Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists

Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists

Author(s): Howard B. Stauffer

Published Online: 11 APR 2007

Print ISBN: 9780470165041

Online ISBN: 9780470185094

DOI: 10.1002/9780470185094

About this Book

The first all-inclusive introduction to modern statistical research methods in the natural resource sciences

The use of Bayesian statistical analysis has become increasingly important to natural resource scientists as a practical tool for solving various research problems. However, many important contemporary methods of applied statistics, such as generalized linear modeling, mixed-effects modeling, and Bayesian statistical analysis and inference, remain relatively unknown among researchers and practitioners in this field. Through its inclusive, hands-on treatment of real-world examples, Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists successfully introduces the key concepts of statistical analysis and inference with an accessible, easy-to-follow approach.

The book provides case studies illustrating common problems that exist in the natural resource sciences and presents the statistical knowledge and tools needed for a modern treatment of these issues. Subsequent chapter coverage features:

  • An introduction to the fundamental concepts of Bayesian statistical analysis, including its historical background, conjugate solutions, Bayesian hypothesis testing and decision-making, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo solutions

  • The relevant advantages of using Bayesian statistical analysis, rather than the traditional frequentist approach, to address research problems

  • Two alternative strategiesâ€"the a posteriori model selection strategy and the a priori parsimonious model selection strategy using AIC and DICâ€"to model selection and inference

  • The ideas of generalized linear modeling (GLM), focusing on the most popular GLM of logistic regression

  • An introduction to mixed-effects modeling in S-Plus® and R for analyzing natural resource data sets with varying error structures and dependencies

Each statistical concept is accompanied by an illustration of its frequentist application in S-Plus® or R as well as its Bayesian application in WinBUGS. Brief introductions to these software packages are also provided to help the reader fully understand the concepts of the statistical methods that are presented throughout the book. Assuming only a minimal background in introductory statistics, Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists is an ideal text for natural resource students studying statistical research methods at the upper-undergraduate or graduate level and also serves as a valuable problem-solving guide for natural resource scientists across a broad range of disciplines, including biology, wildlife management, forestry management, fisheries management, and the environmental sciences.

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