Structures
    2. Diagnosing Offshore Machines and Power Plants Using Vibration Methods
    3. Ship and Offshore Structures
    4. Noncontact Rail Monitoring by Ultrasonic Guided Waves
    5. Sensor Technologies for Direct Health Monitoring of Tires
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      Wind Turbines
    7. Large Rotating Machines
    8. Gas Turbine Engines
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      Prognostics and Health Management of Electronics
    10. Multiwire Strands
    11. SHM and Lifetime Management of Industrial Piping Systems
    12. Fatigue Monitoring in Nuclear Power Plants
    13. Landfills
  11. Specifications and Standardization
    1. Reliable Use of Fiber-Optic Sensors
    2. Integrated Sensor Durability and Reliability
    3. Open System Architecture for Conditioned-Based Maintenance