Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering

Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering

Online ISBN: 9780470686652

DOI: 10.1002/9780470686652

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  1. Aerospace Engineering: General
    1. Perspectives on Aerospace Engineering
      1. Systems Engineering: Using Systems Thinking to Design Better Aerospace Systems
      2. Challenges and Opportunities in the Next Two Decades of Aerospace Engineering
  2. Fluid Dynamics and Aerothermodynamics
    1. Fundamentals of Fluid Flows
      1. Brief History of the Early Development of Theoretical and Experimental Fluid Dynamics
      2. Governing Equations for Fundamental Aerodynamics
    2. Incompressible Flows and Aerodynamics
      1. Potential Flows
      2. Two-Dimensional Flow Over Airfoils
      3. Incompressible Flow Over Finite Wings
      4. Laminar Boundary Layers
      5. Flow Instabilities and Transition
      6. Turbulent Boundary Layers
      7. Unsteady Aerodynamics
      8. High Angle of Attack Aerodynamics
      9. Missile Aerodynamics
      10. Rotorcraft Aerodynamics
      11. Aerodynamic Flow Control
      12. Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics of Fixed Wings
      13. Flapping Wing Aerodynamics
      14. Ground Effect Aerodynamics
      15. Aerodynamic Benefit of Aircraft Formation Flight
      16. Aircraft Wake Vortices
    3. Compressible Flows – Subsonic to Supersonic
      1. Introduction to Compressible Flows
      2. Complex Internal Compressible Flows
      3. External Transonic Flows
      4. Complex Shock Wave Phenomena
      5. Shock Boundary Layer Interactions
      6. Fundamentals of Compressible Turbulent Mixing
      7. Compressibility Effects in Rotorcraft Applications
      8. Unsteady Transonic Aerodynamics
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        The Role of Wind Tunnel Experiments in CFD Validation
    4. Hypersonics and Rarefied Gas Dynamics
      1. Introduction to Hypersonic Flow
      2. Analytical Foundation of Hypersonic Flow
      3. Molecular Kinetics and Physical Gas Dynamics
      4. High-Temperature Effects in Hypersonic Flight
      5. Hypersonic Transition and Turbulence
      6. Non-Continuum Phenomena in Hypersonic Flow
      7. Plasma Dynamics and Flow Control Applications
    5. Heat Transfer and Thermophysics
      1. Fundamentals of Heat Transfer and Thermal Physics
      2. Engineering Analysis of Heat Transfer
      3. Heat Transfer Enhancement: Phase Change, Geometry, and Jets/Sprays
      4. Aircraft Thermal Management
      5. Spacecraft Thermal Management
      6. Heat Pipes and Thermosyphons
      7. Thermal Applications of Microchannel Flows
    6. Computational Fluid Dynamics
      1. Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics
      2. Verification and Validation of CFD Based Turbulent Flow Experiments
      3. Riemann Solvers in Aerospace Engineering
      4. Grid Generation Techniques
      5. High Performance Computing for CFD
      6. Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes Methods
      7. Large Eddy Simulation
      8. Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Fluid Flow
      9. Computational Modeling of Rarefied Gas Flows
      10. Unified Treatment of Rarefied and Continuum Fluid Flows
      11. Computational Modeling for Multiphase Flows, Including Microgravity and Space Applications
      12. Optimization Methods in Computational Fluid Dynamics
      13. Adaptive Mesh and Overlapping Grid Methods
      14. Meshfree Methods
      15. Solution Methods and Acceleration Techniques in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
      16. Computational Combustion
      17. Lattice Boltzmann Method for Computational Fluid Dynamics
      18. Discontinuous Galerkin Methods
      19. Implicit CFD Methods and Unstructured Grids
      20. Computational Magnetohydrodynamics
    7. Experimental Techniques for Fluid Dynamics and Thermal Science
      1. Fundamentals of Wind-Tunnel Design
      2. Flow Visualization by Direct Injection Technique
      3. Optical Flow Visualization
      4. Pressure and Velocity Measurements
      5. Shear Stress Measurements
      6. Thermal Anemometry: An Introduction and Special Topics
      7. Laser Doppler Velocimetry
      8. Particle Image Velocimetry
      9. Spectroscopic and Scattering Techniques
      10. Pressure- and Temperature-Sensitive Paints
      11. Temperature and Heat Transfer Measurements
      12. Measurement of Aerodynamic Forces and Moments in Wind Tunnels
  3. Green Aviation
    1. Aerodynamics and Airframe
      1. Application of Drag Reduction Techniques to Transport Aircraft
      2. Blended Wing Body Aircraft: A Historical Perspective
      3. Fuel Burn Reduction Through Wing Morphing
    2. Combustion-based Propulsion
      1. Geared Turbofan™ Engine: Driven by Innovation
      2. Advanced Engine Designs and Concepts Beyond the Geared Turbofan
      3. Progress in Open Rotor Research
      4. A Rolls-Royce Perspective on Concepts and Technologies for Future Green Propulsion Systems
      5. Advances in Turbofan Engines: A US Perspective
    3. Alternative Propulsion
      1. Hydrogen-Powered Aircraft
      2. Biofuels for Green Aviation
      3. Energy Optimization for Solar-Powered Aircraft
      4. Hydrogen Fuel Cells for Auxiliary Power Units
      5. Electric Drives for Propulsion System of Transport Aircraft
      6. Lithium-Ion Batteries: Thermomechanics, Performance, and Design Optimization
    4. Overview
      1. Aviation and Climate Change–The Continuing Challenge
      2. Avoiding the Predictable Surprise: Early Action Is the Key to Building a Climate-Resilient Aviation Network
    5. Aerodynamics and Aircraft Concepts
      1. Damage Arresting Composites
      2. Greener Helicopters
    6. Noise
      1. Aircraft Noise Modeling
      2. Carbon and Noise Trading in Aviation
    7. Systems
      1. Onboard Energy Management
      2. Impact of Airframe Systems on Green Airliner Operation
      3. Modern Avionics and ATM Systems for Green Operations
    8. Operations
      1. Integrated Assessment Modeling
      2. Cost Analysis Approach in the Development of Advanced Technologies for Green Aviation Aircraft
      3. Green Aircraft Operations
      4. A Roadmap for Aviation Research in Australia
  4. Propulsion and Power
    1. Basic Concepts
      1. Basic Concepts: Propulsion and Power
      2. Lift, Thrust, and Flight
      3. Thermodynamics
      4. Propulsion System Cycles
      5. Chemical Equilibrium, Kinetics, and Combustion
      6. Multiphase Dynamics and Pollutant Formation
    2. Airbreathing Engines
      1. A Brief History of Positive Displacement Aviation Engines
      2. An Overview of Gas Turbine Engines
      3. Turbine Engine Component Integration
      4. Gas Turbine Engines: Inlets
      5. Gas Turbine Engines: Compressors
      6. Ducted and Unducted Fans in Airbreathing Engines
      7. Gas Turbine Engine Combustors
      8. Gas Turbine Engines: Turbines
      9. Gas Turbine Engines: Turbine Cooling
      10. Internal Air and Lubrication Systems
      11. Gas Turbine Engines: Seals
      12. Gas Turbine Engines: Nozzles
      13. Commercial Engine Noise
      14. Commercial Propulsion Engines Emissions
      15. The Scramjet Engine: Basic and Combined Cycles
      16. Supersonic Mixing and Combustion
      17. Emerging Air-Breathing Propulsion Technologies
      18. Ram Accelerator
    3. Rocket Propulsion
      1. Rocket Propulsion: Basic Concepts and Introduction
      2. Historical Overview and Solid Rocket Motor Fundamentals
      3. Solid Propellants
      4. Solid Propulsion: Motor Interior Ballistics – Modeling and Design
      5. Solid Propulsion: Ignition Transients
      6. Solid Rocket Motor Failure
      7. Liquid Propulsion: Historical Overview, Fundamentals, and Classifications of Liquid Rocket Engines
      8. Liquid Propellants and Combustion: Fundamentals and Classifications
      9. Liquid Propulsion: Thrust Chamber Design
      10. Liquid Propulsion: Propellant Feed System Design
      11. Liquid Propulsion: Systems Engineering, Design Trades, and Testing
      12. Liquid Propulsion: Engine Production and Operation
      13. Hybrid Propulsion
      14. Combined-Cycle Engines
      15. Space Power Trends
      16. Power Management and Distribution
    4. Alternative Propulsion
      1. Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP)
      2. Resistojets and Arcjets
      3. Magnetoplasmadynamic Thrusters
      4. Ion Thrusters
      5. Pulsed Plasma Thrusters
      6. Electrospray Propulsion
      7. Micropropulsion
      8. Laser Propulsion
      9. Magnetic Plasma Sails
      10. Radio-Frequency and Microwave Thrusters
      11. Fusion Propulsion
  5. Structural Technology
    1. Structural Mechanics
      1. Linear Elasticity
      2. Variational Principles in Structural Mechanics
      3. Torsion of Bars and Bending of Beams
      4. Plates and Shells
      5. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics in Aerospace Structures
      6. Finite Element Methods of Structural Analysis
      7. Structural Stability
      8. Elements of Structural Dynamics
      9. Damping in Structural Dynamics
      10. Dynamic Response Computations
      11. The Evolution of Analytic and Computational Methods for Fixed-Wing Flight Vehicle Aeroelasticity
    2. Aeroelasticity and Aeroservoelasticity
      1. Static and Dynamic Aeroelasticity
      2. Transonic Nonlinear Aeroelasticity
      3. Panel Flutter
      4. Hypersonic Aeroelasticity and Aerothermoelasticity
      5. Aeroservoelasticity
      6. Turbomachinery Aeroelasticity
      7. Aeroelastic Testing and Certification
      8. Rotary Wing Aeroelasticity
    3. Computational Solid Mechanics and Fluid-Structure Interaction
      1. Fundamentals of Discretization Methods
      2. Finite Element Analysis of Composite Plates and Shells
      3. Meshfree Discretization Methods for Solid Mechanics
      4. Extended Finite Element Methods
      5. Error Estimation and Quality Control
      6. Adaptive Mesh Generation and Visualization
      7. Computational Methods in Buckling and Instability
      8. Thermal Analysis
      9. Computational Dynamics
      10. Computational Optimization
      11. Computational Fracture Mechanics
      12. Models for Delamination
      13. Multiscale Methods
      14. Fundamentals of Fluid–Structure Interaction
    4. Experimental Techniques for Structural Mechanics
      1. Historical Perspective on Experimental Methods
      2. Static Fracture Response of Materials
      3. Static Buckling Tests of Aerospace Vehicle Structures
      4. Dynamic (Vibration) Testing: Design Certification of Aerospace System
      5. Fatigue Properties Characterization of Structural Metals, Composites and Sandwich Structures
      6. Delamination Toughness Characterization of Laminated Composites
      7. Testing of Structural Joints
      8. Dynamic Response of Materials
      9. Techniques for Damage Tolerance and Structural Integrity of Composite Structures
      10. Nondestructive Evaluation of Structures
      11. Digital Image Correlation in Experimental Mechanics for Aerospace Materials and Structures
    5. Structural Health Monitoring (SHM)
      1. Nondestructive Evaluation of Structures
      2. Guided Wave Methods for Structural Health Monitoring
      3. Modal Vibration Methods in Structural Health Monitoring
      4. Impedance-Based Structural Health Monitoring for Aerospace Applications
      5. Signal Processing for Structural Health Monitoring
      6. Damage Prognosis for Metal and Composite Aerospace Structures
      7. Design Principles for Aerospace Structures Utilizing SHM
  6. Materials Technology
    1. Structural Materials
      1. Future Aircraft Structures: From Metal to Composite Structures
      2. Structural Materials: Aluminum and Its Alloys – Properties
      3. Structural Materials: Aluminum and its Alloys – Fabrication Technologies
      4. Titanium and Its Alloys: Metallurgy, Heat Treatment and Alloy Characteristics
      5. Titanium and its Alloys: Processing, Fabrication and Mechanical Performance
      6. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites: Manufacturing and Certification Issues
      7. Load-Bearing Laminated Composite Structures
      8. Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites: Pressure Vessels for Aerospace Applications
      9. Fiber-Reinforced Ceramic Matrix Composites for Aero Engines
      10. Textile Composite Materials: Polymer Matrix Composites
      11. Textile Composite Materials: Ceramic Matrix Composites
      12. 3D Translaminar and Textile Reinforcements for Composites
      13. Lightweight Sandwich Structures
      14. Lasers in Aerospace Industry Manufacturing
      15. Metal-to-Metal and Metal-to-Composite Bonded and Bolted Structural Joints
      16. Thermal Protection Systems (TPSs
      17. Advanced Composites Made by the Layer-by-Layer (LBL) Assembly of Nanomaterials
      18. Mechanical Behavior of Nanomaterials
    2. High Temperature Materials
      1. Titanium Alloys: Processing, Properties, and Applications
      2. TiAl Intermetallics
      3. Metal-Based Composite Materials for High-Temperature Application
      4. Polycrystalline Nickel-Based Superalloys: Processing, Performance, and Application
      5. Nickel-Based Superalloys for Blade Application: Production, Performance and Application
      6. Beyond Nickel Based Superalloys
      7. Solid State Welding of Aeroengine Materials
      8. Superplastic Forming and Diffusion Bonding of Titanium Alloys
      9. Near Net Shape Forming of Aeroengine Components
      10. Thermal Barrier Coatings
      11. Lifing Approaches and Component Classification: Overview of Methods
    3. Active Materials
      1. Active Materials in Aerospace Applications
      2. Ferroelectric Materials
      3. Piezoceramic Actuators and Sensors
      4. Shape Memory Alloys
      5. Electroactive Polymers (EAP) as Actuators for Aerospace Engineering
    4. Materials for Space Applications
      1. Materials in Space: An Introduction and Overview
      2. Polymers in Space
      3. Surface Modification of Space Materials
      4. Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris Impact Damage on Materials and Structures in Space
      5. Corrosion in Space
      6. Materials Spaceflight Experiments
      7. Space Environment Simulation and Materials Testing
  7. Dynamics and Control
    1. Flight Mechanics
      1. Introduction to Aerial Vehicle Flight Mechanics, Stability and Control
      2. Takeoff and Landing of Fixed-Wing Aircraft
      3. Climb and Descent of Fixed-Wing Aircraft
      4. Maneuver Performance of Fixed-Wing Transport Aircraft
      5. Maneuver of Fixed-Wing Combat Aircraft
      6. Cruise Performance of Fixed-wing Aircraft
      7. Static Longitudinal Stability
      8. Static Lateral Stability
      9. Longitudinal Dynamic Stability
      10. Fixed-Wing Lateral and Directional Dynamic Stability
      11. Rotary-Wing Static Stability
      12. Rotary-Wing Dynamic Stability
      13. Fixed-Wing Control and Handling Qualities
      14. Rotary-Wing Control and Handling Qualities
      15. Special Features of Guided Weapon Stability and Control
      16. Aircraft Navigation
      17. Guided Weapon and UAV Navigation and Path-Planning
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        Rotary-Wing Flight Mechanics
    2. Flight Control
      1. Fundamentals of Control Engineering
      2. Fly-by-Wire Flight Control Systems
      3. Adaptive and Robust Flight Control
      4. Adaptive Control Design Technique for Nonlinear Flight Systems
      5. Nonlinear Flight Control Systems
      6. Reconfigurable Flight Control
      7. Flight Formation Control
      8. Cooperative Control for Multiple Air Vehicles
      9. UAV Swarms: Decision-Making Paradigms
      10. Integrated Health Monitoring for Multiple Air Vehicles
      11. Flight Control for Rotorcraft
      12. Flight Control for Guided Weapons
      13. Obstacle Avoidance: Static Obstacles
      14. Design of the Space Shuttle Flight Control System and Applicability in Future Space Vehicle Development
    3. Radar
      1. Antennas and Electromagnetic Wave Propagation: Radar, Seekers and Sensors, Tracking, and Target Recognition
      2. Radar Basics and Applications
      3. Backscatter from Land and Sea
      4. Radar Waveforms and Signal Processing
      5. Synthetic Aperture Radar
      6. Radar Missile Seekers
      7. Automatic target recognition
      8. Electro-optic Sensor Principles
      9. Electro-Optic Imaging and Tracking Systems
      10. Target Tracking
    4. Trajectory and Orbital Mechanics
      1. Orbital Mechanics Fundamentals
      2. Mission Design and Trajectory Optimization
      3. Interplanetary Navigation
      4. Satellite Orbit Determination
      5. The Earth Orbital Environment
      6. Libration Point Orbits and the Three-Body Problem
      7. Missions to Dynamic Environments
      8. Solar Sail Dynamics and Control
      9. Satellite in Formation Flight
      10. Global Navigation Satellite Systems
    5. Attitude Dynamics and Orbital Control of Spacecraft
      1. Attitude Dynamics Fundamentals
      2. Sensors for Attitude Determination
      3. Statistical Attitude Determination
      4. Active Attitude Control Mechanisms
      5. High-Precision Three-Axis Pointing and Control
      6. Efficient Models of Multi-body Dynamics
      7. Fault Detection, Isolation, and Recovery of Guidance, Navigation and Control
      8. Close Proximity Rendezvous and Docking (RVD)
  8. Environmental Impact, Manufacturing and Operations
    1. Operational Environment
      1. Aircraft Flight Regimes and Applications
      2. Launch Vehicle Operational Environments
      3. Re-Entry Vehicle Flight Profiles
      4. Atmospheric Composition
      5. eae582 Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere
      6. Meteorology
      7. The Earth's Magnetic Field
      8. The Plasma and Radiation Environment in Earth Orbit
      9. eae324 Atmospheric Interactions with Spacecraft
      10. Space Debris
      11. Micrometeoroids
      12. Launch Environment
      13. The Interplanetary and Planetary Environments
      14. eae331 Aircraft Regulatory Environment
      15. Spaceflight Regulatory Environment
      16. eae333 Interplanetary Spaceflight Regulatory Environment – Planetary Protection
    2. Acoustics and Noise
      1. Aerodynamic Noise
      2. Propulsion System Noise: Turbomachinery
      3. Propulsion System Noise: Jet
      4. Airframe Noise–Landing Gear Noise
      5. Airframe Noise – High Lift Device Noise
      6. Propeller Noise
      7. Interior Noise and Sound Transmission
      8. Active Noise Control
      9. Sonic Boom
      10. Computational Aeroacoustics
    3. Emissions and Atmospheric Impact
      1. Emissions and Other Impacts: Introduction
      2. Global Atmospheric Chemistry and Impacts from Aviation
      3. Atmospheric Modelling
      4. Aviation Emissions
      5. Impact of Airports on Local Air Quality
      6. eae351 In Plume Physics and Chemistry
      7. Contrails and Contrail Cirrus
      8. Aviation and Global Atmosphere in the 21st Century: Possible Mitigations
      9. Aircraft Noise: Alleviating Constraints to Airport Operations and Growth
      10. Radiative Forcing and Climate Change
    4. Disposal and Waste Mitigation
      1. Aircraft Disposal and Recycling
      2. Space Debris Impact Protection
      3. Spacecraft End-of-Life Disposal
    5. Manufacturing, Lean Technologies and Operations Integration
      1. Aircraft Design for Manufacture and Assembly
      2. Machining Aerospace Materials
      3. Composite Aerospace Manufacturing Processes
      4. Automated Aerospace Manufacture and Assembly
      5. Value-Driven Manufacture: Digital Lean Manufacture
      6. Evolution of the Lean Enterprise System
      7. Integration of Lean Enterprise System, Total Quality Management and Six Sigma
      8. Lean Supply Chain Management in Aerospace
      9. Lean Product Introduction
      10. Air Transportation and Operations
      11. A Modular, High-Fidelity Tool to Model the Utility of Fractionated Space Systems
      12. System Reconfigurability
      13. Aircraft Maintenance Engineering
      14. Value-Driven Design and Operational Value
  9. Vehicle Design
    1. Vehicle Configurations and Performance
      1. Applied Aerodynamics and Propulsion Foundations – Fixed Wing Vehicles
      2. Applied Aerodynamics and Propulsion Foundation Rotary Wing
      3. Aerodynamics, Propulsion, and Heat Transfer of Missiles
      4. Flight Performance, Guidance, Navigation, and Control of Missiles
      5. Fixed-Wing Aircraft Performance
      6. Performance of Rotary Wing Vehicles
      7. Hypersonic Missions and Vehicle Configurations
      8. Civil Transport Aircraft
      9. Military Airplanes
      10. Business Aviation
      11. Seaplanes and Amphibians
      12. Rotary Wing Vehicles
      13. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
      14. Lighter than Air Vehicles
      15. Airplane Performance Optimization
    2. Air Vehicle Design
      1. Conceptual Airplane Design Systems
      2. Design Criteria: Resources, Constraints, and Objectives
      3. The Design Process
      4. Structural Design – Tradeoffs
      5. A Systems Engineering Approach to Aircraft Design
      6. Structural Design: Weight Estimation
      7. Managing Obsolescence in the Aircraft Life cycle
      8. Crashworthiness
      9. Integrated Design Optimization
      10. Fixed-Wing Civil Transport Aircraft Design
      11. Rotary Wing Vehicle Design
      12. Missile Configuration and Design
    3. Micro Air Vehicles
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        Overview of Micro Air Vehicle System Design and Integration Issues
      2. Micro Air Vehicle-Motivated Aerodynamics
      3. 3 Materials, Structure, and Dynamics of Insect Wings as Bioinspiration for MAVs
      4. MAV-Motivated Structures and Materials
      5. Basics of MAV Flight Control
      6. Insect Flight Control
      7. Fundamentals of Micro Air Vehicle Flight Dynamics
      8. Autonomous Flight of Rotary Wing MAV Using Infrared and Ultrasonic Sensors
      9. Biomimetic Optic Flow Sensors and Autopilots for MAV Guidance
      10. MAV Guidance Inspired by Principles of Insect Vision
      11. Development of Centimeter-sized Aerial Vehicles
      12. Flapping-Wing Propelled Micro Air Vehicles
      13. Mechanics and Actuation for Flapping-Wing Robotic Insects
    4. Space Vehicles and Travel
      1. Spacecraft Technologies and Environments: An Introduction
      2. Launch Vehicle Design
      3. Spacecraft Technologies: Satellite Reliability
      4. Space Responsiveness
      5. Fractionated Spacecraft: Exploring Possible Futures of Space Systems
      6. The Effect of the Space Environment on Spacecraft Technologies
      7. Space Environment Interactions
      8. 424 Space Stations
      9. Space Shuttle System and Flight Mechanics
      10. Living on the Moon
      11. Human Space – Space Tourism
      12. Space Tourism
      13. Communication Satellites
      14. Science Satellites – Landers and Rovers
      15. Science Satellites: Interplanetary Spacecraft
      16. Fundamental Physics in Space
    5. Space Vehicle Design
      1. Low-Cost Spacecraft
    6. Survivability
      1. The Survivability Balance
      2. Electronic Warfare and Defensive Aids Systems Design and Development
      3. Installed Antenna Performance Design And Verification
      4. Electromagnetic Hazard Vulnerability Verification
      5. Design Aspects of Aircraft Vulnerability
      6. Aircraft Design and Qualification for Resilience to Lightning
    7. Flight and Ground Test
      1. Aircraft Ground Structural Testing
      2. High-Risk Flight Testing
      3. Gas Turbine Aero Engine Ground Testing
      4. Use of Airborne Vehicles as Research Platforms
      5. Flight Test Reports
      6. Testing Fixed and Rotary Shipboard and Marine Platform Operations
  10. System Engineering
    1. Project Management
      1. An Introduction to Project Management
      2. Physiology of the Flight Environment
      3. Human Factors for Maintenance Engineers and Others: A Prerequisite for Success
      4. Design Considerations for Enhanced Passenger Aircraft Evacuation
      5. Reliability and Maintainability
      6. Project Management: Cost Analysis
      7. Project Management: Cost Forecasting
      8. Project Scheduling
      9. Life-Cycle Engineering: Economic Theory
      10. Product Lifecycle Engineering (PLE): An Application
    2. Avionics System Integration
      1. Aerospace Avionics Systems
      2. Embedded UAS Autopilot and Sensor Systems
      3. Computing Hardware Selection and Integration
      4. Aircraft Communications and Networking
      5. Space Vehicle Communication and Networking
      6. Flight Software for Space Systems
      7. Modern Aircraft Flight Management Systems
      8. Aircraft Pilot and Operator Interfaces
      9. Space Human Factors and Operator Interfaces
    3. Aircraft Sub-Systems
      1. Introduction and Overview
      2. Vehicle Systems Management
      3. Aircraft Fuel Systems
      4. Hydraulic Power Generation and Distribution
      5. Electrical Power Generation & Distribution
      6. Gas Turbine Fuel Control Systems
      7. Environmental Control Systems
      8. Aircraft Emergency Systems
      9. Ice Detection and Protection
      10. Probe and Drogue Aerial Refueling Systems
      11. Aircraft Gas Turbine Electronic Engine Controllers (EEC)
    4. System Integration
      1. Introduction and Overview
      2. Safety and Integrity in Vehicle Systems
      3. Electromagnetic Integration of Aircraft Systems
      4. Modeling and Simulation
      5. Human Health Issues Caused by the Aircraft Environment
      6. Integration and Complexity
      7. Air Traffic Management
      8. Weapons Integration
      9. Aircraft Pneumatic Subsystems
    5. Propulsion Integration
      1. Introduction to Propulsion Integration
      2. Choice and Sizing of Engines for Aircraft
      3. Basic Principles – Thrust, Drag and Induced Forces
      4. Basic Principles – Gas Turbine Compatibility – Intake Aerodynamic Aspects
      5. Basic Principles – Gas Turbine Compatibility – Gas Turbine Aspects
      6. Transport Aircraft Aerodynamic Integration: Subsonic
      7. Propulsion Integration: Supersonic Transport Aircraft
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        Tactical Aircraft Aerodynamic Integration
      9. VSTOL Integration
    6. Optimization Techniques and Applications
      1. Formulating Design Problems as Optimization Problems
      2. Review of Optimization Techniques
      3. Surrogate-Based Optimization
      4. Sensitivity Analysis
      5. Continuous Optimization in Aerospace Structures
      6. Composite Laminate Optimization with Discrete Variables
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        Airfoil/Wing Optimization
      8. Fluid Machinery Optimization
      9. Trajectory Optimization
    7. Safety Engineering and Mission Assurance
      1. In-Flight Vehicle Health Management
      2. Safety Critical Software
      3. Airborne Network Security and Information Assurance
      4. Cognitive Engineering and Aviation Safety
      5. Aircraft Safety Certification
      6. Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control
      7. Separation Assurance in High-Density Airspace
      8. Unmanned Aircraft Systems Operations in US Airspace
      9. Human Spaceflight Risk Management
  11. Appendices
    1. Units
  12. UAS
    1. Introductory
      1. UAS Uses, Capabilities, Grand Challenges
    2. Missions
      1. Remote Sensing Methodology for Unmanned Aerial Systems
      2. Autonomous Parachute-Based Precision Delivery Systems
      3. Networked Multiple UAS
    3. Airframe Configurations
      1. Classes and Missions of UAVs
      2. Launch of UAVs
      3. Recovery of UAVs
    4. UAS Design and Subsystems
      1. Overview of UAS Control Stations
      2. Propulsion Systems
      3. Power Generation and Energy Management
      4. Control System Mechanization
    5. Autonomy
      1. Relative Navigation in GPS-Degraded Environments
      2. Target Detection and Mission Planning Based on Pigeon-Inspired Optimization
      3. Autonomy Architectures
    6. Control
      1. Modeling and Frequency-Domain Parameter Identification of a Small-Scale Flybarless Unmanned Helicopter*
      2. Trajectory Planning and Guidance
      3. Sensor Fusion
    7. Human Oversight
      1. Function Allocation between Human and Automation and Between Air and Ground
      2. Coordination with Manned Aircraft and Air Traffic Control
    8. Multi-Vehicle Cooperation and Coordination
      1. Multi-UAV Cooperation
      2. Coordinated Standoff Tracking of Moving Ground Targets Using Multiple UAVs
      3. Distributed Situational Awareness and Control
      4. Cooperative Search, Reconnaissance, Surveillance
    9. Airspace Access
      1. Operational Profiles of Unmanned Aircraft Systems in the Context of the US Regulatory Regime
      2. High Altitude: Among and Above Commercial Transport
      3. Low-Altitude Rural to Urban Unmanned Aircraft System Operations
      4. UAS in the Terminal Area: Challenges and Opportunities
      5. Sense-and-Avoid System Based on Radar and Cooperative Sensors
      6. Standards and Interoperability: A Systems Engineering Perspective
    10. Integration Issues: Safety, Security, Privacy
      1. Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) – Regulatory Policy and Processes: A Moving Landscape – A US Perspective
      2. Requirements: Levels of Safety
      3. Insurance as a Mission Enabler
      4. Fail-Safe Systems from a UAS Guidance Perspective
      5. UAS Reliability and Risk Analysis
      6. Sense and Avoid: Systems and Methods
      7. System and Cyber Security: Requirements, Modeling, and Management
      8. Social and Legal Issues*