Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

Supramolecular Chemistry: From Molecules to Nanomaterials

Online ISBN: 9780470661345

DOI: 10.1002/9780470661345

Editor(s): Professor Philip Gale and Professor Jonathan Steed

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  1. Concepts
    1. Definition and Emergence of Supramolecular Chemistry
    2. Supramolecular Interactions
    3. Complementarity and Preorganization
    4. The Thermodynamics of Molecular Recognition
    5. Cooperativity and the Chelate, Macrocyclic and Cryptate Effects
    6. Multivalency
    7. Solvation Effects in Supramolecular Recognition
    8. Competition Experiments
    9. Supramolecular Information/Programming from a Boolean Perspective
    10. Self-Assembly and Self-Organization
    11. Introduction to Surfactant Self-Assembly
    12. Reversible Covalent Bond Toolbox
    13. Chirality
  2. Techniques
    1. Binding Constants and Their Measurement
    2. Isothermal Titration Calorimetry in Supramolecular Chemistry
    3. NMR Spectroscopy in Solution
    4. Diffusion Ordered NMR Spectroscopy (DOSY)
    5. Solid-State NMR Studies on Supramolecular Chemistry
    6. Mass Spectrometry and Gas-Phase Chemistry of Supermolecules: A Primer
    7. Luminescent Spectroscopy in Supramolecular Chemistry
    8. Circular Dichroism Spectroscopy
    9. Dynamic Light Scattering in Supramolecular Materials Chemistry
    10. X-Ray Diffraction: Addressing Structural Complexity in Supramolecular Chemistry
    11. Small-Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) and Wide-Angle X-ray Scattering (WAXS) of Supramolecular Assemblies
    12. Supramolecular Electrochemistry
    13. Transport Experiments in Membranes
    14. Vesicles in Supramolecular Chemistry
    15. Rheology
    16. Langmuir–Blodgett Films
    17. Affinity Capillary Electrophoresis as a Tool to Characterize Intermolecular Interactions
    18. Ion Chromatography and Membrane Separations Using Macrocyclic Ligands
    19. Brewster Angle Microscopy
    20. Scanning Electron Microscopy
    21. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
    22. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM)
    23. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
    24. Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy (SNOM)
    25. Computational Techniques (DFT, MM, TD-DFT, PCM)
    26. Uses of Differential Sensing and Arrays in Chemical Analysis
  3. Molecular Recognition
    1. Crown and Lariat Ethers
    2. Azacoronands and Azacyclophanes
    3. Hetero-Crown Ethers—Synthesis and Metal-Binding Properties of Macrocyclic Ligands Bearing Group 16 (S, Se, Te) Donor Atoms
    4. Cryptands and Spherands
    5. Schiff Base and Reduced Schiff Base Ligands
    6. Calixarenes in Molecular Recognition
    7. Cyclotriveratrylene and Cryptophanes
    8. Carcerands and Hemicarcerands
    9. Cyclodextrins: From Nature to Nanotechnology
    10. Cucurbituril Receptors and Drug Delivery
    11. Podands
    12. Porphyrins and Expanded Porphyrins as Receptors
    13. Supramolecular Phthalocyanine-Based Systems
    14. Guanidinium-Based Receptors for Oxoanions
    15. Anion Receptors Containing Heterocyclic Rings
    16. Amide and Urea-Based Receptors
    17. Synthetic Peptide-Based Receptors
    18. Biological Small Molecules as Receptors
    19. Receptors for Nucleotides
    20. Receptors for Zwitterionic Species
    21. Ion-Pair Receptors
    22. Metal Complexes as Receptors
    23. Hydrogen-Bonding Receptors for Molecular Guests
    24. Boronic Acid-Based Receptors
  4. Supramolecular Reactivity
    1. Supramolecular Organocatalysis
    2. Replication Processes—From Autocatalysis to Systems Chemistry
    3. Artificial Enzyme Mimics
    4. Dynamic Covalent Chemistry
    5. Reaction Networks
    6. Reactions in Dynamic Self-Assemblies
    7. Reactivity in Nanoscale Vessels
    8. Reactions in Solid-State Inclusion Compounds
    9. Functional Polymers
  5. Supramolecular Aspects of Chemical Biology
    1. Rational Design of Peptide-Based Biosupramolecular Systems
    2. Nucleic Acid Mimetics
    3. Supramolecular Approaches to the Study of Glycobiology
    4. Porphyrinoids: Highly Versatile, Redox-Active Scaffolds for Supramolecular Design and Biomimetic Applications
    5. Supramolecular Chemistry of Membranes
    6. Membrane Transport
    7. Supramolecular Bioinorganic Chemistry
    8. The Role of Supramolecular Chemistry in Responsive Vectors for Gene Delivery
    9. Supramolecular Chemistry in In Vitro Biosensors
    10. Supramolecular Chemistry in Biological Imaging In Vivo
    11. Aptamer Moieties in Biochemical Applications
    12. Supramolecular Approaches for Inhibition of Protein–Protein and Protein–DNA Interactions
    13. Supramolecular Approaches to Medicinal Chemistry
    14. Supramolecular Systems for Tissue Engineering
    15. Chemical Biology Using Fluorinated Building Blocks
  6. Self-Processes
    1. Template Strategies in Self-Assembly
    2. Self-Assembly of Coordination Compounds: Design Principles
    3. Self-Assembly of Coordination Chains and Helices
    4. Self-Assembly of Coordination Cages and Spheres
    5. Self-Assembly of Organic Supramolecular Capsules
    6. Self-Assembly of Supramolecular Wires
    7. Synthesis of Supramolecular Nanotubes
    8. Organic Foldamers and Helices
    9. Self-Assembly of Macromolecular Threaded Systems
    10. Self-Assembled Links: Catenanes
    11. Templated Synthesis of Knots and Ravels
    12. Self-Assembly of Nucleic Acids
    13. Viruses as Self-Assembled Templates
    14. Peptide Self-Assembly
    15. Rotaxanes–Self-Assembled Links
  7. Supramolecular Devices
    1. Photoprocesses of Relevance to Supramolecular Chemistry
    2. Photoinduced Electron Transfer Processes in Biological and Artificial Supramolecules
    3. Molecular Devices: Energy Transfer
    4. Molecular Devices: Molecular Machinery
    5. Molecular Logic Gates
    6. Single-Molecule Electronics
    7. Molecular Redox Sensors
    8. Ion-Selective Electrodes With Ionophore-Doped Sensing Membranes
    9. Colorimetric Sensors
    10. Luminescent Sensing
    11. Photoswitching Materials
    12. Supramolecular Chemistry in Medicine
    13. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Contrast Agents
    14. Supramolecular Chemistry for Organic Photovoltaics
  8. Supramolecular Materials Chemistry
    1. Crystal Engineering
    2. Noncovalent Interactions in Crystals
    3. Concepts and Nomenclature in Chemical Crystallography
    4. Crystal Structure Prediction
    5. The Cambridge Structural Database System and Its Applications in Supramolecular Chemistry and Materials Design
    6. Crystal Growth and Molecular Crystal Growth Modification
    7. Polymorphism: Fundamentals and Applications
    8. Cocrystals: Synthesis, Structure, and Applications
    9. Mechanical Preparation of Crystalline Materials. An Oxymoron?
    10. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Inclusion Compounds
    11. Clathrate Hydrates
    12. Synthetic Clathrate Systems
    13. Network and Graph Set Analysis
    14. Coordination Polymers
    15. Zeolitelike Metal–Organic Frameworks (ZMOFs): Design, Structure, and Properties
    16. Interpenetration
    17. Supramolecular Isomerism
    18. Gas Storage and Separation in Supramolecular Materials
    19. Templated [2+2] Photodimerizations in the Solid State
  9. Soft Matter
    1. Soft Matter Science—a Historical Overview with a Supramolecular Perspective
    2. Multicomponent Self-Assembled Polymers Based on π-Conjugated Systems
    3. Functions Based on Dynamic Structural Changes of Coordination Polymers
    4. Self-Healing and Mendable Supramolecular Polymers
    5. Assembly of Block Copolymers
    6. Molecularly Imprinted Polymers
    7. Supramolecular Dendrimer Chemistry
    8. Hyperbranched Polymers in Supramolecular Chemistry
    9. Supramolecular Chemistry in Polymer Networks
    10. Stimuli-Responsive and Motile Supramolecular Soft Materials
    11. Self-Assembling Fibrillar Networks—Supramolecular Gels
    12. Self-Assembly of Facial Amphiphiles in Water
    13. Self-Assembly of Surfactants at Solid Surfaces
    14. Physisorption for Self-Assembly of Supramolecular Systems: A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Perspective
    15. Chemisorbed Self-Assembled Monolayers
    16. Self-Organization and Self-Assembly in Liquid-Crystalline Materials
    17. Liquid Crystals Formed from Specific Supramolecular Interactions
    18. Covalent Capture of Self-Assembled Soft Materials
    19. Designing Peptide-Based Supramolecular Biomaterials
    20. Self-Assembly of Polymers into Soft Nanoparticles and Nanocapsules
    21. Self-Assembled Polymer Supermolecules as Templates for Nanomaterials
  10. Nanotechnology
    1. Nanotechnology: The “Top-Down” and “Bottom-Up” Approaches
    2. Nanolithography
    3. Two-Dimensional Supramolecular Chemistry
    4. Biologically Derived Supramolecular Materials
    5. Supramolecular Hybrid Nanomaterials As Prospective Sensing Platforms
    6. Self-Assembled Nanoparticles
    7. Photochemically Driven Molecular Devices and Machines
    8. Magnetically Responsive Self-Assembled Composite Materials
    9. Advances in Supramolecular Chemistry of Carbon Nanotubes
    10. One-Dimensional Nanostructures of Molecular Graphenes
    11. Supramolecular Nanoparticles for Molecular Diagnostics and Therapeutics
    12. Atomic Force Microscopy Measurements of Supramolecular Interactions
    13. Nanoelectronics
  11. Glossary
    1. Glossary