The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics

Online ISBN: 9781405198431

DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431

Editor(s): Carol A. Chapelle, Iowa State University, USA

Editors & Contributors


Editor-in-Chief

Carol A. Chapelle
Iowa State University, USA

Area
Assessment and Testing

Articles
Assessment and Testing: Overview
Computer-Assisted Language Learning Effectiveness Research
Instructional Computer-Assisted Language Learning
Reliability in Language Assessment
Culture in Textbook Analysis and Evaluation

Area Editors

Karin Aijmer
University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Area
Grammar

Article
French Connectives Grammar: Overview
Modal Particles in German Spanish Speech Acts

Claudia V. Angelelli
San Diego State University, USA

Area
Translation and Interpreting

Articles
Health-Care, Medical, and Mental Health Interpreting
Teaching Translation and Interpreting
Translation and Interpreting and Bilingualism
Translation and Interpreting: Overview

Brian Baer
Kent State University, USA

Area
Translation and Interpreting

Article
Translation and Interpreting: Overview

Jasone Cenoz
University of the Basque Country, Spain

Areas
Bilingual and Multilingual Education
Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Articles
Bilingual and Multilingual Education: Overview
Multilingualism
Third Language Acquisition

Carol A. Chapelle
Iowa State University, USA

Area
Assessment and Testing

Articles
Assessment and Testing: Overview
Computer-Assisted Language Learning Effectiveness Research
Instructional Computer-Assisted Language Learning
Reliability in Language Assessment
Culture in Textbook Analysis and Evaluation

Thomas Cobb
Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada

Area
Technology and Language

Articles
Bush, Vannevar and Hypertext
Technology and Language: Overview
Technology and Learning Vocabulary

Ulla Connor
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, USA

Area
Language for Specific Purposes

Articles
Culture and Language for Specific Purposes
Language for Specific Purposes: Overview

Patricia Friedrich
Arizona State University, USA

Area
Language Ideology

Articles
Language Ideology: Overview
Teaching Language for Peace

Marta González-Lloret
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA

Area
Pragmatics

Articles
Pragmatics: Overview
Using the World Wide Web for Language Teaching

Durk Gorter
University of the Basque Country, Spain

Areas
Bilingual and Multilingual Education
Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Articles
Linguistic Landscape
Minority Languages in Education

Nadja Grbic
University of Graz, Austria

Area
Translation and Interpreting

Articles
Signed Language Interpreting: Types, Settings, and Modes
Translation and Interpreting: Overview

Marianne Gullberg
Lund University, Sweden

Area
Cognitive Second Language Acquisition

Articles
Gesture Analysis in Second Language Acquisition
Cognitive Second Language Acquisition: Overview

Dorothea Halbe
University of Trier, Germany

Area
Corpus Linguistics

Article
Corpus Linguistics: Overview

Linda Harklau
University of Georgia, USA

Area
Qualitative Methods

Joan Jamieson
Northern Arizona University, USA

Area
Quantitative and Mixed Methods

Articles
Chapelle, Carol A.
Quantitative and Mixed Methods: Overview
Cluster Analysis

Rodney H. Jones
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Area
Analysis of Discourse and Interaction

Articles
Analysis of Discourse and Interaction: Overview
Analysis of Mediated Interaction
Candlin, Christopher N.
Discourse in Action
Multimodal Discourse Analysis
Positioning in the Analysis of Discourse and Interaction

Krzysztof Kredens
Aston University, UK

Area
Forensic Linguistics

Eva Lam
Northwestern University, USA

Area
Literacy

John Levis
Iowa State University, USA

Area
Phonetics and Phonology

Articles
Automatic Speech Recognition
Phonetics and Phonology: Overview
Suprasegmentals: Intonation

Angel Lin
University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Area
Critical Discourse Analysis

Article
Critical Discourse Analysis: Overview

Joseph Lo Bianco
University of Melbourne, Australia

Area
Language Policy and Planning

Articles
Language Policy and Planning: Overview
Role of Deliberation in Language Policy and Planning
Romanization of Vietnamese

Aya Matsuda
Arizona State University, USA

Areas
Language Ideology
World Englishes

Articles
World Englishes and Language Pedagogy
World Englishes and Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

Kim McDonough
Concordia University, Canada

Area
Quantitative and Mixed Methods

Articles
Priming Research
Quantitative and Mixed Methods: Overview

Kristian Mortensen
University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg

Area
Conversation Analysis

Articles
Conversation Analysis and Multimodality
Conversation Analysis: Overview

Murray J. Munro
Simon Fraser University, Canada

Area
Phonetics and Phonology

Article
Intelligibility
Phonetics and Phonology: Overview

Sigrid Norris
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand and University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA

Area
Discourse

Articles
Discourse: Overview
Multimodal Communication: Overview
Multimodal Interaction Analysis

Amy Snyder Ohta
University of Washington, USA

Area
Social, Dynamic, and Complexity Theory Approaches to Second Language Development

Article
Social, Dynamic, and Complexity Theory Approaches to Second Language Development: Overview

Lourdes Ortega
Georgetown University, USA

Area
Language Learning and Teaching

Articles
Byrnes, Heidi
Critical Approaches to the Study of Emotions in English Language Teaching and Learning
Language Learning and Teaching: Overview
Long, Michael H.

Lia Plakans
University of Iowa, USA

Area
Assessment and Testing

Articles
Assessing Japanese Writing Ability
Assessment and Testing: Overview
Assessment of Integrated Skills
Validation of Writing Assessment

Karen Risager
University of Roskilde, Denmark

Area
Culture and Context

Articles
Agar, Michael
Culture
Culture and Context: Overview
Culture in Textbook Analysis and Evaluation
Linguaculture

Meryl Siegal
Laney College, USA

Area
Qualitative Methods

Michael Stubbs
University of Trier, Germany

Area
Corpus Linguistics

Articles
Corpus Linguistics: Overview
Sinclair, John

Thomas A. Upton
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, USA

Area
Language for Specific Purposes

Articles
Language for Specific Purposes: Overview
Materials for Language for Specific Purposes

Johannes Wagner
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

Area
Conversation Analysis

Articles
Conversation Analysis and Transcription and Data
Conversation Analysis: Overview

John Williams
University of Cambridge, UK

Area
Cognitive Second Language Acquisition

Article
Cognitive Second Language Acquisition: Overview

Brent Wolter
Idaho State University, USA

Area
Lexis

Article
Hybrid Language Learning
Lexis: Overview


Advisory Board Members

Lyle F. Bachman
University of California, Los Angeles, USA

Heidi Byrnes
Georgetown University, USA

Dorothy M. Chun
University of California, Santa Barbara, USA

Malcolm Coulthard
Aston University, UK

Alan Davies
University of Edinburgh, UK

Susan M. Gass
Michigan State University, USA

Nancy H. Hornberger
University of Pennsylvania, USA

Gabriele Kasper
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA

Claire Kramsch
University of California, Berkeley, USA

Elana Shohamy
Tel Aviv University, Israel

Bernard Spolsky
Bar-Ilan University, Israel

Contributors

Christian Abello-Contesse
University of Seville, Spain
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen

Niclas Abrahamsson
Stockholm University, Sweden
Phonological Acquisition

Zsuzsanna I. Abrams
University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Computer-Mediated Communication and Second Language Use

Jubin Abutalebi
University Vita Salute San Raffaele, Italy
Second Language Representation in the Brain

Annelie Ädel
Stockholm University, Sweden
Metadiscourse

Svenja Adolphs
The University of Nottingham, UK
Corpora: Multimodal

Michael Agar
University of Maryland, USA
Agar, Michael

Elisabeth Ahlsén
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Language Attrition

Barbara Ahrens
Cologne University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Interpreting Techniques and Modes

Karin Aijmer
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Grammar: Overview

Ángela Collados Aís
University of Granada, Spain
Quality in Interpreting

Eva Alcón
University Jaume I, Spain
Multilingualism and English

Itziar Elorza Alday
Ikastolen Elkartea, Spain
Materials Development for Multilingual Education

Michelle Aldridge
Cardiff University, UK
Linguistic Disadvantage of Children in Legal Contexts

Jobeth Allen
The University of Georgia, USA
Heath, Shirley Brice

Nicholas Allott
University of Oslo, Norway
Sperber, Dan
Wilson, Deirdre and Relevance Theory

Jens Allwood
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Register

Jeanette Altarriba
University of Minnesota, USA
Multilingualism and Memory

Joseph James Alvaro
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Political Discourse and World Englishes

Ulrich Ammon
University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
English(es) and Academic Publishing
Prestige Planning

Eric A. Anchimbe
University of Bayreuth, Germany
Varieties of English in Cameroon

Dörte Andres
Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Germany
History of Interpreting

Jennifer Andrus
University of Utah, USA
Rhetorical Discourse Analysis

Claudia V. Angelelli
San Diego State University, USA
Health-Care, Medical, and Mental Health Interpreting
Teaching Translation and Interpreting
Translation and Interpreting and Bilingualism
Translation and Interpreting: Overview

Charles Antaki
Loughborough University, UK
Conversation Analysis and Identity in Interaction

Francesco Arcidiacono
University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Pragmatics: Quantitative Methods

Kelly Arispe
Boise State University, USA
Hybrid Language Learning

Ilkka Arminen
University of Helsinki, Finland
Ethnomethodology in the Analysis of Discourse and Interaction

Katy Arnett
St. Mary's College of Maryland, USA
Krashen, Stephen
Using the First Language and Code Switching in Second Language Classrooms

Larissa Aronin
Trinity College Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Fishman, Joshua A.
Multilingualism and Philosophy

Rosemary Arrojo
Binghamton University, USA
Translators' Code of Ethics

José Luis Blas Arroyo
Jaume I University, Spain
Pragmatics of Political Discourse

Xabier Arzoz
University of the Basque Country, Spain
Multilingualism in Legal Contexts

Yuly Asención-Delaney
Northern Arizona University, USA
Spanish Speech Acts

Birte Asmuß
University of Aarhus, Denmark
Conversation Analysis and Meetings

Panos Athanasopoulos
Newcastle University, UK
Linguistic Relativity and Second Language Acquisition

Dwight Atkinson
Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA
Biber, Douglas
Corpus Analysis of Scientific and Medical Writing Across Time
Research Articles in English for Specific Purposes
Sociocognitive Approaches to Second Language Acquisition

İlker Aytürk
Bilkent University, Turkey
Language Policy and Planning: Kemal Atatürk's Contribution

Aileen Bach
Center for Applied Linguistics, USA
Genesee, Fred

Brian James Baer
Kent State University, USA
Translation and Interpreting: Overview

Daria Bahtina
Utrecht University, Netherlands
Receptive Multilingualism

Kathleen M. Bailey
Monterey Institute of International Studies, USA
Language Teacher Development
Nunan, David

Elizabeth (Betsy) A. Baker
University of Missouri, USA
Literacy: Mixed Methods

Richard B. Baldauf Jr.
The University of Queensland, Australia
Language Planning and Multilingualism

Michael Bamberg
Clark University, USA
Narrative Discourse

Edmund Bamiro
Redeemer's University, Nigeria
English in the Nigerian Novel

Jayanti Banerjee
University of Michigan, USA
Alderson, J. Charles

Ana Maria Ferreira Barcelos
Federal University of ViÇosa, Brazil
Beliefs in Second Language Acquisition: Learner
Beliefs in Second Language Acquisition: Teacher

Joe Barcroft
Washington University in St. Louis, USA
Mnemonics
VanPatten, Bill

Kathleen Bardovi-Harlic
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Pragmatic Routines

Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Tense and Aspect

Andy Barfield
Chuo University, Japan
Lexical Collocations

Fiona Barker
University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations, UK
Corpus-Based Testing

Julia D. Barnes
Mondragon University, Spain
Cenoz, Jasone

Rafael Barranco-Droege
University of Granada, Spain
Quality in Interpreting

Anne Barron
Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Germany
Variational Pragmatics

Magdalena Bartłomiejczyk
University of Silesia, Poland
Theory of Interpreting

David Barton
Lancaster University, UK
Ethnographic Approaches to Literacy Research

Benedetta Bassetti
University of York, UK
Cook, Vivian
Sound and Spelling

Helen Basturkmen
The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Needs Analysis and Syllabus Design for Language for Specific Purposes
Using Metalanguage in Teaching

John A. Bateman
Bremen University, Germany
Multimodal Corpus-Based Approaches
Multimodality and Film

Judith Baxter
Aston University, UK
Feminist Research

Mike Baynham
University of Leeds, UK
Immigrant Discourse
Sociolinguistic Studies of Literacy

Carla Bazzanella
University of Turin, Italy
Grammar and Emotion

Olalla García Becerra
University of Granada, Spain
Quality in Interpreting

Heike Behrens
University of Basel, Switzerland
Corpus Analysis of Child Language

Allan Bell
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
News Discourse

Huw Bell
Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
Core Vocabulary

Sarah Benesch
College of Staten Island, City University of New York, USA
Critical Approaches to the Study of Emotions in English Language Teaching and Learning
Critical English for Academic Purposes

Trevor Benjamin
University of Groningen, Netherlands
Conversation Analysis and Other-Initiated Repair
Conversation Analysis and Repair Organization: Overview

Carol Benson
Stockholm University, Sweden
Curriculum Development in Multilingual Schools

Phil Benson
Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong
Qualitative Methods: Overview

Margie Berns
Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA
Lingua Franca and Language of Wider Communication
Research Methods and World Englishes

Jared C. Bernstein
Pearson, USA
Computer Scoring of Spoken Responses

Emma Betz
University of Waterloo, Canada
Levinson's Activity Types and Grammar

Jeff Bezemer
Imperial College London, UK
Kress, Gunther

Aditi Bhatia
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Critical Discourse Analysis: History and New Developments

Tej K. Bhatia
Syracuse University, USA
Schachter, Jacquelyn

Joseph Lo Bianco
University of Melbourne, Australia
Language Policy and Planning: Overview
Role of Deliberation in Language Policy and Planning
Romanization of Vietnamese

Martha Bigelow
University of Minnesota, USA
Teaching Adolescent and Adult Language Learners With Limited or Interrupted Formal Schooling

Siv Björklund
University of Vaasa, Finland
Immersion Programs

Beyza Björkman
Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Grammar of English as a Lingua Franca

Adrian Blackledge
University of Birmingham, UK
Multilingualism and Ideology

Susan Blackwell
University of Birmingham, UK
History of Forensic Linguistics

Pilar Garces-Conejos Blitvich
University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Levinson, Stephen C.

Joel Bloch
The Ohio State University, USA
Technology and Teaching Writing

David Bloome
The Ohio State University, USA
Reading and Intertextuality
Video Documentation and Analysis in Literacy Research

Shoshana Blum-Kulka
Hebrew University, Israel
House,Juliane

Jan Blommaert
Tilburg University, Netherlands
Kress, Gunther

Carl S. Blyth
University of Texas at Austin, USA
Open Educational Resources (OER)
Pragmatics of Chat

Ana Bocanegra-Valle
University of Cadiz, Spain
Maritime English

Frank Boers
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Cognitive Linguistics of Second Language Acquisition

Paul Bogaards
Leiden University, Netherlands
Bilingual Lexicography

Cari A. Bogulski
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Organization of the Second Language Lexicon

Kingsley Bolton
City University of Hong Kong, People's Republic of China and Stockholm University, Sweden
Political Discourse and World Englishes
Varieties of World Englishes

Marina Bondi
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy
Connectives

Susan Bosher
St. Catherine University, USA
English for Nursing

Patricia Bou-Franch
University of Valencia, Spain
Pragmatic Transfer

Lynne Bowker
University of Ottawa, Canada
Technology and Terminology
Technology and Translation

Kasper Boye
University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Modality

David Bradley
La Trobe University, Australia
Science of Language Policy and Planning

George Braine
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Non-Native-Speaker English Teachers

Kris van den Branden
K.U.Leuven, Belgium
Task-Based Language Teaching

Bryan McKinley Jones Brayboy
Arizona State University, USA
McCarty, Teresa L.

Lothar Bredella
University of Giessen, Germany
Bakhtin, Mikhail M.
Intercultural Understanding With Literary Texts and Feature Films

Stephen Bremner
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Politeness and Face Research

Geoff Brindley
Macquarie University, Australia
Task-Based Assessment

Donna M. Brinton
University of Southern California, USA
Content-Based Instruction in English for Specific Purposes

Mirjam Broersma
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Netherlands
Spoken Word Recognition in Second Language Acquisition

Maggie A. Broner
St. Olaf College, USA
Language Play in Second Language Acquisition

Rachel Lunde Brooks
Federal Bureau of Investigation, USA
Language Testing in the Government and Military

Catherine E. Brouwer
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Conversation Analysis Methodology in Second Language Studies

Adam Brown
AIS St Helens, New Zealand
Abercrombie, David
International Phonetic Alphabet
Phonetics and Phonology: Historical Overview

Annie Brown
Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, United Arab Emirates
Uses of Language Assessments

James Dean Brown
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Assessment and Evaluation:Quantitative Methods
Cut Scores on Language Tests
Inference
Sampling: Quantitative Methods

Brian Budgell
Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, Canada
Exporting Applied Linguistics Technology

Sybrine Bultena
Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Lexical Access in Bilingual Visual Word Recognition

Alfred Rue Burch
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Kasper, Gabriele

Brigid Moira Burke
Bowling Green State University, USA
Language Proficiency Testing for Teachers

Anne Burns
Macquarie University, Australia
Qualitative Teacher Research

M. Susan Burns
George Mason University, USA
Snow, Catherine

Jill Burstein
Educational Testing Service, USA
Automated Essay Evaluation and Scoring

Eva Burwitz-Melzer
Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany
Bredella, Lothar

Michael D. Bush
Brigham Young University, USA
Otto, Frank

Yuko Goto Butler
University of Pennsylvania, USA
Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Kindergarten to 12th Grade

Ronald R. Butters
Duke University, USA
Linguistic Analysis of Disputed Meanings: Trademarks

Martin Bygate
Lancaster University, UK
Task-Based Language Teaching

Michael Byram
University of Durham, UK
Citizenship Education
Cultural Awareness in Multilingual Education
Intercultural Competence

H. Patricia Byrd
Georgia State University, USA
Materials Publication

Heidi Byrnes
Georgetown University, USA
German for Specific Purposes
van Lier, Leo

Don Bysouth
Osaka University, Japan
Conversation Analysis and Therapy

Diego Pascual y Cabo
University of Florida, USA
Multilingualism and Identity

Teresa Cadierno
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Thinking for Speaking in Second Language Acquisition

Hongwen Cai
Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, People's Republic of China
Dictation in Language Assessment

Stephen Caldas
Manhattanville College, USA
Sociolinguistics: Mixed Methods

Belinda Crawford Camiciottoli
University of Florence, Italy
Discourse and Interaction: Quantitative Methods

Laurent Cammarata
University of Alberta, USA
Phenomenology and Hermeneutics

Alicia Campbell
LaGrange College, USA
Psycholinguistic Approaches to Vocabulary

Deborah Cao
Griffith University, Australia
Legal Translation

Walcir Cardoso
Concordia University, Canada
Learner Response Systems in Second Language Teaching

David Carless
University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Innovation in Language Teaching and Learning

Robert S. Carlisle
California State University, Bakersfield, USA
Segments

Nathan T. Carr
California State University, Fullerton, USA
Statistical Analysis of Test Results

Susanne E. Carroll
University of Calgary, Canada
Input Processing in Second Language Acquisition

Holly R. Cashman
University of New Hampshire, USA
Code-Switching Pragmatics

Richard Cauldwell
Speech in Action, UK
Brazil, David

Juli Cebrian
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Syllables

Asta Cekaite
Linköping University, Sweden
Child Pragmatic Development

Marianne Celce-Murcia
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Prator, Clifford

Jasone Cenoz
University of the Basque Country, Spain
Bilingual and Multilingual Education: Overview
Multilingualism
Third Language Acquisition

Brahim Chakrani
Michigan State University, USA
Arabic Standardization

Meiyun Chang-Smith
The University of Queensland, Australia
Second Language Representation in the Brain

Joanna Channell
Channell & Associates, UK
Corpus Analysis in Social and Public Policy Research

Carol A. Chapelle
Iowa State University, USA
Assessment and Testing: Overview
Computer-Assisted Language Learning Effectiveness Research
Culture in Textbook Analysis and Evaluation
Instructional Computer-Assisted Language Learning
Reliability in Language Assessment

Yu-Li Chen
Lunghwa University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Technology and Language: Mixed Methods

Winnie Cheng
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Corpora: Chinese-Language
Corpus-Based Linguistic Approaches to Critical Discourse Analysis
Semantic Prosody

Mirela Cherciov
University of Toronto, Canada
Vocabulary Loss in the First Language

Delia Chiaro
University of Bologna, Italy
Audiovisual Translation

Alice Chik
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Critical Discourse Analysis of Multilingual Interactions in the New Media

Paul Chilton
Lancaster University, UK
Critical in Critical Discourse Analysis

Ikkyu Choi
University of California at Los Angeles, USA
Item Response Theory

Jan Chovanec
Masaryk University, Czech Republic
Butters, Ronald R.
Grammar in the Law

Diarmait Mac Giolla Chríost
Cardiff University, UK
Williams, Colin H.

Donna Christian
Center for Applied Linguistics, USA
Genesee, Fred

Dorothy M. Chun
University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Computer-Assisted Pronunciation Teaching
Technology and Discourse Intonation
Technology-Supported Materials for Language Teaching

Eve V. Clark
Stanford University, USA
First Language Vocabulary Acquisition

Martyn Clark
University of Oregon, USA
Assessment Across Languages
Clark, John L. D.

Richard Coates
University of the West of England, UK
Onomastics

Thomas Cobb
Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
Bush, Vannevar and Hypertext
Technology and Language: Overview
Technology and Learning Vocabulary

Andrew D. Cohen
University of Minnesota, USA
Verbal Report

Christian Colby-Kelly
Learning Advisor, Government of Canada, Canada
Relational Strategies in World Englishes

Sonia Colina
The University of Arizona, USA
Assessment of Translation

Joseph Collentine
Northern Arizona University, USA
Language Learning and Teaching: Quantitative Methods

Karina Collentine
Northern Arizona University, USA
Language Learning and Teaching: Quantitative Methods

Beverley Collins
Leiden University, Netherlands
Jones, Daniel

Kathleen M. T. Collins
University of Arkansas, USA
Sampling: Mixed Methods

Laura Collins
Concordia University, Canada
Form-Focused Instruction

Peter Collins
University of New South Wales, Australia
Huddleston, Rodney

Barbara Comber
Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Critical Theory and Literacy

Rémi A. van Compernolle
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Sociocultural Theory and Interlanguage Pragmatics

Barbara T. Conboy
University of Redlands, USA
Research Techniques and the Bilingual Brain

Ulla Connor
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, USA
Culture and Language for Specific Purposes
Language for Specific Purposes: Overview

Vivian Cook
Newcastle University, UK
Multicompetence
Nativeness and Language Pedagogy

Bill Cope
University of Illinois, USA
Multiliteracies in Education

Viviana Cortes
Georgia State University, USA
Corpora in Language for Specific Purposes Research
Corpora in the Teaching of Language for Specific Purposes
Douglas, Dan
Lexical Bundles and Grammar
Lexical Bundles and Technology

Albert Costa
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain
Bilingualism and Speech Perception
Spoken Word Production in Second Language Acquisition

Josep M. Cots
University of Lleida, Spain
Language Awareness

Janet Cotterill
University of Cardiff, UK
Corpus Analysis In Forensic Linguistics

Averil Coxhead
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Corpus Analysis of Written English for Academic Purposes
Special Purposes Vocabulary
Vocabulary and Language for Specific Purposes

William Crawford
Northern Arizona University, USA
Grammar Analysis Techniques

Angela Creese
University of Birmingham, UK
Multilingual Identities and Multilingual Education

Raquel Criado
Universidad de Murcia, Spain
Automatization, Skill Acquisition, and Practice in Second Language Acquisition
Practice in Second Language Instruction

Jakob Cromdal
Linköping University, Sweden
Conversation Analysis and Emergency Calls

Graham Crookes
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Critical Pedagogy in Language Teaching
Epistemology and Ontology

Deborah Crusan
Wright State University, USA
Hamp-Lyons, Liz
Placement Testing

Manuel Padilla Cruz
University of Seville, Spain
Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis

David Crystal
Bangor University, UK
Searchlinguistics

Kata Csizér
Eötvös University, Hungary
Cluster Analysis

Alister Cumming
University of Toronto, Canada
Validation of Language Assessments
Writing Development in Second Language Acquisition

Jim Cummins
University of Toronto, Canada
Empowerment and Bilingual Education

Caitlin Curran
Montclair State University, USA
Conceptualizing and Researching "New Literacies"

Diane Dagenais
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Identities and Language Teaching in Classrooms

Trine Dahl
Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Norway
Knowledge Claims

Carmen Daniela Maier
Aarhus University, Denmark
Multimodality in Corporate Communication

Jeroen Darquennes
Université de Namur, Belgium
Multilingual Education in Europe

Frank E. Daulton
Ryukoku University, Japan
Lexical Borrowing

D. J. Davidson
Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language, Spain
Brain Activity During Second Language Processing (ERP)

Fred Davidson
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Test Specifications

Alan Davies
University of Edinburgh, UK
Hamp-Lyons, Liz
Native Speaker
Nativism

Kathryn A. Davis
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Ethnographic Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Research

Larry Davis
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Language Assessment in Program Evaluation

Dennis Day
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Conversation Analysis and Membership Categories

Richard R. Day
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Graded Readers

Eduardo H. Diniz De Figueiredo
Arizona State University, USA
Language and Globalization

Liesbeth Degand
Université catholique de Louvain, France
French Connectives

Annette M. B. De Groot
University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Bilingualism and Cognition

Ester J. De Jong
University of Florida, USA
Multilingual Education in North America

Nivja H. De Jong
Utrecht University, Netherlands
Teaching Speaking

Anne-Marie de Mejía
Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
Elite/Folk Bilingual Education

Lynn Mario T. Menezes de Souza
University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
Indigenous Literacies

Robert Dekeyser
University of Maryland, USA
Automatization, Skill Acquisition, and Practice in Second Language Acquisition
Practice in Second Language Instruction

Sandra Del Valle
Civil rights attorney, USA
Legal Disputes Over Second Language Instruction in the United States

Amy Dellinger
DATA, USA
Validity: Mixed Methods

Tracey M. Derwing
University of Alberta, USA
Pronunciation Instruction

David Deterding
University of Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam
Pronunciation in World Englishes
Pronunciation Models

Margaret Deuchar
Bangor University, UK
Code Switching

Hubert Devonish
University of the West Indies, Jamaica
Language Evolution: Pidgins and Creoles

Jean-Marc Dewaele
Birkbeck College, University of London, UK
Affect and Language Teaching
Multilingualism and Emotions
Pavlenko, Aneta
Personality in Second Language Acquisition

Giuliana Diani
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy
Grammar and Institutional Discourse

Begoña Díaz
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Germany
Bilingualism and Speech Perception

Wayne B. Dickerson
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Prediction in Teaching Pronunciation

Ton Dijkstra
Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Lexical Access in Bilingual Visual Word Recognition

Deborah R. Dillon
University of Minnesota, USA
Grounded Theory and Qualitative Research

Christine Dimroth
Universität Osnabrück, Germany
Learner Varieties

Norbert Dittmar
Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
Transcription

Paulin G. Djité
University of Western Sydney, Australia
Sociolinguistic Surveys in Language Planning

Emilia Djonov
University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
Multimodality and Hypermedia
Multimodality and Software
van Leeuwen, Theo

Simona Pekarek Doehler
University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Conversation Analysis and Second Language Acquisition: CA-SLA

Richard Donato
University of Pittsburgh, USA
Tucker, G. Richard

Olga Dontcheva-Navratilova
Masaryk University, Czech Republic
Grammar and Discourse

Nancy C. Dorian
Bryn Mawr College, USA
Lexical Erosion

Margreet Dorleijn
University of Utrecht, Netherlands
Bilingualism and Youth Language

Dan Douglas
Iowa State University, USA
Assessment of Academic Language for Specific Purposes
Technology and Language Testing

Peter Doyé
Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany
Byram, Michael

Vedran Dronjic
University of Toronto, Canada
Cognates
Comparing Two Independent Groups

Pilar Mur Dueñas
Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain
Hyland, Ken

Patricia A. Duff
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Case Study
Critical Discourse Analysis of Popular Culture
Using Popular Culture in Language Teaching

Hannele Dufva
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Bakhtin and Second Language Acquisition

Akua Duku Anokye
Arizona State University, USA
Standard Language Ideology and African American Vernacular English

Bethany K. Dumas
The University of Tennessee, USA
Language of Jury Instructions

Robert Dunbar
University of the Highlands and Islands, UK
International Law in Language Policy and Planning

Keiran J. Dunne
Kent State University, USA
Computer-Assisted Translation
Translation, Localization, and Internationalization
Translation Tools

Anne Haas Dyson
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Relations Between Oral Language and Literacy

Martin East
University of Auckland, New Zealand
The Dictionary as a Tool in Language Learning

Fred R. Eckman
University of Wisconsin, USA
Generative Second Language Phonology

Jette G. Hansen Edwards
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Social Influences on Second Language Speech Acquisition

John Edwards
St. Francis Xavier University, Canada
Language and Identity

Viv Edwards
University of Reading, UK
Bilingual Education and Immigration

Thomas Egan
Hedmark University College, Norway
Complementation

Maria Egbert
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Conversation Analysis and Dyads, Triads, and More

Fabiola P. Ehlers-Zavala
Colorado State University, USA
Advocacy in Language Teaching

Catherine Elder
University of Melbourne, Australia
Bias in Language Assessment

Nick C. Ellis
University of Michigan, USA
Corpus Study: Cognitive Implications
Emergentism

Estela Ene
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, USA
Language for Specific Purposes in Eastern Europe
Technology and Teaching Language for Specific Purposes

Moha Ennaji
University of Fes, Morocco
Multilingual Education in the Arab World

Johanna Ennser-Kananen
University of Minnesota, USA
Heritage Languages and Language Policy

Frederick Erickson
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Rhythm in Discourse

Rosemary Erlam
The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Ellis, Rod
Explicit Knowledge and Grammar Explanation in Second Language Instruction

Victoria Escandell-vidal
UNED, Spain
Pragmatics and Cognition

Maxine Eskenazi
Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Information Retrieval for Reading Tutors

John H. Esling
University of Victoria, Canada
Catford, J. C.
Voice Quality

Linda Espinosa
University of Missouri-Columbia, USA
Assessment of Young English-Language Learners

Heidi Everett-Cacopardo
University of Connecticut, USA
New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension

Guus Extra
Tilburg University, Netherlands
Assessing Multilingualism at School

Lorna Fadden
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Forensic Discourse Analysis

Shelley Fairbairn
Drake University, United States
Linguistic Differentiation in All Classrooms

Joseph Falout
Nihon University, Japan
Individual Differences in the Classroom

Hossein Farhady
Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran
Hatch, Evelyn
Quantitative Methods

J. César Félix-Brasdefer
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Interlanguage Pragmatics

Christiane Fellbaum
Princeton University, USA
WordNet

Anwei Feng
Bangor University, UK
Multilingual Education in China

Emilia Iglesias Fernández
University of Granada, Spain
Quality in Interpreting

Julieta Fernández
Northern Arizona University, USA
Spanish Speech Acts

Anita Fetzer
University of Würzburg, Germany
Grammar in Political Debate

Anna De Fina
Georgetown University, USA
Discourse and Identity
Immigrant Discourse

Alan Firth
King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia and Newcastle University, UK
Conversation Analysis and Lingua Franca

Kerstin Fischer
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Construction Grammar
Discourse Markers

Bettina Fischer-Starcke
Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria
Corpus Analysis of Business English

Des Fisher
University of Ottawa, Canada
Technology and Terminology
Technology and Translation

Tess Fitzpatrick
Swansea University, UK
Word Associations

Shannon Fitzsimmons-Doolan
Northern Arizona University, USA
Language Rights in Language Policy and Planning

William H. Fletcher
United States Naval Academy, USA
Corpus Analysis of the World Wide Web

Nelson Flores
The City University of New York, USA
Literacy in Multilingual Classrooms

John Flowerdew
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Critical Analysis of Political Discourse
Qualitative Language for Specific Purposes Research

Lynne Flowerdew
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
English for Academic Purposes
Grammar and the Research Article

William A. Foley
The University of Sydney, Australia
Anthropological Linguistics

Keith S. Folse
University of Central Florida, USA
Myths About Second Language Vocabulary Learning

Bernhard Forchtner
Lancaster University, UK
Critical Discourse Analysis

Cecilia E. Ford
University of Wisconsin, USA
Conversation Analysis and Turn Taking

Michael A. Forrester
University of Kent, UK
Conversation Analysis and Child Language Acquisition

Tara W. Fortune
University of Minnesota, USA
Bilingual/Immersion Teacher Education

Pauline Foster
St. Mary's University College, UK
Fluency

Susan Foster-Cohen
University of Canterbury, UK
Relevance Theory and Second Language Acquisition

Yvonne A. Fowler
Aston University, UK
Berk-Seligson, Susan

Barbara A. Fox
University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
Conversation Analysis and Repair Organization: Overview
Conversation Analysis and Self Repair

Janna Fox
Carleton University, Canada
Language Assessment Methods

Rita Franceschini
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy
History of Multilingualism

Peter Franklin
HTWG Konstanz University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Intercultural Interaction

Helen Fraser
University of New England, Australia
Language Analysis for the Determination of Origin (LADO)
Spoken Word Recognition

Sarah Warshauer Freedman
University of California, Berkeley, USA
Writing and Content Area Learning

Birgitta Frello
University of Roskilde, Denmark
Cultural Hybridity

Patricia Friedrich
Arizona State University, USA
Language Ideology: Overview
Teaching Language for Peace

María Jesús Frigols Martín
Board of Education, Valencia, Spain
Content and Language Integrated Learning

Gudrun Frommherz
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Multimodality and Ritual
Multimodality and Time

Danling Fu
University of Florida, USA
Literacy and Bilingualism

Glenn Fulcher
University of Leicester, UK
Test Design and Retrofit

Olgierda Furmanek
Wake Forest University, USA
Professionalization of Interpreters

Vivian L. Gadsden
University of Pennsylvania, USA
Family Literacy

Philip Gaines
Montana State University, USA
Shuy, Roger

Lise Paulsen Galal
University of Roskilde, Denmark
Ethnicity

Tammy Gales
University of Wisconsin, USA
Linguistic Analysis of Disputed Meanings: Threats

Pilar Garcés-conejos Blitvich
University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Impoliteness and Television

Carmen García
Arizona State University, USA
Speech Acts Research

Ofelia García
The City University of New York, USA
Baetens Beardsmore, Hugo
Bilingual Education
Literacy in Multilingual Classrooms
Qualitative Research on Bilingualism and Multilingualism
Teacher Education for Multilingual Education

Daniel García Velasco
University of Oviedo, Spain
Functional Grammar

Inmaculada M. García-Sánchez
Temple University, USA
Ochs, Elinor

Lorenzo García-Amaya
Indiana University, USA
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen

Dee Gardner
Brigham Young University, USA
Technology and Usage-Based Teaching Applications

Roberta Gardner
The University of Georgia, USA
Heath, Shirley Brice

Rod Gardner
Griffith University, Australia
Conversation Analysis and Recipient Behavior

Susan M. Gass
Michigan State University, USA
Variables

Meg Gebhard
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
Institutional Ethnography
Systemic Functional Linguistic Approaches to Teaching English-Language Learners

Atta Gebril
The American University in Cairo, Egypt
Generalizability Theory in Language Testing

James Paul Gee
Arizona State University, USA
Discourse Versus discourse

Jarret Geenen
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Multimodality and Identity Construction

Fred Genesee
McGill University, Canada
Immersion Education

Leonardo Giannossa
Kent State University, USA
Text-Based Approaches to Translation

Roger Gilabert
University of Barcelona, Spain
Robinson, Peter
Task-Based Learning: Cognitive Underpinnings

Saran Kaur Gill
Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia
English in Asian and European Higher Education

April Ginther
Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA
Assessment of Speaking
Oller, John W., Jr.

Anna Gladkova
University of New England, Australia
Grammar and the Influence of Society and Culture

Robert Godwin-Jones
Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Emerging Technologies for Language Learning

Aline Gohard-Radenkovic
University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Zarate, Geneviève

Andrea Golato
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Pragmatics Research Methods
Speech Acts

Peter Golato
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Pragmatics Research Methods
Speech Acts

Beverly A. Goldfield
Rhode Island College, USA
Vocabulary Size in the First Language

Marta González-Lloret
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Pragmatics: Overview
Using the World Wide Web for Language Teaching

Jaemyung Goo
Gwangju National University of Education, Republic of Korea
Interaction Approach in Second Language Acquisition

Janet Goodwin
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Pronunciation Teaching Methods and Techniques

Kira Gor
University of Maryland, USA
Morphology and L2 Lexical Access

Cynthia Gordon
Syracuse University, USA
Analysis of Identity in Interaction
Analysis of Narrative in Interaction
Family Discourse
Tannen, Deborah

Lewis R. Gordon
Temple University, USA
Race

Dinha T. Gorgis
Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, USA
Academies of the Arabic Language and the Standardization of Arabic

Durk Gorter
University of the Basque Country, Spain
Linguistic Landscape
Minority Languages in Education

Della Goswell
Macquarie University, Australia
Signed Language Interpreting Profession

Margo Gottlieb
World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment Consortium and Illinois Resource Center, USA
Assessment in the Classroom

Stanisław Goźdź-Roszkowski
University of Łódź, Poland
Legal Language

William Grabe
Northern Arizona University, USA
Reading and Language for Specific Purposes
Teaching Reading

Solveig Granath
Karlstad University, Sweden
Descriptive Linguistics

Colette A. Granger
Queen's University, Canada
Silence and Participation in the Language Classroom

Sylviane Granger
Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
Language for Specific Purposes Learner Corpora
Learner Corpora

David Grant
The University of Sydney, Australia
Discourse in Organizations

Leslie Grant
University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, USA
Tests

Nadja Grbic
University of Graz, Austria
Signed Language Interpreting: Types, Settings, and Modes
Translation and Interpreting: Overview

David W. Green
University College London, UK
Inhibition and Control in Second Language Acquisition

Judith Green
University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Video Documentation and Analysis in Literacy Research

Frans Gregersen
University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Sapir, Edward

Eve Gregory
Goldsmiths, University of London, UK
Teaching Literacy

Lenore A. Grenoble
University of Chicago, USA
Linguistic Diversity

Stefan Th. Gries
University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Corpus Linguistics: Quantitative Methods
Testing Independent Relationships

Jack Grieve
University of Leuven, Belgiumn
Sociolinguistics: Quantitative Methods

Trevor Grimshaw
University of Bath, UK
Holliday, Adrian

François Grin
University of Geneva, Switzerland
Economic Analysis of Language Policy and Planning
Multilingualism in Economic Activity

Nicholas Groom
University of Birmingham, UK
COBUILD Project

François Grosjean
Neuchâtel University, Switzerland
Bilingual and Monolingual Language Modes

Peter Grundy
University of Durham, UK
Pragmatic Inference

Yongqi Gu
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Vocabulary Guessing Strategies
Vocabulary Learning Strategies

María C. M. de Guerrero
Inter American University of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico
Inner Speech in Second Language Acquisition
Private Speech in Second Language Acquisition

Emiliano Guevara
University of Oslo, Norway
Compound Words

Manuela Guilherme
Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal
Critical Pedagogy
Risager, Karen

Susan Guion-Anderson
University of Oregon, USA
Speech Perception

Marianne Gullberg
Lund University, Sweden
Cognitive Second Language Acquisition: Overview
Gesture Analysis in Second Language Acquisition

Jeanette Gundel
University of Minnesota, USA
Information Structure

Britt-Louise Gunnarsson
Uppsala University, Sweden
Multilingualism at Work

Henrik Gyllstad
Lund University, Sweden
Grammatical Collocation

Pentti Haddington
University of Helsinki and University of Oulu, Finland
Pragmatics of Stance

Gisela Håkansson
Lund University, Sweden
First Language Development of Grammar

Kenji Hakuta
Stanford University, USA
Educational Research in Language Minority Students

Dorothea Halbe
University of Trier, Germany
Corpus Linguistics: Overview

Alison Hall
De Montford University, UK
Pragmatics Versus Semantics

David R. Hall
Macquarie University, Australia
Teacher Education for Language for Specific Purposes

Joan Kelly Hall
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Classroom Research in Second Language Acquisition

Rainer Enrique Hamel
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico
Multilingual Education in Latin America

Matthew J. Hammill
Arizona State University, USA
Language and Globalization

Regine Hampel
The Open University, UK
Multimodel Computer-Mediated Communication and Distance Language Learning

Zhaohong Han
Teachers College, Columbia University, USA
Fossilization

Zöe Handley
University of York, UK
Text-to-Speech Synthesis in Computer-Assisted Language Learning

Mari Haneda
Florida State University, USA
Dialogic Inquiry and Teacher Talk in Second Language Classrooms

Patrick Hanks
University of the West of England, UK and University of Wolverhampton, UK
Johnson, Samuel and Lexicography
Monolingual Lexicography

Lynne Hansen
Brigham Young University, USA
Second Language Vocabulary Attrition

Elizabeth Hanson-Smith
California State University, Sacramento, USA
Online Communities of Practice

Luke Harding
University of Melbourne, Australia
Pronunciation Assessment

Ruth Harman
The University of Georgia, USA
Qualitative Literacy Research

Jimmy G. Harris
University of Victoria, Canada
Catford, J. C.

Gai Harrison
The University of Queensland, Australia
Cultural Capital

Jerome C. Harste
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Reading-Writing Connection

Douglas K. Hartman
Michigan State University, USA
Historical Development of Literacy Research

Kevin Harvey
The University of Nottingham, UK
Grammar and Doctor-Patient Communication

Lynn Hasbany
Gavilan Community College, USA
Kumaravadivelu, B.

Victoria Hasko
The University of Georgia, USA
Qualitative Corpus Analysis

Timothy Hassall
The Australian National University, Australia
Pragmatic Development in Study-Abroad Contexts

Hilde Hasselgård
University of Oslo, Norway
Crosslinguistic Differences in Grammar

Tobias Haug
University of Zurich, Switzerland
Teaching Signed Languages

Michael Haugh
Griffith University, Australia
Conversational Implicature
Inference and Implicature

Paul Ten Have
University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Conversation Analysis and Ethnomethodology

Kate Haworth
Aston University, UK
Eades, Diana
Language of Police Interviews

Rachel Hayes-Harb
University of Utah, USA
Comparative Phonetics and Phonology

Thomas N. Headland
SIL International, USA and Southern Methodist University, USA
Pike, Kenneth Lee

Deborah Healey
University of Oregon, USA
Language Trainer Training in Technology

Trude Heift
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning

John Hellermann
Portland State University, USA
Conversation Analysis and Language Acquisition

Rena Helms-Park
University of Toronto, Canada
Cognates

Rena Helms-Park
University of Toronto, Canada
Comparing Two Independent Groups

Christine Hélot
University of Strasbourg, France
Multilingual Education and Language Awareness

Lynn Henrichsen
Brigham Young University, USA
Bowen, J. Donald

Caroline Henton
Talknowledgy and University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Text-to-Speech Synthesis Development

Daan Hermans
Royal Dutch Kentalis, Netherlands
Formal Models of Bilingual Speech Production

Theo Hermans
University College London, UK
Descriptive Translation Studies
Norms of Translation

Jennifer Herriman
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Systemic Functional Linguistics

Susan C. Herring
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Grammar and Electronic Communication

Erik Hertog
Lessius University College, Belgium
Legal Interpreting

Kathleen Heugh
University of South Australia, Australia
Multilingual Education in Africa

Tina Hickey
University College Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Early Bilingual Education

Laura Hidalgo-Downing
Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
Grammar and Evaluation

Christina Higgins
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Norton, Bonny

Suzanne K. Hilgendorf
Simon Fraser University, Canada
History of Language Teaching Methods

Rebecca Hincks
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
Suprasegmentals: Stress
Technology and Phonetics

Yukari Hirata
Colgate University, USA
Suprasegmentals: Rhythm

Alan Hirvela
The Ohio State University, USA
Belcher, Diane
Teaching Integrated Skills

Debbie G. E. Ho
University of Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam and University of Brunei Darussalam, Brunei
Focus Groups
Interviews

Barbara J. Hoekje
Drexel University, USA
Teaching English for Medical and Health Professions

Michael Hoey
University of Liverpool, UK
Lexical Priming

Sebastian Hoffmann
University of Trier, Germany
Corpora: English-Language
Leech, Geoffrey

Gabrielle Hogan-Brun
University of Basel, Switzerland
Acquisition Planning
Language Attitudes in Language Policy and Planning
UNESCO and Language Policy and Planning

Marnie Holborow
Dublin City University, Republic of Ireland
Neoliberalism

Adrian Holliday
Canterbury Christ Church University, UK
Validity in Qualitative Research

Janet Holmes
University of Wellington, USA
Gender and Pragmatics

Elizabeth Holt
University of Huddersfield, UK
Conversation Analysis and Laughter

Heather Homonoff Woodley
The City University of New York, USA
Bilingual Education

Huili Hong
The Ohio State University, USA
Reading and Intertextuality

Joanne Jung-Wook Hong
Macquarie University, Australia
Lemke, Jay

David L. Hoover
New York University, USA
Authorship and Stylistics

Nancy H. Hornberger
University of Pennsylvania, USA
Bilingual Literacy
McKay, Sandra Lee

Juliane House
University of Hamburg, Germany
Pragmatics of Lingua Franca Interaction

Alex Housen
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgiumn
Pragmatic Inference

Annick De Houwer
NICHD, USA and University of Erfurt, Germany
Early Bilingualism

Blake Stephen Howald
Georgetown University, USA
Kniffka, Hannes
Tiersma, Peter

Leo Francis Hoye
The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Adverbs

George G. Hruby
University of Kentucky, USA
Cognitive Constructivism

Adelheid Hu
University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Intercultural Learning

Heng-Tsung Danny Huang
National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Portfolio Assessment

Hsuan-Yi Huang
Michigan State University, USA
Historical Development of Literacy Research

Philip Hubbard
Stanford University, USA
Technology and Listening

Thom Hudson
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Correlational Research in Language Assessment

Ari Huhta
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Common European Framework of Reference

Jan H. Hulstijn
University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Incidental Learning in Second Language Acquisition

Francis M. Hult
University of Texas at San Antonio, USA
Ecology and Multilingual Education
Hornberger, Nancy H.

Shao-Ting Alan Hung
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Portfolio Assessment

Susan Hunston
University of Birmingham, UK
Corpus Linguistics: Historical Development
Pattern Grammar

Daniel Hunt
The University of Nottingham, UK
Grammar and Doctor-Patient Communication

Thorsten Huth
Southern Illinois University
Pragmatics and Culture

Ken Hyland
The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Genre and Discourse Analysis in Language for Specific Purposes
Teaching Language for Academic Purposes

Kenneth Hyltenstam
Stockholm University, Sweden
Critical Period

Sunny Hyon
California State University, San Bernardino, USA
Johns, Ann

Rick Iedema
University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
Medical Discourse
Multimodality in Workplaces

Ofra Inbar-Lourie
Beit Berl College, Israel and Tel Aviv University, Israel
Language Assessment Literacy

Talia Isaacs
University of Bristol, UK
Phonology: Mixed Methods

Midori Ishida
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Second Language Pragmatic Development

Noriko Ishihara
Hosei University, Japan
Cohen, Andrew D.

Cristina Izura
Swansea University, UK
Vocabulary Acquisition in Bilinguals

Jane Jackson
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Study Abroad
Teaching for Internationalization and Critical Citizenship

Donna Jackson-Maldonado
Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Mexico
MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories

Bob Jacobs
Colorado College, USA
Schumann, John H.

Gloria E. Jacobs
St. John Fisher College, USA
Literacy Practices in Virtual Environments

Verena Jäger
University of Mainz, Germany
Grammatical Differences Between British and American English

Joan Jamieson
Northern Arizona University, USA
Chapelle, Carol A.
Cluster Analysis
Quantitative and Mixed Methods: Overview

Hilary Janks
University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Critical Literacy

Maarten Janssen
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain
Lexical Gaps

Scott Jarvis
Ohio University, USA
Crosslinguistic Influence and Multilingualism
Odlin, Terence

Laura Jenkins
Loughborough University, UK
Discourse and Cognition

Christopher Jenks
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Analysis of Dialogue

Maria Jerskey
The City University of New York, USA
Canagarajah, A. Suresh

Ulrike Jessner
University of Innsbruck, Austria
Complexity in Multilingual Systems
Dynamics of Multilingualism
Teaching a Third Language

Carey Jewitt
Institute of Education, UK
Multimodal Teaching and Learning

Xiangying Jiang
West Virginia University, USA
Comparing Two Related Samples

Robert T. Jiménez
Vanderbilt University, USA
Literacy and Transnational Migration

Marc F. Joanisse
The University of Western Ontario, Canada
McClelland, James L.

Andrew Jocuns
University of Washington, USA
Classroom Discourse

David Cassels Johnson
Washington State University, USA
Educational Language Policy and Planning
Hornberger, Nancy H.

Edward Johnson
University of Cambridge, UK
Corpus Analysis for Operational Communication

Alexandra Johnston
Iowa State University, USA
Schiffrin, Deborah
van Dijk, Teun A.

Duff Johnston
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Classroom Research in Second Language Acquisition

Trevor Johnston
Macquarie University, Australia
Corpus Analysis of Sign Languages

Kathryn Jones
IAITH: Welsh Centre for Language Planning, UK
Martin-Jones, Marilyn

Rodney H. Jones
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Analysis of Discourse and Interaction: Overview
Analysis of Mediated Interaction
Candlin, Christopher N.
Discourse in Action
Multimodal Discourse Analysis
Positioning in the Analysis of Discourse and Interaction

Stephaney Jones-Vo
Heartland Area Education Agency, USA
Linguistic Differentiation in All Classrooms

John E. Joseph
University of Edinburgh, UK
Cultural Identity
Language, Politics, and the Nation-State
Nation
Role of Language and Place in Language Policy

Alan Juffs
University of Pittsburgh, USA
Information Retrieval for Reading Tutors

Braj B. Kachru
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
History of World Englishes
World Englishes: Overview

Yamuna Kachru
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Linguistic Creativity and World Englishes Literatures

Dániel Z. Kádár
University of Huddersfield, UK
Historical Pragmatics

Paula Kalaja
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Beliefs in Second Language Acquisition: Learner
Beliefs in Second Language Acquisition: Teacher

Sylvia Kalina
Cologne University of Applied Sciences, Germany
Conference Interpreting

Mary Kalintzis
University of Illinois, USA
Multiliteracies in Education

Zohar Kampf
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Blum-Kulka, Shoshana

Nkonko M. Kamwangamalu
Howard University, USA
African Union

Budsaba Kanoksilapatham
Silpakorn University, Thailand
Language for Specific Purposes in Asia

Sohail Karmani
University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Religion

Gabriele Kasper
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Conversation Analysis and Interview Studies

David Katan
University of the Salento, Italy
Cultural Approaches to Translation

Anne Katz
The New School, USA
Assessment in the Classroom

Tadayoshi Kaya
Gakushuin Women's College, Japan
Describing and Illustrating Quantitative Data

Stephanie A. Kazanas
State University of New York at Albany, USA
Multilingualism and Memory

Elizabeth Keating
University of Texas at Austin, USA
Duranti, Alessandro

Patricia A. Keating
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Ladefoged, Peter

Casey Keck
Boise State University, USA
Corpus Linguistics in Language Teaching

Helen Kelly-Holmes
University of Limerick, Republic of Ireland
Multilingualism and Media

Dorothy Kenny
Dublin City University, Republic of Ireland
Corpus Analysis in Translation Studies
Linguistic Approaches to Translation

Dorry Kenyon
Center for Applied Linguistics, USA
Christian, Donna
Standard Setting on Language Tests

Friederike Kern
University of Hildesheim, Germany
Conversation Analysis and Interactional Linguistics

Richard Kern
University of California, Berkeley, USA
Communicative Grammar and Communicative Competence

Greg Kessler
Ohio University, USA
Authoring Tools for Language Assessment
Language Teacher Training in Technology

Catherine Siew Kheng Chua
National Institute of Education/Nanyang Technological
Language Planning and Multilingualism

Amanda Kibler
Stanford University, USA
Educational Research in Language Minority Students
Heritage Language Teaching

Dan Kim
Sungkyunkwan University, Republic of Korea
Mixed Methods

Youn-Kyung Kim
Spalding University, USA
Frame Analysis

Younhee Kim
Korea University, Republic of Korea
Brown, Penelope

Brian W. King
City University of Hong Kong, People's Republic of China
Gender and Pragmatics

Kendall A. King
University of Minnesota, USA
Heritage Languages and Language Policy
Shohamy, Elana

Celeste Kinginger
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Language Socialization in Study Abroad
Language Study Abroad

Minna Kirjavainen
University of Manchester, UK
Naturalistic Data

Andy Kirkpatrick
Griffith University, Australia
English in Asian and European Higher Education
English in Higher Education in the Postcolonial World
Varieties of English in Asia

Keiko Kitade
Ritsumeikan University, Japan
Pragmatics of Asynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication

Celia Kitzinger
University of York, UK
Conversation Analysis and Gender and Sexuality

Thomas Klein
Idaho State University, USA
Traditional Approaches to Monolingual Lexicography

Tatyana Kleyn
The City University of New York, USA
Teacher Education for Multilingual Education

Michele Knobel
Montclair State University, USA
Conceptualizing and Researching "New Literacies"

Ute Knoch
University of Melbourne, Australia
Validation of Writing Assessment

John S. Knox
Macquarie University, Australia
Multimodality and Systemic Functional Analysis

Geoffrey S. Koby
Kent State University, USA
Commercial Translation
Post-Editing of Machine Translation

Keiko Koda
Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Assessment of Reading
Learning to Read in New Writing Systems
Second Language Reading, Scripts, and Orthographies

Almut Koester
University of Birmingham, UK
English for Occupational Purposes

Rie Koizumi
Juntendo University, Japan
Vocabulary and Speaking

Daniela Kolbe
University of Trier, Germany
Corpus Analysis in Dialectology

Simon Kollien
University of Hamburg, Germany
Teaching Signed Languages

Kimi Kondo-Brown
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, USA
Assessing Japanese Writing Ability
Teaching Less Commonly Taught Languages

Nariyo Kono
Portland State University, USA
Ethics in Research

Tom Koole
Utrecht University, Netherlands
Conversation Analysis and Education

Judit Kormos
Lancaster University, UK
Dörnyei, Zoltán
Sentence Production in a Second Language
Teaching English as a Foreign Language to Students With Specific Learning Differences

Timothy Koschmann
Southern Illinois University, USA
Conversation Analysis and Learning in Interaction

Claire Kramsch
University of California, Berkeley, USA
Communicative Grammar and Communicative Competence
Language, Culture, and Context
Subjectivity
Teaching Culture and Intercultural Competence

Joy Kreeft Peyton
Center for Applied Linguistics, USA
Christian, Donna

Judith F. Kroll
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Bilingualism and Multilingualism: Quantitative Methods
Organization of the Second Language Lexicon

Magdalena Kubanyiova
University of Birmingham, UK
Ethical Debates in Research on Language and Interaction
Knowledge Base of Language Teachers

Ryuko Kubota
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Critical Race Theory and Qualitative Research
Language and Education for Returnees
Multiculturalism and Second Language Learning

Agnes Kukulska-Hulme
The Open University, UK
Mobile-Assisted Language Learning

Antony J. Kunnan
California State University, Los Angeles, USA
Bachman, Lyle F.
High-Stakes Language Testing
Statistical Analysis of Test Results

Nai-Cheng Kuo
Michigan State University, USA
Historical Development of Literacy Research

Naomi Kurata
Monash University, Australia
Social Networks in Second Language Acquisition

Dennis Kurzon
University of Haifa, Israel
Analysis of Silence in Interaction

Marie-Claude L'Homme
University of Montreal, Canada
Terminology and Data Encoding

Hans J. Ladegaard
Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
Edwards, John

Matthew Laliberte
Boston College, USA
Policy Analysis and Document-Based Literacy Research

Martin Lamb
University of Leeds, UK
Language Learning and Teaching: Mixed Methods

Brigitte Lambert
University of Melbourne, Australia
Multilingual Education in Australia

Sylvie A. Lamoureux
University of Ottawa, Canada
Canada's Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages

Lesley Lancaster
Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
Multimodal Literacy

Pia Lane
University of Oslo, Norway
Multimodality and Culture

Juliet Langman
University of Texas at San Antonio, USA
Qualitative Sociolinguistics Research

Colin Lankshear
James Cook University, Australia and McGill University, Canada
Conceptualizing and Researching "New Literacies"

James P. Lantolf
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Praxis and Second Language Acquisition
Sociocultural Theory

Sharon Lapkin
University of Toronto, Canada
Swain, Merrill

Diane Larsen-Freeman
University of Michigan, USA
Chaos/Complexity Theory for Second Language Acquisition

Jenifer Larson-Hall
Kyushu Sangyo University, Japan
Comparing Two+ Independent Groups

David Lasagabaster
University of the Basque Country, Spain
Attitudes and Motivation in Bilingual Education

Batia Laufer
University of Haifa, Israel
Lexical Frequency Profiles
Second Language Word Difficulty
Vocabulary and Writing

Sonja Launspach
Idaho State University, USA
Webster and American Lexicography

Michelle M. Lazar
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Multimodality and Metaphors

Anne Lazaraton
University of Minnesota, USA
Discourse Analysis in Language Assessment
Ethics in Qualitative Research

Carol D. Lee
Northwestern University, USA
Literacy and Bidialectalism

Jin Sook Lee
University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
Literacy and Heritage Language Maintenance

Namhee Lee
California State University, Los Angeles, USA
Neurobiological Foundations for Second Language Acquisition

Yong-Won Lee
Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Multiple Regression

Nancy L. Leech
University of Colorado, Denver, USA
Validity: Mixed Methods

Ronald P. Leow
Georgetown University, USA
Attention, Noticing, and Awareness in Second Language Acquisition

Sipra Leppänen
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Multilingualism and the Internet

Donald J. Leu
University of Connecticut, USA
New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension

Constant Leung
King's College London, UK
Qualitative Research in Language Assessment

Janny Leung
The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Hulstijn, Jan H.
Schmidt, Richard
Skehan, Peter

John Levis
Iowa State University, USA
Automatic Speech Recognition
Phonetics and Phonology: Overview
Suprasegmentals: Intonation

Robert Lew
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Dictionaries and Technology

W. Gwyn Lewis
Bangor University, UK
Baker, Colin

Duanduan Li
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Pragmatic Socialization

Jinrong Li
Iowa State University, USA
Grammar in Language Teaching and Education

Ping Li
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Competition Model
Connectionism

Anthony J. Liddicoat
University of South Australia, Australia
Language Planning in Religious Observance

Wolf-Andreas Liebert
University of Koblenz, Germany
Multimodal Text

Patsy M. Lightbown
Concordia University, Canada
Learner Readiness
Spada, Nina

Lisa Lim
The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
English and Multilingualism in Singapore

Angel Lin
University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Critical Discourse Analysis: Overview

Jonas Lindh
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
French, Peter
Nolan, Francis

Hans Lindquist
Malmö University, Sweden
Johansson, Stig
Svartvik, Jan

Hsien-Chin Liou
National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, Province of China
Technology and Language: Quantitative Methods

Jeannette Littlemore
University of Birmingham, UK
Cognitive Approaches to Communication Strategies

Dilin Liu
University of Alabama, USA
Teaching Grammar

Jun Liu
Georgia State University, USA
Peer Response in Second Language Writing

Lorena Llosa
New York University, USA
Language Testing and Accountability

Enric Llurda
Universitat de Lleida, Spain
Native and Non-Native Teachers of English

Miriam A. Locher
University of Basel, Switzerland
Politeness

Jane Lockwood
The City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Assessment of Business and Professional Language for Specific Purposes

Jens Loenhoff
University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Multimodality and the Senses

Shawn Loewen
Michigan State University, USA
Instructed Second Language Acquisition

Michael H. Long
University of Maryland, USA
Needs Analysis

María Del Mar Torreblanca López
University of Seville, Spain
Austin, John L.

Jackie Jia Lou
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Jones, Rodney H.

Peter Lowenberg
San Jose State University, USA
World Englishes and Assessment

Wander Lowie
University of Groningen, Netherlands
de Bot, Kees
Dynamic Systems Theory Approaches to Second Language Acquisition

Gigi Luk
Harvard Graduate School of Education, USA
Bialystok, Ellen

Annabelle Lukin
Macquarie University, Australia
Hasan, Ruqaiya

Jane Lung
Macao Polytechnic Institute, China
Bhatia, Vijay

Sari Luoma
Ballard & Tighe, USA
Self-Assessment

Roy Lyster
McGill University, Canada
Immersion Education
Roles for Corrective Feedback in Second Language Instruction

Ronald Macaulay
Pitzer College, USA
Grammar and Social Class

E. Macarena Pradas Macías
University of Granada, Spain
Quality in Interpreting

Alison Mackey
Georgetown University, USA
Interaction Approach in Second Language Acquisition
Prompted Production

Nicci MacLeod
Aston University, UK
Forensic Linguistics: Overview
Solan, Lawrence M.

Brian MacWhinney
Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Competition Model

Luisa Maffi
Terralingua, Canada
Terralingua

Ahmar Mahboob
The University of Sydney, Australia
Critical Discourse Analysis and Critical Applied Linguistics

John C. Maher
International Christian University, Japan
Davies, Alan

Michaela Mahlberg
The University of Nottingham, UK
Corpus Analysis of Literary Texts

Holbrook Mahn
University of New Mexico, USA
Methodological Foundations of Sociocultural Theory
Research Methods and Sociocultural Approaches in Second Language Acquisition
Vygotsky and Second Language Acquisition

Christian Mair
University of Freiberg, Germany
Greenbaum, Sidney
Quirk, Randolph

Roy C. Major
Arizona State University, USA
Foreign Accent
Phonological Analysis

Busi Makoni
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Critical Applied Linguistics
Language and Identity in Africa

Sinfree Makoni
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Critical Applied Linguistics
Language and Identity in Africa

David Malinowski
University of California, Berkeley, USA
Technology and Culture

Margaret E. Malone
Center for Applied Linguistics, USA
Language Testing in the Government and Military

David Malvern
Deceased, formerly of the University of Reading
Measures of Lexical Richness

Rosa M. Manchón
University of Murcia, Spain
Teaching Writing

Wolfgang Mann
University College London, UK
Teaching Signed Languages

Satu Manninen
University of Lund, Sweden
Generative Grammar

Theodoros Marinis
University of Reading, UK
Online Psycholinguistic Methods in Second Language Acquisition Research

Numa Markee
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Emic and Etic in Qualitative Research

Meredith Marra
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Discourse Analysis and Conversation Analysis

Emma Marsden
University of York, UK
Language Testing in Second Language Research

David Marsh
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Content and Language Integrated Learning

James R. Martin
The University of Sydney, Australia
Writing and Genre Studies

Nicole M. Martin
Michigan State University, USA
Historical Development of Literacy Research

Alicia Martínez-Flor
University Jaume I, Spain
Classroom Research on Pragmatics

Waldemar Martyniuk
Council of Europe, Austria
Council of Europe Language Policy and Planning
Multilingualism and Higher Education

Andrea W. Mates
University of California, Los Angeles, USA
Neurobiology and Motivation in Second Language Acquisition

Gregory Matoesian
University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Language of Courtroom Interaction

Marylou Matoush
University of Florida, USA
Literacy and Bilingualism

Aya Matsuda
Arizona State University, USA
World Englishes and Language Pedagogy
World Englishes and Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

Paul Kei Matsuda
Arizona State University, USA
Historiography

Ben Matthews
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Conversation Analysis and Design

Anna Mauranen
University of Helsinki, Finland
Linear Unit Grammar

Stephen May
The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Multilingualism and Language Rights

Douglas W. Maynard
University of Wisconsin, USA
Conversation Analysis and Interaction in Standardized Survey Interviews

Andrea Mayr
Queen's University Belfast, UK
Prison Language

Harrie Mazeland
University of Groningen, Netherlands
Conversation Analysis and Other-Initiated Repair
Conversation Analysis and Repair Organization: Overview

Alamin Mazrui
Rutgers University, USA
Language Ideology, Translation/Interpretation, and Courts

Agnieszka Mazur
University of California, Berkeley, USA
Writing and Content Area Learning

Steven G. McCafferty
University of Nevada, Las Vegas, USA
Zone of Proximal Development in Second Language Acquisition

Michael McCarthy
The University of Nottingham, UK
Analyzing Spoken Corpora

Teresa L. McCarty
Arizona State University, USA
Indigenous Languages in the 21st Century
Literacy and Language Revitalization
May, Stephen

Jennifer McCreight
The University of Georgia, USA
Heath, Shirley Brice

Kim McDonough
Concordia University, Canada
Priming Research
Quantitative and Mixed Methods: Overview

Tony McEnery
Lancaster University, UK
Grammar and Corpora

Mary McGroarty
Northern Arizona University, USA
Language Rights in Language Policy and Planning

Dan McIntyre
University of Huddersfield, UK
Corpora and Literature

Sandra McKay
San Francisco State University, USA
Authenticity in the Language Teaching Curriculum

Mireille McLaughlin
University of Ottawa, Canada
Heller, Monica

Wilson McLeod
University of Edinburgh, UK
Welsh Language Board and Bòrd na Géidhlig

April McMahon
Aberystwyth University, UK
Lexicostatistics and Glottochronology

Robert McMahon
University of Edinburgh, UK
Lexicostatistics and Glottochronology

Tim McNamara
University of Melbourne, Australia
Clyne, Michael
Values in Language Assessment

Zita McRobbie-Utasi
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Lehiste, Ilse

J. Greg McVerry
Southern Connecticut State University, USA
New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension

Paul Meara
Swansea University, UK
Basic English
Imaginary Words

Barbra A. Meek
University of Michigan, USA
Teaching Indigenous Languages

Inger M. Mees
Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Jones, Daniel

Christiane Meierkord
Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
English as Lingua Franca

J. Dean Mellow
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Time Series

Julia Menard-Warwick
University of California, Davis, USA
Gender and Second Language Acquisition

Julia Menard-Warwick
University of California, Davis, USA
Variational Pragmatics

Guy Merchant
Sheffield Hallam University, UK
Critical Media Literacy

Rajend Mesthrie
University of Cape Town, South Africa
Varieties of English in Africa

Thomas Metten
University of Koblenz, Germany
Multimodal Text

Detmar Meurers
University of Tübingen, Germany
Natural Language Processing and Language Learning

Jacob L. Mey
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark (emeritus)
Societal Pragmatics

Charles F. Meyer
University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA
Francis, Nelson
KuÇera, Henry

Miriam Meyerhoff
The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Pacific Creoles

Reine Meylaerts
KU Leuven, Belgium
Literary Translation

Florin M. Mihai
University of Central Florida, USA
Comparing Two+ Related Samples

Wiltrud Mihatsch
University of Bochum, Germany
Hedges

Tommaso M. Milani
University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Language Ideology and Public Discourse

Jennifer Miller
Monash University, Australia
Social Evaluation of Second Language Speech

James Milton
Swansea University, UK
Second Language Acquisition via Second Life

Robert J. Mislevy
University of Maryland, USA
Modeling Language for Assessment

Girishwar Misra
University of Delhi, India
Mohanty, Ajit

Carol Lynn Moder
Oklahoma State University, USA
Aviation English

Bernard Mohan
King's College London, UK and The University of British Columbia, Canada
Integration of Language and Content Learning

Ajit K. Mohanty
Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Multilingual Education in India

Amena Mohsin
Dhaka University, Bangladesh
Bangla Academy

Luke Moissinac
Pacific University, USA
Bamberg, Michael

Luiz Paulo Moita-Lopes
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Ideology in Research Methodology

Elizabeth Birr Moje
University of Michigan, USA
Reading and Content Area Learning

Lorenza Mondada
CNRS, France
Conversation Analysis and Institutional Interaction

Britta Mondorf
Johannes Gutenberg University, Germany
Grammatical Differences Between British and American English

Vicent Montalt
University Jaume I, Spain
Medical Translation

Esther Monzo
University Jaume I, Spain
Official Translation

Andrew Moody
University of Macau, Macao
Language Ideology in the Discourse of Popular Culture

Ana I. Moreno
University of León, Spain
Intercultural Rhetoric in Language for specific Purposes

Brian Morgan
York University, Canada
Poststructuralism

Kristian Mortensen
University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Conversation Analysis and Multimodality
Conversation Analysis: Overview

Melissa Moyer
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain
Heller, Monica

Aurore P. Mroz
Colby College, USA
Process Research Screen Capture

Louise Mullany
The University of Nottingham, UK
Corpus Analysis of Language in the Workplace

Carmen Muñoz
University of Barcelona, Spain
Age-Appropriate Instruction and Assessment for School-Age Learners
Explicit Learning in Second Language Acquisition

Murray J. Munro
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Intelligibility
Phonetics and Phonology: Overview

Tim Murphey
Kanda University of International Studies, Japan
Individual Differences in the Classroom

Amanda Murphy
Catholic University, Milan, Italy
Corpus Analysis of European Union Documents

Denise E. Murray
Macquarie University, Australia
Technology and Literacy

Tatsuya Nakata
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Web-Based Lexical Resources

Jemina Napier
Macquarie University, Australia
Research on Signed Language Interpreting
Signed Language Interpreting Profession

Udaya Narayana Singh
Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, India
Central Institute of Indian Languages

Paul Nation
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Computer-Assisted Vocabulary Load Analysis
Special Purposes Vocabulary
Teaching Vocabulary
Vocabulary Acquisition in Second Language Acquisition
Vocabulary Size in a Second Language

Eduardo Negueruela-Azarola
University of Miami, USA
Internalization in Second Language Acquisition: Social Perspectives

Cecil L. Nelson
Indiana State University, USA
Intelligibility in World Englishes
Kachru, Braj B.

Mark Evan Nelson
Deakin University, Australia
Multimodality and Literacy

Shondel Nero
New York University, USA
Varieties of English in the Caribbean

Hilary Nesi
Coventry University, UK
Dictionary Use

Terttu Nevalainen
University of Helsinki, Finland
Romaine, Suzanne

Maurice Nevile
University of Oulu, Finland
The Dictionary as a Tool in Language Learning

Lynda Pritchard Newcombe
Cardiff University and the Open University, UK
Edwards, Viv

Hanh Thi Nguyen
Hawai`i Pacific University, USA
Institutional Pragmatics
Young, Richard

Catherine Nickerson
Zayed University, United Arab Emirates
English for Business

Elena Nicoladis
University of Alberta, USA
Code Mixing

Sonia Nieto
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
Literacy and Multicultural Education

Mercedes Niño-Murcia
University of Iowa, USA
Spanish Standardization

Erin Nolan
Arizona State University, USA
McCarty, Teresa L.

Christiane Nord
University of the Free State, South Africa
Functional Approaches to Translation

Nina Nørgaard
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Grammar and Literature

John M. Norris
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Meta-Analysis
Program Evaluation

John Norris
University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA
Task-Based Language Teaching

Sigrid Norris
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Discourse: Overview
Multimodal Communication: Overview
Multimodal Interaction Analysis

Jill Northcott
University of Edinburgh, UK
Methods for Language for Specific Purposes

Jacomine Nortier
University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Bilingualism and Youth Language

Bonny Norton
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Identity and Second Language Acquisition
Pennycook, Alastair
Poststructuralism

Philip Noss
Nida Institute for Biblical Scholarship, USA
Bible Translation

Ulugbek Nurmukhamedov
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Learner Dictionaries

Peadar ó Flatharta
Dublin City University, Republic of Ireland
Reviving Irish From Independence to the Good Friday Peace Agreement

Pádraig ó Riagáin
Trinity College Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Multilingualism and Attitudes

W. Ian O'Byrne
New Haven University, USA
New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension

Robert O'Dowd
University of León, Spain
Online Intercultural Exchanges

Kay L. O'Halloran
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Multimodal Text Analysis
Multimodality and Technology
O'Toole, Michael
Thibault, Paul

Anne O'Keeffe
University of Limerick, Republic of Ireland
Analyzing Spoken Corpora

Bernadette O'Rourke
Heriot-Watt University, Scotland
Language Attitudes in Language Policy and Planning

Michael O'Toole
Murdoch University, Australia
Multimodality and Displayed Art
O'Halloran, Kay L.

Loraine Obler
The City University of New York, USA
Multilingualism and Aphasia

Gary J. Ockey
Kanda University of International Studies, Japan
Assessment of Listening
Item Response Theory

Terence Odlin
The Ohio State University, USA
Crosslinguistic Influence in Second Language Acquisition

Sölve Ohlander
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Prescriptive and Descriptive Grammar

Amy Snyder Ohta
University of Washington, USA
Social, Dynamic, and Complexity Theory Approaches to Second Language Development: Overview

Thomas Orr
University of Aizu, Japan
English for Science and Technology

Lourdes Ortega
Georgetown University, USA
Byrnes, Heidi
Language Learning and Teaching: Overview
Long, Michael H.

Huhua Ouyang
Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, China
Fairclough, Norman

Maryann Overstreet
University of Hawai`i at Mānoa, USA
Metapragmatics

Uldis Ozolins
University of Western Sydney, Australia
Language Problems as Constructs of Ideology

R. Michael Paige
University of Minnesota, USA
Assessment of Cultural Knowledge

Brian Paltridge
The University of Sydney, Australia
Critical Discourse Analysis and Critical Applied Linguistics
Theses and Dissertations in English for Specific Purposes

Yuling Pan
US Census Bureau, USA
Interactional Sociolinguistics as a Research Perspective

Anjali Pandey
Salisbury University, USA
World Englishes and the Role of Media

Spiros Papageorgiou
University of Michigan, USA
Lado, Robert

Magali paquot
Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium
Language for Specific Purposes Learner Corpora

Carita Paradis
Lund University, Sweden
Cognitive Grammar
Lexical Semantics

Júlia Barón Parés
University of Barcelona, Spain
Searle, John R.

Youngmi Park
The City University of New York, USA
Multilingualism and Aphasia

John H. Parmelee
University of North Florida, USA
Discourse: Mixed Methods

Teresa Parodi
University of Cambridge, UK
Universal Grammar and Second Language Acquisition

Alan Partington
University of Bologna, Italy
Corpus Analysis of Political Language

Donna Patrick
Carleton University, Canada
Endangered Languages in Canada

John Payne
University of Manchester, UK
Pullum, Geoffrey K.

Mark Payne
University of Sheffield, UK
Qualitative Research in Language Planning and Policy

Diane Pecorari
Mälardalen University, Sweden
Plagiarism

Ana Pellicer-Sánchez
The University of Nottingham, UK
Vocabulary and Reading

Miguel Pérez-Milans
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
Wodak, Ruth

Ria Perkins
Aston University, UK
Cotterill, Janet

Stephynie C. Perkins
University of North Florida, USA
Discourse: Mixed Methods

Annie Peshkam
Northwestern University, USA
Psycholinguistic Studies of Literacy

Saija Peuronen
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Multilingualism and the Internet

Gill Philip
University of Bologna, Italy
Technology and Phrases

Robert Phillipson
Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Colonialism and Language Policy and Planning
Linguistic Imperialism
Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove

Alison Phipps
University of Glasgow, USA
Guilherme, Manuela

Lucy Pickering
Texas A&M University - Commerce, USA
Suprasegmentals: Discourse Intonation

Manfred Pienemann
Newcastle University, UK and University of Paderborn, Germany
Processability Theory and Teachability

Sari Pietikäinen
University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Multilingualism and Media

Mónica Pini
Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Argentina
Discourse Analysis in Literacy Research

Rachel J. Pinnow
University of Missouri-Columbia, USA
Ecological Approaches in Qualitative Research

Thorsten Piske
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
Flege, James

María Elena Placencia
Birkbeck College, University of London, UK
Speech Acts Research

Lia Plakans
University of Iowa, USA
Assessment and Testing: Overview
Assessment of Integrated Skills

Gregory J. Poarch
Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands
Models of Lexical and Conceptual Representations in Second Language Acquisition

Matthew E. Poehner
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Dynamic Assessment in Second Language Acquisition
Sociocultural Theory

Charlene Polio
Michigan State University, USA
Gass, Susan M.
Measuring the Effectiveness of Second Language Instruction in Research

Sonja Pöllabauer
University of Graz, Austria
Community Interpreting

Anne Pomerantz
University of Pennsylvania, USA
Narrative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition

Jonathan Potter
Loughborough University, UK
Conversation Analysis and Emotion and Cognition in Interaction
Discourse and Cognition

Richard Powell
Nihon University, Japan
Gibbons, John

Kristen L. Pratt
Washington State University at Vancouver, USA
Educational Language Policy and Planning

Bent Preisler
University of Roskilde, Denmark
Haberland, Hartmut

D. J. Prinsloo
University of Pretoria, South Africa
Lexicography in Non-European Languages

Mastin Prinsloo
University of Cape Town, South Africa
Literacy in Community Settings

Paul Prior
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Bazerman, Charles

James E. Purpura
Teachers College, Columbia University, USA
Assessment of Grammar

Conor McDonough Quinn
University of Nizwa, Oman and University of Southern Maine, USA
Endangered Languages

David Quinto-Pozos
The University of Texas at Austin, USA
Teaching Signed Languages

Tariq Rahman
Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan
English Across South Asia

Kanavillil Rajagopalan
State University at Campinas, Brazil
Varieties of English in South America

Vaidehi Ramanathan
University of California, Davis, USA
English and the Vernaculars From a Postcolonial Perspective
National Language and English in India

Anna Giacalone Ramat
University of Pavia, Italy
Typology and Second Language Acquisition

Sara Da Silva Ramos
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Discriminant Function Analysis

Jim Ranalli
Iowa State University, USA
Learner Dictionaries

Mick Randall
British University in, Dubai
Brain Imaging Studies and Vocabulary

Tom Randolph
Sookmyung Women's University, Republic of Korea
Gee, James

Mart Rannut
Integration Research Institute, Estonia
Russification in the Soviet Era

Leila Ranta
University of Alberta, USA
Lyster, Roy

David N. Rapp
Northwestern University, USA
Psycholinguistic Studies of Literacy

Paul Rayson
Lancaster University, UK
Corpus Analysis of Key Words

John Read
The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Assessment of Vocabulary
Conventional Methods for Assessing Vocabulary

Timothy Reagan
Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan
Language Policy for Sign Languages

Patrick Rebuschat
Georgetown University, USA
DeKeyser, Robert
Ellis, Nick
Implicit Learning in Second Language Acquisition
Prompted Production

Beatrice Szczepek Reed
University of York, UK
Conversation Analysis and Prosody
Rhythm and Timing in Interaction
Suprasegmentals: Prosody in Conversation

Daniel J. Reed
Michigan State University, USA
Stansfield, Charles

Jochen Rehbein
Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Netherlands
Intercultural Communication

Shannon Reierson
University of New Mexico, USA
Research Methods and Sociocultural Approaches in Second Language Acquisition

Hayo Reinders
Middlesex University, UK
Self-Access and Independent Learning Centers

Andrea Révész
University College London, UK
Task-Based Learning: Research Methods

Nancy Rhodes
Center for Applied Linguistics, USA
Christian, Donna

Thomas Ricento
University of Calgary, Canada
Critiques of Language Policy and Planning

Brian Richards
University of Reading, UK
Measures of Lexical Richness

Susan J. Rickard Liow
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Discriminant Function Analysis

Alex M.J. Riemersma
Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Netherlands
Gorter, Durk

Emily F. Rine
University of Oregon, USA
Sociocultural Theory and Interlanguage Pragmatics

Karen Risager
University of Roskilde, Denmark
Agar, Michael
Culture
Culture and Context: Overview
Culture in Textbook Analysis and Evaluation
Linguaculture

Hanna Risku
University of Graz, Austria
Cognitive Approaches to Translation

Matti Rissanen
University of Helsinki, Finland
Romaine, Suzanne

William C. Ritchie
Syracuse University, USA
Schachter, Jacquelyn

William P. Rivers
Integrated Training Solutions, USA
Rational Choice and Cost-Benefit Analyses in Language Planning

Leah Roberts
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Netherlands
Sentence and Discourse Processing in Second Language Comprehension

Clinton Robinson
Consultant in Education and Development, France
Acquisition Planning
UNESCO and Language Policy and Planning

Peter Robinson
Aoyama Gakuin University, Japan
Aptitude in Second Language Acquisition
Syllabus Design
Task-Based Learning: Cognitive Underpinnings

Anthony B. Roegiers
Utah State University, USA
Cognitive Constructivism

Carsten Roever
University of Melbourne, Australia
Assessment of Pragmatics
Testing in Pragmatics Research

Rebecca Rogers
University of Missouri-St. Louis, USA
Discourse Analysis in Literacy Research

Suzanne Romaine
University of Oxford, UK
Language Endangerment

Jesús Romero-Trillo
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
Pragmatic Markers

Enid M. Rosario-Ramos
University of Michigan, USA
Literacy and Multicultural Education

Marcia Harmon Rosenbusch
Iowa State University, USA
US Foreign-Language Teaching in Kindergarten to 12th Grade

Steven J. Ross
University of Maryland, USA
Probability and Hypothesis Testing

Eleonora Rossi
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Bilingualism and Multilingualism: Quantitative Methods

Jason Rothman
University of Florida, USA
Multilingualism and Identity

Susanne Rott
University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition

Kathryn Roulston
The University of Georgia, USA
Interviews in Qualitative Research

William Rozycki
Aizu University, Japan
Culture and Language for Specific Purposes

Joan Rubin
Joan Rubin Associates, USA
Teaching Language-Learning Strategies

Christoph Rühlemann
Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Germany
Conversational Grammar

Miguel F. Ruiz-Garrido
University Jaume I, Spain
Language for Tourism

Elin Runnqvist
University of Barcelona, Spain
Spoken Word Production in Second Language Acquisition

André A. Rupp
University of Maryland, USA
Comparing Groups With Multiple Dependent Variables
Comparing Groups With Multiple Independent Variables

Mariachiara Russo
University of Bologna, Italy
Liaison Interpreting

Maria Pilar Safont Jordà
University Jaume I, Spain
Multilingualism and English
Pragmatic Competence in Multilingual Contexts

Nuria Sagarra
Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Working Memory in Second Language Acquisition

Ingrid De Saint-Georges
University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Anticipatory Discourse
Context in the Analysis of Discourse and Interaction

M. Sagrario Salaberri
University of Almería, Spain
Narrative Development in Second Language Acquisition: Oral and Written

Oladipo Salami
Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
Varieties of English in Nigeria

Betty Samraj
San Diego State University, USA
Swales, John M.

María Manuela Fernández Sánchez
University of Granada, Spain
Quality in Interpreting

Lourdes Sánchez-López
The University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
Spanish for Specific Purposes

Andrea Sand
University of Trier, Germany
Corpus Analysis of English as a World Language

Robert E. Sanders
University at Albany, USA
Cognitive Models of Interaction

Cristina Sanz
Georgetown University, USA
Multilingualism and Metalinguistic Awareness

María Jesús Pinar Sanz
University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
Multimodality and Comic Books

Ana María Saorín-Iborra
University Jaume I, Spain
Language for Tourism

Tony Berber Sardinha
São Paulo Catholic University, Brazil
Lexicogrammar
Teaching Grammar and Corpora

Shannon Sauro
University of Texas at San Antonio, USA
Computer-Mediated Communication and Second Language Development
Warschauer, Mark

Nick Saville
University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations, UK
Language Testing and Immigration

Yasuyo Sawaki
Waseda University, Japan
Factor Analysis
Structural Equation Modeling in Language Assessment

Peter Sayer
University of Texas at San Antonio, USA
Qualitative Sociolinguistics Research

Nora Cate Schaeffer
University of Wisconsin, USA
Conversation Analysis and Interaction in Standardized Survey Interviews

Reinhard Schäler
University of Limerick, Republic of Ireland
Internationalization and Localization

Gila A. Schauer
Lancaster University, UK
Pragmatics and Grammar

Joanne Scheibman
Old Dominion University, USA
Grammar in Spoken and Written English

Adam Schembri
University College London, UK
Corpus Analysis of Sign Languages

Harold Schiffman
University of Pennsylvania, USA
Language Policy and Multilingualism

Monika S. Schmid
University of Groningen, Netherlands
Attrition and Multilingualism

Anna Marie Schmidt
Kent State University, USA
Speech Analysis Software

Norbert Schmitt
The University of Nottingham, UK
Formulaic Language and Collocation

Ulrich Schmitz
Universität Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Multimodality and Globalization

Rob Schoonen
University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Structural Equation Modeling

Steven Schoonjans
KU Leuven & FWO-Vlaanderen, Belgium
Modal Particles in German

Cynthia M. Schuemann
Miami Dade College, USA
Materials Publication

Mathias Schulze
University of Waterloo, Canada
Learner Modeling in Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning

Ana I. Schwartz
University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Kroll, Judith

Suzie Wong Scollon
Geosemiotics, USA
Hymes, Dell
Intercultural Discourse

Alison Sealey
University of Birmingham, UK
Realism

Nuria Sebastian-Galles
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain
Bilingualism and Speech Perception

Paul Seedhouse
Newcastle University, UK
Conversation Analysis and Classroom Interaction

Barbara Seidlhofer
University of Vienna, Austria
Corpus Analysis of English as a Lingua Franca

Maria Selena Protacio
Michigan State University, USA
Historical Development of Literacy Research

Margret Selting
University of Potsdam, Germany
Conversation Analysis and Interactional Linguistics

Ove Sernhede
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Cultural Studies

Jeremie Seror
University of Ottawa, Canada
Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software (CAQDAS)

Elisabet Service
McMaster University, Canada
Working Memory in Second Language Acquisition: Phonological Short-Term

Robin Setton
Shanghai International Studies University, People's Republic of China and Université Paris III, France
Models of Interpreting
Neurolinguistic and Cognitive Aspects of Interpreting

Farzad Sharifian
Monash University, Australia
Cultural Linguistics

Abz Sharma
The University of Sydney, Australia
Discourse in Organizations

Philip M. Shaw
University of Stockholm, Sweden
Grammar in Academic Writing
Standards and Varieties of English

Joseph Sheils
Council of Europe, France
Council of Europe Language Policy and Planning

Arieh Sherris
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
Snow, Catherine

Sun-Young Shin
Indiana University, USA
Proficiency Scales

Elana Shohamy
Tel Aviv University, Israel
Spolsky, Bernard

John Shotter
University of New Hampshire, USA
Wittgenstein and Language Games in Qualitative Research

Jeff Siegel
University of New England, Australia
Teaching a Second or Additional Dialect

Sandra Silberstein
University of Washington, United States
Morley, Joan

Rita Simpson-Vlach
San Jose State University, USA
Corpus Analysis of Spoken English for Academic Purposes

David Singleton
Trinity College Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Bilingualism and Age
Multilingualism and Philosophy

Helen Sissons
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Sarangi, Srikant
Transcribing Multimodal Interaction

Peter Skehan
Birkbeck College, University of London, UK
Carroll, John B.

John Skelton
University of Birmingham, UK
English for Medical Purposes

Tove Skutnabb-Kangas
University of Roskilde, Finland and Åbo Akademi University, Finland
Cummins, Jim
Linguicism
Linguistic Human Rights
Mother-Tongue-Medium Education
Phillipson, Robert
Role of Linguistic Human Rights in Language Policy and Planning

Tammy Slater
Iowa State University, USA
Grammar in Language Teaching and Education

Graham Smart
Carleton University, Canada
Ethnography of Communication as a Research Perspective

Bradley A. Smith
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Multimodal Text Analysis
Multimodality and Technology

Larry E. Smith
Christopher, Smith & Associates, LLC, USA
Kachru, Yamuna

Michael Sharwood Smith
Heriot-Watt University, UK and University of Edinburgh, UK
Modularity in Second Language Acquisition

Philippa Smith
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Bell, Allan
News Discourse

Keith L. Snider
SIL International, USA and Trinity Western University, Canada
Orthography

Marguerite Ann Snow
California State University, Los Angeles, USA
Content-Based Language Instruction

Ronald W. Solórzano
Occidental College, USA
English-Language Learners and Subject Area Tests

Harold Somers
Manchester University, UK
Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Machine Translation

Suhad Sonbul
The University of Nottingham, UK and Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
Approaches to Second Language Vocabulary Teaching

Jae Jung Song
University of Otago, New Zealand
Sejong the Great and the Creation of Hankul

Juyoung Song
Murray State University, USA
Transcribing Interactions

C. Joseph Sorell
Christ's College, Taiwan and Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Zipf's Law and Vocabulary

Rui Sousa-Silva
Aston University, UK
Dumas, Bethany K.

Nina Spada
University of Toronto, Canada
Classroom Research
Lightbown, Patsy M.

Anna Spagnolli
Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
Pragmatics of Short Message Service

Richard L. Sparks
College of Mount St. Joseph, USA
Foreign-Language Teaching for Students With Language-Learning Problems

Maria S. Spassova
Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain
Turell, Maria Teresa

Helen Spencer-Oatey
University of Warwick, UK
Intercultural Interaction

Bernard Spolsky
Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Revernacularization and Revitalization of the Hebrew Language

Kamal K. Sridhar
State University of New York at Stony Brook, USA
Acculturation in World Englishes

Maggie Jo St John
Freelance, UK
Dudley-Evans, Tony

Stefanie Stadler
University of Warwick, UK
Cross-Cultural Pragmatics
Relational Strategies in World Englishes

Lynne Stallings
Ball State University, USA
Selinker, Larry

Elizabeth Stallman Madden
University of Minnesota, USA
Assessment of Cultural Knowledge

Gale A. Stam
National-Louis University, USA
Second Language Acquisition and Gesture

Sue Starfield
University of New South Wales, Australia
Historical Development of Language for Specific Purposes
Researcher Reflexivity

Hugh Starkey
University of London, UK
Human Rights

Jakob Steensig
Aarhus University, Denmark
Conversation Analysis and Affiliation and Alignment

Anna-Brita Stenström
Bergen University, Sweden
Grammatical Variation in Adolescent Language

Elisabeth Stévaux
University of Granada, Spain
Quality in Interpreting

Lisa Patel Stevens
Boston College, USA
Policy Analysis and Document-Based Literacy Research

Darin Stockdill
University of Michigan, USA
Reading and Content Area Learning

Fredricka L. Stoller
Northern Arizona University, USA
Reading and Language for Specific Purposes
Teaching Reading

Neomy Storch
University of Melbourne, Australia
Collaborative Language Learning

Stephen Stoynoff
Minnesota State University, USA
Fairness in Language Assessment

Francesco Straniero
University of Trieste, Italy
Media Interpreting

Kristof Strijkers
University of Barcelona, Spain
Spoken Word Production in Second Language Acquisition

Michael Stubbs
University of Trier, Germany
Corpus Linguistics: Overview
Sinclair, John

Sanjun Sun
Kent State University, USA
Strategies of Translation

Gretchen Sunderman
Florida State University, USA
Psycholinguistic Approaches to Vocabulary

Ruslan Suvorov
Iowa State University, USA
Automatic Speech Recognition

Agneta M.-L. Svalberg
University of Leicester, UK
Teaching for Language Awareness

Merrill Swain
University of Toronto, Canada
Languaging: Collaborative Dialogue as a Source of Second Language Learning

Shauna J. Sweet
University of Maryland, USA
Comparing Groups With Multiple Dependent Variables
Comparing Groups With Multiple Independent Variables

Bonnie Swierzbin
Hamline University, USA
Tarone, Elaine

Julie M. Sykes
University of New Mexico, USA
Synthetic Immersive Environments and Second Language Pragmatic Development

Pawel Szudarski
The University of Nottingham, UK
Lexical Syllabus

Naoko Taguchi
Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Prompted Responses
Second Language Experimental Pragmatics
Teaching Pragmatics

Satomi Takahashi
Rikkyo University, Japan
Pragmatic Awareness in Second Language Learning

Carmen Taleghani-Nikazm
The Ohio State University, USA
Politeness in Computer-Mediated Communication

Ismail S. Talib
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Postcolonial Studies

Steven Talmy
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Critical Ethnography

Christine M. Tardy
DePaul University, USA
Genre-Based Language Teaching
Language for Specific Purposes Research Methods
Qualitative Research in Rhetoric and Stylistics
Writing and Language for Specific Purposes

Elaine Tarone
University of Minnesota, USA
Interlanguage
Trimble, Louis

Yumiko Tateyama
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Ohta, Amy Snyder

Lynda Taylor
University of Cambridge, UK
Ethics in Language Assessment

Brad L. Teague
Vanderbilt University, USA
Literacy and Transnational Migration

Diane J. Tedick
University of Minnesota, USA
Bilingual/Immersion Teacher Education

Carolyn Temple Adger
Center for Applied Linguistics, USA
Christian, Donna

Wolfgang Teubert
University of Birmingham, UK
Corpora: German-Language

Anna Theakston
University of Manchester, UK
Naturalistic Data

Nick Thieberger
University of Melbourne, Australia
Endangered Languages in Australia

Jaye Thiel
The University of Georgia, USA
Heath, Shirley Brice

Winfried Thielmann
TU Chemnitz, Germany
Ehlich, Konrad

Jan D. ten Thije
Utrecht University, Netherlands
Receptive Multilingualism

Carol C. Thompson
Rowan University, USA
Participation Frameworks and Production Formats in the Analysis of Discourse and Interaction

Hanne Erdman Thomsen
Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Term Banks

Ron I. Thomson
Brock University, Canada
Accent Reduction
Phonology: Quantitative Methods

Ingo Thonhauser
Haute école pédagogique Lausanne, Switzerland
Acquisition Planning

Robert J. Tierney
The University of British Columbia, Canada and The University of Sydney, Australia
Multimedia Digital Engagements by Readers and Learners

Richard Watson Todd
King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand
Large-Sized Language Classes

Elka Todeva
SIT Graduate Institute, USA
Larsen-Freeman, Diane

Glenn Toh
Tama University, Japan
Critical Analysis of Discourse in Educational Settings

Natasha Tokowicz
University of Pittsburgh, USA
Formal Models of Bilingual Lexicons

James W. Tollefson
International Christian University, Japan
Language Ideology in a Language Classroom

Samuel Tomblin
Aston University, UK
Coulthard, Malcolm

Brian Tomlinson
Leeds Metropolitan University, UK
Materials Development

Humphrey Tonkin
University of Hartford, USA
Invented Languages in Language Policy and Planning

Yukio Tono
Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Japan
Lexicography Across Languages

María E. Torres-Guzmán
Teachers College, Columbia University, USA
García, Ofelia

Paul D. Toth
Temple University, USA
Output-Based Instructional Approaches

Alla V. Tovares
Howard University, USA
Erickson, Frederick

Kate Tranter
University College London, UK
Corpus Analysis of Historical Documents

Christopher Tribble
King's College London, UK
Concordancing
Corpora in the Language-Teaching Classroom

Tony Trinick
The University of Auckland, New Zealand
Reviving Mâori

Pavel Trofimovich
Concordia University, Canada
Priming Research

Amelia Tseng
American University, USA
Code-Switching Pragmatics

Chiaoi Tseng
University of Bremen, Germany
Bateman, John

G. Richard Tucker
Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Paulston, Christina Bratt

Vincenza Tudini
University of South Australia, Australia
Conversation Analysis of Computer-Mediated Interactions

Alba Tuninetti
University of Pittsburgh, USA
Formal Models of Bilingual Lexicons

Joseph G. Turi
International Academy of Linguistic Law, Canada
Linguistic Legislation

Carolyn E. Turner
McGill University, Canada
Assessment and Evaluation: Mixed Methods
Rating Scales for Language Tests

Maria Tymoczko
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
Translation Theory

Angeliki Tzanne
University of Athens, Greece
Miscommunication and Misunderstandings

Thomas A. Upton
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, USA
Language for Specific Purposes: Overview
Materials for Language for Specific Purposes

Ema Ushioda
University of Warwick, UK
Motivation in Second Language Acquisition

Ricardo Mairal Usón
National Distance Education University, Spain
Formal and Functional Approaches to Grammar

François Vaillancourt
University of Montreal, Canada
Multilingualism in Economic Activity
Quebec Charter of the French Language and Canadian Language Policy

Guadalupe Valdés
Stanford University, USA
Heritage Language Teaching

Paolo Nino Valdez
De La Salle University, Philippines
Critical Literacy and Critical Discourse Analysis

Ellen Valle
University of Turku, Finland
Corpus Analysis of Scientific and Medical Writing Across Time

Ton Vallen
Tilburg University, Netherlands
Assessing Multilingualism at School

Tessa Van Charldorp
VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands
Broeders, A. P. A.

Marijn Van Dijk
University of Groningen, Netherlands
Variability in a Dynamic Systems Theory Approach to Second Language Acquisition

Janet G. Van Hell
Pennsylvania State University, USA
Models of Lexical and Conceptual Representations in Second Language Acquisition

Theo Van Leeuwen
University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Critical Analysis of Multimodal Discourse
Iedema, Rick
Multimodality and Rhythm
Multimodality and Software

Leo Van Lier
Monterey Institute of International Studies, USA
Allwright, Dick

Alistair Van Moere
Knowledge Technologies, Pearson, USA
Paired and Group Oral Assessment

Margaret Van Naerssen
Immaculata University, USA
Determining Language Proficiency in Legal Contexts

Hilde Van Zeeland
The University of Nottingham, UK
Lexical Transfer and First Language Effects
Vocabulary and Listening

Larry Vandergrift
University of Ottawa, Canada
Teaching Listening

Bill Vanpatten
Texas Tech University, USA
Cognitive Second Language Acquisition: Quantitative Methods

Deryn P. Verity
Osaka Jogakuin College, Japan
Lantolf, James P.

Georges Daniel Véronique
Université de Provence, France
Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie

Marjolijn Verspoor
University of Groningen, Netherlands
Cognitive Linguistics of Second Language Acquisition
Variability in a Dynamic Systems Theory Approach to Second Language Acquisition

Viphavee Vongpumivitch
National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, Province of China
Technology and Language: Quantitative Methods

Gisella M. Vorderobermeier
Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz, Austria
Sociological Approaches to Translation

Nina Vyatkina
University of Kansas, USA
Pragmatics in Learner Corpora

Elvis Wagner
Temple University, USA
Surveys

Johannes Wagner
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Conversation Analysis and Transcription and Data
Conversation Analysis: Overview

Judy Wakabayashi
Kent State University, USA
History of Translation

Dianne Wall
Lancaster University and Trinity College London, UK
Washback in Language Assessment

Wei Wang
The University of Sydney, Australia
Paltridge, Brian

Yue Wang
Simon Fraser University, Canada
Second Language Speech Perception and the Brain

Paige Ware
Southern Methodist University, USA
Kramsch, Claire
Qualitative Research on Information and Communication Technology

Martin Warren
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Collocation
Corpora: Specialized

Mark Warschauer
University of California, Irvine, USA
Language and the Digital Divide
Qualitative Research on Information and Communication Technology

Kelly Washbourne
Kent State University, USA
Teaching and Learning of Translation

Yukiko Watanabe
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, USA
Program Evaluation

Yuko Watanabe
University of Toronto, Canada
Languaging: Collaborative Dialogue as a Source of Second Language Learning

Ratree Wayland
University of Florida, USA
Suprasegmentals: Tone

Stuart Webb
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Computer-Assisted Vocabulary Load Analysis
Depth of Vocabulary Knowledge
Repetition in Incidental Vocabulary Learning
Teaching Vocabulary

Andrea Weber
Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Netherlands and Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Netherlands
Spoken Word Recognition in Second Language Acquisition

Jonathan Webster
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Halliday, M. A. K.

Jennifer M. Wei
Soochow University, Taiwan
Analysis of Gender in Interaction

Li Wei
Birkbeck College, University of London, UK
Bilingualism and Bilinguality

Albert Weideman
University of the Free State, South Africa
Positivism and Postpositivism

Sara Cushing Weigle
Georgia State University, USA
Assessment of Writing

Martin Weisser
City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Pragmatics in the Analysis of Discourse and Interaction

Gordon Wells
University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Dialogic Inquiry and Teacher Talk in Second Language Classrooms

Jennifer L. Wells
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Mediated Discourse Analysis

John Wells
University College London, UK
Gimson, A. C.
O'Connor, J. D.

Ernst Wendland
Stellenbosch University, Zambia
Bible Translation

Pamela M. Wesely
University of Iowa, USA
Describing and Illustrating Data in Mixed Methods Research

Cynthia White
Massey University, New Zealand
Distance Language Learning
Foreign-Language Distance Learning Programs

Terrence G. Wiley
Arizona State University, USA
English-Only Movement
Heritage and Community Languages

Ray Wilkinson
University of Manchester, UK
Conversation Analysis and Communication Disorders

Colin H. Williams
Cardiff University, UK
Multilingualism and Minority Languages

Geoff Williams
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Hasan, Ruqaiya

Geoffrey Williams
Université de Bretagne-Sud, France
Corpora: French-Language

Jessica Williams
University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
Role of Instruction in Second Language Acquisition Theories

John N. Williams
University of Cambridge, UK
Implicit Learning in Second Language Acquisition

John Williams
University of Cambridge, UK
Cognitive Second Language Acquisition: Overview

Lawrence Williams
University of North Texas, USA
Pragmatics of Second Language Computer-Mediated Communication

Serena Williams
University of California, Davis, USA
Variational Pragmatics

Dave Willis
University of Birmingham, UK
Corpus Analysis for a Lexical Syllabus

Jane Willis
Aston University, UK
Corpus Analysis for a Lexical Syllabus

Christine W. L. Wilson
Heriot-Watt University, UK
Teaching and Learning of Interpreting

Paula Winke
Michigan State University, USA
Rating Oral Language

Irmengard Wohlfart
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Norris, Sigrid

Bencie Woll
University College London, UK
Second Language Acquisition of Sign Language

Brent Wolter
Idaho State University, USA
Lexis: Overview

Fadhil Wong
Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand
Mediated Discourse Analysis

Alison Wray
Cardiff University, UK
Dementia and Language
Formulaic Sequences

Sue Ellen Wright
Kent State University, USA
Scientific and Technical Translation
Standardization in Human Language Technology

Sue Wright
University of Portsmouth, UK
Status Planning

Richard Xiao
Lancaster University, UK
Grammar and Corpora

Wang Xiaomei
University of Malaya, Malaysia
Language Planning: Qin Shihuangdi's Contribution

Mai Yamagami
University of Wisconsin, USA
Language Ideology in a Language Classroom

Tomoko Yashima
Kansai University, Japan
Agency in Second Language Acquisition

Lynda Yates
Macquarie University, Australia
Grammar Teaching and the Workplace

Li-Tang Yu
National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan
Technology and Language: Quantitative Methods

Francisco Yus
University of Alicante, Spain
Cyberpragmatics

Tara Zahler
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Values in Language Teaching

Sandra Zappa-Hollman
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Critical Discourse Analysis of Popular Culture
Using Popular Culture in Language Teaching

Geneviève Zarate
INALCO, France
Cultural Representation

Alla Zareva
Old Dominion University, United States
Frontier Words: L1 and L2 Partial Knowledge of Vocabulary

Lisa Zawilinski
University of Hartford, USA
New Literacies of Online Reading Comprehension

Zuocheng Zhang
The University of Sydney, Australia and University of International Business and Economics, People's Republic of China
Teaching Business English

Cecilia Guanfang Zhao
Shanghai International Studies University, People's Republic of China
Authorial Voice in Second Language Writing

Xiaowei Zhao
Emmanuel College, USA
Connectionism

Najma Al Zidjaly
Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Multimodality and Disability
Scollon, Ron

Ghil'ad Zuckermann
The University of Adelaide, Australia
Limits of Language Revival

Sandrine Zufferey
Université catholique de Louvain, France
French Connectives

Eve Zyzik
University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
Input-Based Instructional Approaches

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