Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Editor(s): Charles E. Wyman

Published Online: 5 APR 2013 03:56AM EST

Print ISBN: 9780470972021

Online ISBN: 9780470975831

DOI: 10.1002/9780470975831

Series Editor(s): Christian V. Stevens

About this Book

Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as a sustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuels and chemicals. However, in order to successfully compete with petroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion processes are designed to minimize costs and maximize yields. Advances in pretreatment technology are critical in order to develop high-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels and chemicals.

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals presents a comprehensive overview of the currently available aqueous pretreatment technologies for cellulosic biomass, highlighting the fundamental chemistry and biology of each method, key attributes and limitations, and opportunities for future advances.

Topics covered include:

• The importance of biomass conversion to fuels
• The role of pretreatment in biological and chemical conversion of biomass
• Composition and structure of biomass, and recalcitrance to conversion
• Fundamentals of biomass pretreatment at low, neutral and high pH
• Ionic liquid and organosolv pretreatments to fractionate biomass
• Comparative data for application of leading pretreatments and effect of enzyme formulations
• Physical and chemical features of pretreated biomass
• Economics of pretreatment for biological processing
• Methods of analysis and enzymatic conversion of biomass streams
• Experimental  pretreatment systems from multiwell plates to pilot plant operations 

This comprehensive reference book provides an authoritative source of information on the pretreatment of cellulosic biomass to aid those experienced in the field to access the most current information on the topic.  It will also be invaluable to those entering the growing field of biomass conversion.

Table of contents

    1. You have free access to this content
    2. Chapter 9

      Primer on Ammonia Fiber Expansion Pretreatment (pages 169–200)

      S. P. S. Chundawat, B. Bals, T. Campbell, L. Sousa, D. Gao, M. Jin, P. Eranki, R. Garlock, F. Teymouri, Venkatesh Balan and Bruce E. Dale

    3. Chapter 12

      Comparative Performance of Leading Pretreatment Technologies for Biological Conversion of Corn Stover, Poplar Wood, and Switchgrass to Sugars (pages 239–259)

      Charles E. Wyman, Bruce E. Dale, Venkatesh Balan, Richard T. Elander, Mark T. Holtzapple, Rocío Sierra Ramirez, Michael R. Ladisch, Nathan S. Mosier, Y. Y. Lee, Rajesh Gupta, Steven R. Thomas, Bonnie R. Hames, Ryan Warner and Rajeev Kumar

    4. You have free access to this content

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