Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Online ISBN: 9781119951438

DOI: 10.1002/9781119951438

Editors & Contributors


Editor-in-Chief

Robert A. Scott
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
e-mail: scott@chem.uga.adu

Bioinorganic Chemistry; Computational Methods; Physical Methods



Section Editors

David A. Atwood
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
e-mail: datwood@uky.edu

Main Group Elements; Lanthanides and Actinides; Nuclear Chemistry and Radionuclides



Charles M. Lukehart
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
e-mail: chuck.lukehart@vanderbilt.edu

Catalysis; Solid State, Materials and Nanomaterials



Albrecht Messerschmidt
Max-Planck-Institute für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany
e-mail: messersc@biochem.mpg.de

Metalloproteins; Bioinorganic Chemistry



Timothy P. Hanusa
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
e-mail: t.hanusa@vanderbilt.edu

Inorganic and Coordination Chemistry; Organometallic Chemistry; Transition Metals



Editor-in-Chief Emeritus and Senior Advisors

Robert H. Crabtree
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
e-mail: robert.crabtree@yale.edu



R. Bruce King
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
e-mail: rbking@chem.uga.edu


International Advisory Board

Robert Huber
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Planegg-Martinsried, Germany

Metalloproteins

Karl E. Wieghardt
Max-Planck-Institut für Bioanorganische Chemie, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany


Metalloproteins

Thomas Poulos
University of California, Irvine, CA, USA


Metalloproteins

Mirek Cygler
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan, Canada


Metalloproteins

Michael Bruce
The University of Adelaide, Australia

Tristram Chivers
University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

Vivian Yam
The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Marcetta Darensbourg
Texas A&M University, Texas, USA


Michel Ephritikhine
Service Interdisciplinaire sur les Systèmes Moléculaires et les Matériaux, Gif-sur-Yvette, France


David Schubert
U.S. Borax, Inc., Colorado, USA

Susumu Kitagawa
Kyoto University, Japan

T.Don Tilley
University of California, Berkeley, USA

Valeria Culotta
Johns Hopkins University, USA

Edward Solomon
Stanford University, USA

Leonard R. MacGillivray
University of Iowa, USA

Katherine H. Thompson
University of British Columbia, USA


Contributors to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry

Dietmar Abt
Universität Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany


Jean-Luc Adam
University of Rennes, Chimie de la Matière Condensée (CNRS), Rennes, France


Michael W. W. Adams
University of Georgia, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Athens, GA, 30602, USA


Elinor T. Adman
University of Washington, Department of Biological Structure, Seattle WA, USA


Aneel K. Aggarwal
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Structural Biology Program, NY, USA


Jong-Hyun Ahn
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA; Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Korea


Thomas Ahrens
Biozentrum, University of Basel, Department of Biophysical Chemistry and Structural Biology, Basel, Switzerland


Lubna Alam
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia


Ana C. Albéniz
Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain


Thomas A. Albright
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA


Jacob S. Alexander
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA


Alessandro Aliverti
Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisiologia e Biochimica Generali, Milano, Italy


Harry R. Allcock
The Pennsylvania Sate University, University Park, PA, USA


James W.A. Allen
University of Oxford, Department of Biochemistry & Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences, UK


Matthew J. Almond
University of Reading, Reading, UK


M. Consuelo Alvarez-Galvan
Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry, CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain


Saeed M. Al-Zaharani
King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Mario L. Amzel
Johns Hopkins University, Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA


Niels H. Andersen
Technical University of Denmark, Department of Chemistry, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark


Inger Andersson
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Biology, Uppsala Biomedical Centre, Box 590, S-751 24, Uppsala, Sweden


Luísa Andrade
Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal


Susana L.A. Andrade
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Institut für Mikrobiologie und Genetik, Göttingen, Germany


P. Andrew Karplus
Oregon State University, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Corvallis, OR, 97331, USA


Rodney Andrews
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Robert J. Angelici
Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA


Svetlana V. Antonyuk
Molecular Biophysics Group, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, Cheshire, WA4 4AD, UK


Michio Aoyama
Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan


Allen W. Apblett
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA


Shamindri M. Arachchige
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA


Margarida Archer
Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica (ITQB), Av. República, Apt. 127, 2781-901 Oeiras, Portugal


David M. Arciero
Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Department of Biochemistry, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA


Matteo Ardini
University of Rome, Department of Biochemical Sciences “A. Rossi Fanelli", “Sapienza", Italy


Shane Ardo
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA


A.F. Arendsen
DSM/Gist, P.O. Box 1, Delft, The Netherlands, 2600 MA


Marzia Arese
Università di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche 'A. Rossi Fanelli', Rome, Italy


Ian M. Armitage
University of Minnesota, Department of Biochemistry Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Minneapolis, MN, USA


Fabio Arnesano
University of Bari, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bari, Italy


Daniel Ashworth
United States Salinity Laboratory, Riverside, CA, USA


Michael Assfalg
University of Florence, Centro Risonanze Magnetiche and Department of Chemistry, Italy


Alan Atkinson
Imperial College London, London, UK


Sally J. Atkinson
University of Edinburgh, Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, Edinburgh, UK


J. Paul Attfield
University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK


David A. Atwood
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Jim D. Atwood
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA


David S. Auld
Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences and Medicine and Department of Pathology, Cambridge, MA, USA


Jochen Autschbach
State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA


Francesc X. Aviles
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular and Institut de Biotecnologia i Biomedicina, Spain


Alfred J. Baca
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA


Thomas G. Back
University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada


John Bacsa
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Antonio Baeza
University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain


Dhirendra Bahadur
IIT Bombay, Mumbai, India


Mu-Hyun Baik
Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA


Susan Bailey
CLRC Daresbury Laboratory, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, UK, WA4 4AD


Raheleh Bakhshi
University College London, London, UK; Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust Hospital, London, UK


Ronald C. Bakus II
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Alan L. Balch
University of California—Davis, Davis, CA, USA


Jocelyn Baldwin
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Stephen A. Baldwin
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


David P. Ballou
University of Michigan, Department of Biological Chemistry, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0606, USA


Mark M. Banaszak Holl
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA


Lucia Banci
University of Florence, Centro Risonanze Magnetiche and Department of Chemistry, Italy


Kulbinder Kumar Banger
Ohio Aerospace Institute & NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, USA


Ashish Bansal
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Craig E. Barnes
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA


Kevin J. Barnham
University of Melbourne, Department of Pathology, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia; University of Melbourne, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, Victoria, 3010, Australia; Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia


Frédéric Barrière
Université de Rennes 1, Institut de Chimie, Rennes, France


Mark Bartlam
Nankai University, College of Life Sciences & Tianjin Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tianjin, 300071, China


Vladimir V. Barynin
University of Sheffield, The Krebs Institute, Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Firth Court, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK


Durairaj Baskaran
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA

Victor S. Batista
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


Andrei S. Batsanov
University of Durham, Durham, UK


Robert Bau
NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA; University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA


Ulrich Baumann
University of Berne, Departement für Chemie und Biochemie, Berne, Switzerland


Deborah C. Bebout
The College of William and Mary, Chemistry Department, Williamsburg, VA, USA


Johanna Sabine Becker
Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany


Julia Susanne Becker
Aeropharm GmbH, Rudolstadt, Germany


Andreas Becker
Max-Planck-Institut für medizinische Forschung, Heidelberg, Germany


Oliver Beckstein
University of Oxford, Structural Bioinformatics and Computational Biochemistry Unit, Department of Biochemistry, South Parks Road, Oxford OX13QU, UK


Paul D. Beer
University of oxford, Oxford, UK


Silke S. Behrens
Institute of Technical Chemistry, Karlsruhe, Germany


Stephen G. Bell
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


Derk Bemeleit
Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 25, Munich, 81377, Germany


Krisztina Z. Bencze
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Isabel Bento
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Av. da República, Oeiras, 2781-901, Portugal


Jitendra K. Bera
Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India


Michela Bertero
Centre for Genomic Regulation, Barcelona, Spain


Luca Bertini
University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy


Christian Betzel
University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Centre of Experimental Medicine, Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, Hamburg, Germany


Maria C. Bewley
Brookhaven National Laboratory, Biology Department, Upton, New York, USA


Mohan S. Bharara
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


B. Bhaskar
University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA


Nattamai Bhuvanesh
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

Christoph Bieniossek
Universität Bern, Departement für Chemie und Biochemie, Berne, Switzerland; Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Institute of Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Zurich, Switzerland


Jacek Biesiadka
Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Chemie und Biochemie-Kristallographie, Takustrasse 6, Berlin, 14195, Germany; Max-Planck Institute for Medical Research, Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Jahnstrasse 29, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany


Andrew N. Bigley
Texas A&M University, Department of Chemistry, College Station, TX, USA


Claudia Binda
Università di Pavia, Dipartimento di Genetica e Microbiologia, Pavia, Italy


Steven M. Bischof
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA


Klaus Bister
University of Innsbruck, Institute of Biochemistry, Austria


Tom Bitterwolf
University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA

Allan G. Blackman
University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand


Robert E. Blankenship
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA


Leah C. Blasiak
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA


August Böck
University of Munich, Department Biologie 1, Munich, Germany


Wolfram Bode
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Abteilung für Strukturforschung, Martinsried, Germany


Rolf Boelens
Utrecht University, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of NMR Spectroscopy, Utrecht, The Netherlands


Cédric Boissière
LCMC, CNRS—University of Paris 6, Paris, France


Sang Bok Kim
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA


Alexander I. Boldyrev
Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA


Jeffrey T. Bolin
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA


Matthias Boll
University of Leipzig, Institute of Biochemistry, Leipzig, Germany


Martino Bolognesi
University of Genova, Department of Physics, INFM and IST c/o Advanced Biotechnology Center, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10, Genova, I-16132, Italy


James M. Boncella
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA


Domenico Bordo
University of Genova, Department of Physics, INFM and IST c/o Advanced Biotechnology Center, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10, Genova, I-16132, Italy


Marco Borsari
University of Modena, Modena, Italy


Emma J. Boswell
University of Oxford, Biochemistry Department, Oxford, UK


Kristin Bowman-James
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA


Jeffrey C. Boyington
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA


Nigel P. Brandon
Imperial College London, London, UK


Jerónimo Bravo
University of York, Department of Chemistry, York, YO1 5DD, United Kingdom


Kara L. Bren
University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA


Dan J. L. Brett
Imperial College London and University College London, London, UK


Hans Joachim Breunig
University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany


Karen J. Brewer
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA


R. Brian Dyer
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Fabrizio Briganti
Università di Firenze, Dipartimento di Chimica, Via della Lastruccia 3, Sesto Fiorentino (FI), I-50019, Italy


Scott C. Brooks
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Penelope J. Brothers
The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand


Robert J. Brotherton
U.S. Borax Inc., Valencia, CA, USA


Mark A. Brown
Lund University, University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden


I. David Brown
McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada


Chiara Bruckmann
University of Edinburgh, EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK


Gary W. Brudvig
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


Thomas C. Brunold
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA


Maurizio Brunori
Università di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche 'A. Rossi Fanelli', Rome, Italy


Maurizio Bruschi
University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy


Xianhui Bu
California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA


Y. Bu
Shandong University, Jinan, China


Luigi Bubacco
University of Padova, Department of Biology, Via Ugo Bassi 58b, Padova, 35121, Italy


Thomas Büchert
Universität Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany


Wolfgang Buckel
Philipps-Universität Marburg, Laboratorium für Mikrobiologie, Fachbereich Biologie, Germany


Michael Bühl
University of St. Andrews, Scotland, UK


Jeremy K. Burdett
The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada


John Burgess
University of Leicester, Leicester, UK


Kieron Burke
University of California, Irvine, CA, USA


Carol J. Burns
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Tilman Butz
University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany


Jordi Cabana
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA


Fausto Calderazzo
Università di Pisa, Pisa, Italy


Alexander D. Cameron
Imperial College London University, Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, Biochemistry Department, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, UK


Robert L. Campbell
Queen's University, Department of Biochemistry, Kingston, Ontario, Canada


Enric Canadell
Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (CSIC), Bellaterra, Spain


G.W. Canters
Leiden University, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Einsteinweg 55, CC Leiden, 2333, The Netherlands; Leiden University, Leiden Institute of Physics, Huygens Laboratory, Niels Bohrweg 2, CA Leiden, 2333, The Netherlands


Melchor V. Cantorias
Hunter College and the Graduate School of the City University of New York, New York, NY, USA

Li Cao
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


X. Cao
Universität zu Köln, Köln, Germany


Roberto Cappai
University of Melbourne, Department of Pathology, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia; University of Melbourne, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, Victoria, 3010, Australia; ental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia; University of Melbourne, Centre for Neuroscience, Victoria, 3010, Australia


Claire J. Carmalt
University College London, London, UK


Maria del Carmen Michelini
Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy


JoLynn Carroll
Akvaplan-niva, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway


Maria Arménia Carrondo
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal


Charles W. Carter, Jr
CB 7260 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7263, USA


Gabriel Caruntu
University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA


Daniela Caruntu
University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA


Joseph A. Caruso
University of Cincinnati/Agilent Technologies Metallomics Center of the Americas, Cincinnati, OH, USA; University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA


Albert L. Casalnuovo
The DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA


David A. Case
Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA


Kelby Cassity
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Richard Catlow
Royal Institution of Great Britain, London, UK


Christine Cavazza
Institut de Biologie Structurale, Grenoble, France


Pierpaolo Ceci
C.N.R. Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, Rome, Italy


Eila S. Cedergren-Zeppezauer
Lund University, Biochemistry, Center for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund, Sweden


Eric Chabriere
Université Henri Poincaré, Nancy, France


Jeannine M. Chan
Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA


Christopher J. Chancellor
University of California—Davis, Davis, CA, USA


Stephen K. Chapman
University of Edinburgh, EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK


Paulette Charlier
Université de Liège, Institut de Chimie B6, Centre d'Ingénierie des Protéines, Sart Tilman, Belgium


Ferman A. Chavez
Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA


Jwu-Ting Chen
National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Xiaole Chen
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Shaofeng Chen
University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, People's Republic of China


Shuyan Chen
Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA


Zhi Wen Chia
National University of Singapore, Singapore


Hsiu-Ju Chiu
University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA


Tristram Chivers
The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada


Stephen C. Chmely
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Hans E.M. Christensen
Technical University of Denmark, Department of Chemistry, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark


Eduardo E. Chufán
Johns Hopkins University, Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA


David G. Churchill
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea


Melissa B. Cichowicz
West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester, PA, USA


Brian W. Clare
University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Australia


David L. Clark
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Hervé Clavier
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Tarragona, Spain


Abraham Clearfield
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


David Cobessi
CNRS-CEA-Université Joseph Fourier, 41, Institut de Biologie Structurale, Rue Jules Horowitz, Grenoble Cedex-1, 38027, France


JaimeLee Iolani Cohen
Pace University, New York, NY, USA


David J. Collins
Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA


Simon R. Collinson
University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK


Marie-Noëlle Collomb
Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France


Roberto Comparelli
Italian National Research Council—CNR, Istituto per i Processi Chimici e fisici, Bari, Italy; Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy


Jeanet Conradie
University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway; University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa


Rebecca R. Conry
Colby College, Waterville, ME, USA


Carlos Contreras-Martel
Institut de Biologie Structurale, Grenoble, France


Jonathan B. Cooper
University of Southampton, School of Biological Sciences, UK


Serena J. Cooper
School of Chemistry, University Park, Nottingham, UK, NG7 2RD


Thibaud Coradin
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Chimie de la Matière Condensée (CNRS) and Collège de France, Paris, France


Senena Corbalán-García
Universidad de Murcia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Departmento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular (A), Murcia, Spain


Joseph A. Cotruvo, Jr.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Department of Biology, Cambridge, MA, USA


Simon A. Cotton
Uppingham School, Uppingham, UK


James W. Coulton
McGill University, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montréal, Québec, H3A 2B4, Canada



Robert H. Crabtree
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


William A. Cramer
Purdue University West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA


Jonathan D. Crane
University of Sussex, Brighton, UK


Nathan R. M. Crawford
University of California, Irvine, CA, USA


R. I. Cukier
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA


Valeria C. Culotta
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA


Maria Lucia Curri
Italian National Research Council—CNR, Istituto per i Processi Chimici e fisici, Bari, Italy; Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy


Francesca Cutruzzolà
Università di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Biochimiche 'A. Rossi Fanelli', Rome, Italy


Miroslaw Cygler
Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, Montreal, Quebec, Canada


Paul T. Czech
Providence College, Providence, RI, USA


Roman S. Czernuszewicz
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA


Mirjam Czjzek
IBSM, Laboratoire d'Architecture et de Fonction des Macromolécules Biologiques, Marseille, CNRS-UMR 6098, France


Samuel Dagorne
Chimie de la Matière Condensée (CNRS), Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, Paris, France


Sheng Dai
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA


Harry A. Dailey
University of Georgia, Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Microbiology, Athens, GA, 30602, USA


Glenn E. Dale
Morphochem AG, Basel, Switzerland


Chantal Daniel
Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France; CNRS/Université de Strasbourg, Institut de Chimie, Strasbourg, France


Yannicke Dauphin
Université Paris Sud, Orsay, France


J. H. David Wu
University of Rochester, Department of Chemical Engineering, Rochester, NY, USA


Peter L. Davies
Queen's University, Department of Biochemistry, Kingston, Ontario, Canada


Gideon J. Davies
University of York, Department of Chemistry, York, UK


Luca De Gioia
University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy


Simon de Vries
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands


Heinz Decker
Institute for Molecular Biophysics, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany


Robert J. Deeth
University of Warwick, Coventry, UK


Muriel Delepierre
CNRS URA 2185, Institut Pasteur, Unité de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire des Biomolécules, Paris, France


Roberta Delfanti
ENEA-Marine Environment Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy


C. Dennison
University of Newcastle, Department of Chemistry, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom


Nicoletta Depalo
Italian National Research Council—CNR, Istituto per i Processi Chimici e fisici, Bari, Italy; Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy


Alain Deronzier
Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France


Alessandro Desideri
INFM, University of Roma 'Tor Vergata', Department of Biology, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, Rome, 00133, Italy


Ram Devanathan
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA


Srikripa Devarakonda
University of Virginia, Department of Pharmacology, Interdisciplinary Program in Biophysics, Charlottesville, VA, USA


Joel R. Deye
Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY, USA


Ish K. Dhawan
California Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA


Otto Dideberg
LCM, Institut de Biologie Structurale, Rue Jules Horowitz, Grenoble-Cedex 1, France


Michael DiDonato
The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA


Kay Diederichs
Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Konstanz, M656, Postfach 55 60, Konstanz, D-78457, Germany


G. Charles Dismukes
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA


David A. Dixon
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA


Holger Dobbek
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany


M. Dolg
Universität zu Köln, Köln, Germany


Cyril Dominguez
Utrecht University, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of NMR Spectroscopy, Utrecht, The Netherlands


David M. Dooley
Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA


Reto Dorta
University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA


A. Kristina Downing
University of Oxford, Biochemistry Department, Oxford, UK


Catherine L. Drennan
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Biology, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA


Valérie Ducros
University of York, Department of Chemistry, York, UK


David M. Duda
University of Florida, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gainesville, FL, USA


Etienne Duguet
Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France


Evert C. Duin
Max-Planck-Institut für terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany


Kim R. Dunbar
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Lothar Dunsch
Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research (IFW) Dresden, Dresden, Germany


Jérôme Dupuy
Institut de Biologie Structurale J.P. Ebel, Laboratoire de Cristallographie et de Cristallogenèse des Protéines, CEA-CNRS-UJF, UMR 5075, Grenoble, France; Scripps Research Institute, Stevens Laboratory - SR105, La Jolla, California, 92037, USA


Bill Durham
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA


Robert R. Eady
Molecular Biophysics Group, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, Cheshire, WA4 4AD, UK


Antonio M. Echavarren
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain


Alexander Eder
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria


Peter P. Edwards
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


Victor Egorov
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Crimea, Ukraine


Christoph Eicken
Texas A&M University, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, College Station, Texas, USA


Oliver Einsle
Abteilung Strukturforschung, Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Germany
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Institut für Mikrobiologie und Genetik, Göttingen, Germany


Betty Eipper
University of Connecticut Health Center, Neuroscience and Molecular, Microbial and Structural Biology, Farmington, CT, 06030, USA


Hans Eklund
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Biology, Uppsala, Sweden


Hani M. El-Kaderi
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Bobby D. Ellis
University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada


Lindsay D. Eltis
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada


Mark C. Elvington
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA


Joseph P. Emerson
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA


John F. Endicott
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Robert Engel
Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing, NY, USA


Jürgen Engel
Biozentrum, University of Basel, Department of Biophysical Chemistry and Structural Biology, Basel, Switzerland


Ulrich Ermler
Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt, Germany


Peter T. Erskine
University of Southampton, School of Biological Sciences, UK


Jorge C. Escalante-Semerena
University of Wisconsin, Department of Bacteriology, Department of Biochemistry, Madison, WI, 53706, USA


Pablo Espinet
Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain


Robert Etges
IBFB Pharma GmbH, Leipzig, Germany


John P. Fackler, Jr
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Wayne J. Fairbrother
Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California, USA


Mattia Falconi
INFM, University of Roma 'Tor Vergata', Department of Biology, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, Rome, 00133, Italy


John W. Faller
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


Elisabetta Fanizza
Italian National Research Council—CNR, Istituto per i Processi Chimici e fisici, Bari, Italy; Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy


Serena Fantasia
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Tarragona, Spain


Piercarlo Fantucci
University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy


Horacio A. Farach
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA


Igor L. Fedushkin
G. A. Razuvaev Institute of Organometallic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia


Michael D. Feese
University of Washington, Department of Biological Structure, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA


Thomas P. Fehlner
University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA


Maria Felisa Zuniga
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA


Pingyun Feng
University of California Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA


Roger E. Fenna
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA


Stuart J. Ferguson
University of Oxford, Department of Biochemistry & Oxford Centre for Molecular Sciences, UK


Andrew D. Ferguson
McGill University, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Montréal, Québec, H3A 2B4, Canada


Marcos Fernández-García
Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica, CSIC, Madrid, Spain


Marta Ferraroni
Università di Firenze, Dipartimento di Chimica, Via della Lastruccia 3, Sesto Fiorentino (FI), I-50019, Italy


Jose Luis G. Fierro
Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry, CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain


David Fischer
Universität Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany


Ignacio Fita
IBMB (C.S.I.C.), Departamento de Biología Estructural, Jordi Girona, Barcelona, Spain


Paula M.D. Fitzgerald
Merck Research Laboratories, NJ, USA


John M. Flanagan
Brookhaven National Laboratory, Biology Department, Upton, New York, USA


Kevin R. Flower
UMIST, Manchester, UK


Gert E. Folkers
Utrecht University, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of NMR Spectroscopy, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Juan C. Fontecilla-Camps
Institut de Biologie Structurale J.P. Ebel, Laboratoire de Cristallographie et de Cristallogenèse des Protéines, CEA-CNRS-UJF, UMR 5075, Grenoble, France


Farhad Forouhar
Columbia University, Department of Biological Sciences, Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium, New York, NY, USA


C. Fouassier
Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée (ICMCB-CNRS), Pessac cedex, France


Lynn C. Francesconi
Hunter College and the Graduate School of the City University of New York, New York, NY, USA


Carlos Frazão
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal


Hans C. Freeman
University of Sydney, Department of Biochemistry, NSW 2006, Australia


Gernot Frenking
Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany


Jean-Marie Frère
Université de Liège, Institut de Chimie B6, Centre d'Ingénierie des Protéines, Sart Tilman, Belgium


Michel Frey
Institut de Biologie Structurale J.P. Ebel CEA-CNRS, Grenoble, France


Lloyd D. Fricker
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Molecular Pharmacology, NY, USA


Peter Friedrich
Philipps-Universität Marburg, Laboratorium für Mikrobiologie, Fachbereich Biologie, Germany


Richard A. Friesner
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA


Tomislav Frišcic
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA


Günter Fritz
Universität Konstanz, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Sektion, Fachbereich Biologie, Konstanz, Germany; Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany


Felix Frolow
The George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Tel Aviv, Israel


Keiichi Fukuyama
Osaka University, Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-0043, Japan


Vilmos Fülöp
University of Warwick, Department of Biological Sciences, UK


Filipp Furche
University of California, Irvine, CA, USA


Barbara C. Furie
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, Boston, MA, USA


Bruce Furie
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, Boston, MA, USA


Stéphane M. Gagné
Université Laval, Québec, Canada


Michael Gajhede
University of Copenhagen, Protein Structure Group, Department of Chemistry, Universitetsparken 5, Copenhagen, DK-2100, Denmark


Dan Galeriu
“Horia Hulubei" National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania


Lei Gao
Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China


Xiaohu Gao
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA


R. Michael Garavito
Michigan State University, Department of Biochemistry, East Lansing, MI, USA


Régis Gautier
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, Rennes, France


Kalle Gehring
McGill University, Department of Biochemistry, Montreal, Quebec, Canada


Nicolay Genov
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Organic Chemistry, Sofia, Bulgaria


Serena DeBeer George
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA


Dessislava Georgieva
University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Centre of Experimental Medicine, Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, Hamburg, Germany


Carsten Gerdemann
Westfälische-Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institut für Biochemie, Anorganisch-Chemisches Institut, Germany


Elizabeth D. Getzoff
The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California

Hossein Ghanbari
University College London, London, UK; Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust Hospital, London, UK


Abhik Ghosh
University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway


David P. Giedroc
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Bill C. Giessen
Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA


Gregory I. Giles
The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA


Gary L. Gilliland
Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology of the University of Maryland, Biotechnology Institute, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Rockville, MD, USA


Jenny P. Glusker
The Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA


George S. Goff
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Colette Goffin
Liège University, Institut de Chimie B6, Centre for Protein Engineering, Sart Tilman, Belgium


Andreas Goldbach
Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, China; CNRS-Université d'Orléans, Orléans, France


Juan Carmelo Gómez-Fernández
Universidad de Murcia, Facultad de Veterinaria, Departmento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular (A), Murcia, Spain


F. Xavier Gomis-Rüth
Institut de Biologia Molecular de Barcelona, C.S.I.C., C/Jordi Girona, 18-26, Barcelona, Spain


Brian J. Goodfellow
Universidade de Aveiro, Departamento de Química, Aveiro, 3810-193, Portugal


Felix E. Goodson
West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester, PA, USA


Serge I. Gorelsky
University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada


Wolfgang Grabarse
Max-Planck-Institut für terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany; Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt, Germany


Claudio Greco
University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy


John E. Greedan
McMaster University, The Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, Hamilton, Canada


Jennifer C. Green
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


Douglas R. Green
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Department of Immunology, Memphis, TN, USA


Martha Greenblatt
State University of New Jersey, Rutgers, Piscataway, NJ, USA


Mary Grellier
Chimie de la Matière Condensée (CNRS), Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Toulouse, France


Lothar Gremer
Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany


Jean-Michel Grévy
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca, México


Clare P. Grey
Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA; University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK


Adrian Gross
Northwestern University Medical School, Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA


David Grosso
LCMC, CNRS—University of Paris 6, Paris, France


Karl Gruber
Strukturbiologie, Karl-Franzens-Universität, Institut für Chemie, Graz, Austria


Nadine E. Gruhn
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA


Lingrong Gu
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


M. Fátima C. Guedes da Silva
Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal; Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


Nicolas Guérin
Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada


Francisco Javier Guillén
University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain


Marites Guino-o
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA


Dirk M. Guldi
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany


Sergey Gulin
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Crimea, Ukraine


Niladri Narayan Gupta
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Jules Mitchell Guss
University of Sydney, School of Molecular Bioscience, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia


Béla Gyori
University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary


Abebe Habtegabre
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA


W.F. Hagen
Delft University of Technology, Kluyver Department of Biotechnology, Julianalaan 67, DELFT, The Netherlands, 2628 BC


Roger C. Hahn
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA


Ionel Haiduc
Universitatea 'Babes-Bolyai', Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Brian J. Hales
Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA


Jean-François Halet
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, Rennes, France

Leif Hammarström
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden


Anton Hammerl
Universität München Butenandtstr, Munich, Germany


Brian E. Hanson
Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA


Timothy P. Hanusa
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


P. John Hart
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Center for Biomolecular Structure Analysis, Department of Biochemistry, San Antonio, TX, 78284-7760, USA


Melanie J. Harvey
University of Saint Mary, Leavenworth, KS, USA


Jeremy N. Harvey
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK


Asamuddin Abu Hasan
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia


Zulfiqar Hasan
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands


Richard Haser
IBCP, Laboratoire de Bio-Christallographie, Lyon, CNRS-UMR5086, France


Brian G. Hashiguchi
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA


S. Samar Hasnain
Molecular Biophysics Group, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, Cheshire, WA4 4AD, UK


William E. Hatfield
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA


Robert P. Hausinger
Michigan State University, Departments of Microbiology and Biochemistry, East Lansing, MI, 48824 USA


Daniel Häussinger
Biozentrum, University of Basel, Department of Biophysical Chemistry and Structural Biology, Basel, Switzerland


Takashi Hayashi
Osaka University, Yamadaoka, Japan


Trevor W. Hayton
The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada


Sidney M. Hecht
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA


Claus W. Heizmann
University of Zürich, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Clinical Chemistry and Biochemistry, Zürich, Switzerland


John R. Helliwell
University of Manchester, Manchester, UK


Lars Hemmingsen
University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark


Wieger Hemrika
University of Amsterdam, Institute for Molecular Chemistry and E.C. Slater Institute, The Netherlands


Peter J.F. Henderson
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Michael P. Hendrich
Department of Chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University, 4400 5th Avenue, 268-1061, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213-2683, USA


Aloysius F. Hepp
NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, USA


David Heroux
Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA


Jürgen Herrmann
Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, Hamburg, Germany


Karolin Herrmanns
Universität Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany


Osnat Herzberg
University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology, MD, USA


Rafael Hidalgo
Springfield Technical Community College, Springfield, MA, USA


Mark Hilge
Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands


Rolf Hilgenfeld
University of Lübeck, Institute of Biochemistry, Center for Structural and Cell Biology in Medicine (CSCM), Ratzeburger Allee 160, Lübeck, Germany


E. Alexander Hill
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA


Russ Hille
University of California, Department of Biochemistry, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA


Toshikazu Hirao
Osaka University, Yamadaoka, Japan


Gregory G. Hlatky
Equistar Chemicals LP, Cincinnati, OH, USA


David T. Hobbs
Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken, SC, USA


Rosalie K. Hocking
Monash University, Clayton, Australia


Carl D. Hoff
University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA


Erhard Hohenester
Imperial College, Department of Biological Sciences, London, UK


Wim G.J. Hol
University of Washington, Department of Biological Structure, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA


Jennifer A. Hollingsworth
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Randall K. Holmes
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Department of Microbiology, Denver, CO, 80262, USA


Wolfgang Hönle
Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Dresden, Germany


Alan B. Hooper
Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Department of Biochemistry, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA


Karl-Peter Hopfner
Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 25, Munich, 81377, Germany


Kathrin H. Hopmann
University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway


Narayan S. Hosmane
Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, IL, USA


Donald A. House
University of Canterbury, Christchurch, and Massey University, Albany, New Zealand


Catherine E. Housecroft
University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland


Claas H. Hövelmann
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA


Judith A. K. Howard
University of Durham, Durham, UK


James B. Howard
University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA


Robertha C. Howell
Hunter College and the Graduate School of the City University of New York, New York, NY, USA


Hrant P. Hratchian
Gaussian Inc., Wallingford, CT, USA


Yilin Hu
University of California, Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA


Qinhong Hu
The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA


Mingdong Huang
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole MA, Boston, MA, USA


Robert Huber
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany


Liliane G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France


Joseph L. Hughes
Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


Christian Hurtgen
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium


Alan T. Hutton
University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa


Noriyuki Igarashi
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Institute of Materials Structure Science, Tsukuba, Japan


Jonathan A. Iggo
University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK


Tarja Ikäheimonen
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsingfors, Finland


Mitsuhiko Ikura
University of Toronto and Division of Molecular & Structural Biology, Ontario Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Biophysics, Canada


Andrea Ilari
C.N.R. Institute of Molecular Biology and Pathology, Rome, Italy


Erkki Ilus
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsingfors, Finland


Yayoi Inomata
Meteorological Research Institute, Tsukuba, Japan


Chantal Iobbi-Nivol
IBSM, Laboratoire de Chimie Bactérienne, Marseille, CNRS UPR90, France


Gitte Iversen
Technical University of Denmark, Department of Chemistry, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark


Tina M. Iverson
Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, Division of Biomedical Sciences, Wolfson Laboratories, London, UK; Graduate Option in Biochemistry, 147-75 CH, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA


So Iwata
Imperial College London University, Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, Biochemistry Department, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, UK


Nadia Izadi-Pruneyre
CNRS URA 2185, Institut Pasteur, Unité de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire des Biomolécules, Paris, France


Scott Jackson
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Allan J. Jacobson
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA


Wolfgang Jäger
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada


Frieder Jäkle
Rutgers University, Newark, NJ, USA


Stuart L. James
Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, UK


Fred H. Jardine
Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA


Philip M. Jardine
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA


Eluvathingal D. Jemmis
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram, India


Samantha L. Jenkins
University of Reading, Reading, UK


Jan H. Jensen
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark


Kasper P. Jensen
Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark


Jae-Hun Jeoung
Universität Bayreuth, Labor für Proteinkristallographie/Biochemie, Germany


Eloása Jiménez-Núñez
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain


Maria João Romão
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Departamento de Química, CQFB, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, 2825-114 Caparica, Portugal


Olof Johansson
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden


Michael K. Johnson
University of Georgia, Department of Chemistry, Athens, GA 30602, USA


Taehong Jun
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea


Wolfgang Kabsch
Max-Planck-Institut für medizinische Forschung, Heidelberg, Germany


Masahisa Kakiuchi
Gakushuin University, Tokyo, Japan


Aaron Joseph Kalb (Gilboa)
The Weizmann Institute of Science, Department of Structural Biology, Rehovot, Israel


Nikolas Kaltsoyannis
University College London, London, UK

Yuichi Kamiya
Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan


Kenneth Kam-Wing Lo
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China


Mercouri G. Kanatzidis
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA


ChulHee Kang
Washington State University, School of Molecular Biosciences, Pullman, WA, USA


Günter Kanisch
Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institute, Hamburg, Germany


Ruben Y. Kannan
University College London, London, UK; Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust Hospital, London, UK


Aimo Kannt
Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt am Main, Germany


Evan R. Kantrowitz
Boston College, Merkert Chemistry Center, Department of Chemistry, Chestnut Hill, MA, USA


Kenneth D. Karlin
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA


George B. Kauffman
California State University, Fresno, CA, USA


Martin Kaupp
University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany


Susan M. Kauzlarich
University of California, Davis, CA, USA


Hiroshi Kawasaki
Yokohama City University, Kihara Institute for Biological Research, Division of Plant Genetic Engineering, Yokohama, Japan


Sergei A. Kazakov
Somagenics, Inc, Santa Cruz, CA, USA


Jerome B. Keister
State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA


Timothy S. Keizer
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Paul F. Kelly
Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK


D. Webster Keogh
Applied Marine Technology, Inc., Virginia Beach, VA, USA; Glenn T. Seaborg Institute for Transactinium Science, Los Alamos, NM, USA


David L. Kepert
University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Australia


Peter Kershaw
The Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (Cefas), Lowestoft, UK


Janet M. Kesselman
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Douglas A. Keszler
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA


Valery N. Khabashesku
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA


Yaroslav Z. Khimyak
University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK


Jacky Chi Ki Ngo
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Biochemistry, Hong Kong, China


John Kilner
Imperial College London, London, UK


Kibong Kim
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea


R. Bruce King
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA


Mahadev Ravi Kiran
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Department of Pharmacology, Denver, CO, USA


Martin L. Kirk
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA


Caroline Kisker
State University of New York at Stony Brook, Department of Pharmacological Sciences, Center for Structural Biology, Stony Brook, NY, USA


Gabor Kiss
University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA


Rebecca M. Kissling
State University of New York, Binghamton, NY, USA


Kenneth J. Klabunde
Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA

Thomas M. Klapötke
Universität München Butenandtstr, Munich, Germany


Victor I. Klimov
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Judith P. Klinman
University of California, Departments of Chemistry and Molecular and Cell Biology, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA


Marc R. Knecht
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Sushilla Knottenbelt
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA


J. Köhler
Max-Planck-Institut FKF, Stuttgart, Germany


U. Kolczak
Leiden University, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Einsteinweg 55, CC Leiden, 2333, The Netherlands; Leiden University, Leiden Institute of Physics, Huygens Laboratory, Niels Bohrweg 2, CA Leiden, 2333, The Netherlands


Kalyan C. Kondapalli
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Robert Konrat
University of Vienna, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry and Molecular Structural Biology, Austria


Georg Kontaxis
University of Vienna, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry and Molecular Structural Biology, Austria


Brian A. Korgel
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA


Nicole Koropatkin
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, 975 North Warson Road, St. Louis, MO, 63132, USA


Daniel J. Kosman
The University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA


Wolfgang Köster
University of Saskatchewan, VIDO-Vaccine & Infectious Diseases Organization, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Christopher M. Kozak
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


Larry K. Krannich
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA


Christoph Kratky
Strukturbiologie, Karl-Franzens-Universität, Institut für Chemie, Graz, Austria


Elmars Krausz
Australian National University, Canberra, Australia


Bernhard Kräutler
University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria


Bernt Krebs
Westfälische-Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institut für Biochemie, Anorganisch-Chemisches Institut, Germany


Robert H. Kretsinger
University of Virginia, Department of Biology, Charlottesville, VA, USA


Karla D. Krewulak
University of Calgary, Structural Biology Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Calgary, Alberta, Canada


Peter M.H. Kroneck
Universität Konstanz, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Sektion, Fachbereich Biologie, Konstanz, Germany


Harold W. Kroto
University of Sussex, Brighton, UK


Robin R. Kucharczyk
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA


Nyoman D. Kurniawan
University of Oxford, Biochemistry Department, Oxford, UK


Donald M. Kurtz, Jr
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA


Tatiana G. Kutateladze
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Department of Pharmacology, Denver, CO, USA


Hans Kuzmany
Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria


Oleksandr V. Kuznetsov
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA


Vladimir L. Kuznetsov
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


Latesh Lad
University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA


Paul E. Laibinis
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Risto S. Laitinen
University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland


John H. Laity
University of Missouri-Kansas City, Division of Cell Biology & Biophysics, School of Biological Sciences, Kansas City, MO, USA


Katja Lammens
Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Gene Center and Center for Integrated Protein Science, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 25, Munich, 81377, Germany


C. Roy D. Lancaster
Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt am Main, Germany


Jack R. Lancaster, Jr
The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA


Edward R. Landa
US Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA


Christopher P. Landee
Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA


Jian-Ping Lang
Suzhou University, Suzhou, China

William N. Lanzilotta
University of Georgia, Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Microbiology, Athens, GA, 30602, USA


J. Z. Larese
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA; Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA


Dominic Larivière
Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada


Iver Lauermann
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Geoffrey A. Lawrance
University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia


Nick E. Le Brun
University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK


Anne Lecroisey
CNRS URA 2185, Institut Pasteur, Unité de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire des Biomolécules, Paris, France


Jim Yang Lee
National University of Singapore, Singapore


Peter Legzdins
The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada


Nicolai Lehnert
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA


Zhibin Lei
National University of Singapore, Singapore


Matthias Lein
Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany


Brian J. Lemon
Utah State University, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, USA


Michael J. Lenaeus
Northwestern University Medical School, Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, 303 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA


Walter Lengauer
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria


Su Ling Leong
University of Melbourne, Department of Pathology, Parkville, Victoria, 3010, Australia; University of Melbourne, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, Victoria, 3010, Australia; Mental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia


Fabrice Leroux
Université Blaise Pascal, Aubière, France


Wing-Por Leung
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong China


Chin Hin Leung
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA


Allison Lewin
University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK


Nathan S. Lewis
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Daniel B. Leznoff
Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada


Ding Li
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Hui Li
University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA


Jiaxing Li
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, People's Republic of China


Huiying Li
University of California, Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry and the Program in Macromolecular Structure, Irvine, CA, 92697-3900, USA


Hung-Kei Li
State University of New York at Stony Brook, Department of Biochemistry and Center for Structural Biology, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-5215, USA


Li Li Zhang
National University of Singapore, Singapore

Chengdu Liang
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

Wen-Feng Liaw
National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan


Dennis L. Lichtenberger
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA


Paul D. Lickiss
Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine, London, UK


Charles M. Lieber
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA


Enrique Lima
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F., Mexico


Zhien Lin
University of California-Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA


Peter W. Linder
University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa


Peter F. Lindley
European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, Grenoble, F-38043, France


Ylva Lindqvist
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Stockholm, Sweden


Thomas A. Link
Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/Main, Institut für Biophysik, Germany


Stephen J. Lippard
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA


William N. Lipscomb
Harvard University, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cambridge, USA


Bruce H. Lipshutz
University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA


Jianke Liu
University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK


Qian Liu
McGill University, Department of Biochemistry, Montreal, Quebec, Canada


Jacques Livage
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Chimie de la Matière Condensée (CNRS) and Collège de France, Paris, France


Antoni Llobet
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ) and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain


Peter C. Loewen
University of Manitoba, Department of Microbiology, Winnipeg, R3T 2N2, Canada


Kapil S. Lokare
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA


Bernhard Loll
Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Chemie und Biochemie-Kristallographie, Takustrasse 6, Berlin, 14195, Germany; Max-Planck Institute for Medical Research, Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Jahnstrasse 29, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany


Emanuela Lonardi
Leiden University, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Einsteinweg 55, CC Leiden, 2333, The Netherlands


Xavier López
Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain


Simon Lotz
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa


Ricardo O. Louro
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Av. da República, Oeiras, 2781-901, Portugal


Yi Lu
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA


Fushen Lu
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


Tong-Bu Lu
Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China


Jacques Lucas
University of Rennes, Chimie de la Matière Condensée (CNRS), Rennes, France


Brett L. Lucht
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA


Martha L. Ludwig
University of Michigan, Department of Biological Chemistry and Biophysics Research Division, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055, USA


Hartmut Luecke
University of California, Department of Molecular Biology & Biochemistry, Irvine, CA, USA


Charles M. Lukehart
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Marcus Lundberg
Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan


Torsten Lundström
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden


Maria Lüning
Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, Solna, Sweden


Betsy L. Lytle
University of Rochester, Department of Chemical Engineering, Rochester, NY, USA


Zhen Ma
University of California, Riverside, CA, USA; Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA


Pikyee Ma
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Charles L. B. Macdonald
University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada


Anjos L. Macedo
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Centro de Química Fina e Biotecnologia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Química, Caparica, 2825-114, Portugal


Leonard R. MacGillivray
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA


John Mack
University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada


Karen A. Magnus
Duke University Marine Laboratory, Beaufort, NC, USA


Joel T. Mague
Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA


John A. Maguire
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA


Michael E. Maguire
Case Western Reserve University, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4965, USA


Felix Mahlert
Max-Planck-Institut für terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany


Richard Mains
University of Connecticut Health Center, Neuroscience and Molecular, Microbial and Structural Biology, Farmington, CT, 06030, USA


Thomas C. W. Mak
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Peoples' Republic of China


Yogita Mantri
Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA


Wolfgang Maret
Harvard Medical School, Center for Biochemical and Biophysical Sciences and Medicine, Cambridge, MA, USA


Tiziana Marino
Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy


Tippawan Markmaitree
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA


Christoph Marschner
Technische Universität Graz, Graz, Austria


R. Bruce Martin
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA

Ramón Martínez-Máñez
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany; Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain


Berta M. Martins
Universität Bayreuth, Laboratorium für Mikrobiologie/Proteinkristallographie, ENB Macromolecular Science, Germany


Klaus Maskos
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany


Mark R. Mason
University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA


Werner Massa
Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany


Maria J. Maté
University of York, Department of Chemistry, York, YO1 5DD, United Kingdom


F. Scott Mathews
Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Chemistry and Biophysics, 4566 Scott Ave Box 8231, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA


Pedro M. Matias
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal


Brian W. Matthews
University of Oregon, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Institute of Molecular Biology, Eugene OR, USA


Jukka Mattila
Water and Environment of the River Kymi, Kouvola, Finland


Dmitry Matyushov
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA


Berthold F. Matzanke
University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany


Richard T. Mayes
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA


William H. McCarroll
Rider University, Lawrenceville, NJ, USA


T. Mark McCleskey
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Jon A. McCleverty
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK


John McCracken
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA


James Eric McDonough
University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA


John E. McGrady
University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK


G. Sean McGrady
University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, Canada


Michele A. McGuirl
The University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA


Robert McKenna
University of Florida, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Gainesville, FL, USA


Ronald J. McKinney
The DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA


Michael J. McPherson
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Claude F. Meares
University of California, Davis, CA, USA

Mark P. Mehn
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Mark S. Meier
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Ryan M. Meier
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Rob Meijers
Harvard Medical School, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA


Vincent Méjean
IBSM, Laboratoire de Chimie Bactérienne, Marseille, CNRS UPR90, France


William Melik-Adamyan
Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 117333, Russia


Anca Melintescu
“Horia Hulubei" National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest-Magurele, Romania


Adélio Mendes
Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal


Paola E. Mera
University of Wisconsin, Department of Bacteriology, Department of Biochemistry, Madison, WI, 53706, USA


Joseph S. Merola
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA


Albrecht Messerschmidt
Max-Planck-Institute für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany


Jeroen R. Mesters
University of Lübeck, Institute of Biochemistry, Center for Structural and Cell Biology in Medicine (CSCM), Ratzeburger Allee 160, Lübeck, Germany


Peter Metcalf
University of Auckland, School of Biological Sciences, New Zealand


Philippe Meunier
Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France


Gerald J. Meyer
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA


Jacques Meyer
Institut de Recherches en Technologies et Sciences du Vivant, Département de Biologie Moléculaire et Structurale, CEA - Grenoble, Grenoble, 38054, France


Ortwin Meyer
Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany


Mohammed J. Meziani
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


Hartmut Michel
Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt am Main, Germany


Jerzy W. Mietelski
Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kraków, Poland


João Miguel Dias
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Departamento de Química CQFB, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Portugal


Kunio Miki
Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Department of Chemistry, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan; RIKEN Harima Institute/SPring-8, Koto 1-1-1, Mikazukicho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan


Stuart R. Miller
University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, UK


Anne-Frances Miller
University of Kentucky, Chemistry Department, Lexington, KY, 40506-0055, USA


Francis S. Millett
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA


Svetlana Mintova
Université de Haute Alsace, Mulhouse, France


Eric A. Mintz
Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA, USA


Amitabha Mitra
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Satoshi Mitsuhashi
Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co. Ltd, Tokyo, Japan


Tudor Moldoveanu
Queen's University, Department of Biochemistry, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Department of Immunology, Memphis, TN, USA


Lucia Monica Veca
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


Geoffrey R. Moore
University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK


Joshua T. Moore
Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN, USA


Jean E. Moran
California State University, Hayward, CA, USA


François M.M. Morel
Princeton University, Department of Geosciences, Princeton, NJ, USA


Keiji Morokuma
Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan


W. H. Morris III
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Jens Preben Morth
Aarhus University, Center for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease — PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation, Department of Molecular Biology, Denmark


Jean-Marc Moulis
CEA - Grenoble, Département de Biologie Moléculaire et Structurale, Grenoble, 38054, France; Université J. Fourier, Laboratoire de Chimie et Biologie des Métaux, Institut de Recherches et Technologies du Vivant, UMR CNRS 5249, CEA-Grenoble, France


Philip Mountford
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


José J.G. Moura
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Centro de Química Fina e Biotecnologia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Química, Caparica, 2825-114, Portugal


Isabel Moura
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Centro de Química Fina e Biotecnologia, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Departamento de Química, Caparica, 2825-114, Portugal


Christopher G. Mowat
University of Edinburgh, EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK


Jon I. Mujika
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK


Adrian J. Mulholland
University of Bristol, Bristol, UK


Scott B. Mulrooney
Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA


Gerd Multhaup
Freie Universitaet Berlin, Institut fuer Chemie/Biochemie, Thielallee 63, Berlin, D-14195, Germany


Garry Mund
Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada


Miguel-Ángel Muñoz-Hernández
Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Centro de Investigaciones Químicas, Morelos, Mexico


John R. Murphy
Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA


Michael E.P. Murphy
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada


Garib Murshudov
University of York, Department of Chemistry, York, YO1 5DD, United Kingdom


Kiyoshi Nagai
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK


Satish K. Nair
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA


Atsushi Nakagawa
Osaka University, Institute for Protein Research, Japan


Susumu Nakayama
Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Department of Biochemistry, Sakamoto, Nagasaki, Japan


Herbert Nar
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma, Biberach, Germany


Rufino M. Navarro
Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry, CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain


Linda F. Nazar
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada


Frank Neese
University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany; Max-Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Mülheim, Germany


Gabriela Nemes
Universitatea ``Babes-Bolyai'', Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Aram. M. Nersissian
UCLA, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1569, USA


Mary P. Neu
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


SonBinh T. Nguyen
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Sven P. Nielsen
Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark


Takeshi Nishino
Nippon Medical School, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tokyo, Japan


Poul Nissen
Aarhus University, Center for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease — PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation, Department of Molecular Biology, Denmark


Chunming Niu
Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA


Steven P. Nolan
University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA


Louis Noodleman
Scripps Research Institute, Department of Molecular Biology, La Jolla, Mailstop TPC15, CA 92037, USA


Allan Nørgaard
Technical University of Denmark, Department of Chemistry, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark


Maria Nyblom
Aarhus University, Center for Membrane Pumps in Cells and Disease — PUMPKIN, Danish National Research Foundation, Department of Molecular Biology, Denmark


Wendy F. Ochoa
IBMB (C.S.I.C.), Departamento de Biología Estructural, Jordi Girona, Barcelona, Spain


Charles J. O'Connor
University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA


Christian Oefner
Morphochem AG, Basel, Switzerland


Yuval Ofir
University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA


Mark I. Ogden
Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia


Douglas H. Ohlendorf
University of Minnesota, Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Minneapolis, MN, USA


Osamu Ohtaka
Osaka University, Osaka, Japan


Raija Oilunkaniemi
University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland


Toshio Okuhara
Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan


Maylis Orio
University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany


Iolanda Osvath
International Atomic Energy Agency, Monaco


Sascha Ott
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden


Iisa Outola
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsingfors, Finland


Steven H. Overbury
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA


Michael Overduin
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Department of Pharmacology, Denver, CO, USA


Kenichi Oyaizu
Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan


Emil F. Pai
University of Toronto, Departments of Biochemistry, Medical Biophysics, and Molecular Genetics, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Ontario Cancer Institute/Princess Margaret Hospital, Division of Cancer Genomics & Proteomics, Toronto, Ontario, Canada


Himadri B. Pakrasi
Washington University, Department of Biology, Campus Box 1137, Saint Louis, MO, 63130, USA


Robert S. Paley
Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, PA, USA


Craig B. Pamplin
The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada


Keith H. Pannell
University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA


Massimo Paoli
University of Cambridge, Department of Biochemistry, Cambridge, UK


Carlo Papucci
ENEA-Marine Environment Research Centre, La Spezia, Italy


Kristian Parey
Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt, Germany


M. L. Parr
Trinity College, Hartford, CT, USA


Mark R. Parsons
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Simon G. Patching
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Monita Y. M. Pau
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA


Hauke Paulsen
University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany


Timothy E. Payne
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Menai, NSW, Australia


David R. Peck
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA


Mario A. Pennella
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


James E. Penner-Hahn
The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA


Inês A. C. Pereira
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Av. República, Oeiras, 2780-157, Portugal


Roy A. Periana
The Scripps Research Institute, Jupiter, FL, USA

Scott S. Perry
University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA


Alessandra Pesce
University of Genova, Department of Physics, INFM and IST c/o Advanced Biotechnology Center, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10, Genova, I-16132, Italy


John W. Peters
Utah State University, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, USA


Kirk A. Peterson
Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA


Cynthia W. Peterson
University of Connecticut, Physics Department, Storrs, CT, USA


Petronela Petrar
Universitatea ``Babes-Bolyai'', Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Melissa A. Petruska
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Steven S. Pfeiffer
University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA


Rudolf Pfeiffer
Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria


Christine M. Phillips
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA


George N. Phillips, Jr.
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Biochemistry, Madison, WI 53706, USA


Caroline C. Philpott
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA


Thomas Pichler
Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria; IFW Dresden, Dresden, Germany


Robert D. Pike
The College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA


Nadine Pirio
Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France


Josep M. Poblet
Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain


Ehmke Pohl
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Hamburg Outstation, Notkestr. 85, Hamburg, 22603, Germany


Gennady Polikarpov
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Crimea, Ukraine


Armando J. L. Pombeiro
Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal; Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


Aldo Ponce
Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA


Charles P. Poole, Jr
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA


Michael T. Pope
Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA


Dragan M. Popovic
University of California, Davis, CA, USA


Rainer Pöttgen
Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universität Münster, Germany


Thomas L. Poulos
University of California-Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA


Pavel P. Povinec
Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia


Nand Kishore Prasad
IT-BHU, Varanasi, India


P. Anthony Presta
University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada


Vanessa Prévot
Université Blaise Pascal, Aubière, France


Reg H. Prince
St. John's College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK


Eric Prouzet
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada


Richard J. Puddephatt
The University of Western Ontario, ON, Canada


Merlyn X. Pulikkathara
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA


Dali Qian
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Chao Qin
Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China


Lawrence Que, Jr
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA


Jason Quenneville
University of California, Davis, CA, USA


Keith T. Quisenberry
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Stephen W. Ragsdale
University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA


Che Abd Rahim Mohamed
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia


Daniela Rais
Institut für Anorganische Chemie, Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany


Vijay Ramakrishnan
California Institute of Technology, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 147-75CH, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA


C.S. Raman
University of Texas - Medical School, Structural Biology Center, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Houston, USA


Kandalam V. Ramanujachary
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA


S. Ramaswamy
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Biology, Uppsala, Sweden


Graziella Ranghino
EniChem S.p.A., Via G. Fauser 4, Novara, I-28100, Italy


Zihe Rao
Nankai University, College of Life Sciences & Tianjin Key Laboratory of Protein Science, Tianjin, 300071, China; Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Beijing, 100101, China


Dmitrij Rappoport
University of California, Irvine, CA, USA


Fraydoon Rastinejad
University of Virginia, Department of Pharmacology, Interdisciplinary Program in Biophysics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, Charlottesville, VA, USA


Frank M. Raushel
Texas A$M University, Department of Chemistry, College Station, TX, USA


Ivan Rayment
University of Wisconsin, Department of Bacteriology, Department of Biochemistry, Madison, WI, 53706, USA


Jan Reedijk
Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands


Douglas C. Rees
California Institute of Technology, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 147-75CH, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA; California Institute of Technology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, 147-75CH, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA


William S. Rees, Jr
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA


Graeme A. Reid
University of Edinburgh, School of Chemistry, Edinburgh, UK


Jeffrey A. Reingold
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA


Han Remaut
Gent University, Laboratory of Protein Biochemistry and Protein Engineering, K.L. Ledeganckstraat, Belgium


Maja Remškar
Jožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia


Guillaume Renaudin
University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland


Rokus Renirie
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands


Wolfgang Reuter
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany


Markus W. Ribbe
University of California, Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Irvine, CA, USA


Helena Aguilar Ribeiro
Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal


Raymond L. Richards
University of Sussex, Brighton, UK


Dagmar Ringe
Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA


Christoph Riplinger
University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany


Josep Rizo
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX, USA


Marc S. Robillard
Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands


Gregory H. Robinson
The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA


Fernande D. Rochon
Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada


John R. Rodgers
The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; National Research Council Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Maria Luisa Rodrigues
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Av. República, Oeiras, 2780-157, Portugal


José A. Rodriguez
Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA


John A. Rogers
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA


Sophie Romain
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Barcelona, Spain


Carlos C. Romão
Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal


Núria Romero-Isart
University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland


Christophe Romier
Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, Illkirch, France


Björn O. Roos
Chemical Center, Lund, Sweden


Edward Rosenberg
University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA


Robin J. Rosenfeld
The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California


Anja Rosengarth
University of California, Department of Molecular Biology & Biochemistry, Irvine, CA, USA


Amy C. Rosenzweig
Northwestern University, Departments of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Cell Biology and Chemistry, Evanston, IL, USA


Vincent M. Rotello
University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA


David A. Roth
Wyeth Research, Cambridge, MA, USA

Tracey A. Rouault
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA


Dennis H. Rouvray
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA


Roopali Roy
Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; University of Georgia, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Athens, GA 30602, USA


Katarzyna Rudzka
Johns Hopkins University, Department of Biophysics and Biophysical Chemistry, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA


Karin Ruhlandt-Senge
Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA


Wolfgang Runde
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Knut Rurack
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany; Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain


Nino Russo
Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy


Ryan D. Rutledge
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Ulf Ryde
Lund University, Lund, Sweden


Sylviane Sabo-Etienne
Chimie de la Matière Condensée (CNRS), Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Toulouse, France


Marie-Louise Saboungi
Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, China; CNRS-Université d'Orléans, Orléans, France


Asnor Azrin Sabuti
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia


Wolfram Saenger
Freie Universität Berlin, Institut für Chemie und Biochemie-Kristallographie, Takustrasse 6, Berlin, 14195, Germany; Max-Planck Institute for Medical Research, Department of Biomolecular Mechanisms, Jahnstrasse 29, Heidelberg, 69120, Germany


Paul R.J. Saey
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria


J. Timothy Sage
Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA; University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA


Massoud Saidijam
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK; Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Hamedan, Iran


Jean-Yves Saillard
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Rennes, Rennes, France


Hideki Sakurai
Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan


Alejandro Salas
University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain


Brit Salbu
Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway


M. Cruz Sanchez-Sanchez
Institute of Catalysis and Petrochemistry, CSIC, Cantoblanco, Madrid, Spain


Mark S.P. Sansom
University of Oxford, Structural Bioinformatics and Computational Biochemistry Unit, Department of Biochemistry, South Parks Road, Oxford OX13QU, UK


Bibudhendra Sarkar
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada


Asel Sartbaeva
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


Takahiro Sasamori
Kyoto University, Institute for Chemical Research, Japan


Alfred P. Sattelberger
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Dovas A. Saulys
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA


Leonid Sazanov
Medical Research Council Mitochondrial Biology Unit, Cambridge, CB2 0XY, UK


Isabelle J. Schalk
Université de Strasbourg-CNRS, Institut de Recherche de l'Ecole de Biotechnologie, Bd Sebastien Brandt, F67412 Illkirch Cedex, BP, 10413, France


Christina Scharnagl
Institut für Theoretische Physik, T 38, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Strasse 12, Garching, 85747, Germany


W. Robert Scheidt
Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA; University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA


Annette Schier
Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany


Alexander Schiffer
Universität Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany


Hermann Schindelin
State University of New York at Stony Brook, Department of Biochemistry and Center for Structural Biology, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-5215, USA


H. Bernhard Schlegel
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Benedikt Schmid
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany; California Institute of Technology, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, 147-75CH, Pasadena, CA, 91125, USA


Günter Schmid
University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany


Hubert Schmidbaur
Technische Universität München, Garching, Germany


Eckhardt Schmidt
Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA


Martin Schröder
University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

David M. Schubert
U.S. Borax Inc., Valencia, CA, USA


David J. Schuller
University of California, Irvine, California, USA


Maria A. Schumacher
Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Portland, OR, USA


Herbert Schumann
Institut für Chemie, Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany


Volker Schünemann
University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany


Alexander M. Seifalian
University College London, London, UK; Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust Hospital, London, UK


Grazyna B. Seiffert
Universität Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany


Oottikkal Shameema
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India


Robert D. Shannon
DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA


Patricia A. Shapley
University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA


Hemant K. Sharma
University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, TX, USA


George Shaw
University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK


C. Frank Shaw, III
Illinois State University, Normal, IL, USA


Jason Shearer
Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA


Seigo Shima
Max-Planck-Institut für terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany


Tatsuro Shimamura
Imperial College London University, Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, Biochemistry Department, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, UK


Kyoko Shinzawa-Itoh
Himeji Institute of Technology, Department of Life Science, Kamighori Akoh, Hyogo, 678-1297, Japan


Hidetsugu Shiozawa
University of Surrey, Guildford, UK; Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria


Menachem Shoham
Case Western Reserve University, Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH, 44106-4935, USA


Gary A. Shreve
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Emilia Sicilia
Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy


Per E. M. Siegbahn
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden


Larry C. Sieker
University of Washington, Department of Biological Structure, Seattle WA, USA


Ioan Silaghi-Dumitrescu
Universitatea ``Babes-Bolyai'', Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Nathan J. Silvernail
Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA; University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA


Ursula Simonis
San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA, USA


Tej P. Singh
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Biophysics, New Delhi, India


Stephen Skinner
Imperial College London, London, UK


Joseph M. Slocik
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Alexander Smetana
Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA


G. David Smith
The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute Inc., Buffalo, NY, USA


Archer D. Smith
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA


Derek W. Smith
University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand


Janet L. Smith
Purdue University West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA


Clyde A. Smith
University of Auckland, School of Biological Sciences, Auckland, New Zealand


Thomas J. Smith
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, 975 North Warson Road, St. Louis, MO, 63132, USA


Dennis W. Smith, Jr
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA


Cláudio M. Soares
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal


Björn C. G. Söderberg
West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA


Satoshi Sogabe
Nippon Roche Research Center, 200 Kajiwara, Kamakura, Kanagawa, 247-8530, Japan


Edward I. Solomon
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA


Gabor A. Somorjai
University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA


Jason L. Sonnenberg
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Manuel P. Soriaga
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Glenda M. Soriano
Purdue University West Lafayette, IN, 47907, USA


Tewfik Soulimane
Klinikum der RWTH-Aachen, Institut für Biochemie, Aachen, Germany


Gavin M. Spencer
University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK


Friedrich Spener
University of Münster, Department of Biochemistry, Germany


R. Kate Spooner
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Sudhanshu Srivastava
University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA


Thressa C. Stadtman
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA


Colby E. Stanton
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Christopher R. Staples
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA


Jonathan W. Steed
University of Durham, Durham, UK


Simonetta Stefanini
University of Rome, Department of Biochemical Sciences “A. Rossi Fanelli", “Sapienza", Italy


Timothy L. Stemmler
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Johan Stenflo
Lund University, University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden


Ronald E. Stenkamp
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA


Jörg Stetefeld
Biozentrum, University of Basel, Department of Biophysical Chemistry and Structural Biology, Basel, Switzerland


Julia Steuber
Universität Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany


Ralf Steudel
Technische Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany


John L. Stickney
University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA


Martin J. Stillman
University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada


Walter Stöcker
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institut für Zoophysiologie, Germany


Christopher S. Stoj
The University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA


Charles D. Stout
The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA


Norbert Sträter
Biotechnologisch-Biomedizinisches Zentrum, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany


Marinella Striccoli
Italian National Research Council—CNR, Istituto per i Processi Chimici e fisici, Bari, Italy; Università degli Studi di Bari, Bari, Italy


Maria Elena Stroppolo
INFM, University of Roma 'Tor Vergata', Department of Biology, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, Rome, 00133, Italy


M. Elizabeth Stroupe
The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA


JoAnne Stubbe
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Department of Biology, Cambridge, MA, USA


Alexei A. Stuchebrukhov
University of California, Davis, CA, USA


Stenbjörn Styring
Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden


Dietrich Suck
European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany


J. William Suggs
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA


Lisa M. Sullivan
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Ya-Ping Sun
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


Shouheng Sun
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA


Peter D. Sun
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA


Fei Sun
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Beijing, 100101, China


Munirathinam Sundaramoorthy
The University of Kansas Medical Center, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, USA


Mahesh Sundararajan
University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany


Claudiu T. Supuran
University of Florence, Dipartmento di Chimica, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy


Shun'ichi Suzuki
Ajinomoto Co. Inc., Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 2108681, Japan


Dwight A. Sweigart
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA


Robert K. Szilagyi
Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA


Keiko Tagami
National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan


John A. Tainer
The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California


Mikio Takano
Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan


Soichi Takeda
National Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Department of Cardiac Physiology, Osaka, Japan


Yasuo Takeda
Mie University, Mie, Japan


Ming X. Tan
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Nobuo Tanaka
Tokyo Institute of Technology, Faculty of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Yokohama, Japan


Andreas Taubert
University of Potsdam, Golm, Germany


Miguel Teixeira
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal


Joshua Telser
Roosevelt University, Chicago, IL, USA


Felix tenBrink
Universität Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany


Alexey Teplyakov
Center for Advanced Research in Biotechnology of the University of Maryland, Biotechnology Institute, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Rockville, MD, USA


Armand W.J.W. Tepper
Leiden University, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Einsteinweg 55, CC Leiden, 2333, The Netherlands


Anke C. Terwisscha van Scheltinga
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Molecular Biology, Uppsala Biomedical Centre, Box 590, S-751 24, Uppsala, Sweden


Sarah J. Thackray
University of Edinburgh, EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, West Mains Road, Edinburgh, UK


Manuel E. Than
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany


Rudolf K. Thauer
Max-Planck-Institut für terrestrische Mikrobiologie, Marburg, Germany


Elizabeth C. Theil
CHORI (Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute), Oakland, California, USA


Klaus H. Theopold
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA


Katherine H. Thompson
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada


H. Holden Thorp
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA


Marianne H. Thuesen
Technical University of Denmark, Department of Chemistry, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark


Xiaoning Tian
National University of Singapore, Singapore


Richard J. D. Tilley
University of Cardiff, Cardiff, UK


John A. Timney
Newcastle Church High School, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK


Rupert Timpl
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Germany


Norihiro Tokitoh
Kyoto University, Institute for Chemical Research, Japan


Chadwick A. Tolman
The DuPont Company, Wilmington, DE, USA


Liang Tong
Columbia University, Department of Biological Sciences, Northeast Structural Genomics Consortium, New York, NY, USA


Hugo Torrens
National A. University of Mexico (UNAM), Cd. Universitaria, D.F., Mexico


Marirosa Toscano
Università della Calabria, Rende, Italy


Imre Tóth
University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary


Chikashi Toyoshima
The University of Tokyo, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, Japan


Bliss L. Tracy
Radiation Protection Bureau Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada


Ali T-Raissi
University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA


Olga G. Tsay
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Republic of Korea


Tomitake Tsukihara
Osaka University, Institute for Protein Research, 3-2 Yamada-oka, Suita Osaka, 565-0871, Japan


Felix Tuczek
Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Kiel, Germany


Mark M. Turnbull
Clark University, Worcester, MA, USA


Martyn V. Twigg
Johnson Matthey plc, Royston, UK


M. Ubbink
Leiden University, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden, The Netherlands


Shigeo Uchida
National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan


Gözde Ulas
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


Jens Ulstrup
Technical University of Denmark, Department of Chemistry, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark


Karin Valegård
Uppsala University, Department of Biochemistry, Box 576, S-751 23, Uppsala, Sweden


Joan Selverstone Valentine
UCLA, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1569, USA


Ann M. Valentine
Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA


Valentin Valtchev
Université de Haute Alsace, Mulhouse, France


Jozef Van Beeumen
Gent University, Laboratory of Protein Biochemistry and Protein Engineering, K.L. Ledeganckstraat, Belgium


Rogier T. van Willigen
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA


éva Scheuring Vanamee
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Structural Biology Program, NY, USA


Hildegarde Vandenhove
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium


Milan Vašák
University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland


Sébastien Vasseur
Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France


Javier Vela
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


Josep Vendrell
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular and Institut de Biotecnologia i Biomedicina, Spain


Nuria Verdaguer
IBMB (C.S.I.C.), Departamento de Biología Estructural, Jordi Girona, Barcelona, Spain


Freddy Verrezen
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK•CEN), Mol, Belgium


Matthew W. Vetting
University of Minnesota, Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Minneapolis, MN, USA


João B. Vicente
Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biológica, Oeiras, Portugal


Ramón Vilar
Institució Catalana de la Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain; Institut Català d'Investigació Química (ICIQ), Tarragona, Spain


John B. Vincent
The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA


Jagadese J. Vittal
The University of Western Ontario, ON, Canada


Andreas Vogel
University of Münster, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Germany; University of Münster, Department of Biochemistry, Germany


Hans J. Vogel
University of Calgary, Structural Biology Research Group, Department of Biological Sciences, Calgary, Alberta, Canada


Christopher M. Vogels
Mount Allison University, Sackville, Canada


Tom Vogt
Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, USA


Anne Volbeda
Institut de Biologie Structurale J.P. Ebel, CEA-CNRS-UJF, Grenoble, France


Brian F. Volkman
Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Biochemistry, Milwaukee, WI, USA


Karl Volz
University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Chicago, Illinois, 60612-7334, USA


Moritz von Hopffgarten
Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany


Hans Georg von Schnering
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany


Kenneth B. Wagener
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA


Michael J. Wagner
George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA


Queenie Wai-Yan Ip
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong China


William Walden
University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Chicago, Illinois, 60612-7334, USA


David J. Wales
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK


F. Ann Walker
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA


Patrick J. Walsh
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA


Keith A. Walters
Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, KY, USA


Zal Uyun Wan Mahmood
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Malaysia


Enbo Wang
Northeast Normal University, Changchun, China


Ruitao Wang
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA


Xiqing Wang
California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA; Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA


Rui-Yong Wang
Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China


Wei Wang
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


Xin Wang
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA


Xiangke Wang
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, People's Republic of China


James L. Wardell
University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK


Satoshi Watanabe
Kyoto University, Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto, Japan


Charles L. Watkins
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA


David B. Watson
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA


Rudolf J. Wehmschulte
Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA


John J. Weir
University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA


William I. Weis
Stanford University School of Medicine, Departments of Structural Biology and of Molecular & Cellular Physiology, Stanford, CA, USA


Matthew C. Weisenberger
University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA


Matthew S. Wellons
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Stephen A. Wells
University of Warwick, Coventry, UK


Wolfram Welte
Fakultät für Biologie, Universität Konstanz, M656, Postfach 55 60, Konstanz, D-78457, Germany


Frank Wennmohs
University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany


Diana L. Wertz
University of California, Departments of Chemistry and Molecular and Cell Biology, Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA


Jean-Pierre Wery
Concurrent Pharmaceuticals, Inc., West Center Office Drive, Fort Washington, PA, USA


Stephen A. Westcott
Mount Allison University, Sackville, Canada


Ron Wever
University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Institute for Molecular Chemistry and E.C. Slater Institute, The Netherlands


Simone Weyand
Imperial College London University, Institute of Membrane and Systems Biology, Biochemistry Department, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, UK

Rosemary E. White
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Andre White
Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA


Kenton H. Whitmire
Rice University, Houston, TX, USA


James W. Whittaker
Oregon Health and Science University, Department of Science and Engineering, 20000 N.W. Walker Road, Beaverton, OR, 97006, USA


Douglas A. Whittington
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Chemistry, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA


Georg Wiegand
Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried bei München, Germany


Mårten Wikström
University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland


Craig D. Williams
University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton, UK


Carrie M. Wilmot
University of Leeds, Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, School of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK


Vivian Wing-Wah Yam
The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China


Jay R. Winkler
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA


Charles H. Winter
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Nicolas Wolff
CNRS URA 2185, Institut Pasteur, Unité de Résonance Magnétique Nucléaire des Biomolécules, Paris, France


Luet-Lok Wong
University of Oxford, Oxford, UK


William H. Woodruff
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA


J. Derek Woollins
University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK


David W. Wright
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA


Paul A. Wright
University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, UK


Katarzyna Wrobel
Universidad de Guanajuato, Instituto de Investigaciones Cientificas, Guanajuato, Mexico; University of Cincinnati/Agilent Technologies Metallomics Center of the Americas, Cincinnati, OH, USA


Kazimierz Wrobel
Universidad de Guanajuato, Instituto de Investigaciones Cientificas, Guanajuato, Mexico; University of Cincinnati/Agilent Technologies Metallomics Center of the Americas, Cincinnati, OH, USA


Gary P. Wulfsberg
Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, USA


António V. Xavier
Instituto de Tecnologia Química e Biologica, Oeiras, Portugal


Jin Xie
Brown University, Providence, RI, USA


Yunjie Xu
University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada


Yan Xu
Princeton University, Department of Geosciences, Princeton, NJ, USA


Ziling Xue
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA


Eiki Yamashita
Osaka University, Institute for Protein Research, 3-2 Yamada-oka, Suita Osaka, 565-0871, Japan


Jenny J. Yang
Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA


Wei Yang
Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA, USA


Shangfeng Yang
Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research (IFW) Dresden, Dresden, Germany; University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China


Li Yang
University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA


Baodian Yao
Fudan University, Shanghai, China


Kyoko L. Yap
University of Toronto and Division of Molecular & Structural Biology, Ontario Cancer Institute, Department of Medical Biophysics, Canada


Paul E. Yeary
Alice Lloyd College, Pippa Passes, KY, USA


Irene Yiallouros
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institut für Zoophysiologie, Germany


Katsuhiko Yokoi
Seitoku University Graduate School, Matsudo, Chiba, Japan


Shinya Yoshikawa
Himeji Institute of Technology, Department of Life Science, Kamighori Akoh, Hyogo, 678-1297, Japan


Charles G. Young
University of Melbourne, Australia


Muhammed Yousufuddin
University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA


Shu-Hong Yu
University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, People's Republic of China


Klaus Yvon
University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland


Agata Zaborska
Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sopot, Poland


Marzena B. Zaczek
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA


Francisco Zaera
University of California, Riverside, CA, USA


Giuseppe Zampella
University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy


Giuliana Zanetti
Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisiologia e Biochimica Generali, Milano, Italy


Klaus Zangger
University of Graz, Institute of Chemistry, Organic and Bioorganic Chemistry, Graz, Austria


Davit Zargarian
Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada


Weiqiao Zeng
Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA; University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA


Zhijun Zhang
Henan University, Kaifeng, China


Jintao Zhang
National University of Singapore, Singapore


Hong Zhang
University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX, USA


Jin Zhang
Philipps-Universität Marburg, Laboratorium für Mikrobiologie, Fachbereich Biologie, Germany


Yanbao Zhao
Henan University, Kaifeng, China


Xiao-Li Zhao
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Peoples' Republic of China


Dongyuan Zhao
Fudan University, Shanghai, China


Xiu Song Zhao
National University of Singapore, Singapore


Huimin Zhao
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL, 61801, USA


Wenjun Zheng
Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA


Zhiping Zheng
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA


Hong-Cai Zhou
Miami University, Oxford, OH, USA


Ralph A. Zingaro
Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA


Pavel Zrazhevskiy
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA


Dmitry Yu. Zubarev
Utah State University, Logan, UT, USA


Jian-Min Zuo
University of Illinois, Materials Research Laboratory, Urbana, IL, USA

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