The International Encyclopedia of Media Studies

The International Encyclopedia of Media Studies

Online ISBN: 9781444361506

DOI: 10.1002/9781444361506

Editor(s): Angharad N. Valdivia

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  1. 1 Media History and the Foundations of Media Studies
    1. Media Studies
    2. Introduction
    3. 1 Approaches
      1. 1 Left Behind
      2. 2 The Two Marxes
      3. 3 The Conditions of Media's Possibility
      4. 4 Race/Ethnicity in Media History
      5. 5 Approaches to Gender and Sexuality in Media History
      6. 6 The History of the Book
    4. 2 Moments
      1. 7 Writing
      2. 8 The Enlightenment and the Bourgeois Public Sphere (Through the Eyes of a London Merchant-Writer)
      3. 9 Journalism History
      4. 10 Journalism History
      5. 11 Journalism History
      6. 12 Journalism History
      7. 13 Communications Networks in the United States
      8. “Quickening Urgency”
      9. 15 Photography
      10. 16 Moving Images
      11. 17 Sound Histories
      12. 18 Television
      13. 19 The Culture Industries
      14. 20 Advertising and Consumer Culture
      15. 21 The Rise of the Professional Communicator
      16. 22 The New World Information and Communication Order
      17. 23 Text, Translation, and the End of the Unified Press
      18. 24 Media and Mobility
    5. 3 Foundations
      1. 25 Communication and Democracy
      2. 26 The Chicago School of Sociology and Mass Communication Research
      3. 27 Propaganda Studies
      4. 28 Frankfurt School, Media, and the Culture Industry
      5. 29 The Rise and Fall of the Limited Effects Model
      6. 30 The Political Economy of Communication
      7. 31 Unmasking Class and Tradition
  2. 2 Media Production
    1. Media Studies
    2. Making Media Production Visible
    3. 1 Production Regimes and Infrastructures
      1. 1 The Governance of Communication and Culture
      2. 2 Media Production and Information Policy
      3. 3 The Slippery Slopes of “Soft Power”
      4. 4 Television-Set Production in the Era of Digital TV
      5. 5 Citizenship and Media Ownership
    4. 2 The Cultural Industries and the Organization of Production
      1. 6 Music in the New Capitalism
      2. 7 Whither the Professional Book Publisher in an Era of Distribution on Demand
      3. 8 “This Is What I Need, This Is What Will Travel”
      4. 9 How Should We Think About Audience Power in the Digital Age?
    5. 3 Product and Content Flows
      1. 10 A Critical Analysis of Cultural Imperialism
      2. 11 Hollywood's Presence in Latin America
      3. 12 Global Ugly Betty
      4. 13 The Comings and Goings of Key Scenarios
    6. 4 Production Work and Practices
      1. 14 Why Has News Production in the United States Remained Stable at a Time of Great Change?
      2. 15 The Production of Mediated Performance
      3. 16 Imagination and Censorship, Fiction and Reality
      4. 17 Distributed Creativity in Film and Television
      5. 18 YouTube Stylo
    7. 5 Production Cultures
      1. 19 Queer Broadcasts
      2. 20 Hollywood Elsewhere
      3. 21 Transformations and Tactics
      4. 22 Youth as Cultural Producers / Cultural Productions of Youth
    8. 6 The Ethics of Production
      1. 23 “What's TV Good For?”
      2. 24 Is Media Work Good Work?
      3. 25 Community Media Production
      4. 26 Neglected Elements
  3. 3 Content and Representation
    1. Media Studies
    2. Technology, Convergence, and Power
    3. 1 Persuasion and Information
      1. 1 Understanding Hypercommercialized Media Texts
      2. 2 And Now a Click from Our Sponsors
      3. 3 Women's Portraits Present in Print Fashion Advertisements
      4. 4 Marketing Militarism to Moms
      5. 5 From Second-Wave to Postructuralist Feminism
      6. 6 “Honey-Drenched, Rags to Riches, Good versus Evil Stories”
      7. 7 Changes in the News Representation of Minorities Over the Course of 40 Years of Research
      8. 8 Is There Local Content on Television for Children Today?
    4. 2 Entertainment
      1. 9 The Evolution of Hollywood Latinidad
      2. 10 Queer Gazing and the Popular
      3. 11 Mediated Portrayals of Masculinities
      4. 12 Shifting Contours of Indian Womanhood in Popular Hindi Cinema
      5. 13 Portrayals of Female Scientists in the Mass Media
      6. 14 “She's the Real Thing”
      7. 15 Chinese Cinema at the Millennium
      8. 16 Violent Content on US Television
    5. 3 Interaction and Performance
      1. 17 Blogging Culture
      2. 18 Blogging the Third Wave?
      3. 19 Videogame Content
      4. 20 Rethinking Violent Videogame Content
      5. 21 Transmedial Aesthetics
      6. 22 Recent Trends in Research on Health Portrayals in the Media
      7. 23 Canadian (Re)Presentation
      8. 24 Calypso and the Performance of Representational Politics
  4. 4 Audience and Interpretation
    1. Media Studies
    2. Studying the Elusive Audience
    3. 1 Expanding the Horizons of Audience Studies
      1. 1 The Audience in the Graduate Curriculum
      2. 2 Fostering Surprise and Productive Discomfort in Audience Studies through Multi-Sited Ethnography
      3. 3 Studying Audiences with Sense-Making Methodology
      4. 4 The Abbreviated Field Experience in Audience Ethnography
    4. 2 Practicing Reflexivity In and Out of the Field
      1. 5 Studying Addiction
      2. 6 The Reflexive Self
      3. 7 Reflexivity in Data Analysis
      4. 8 Media Ethnography
      5. 9 Nomadic Scholarship
    5. 3 Finding and Engaging Global Audiences
      1. 10 Mythic Viewing
      2. 11 “Unity in Diversity?”
      3. 12 A Framework for Audience Study of Transnational Television
      4. 13 Language and Indian Film Audiences
      5. 14 Watching Telenovelas in Brazil
      6. 15 China's Media Transformation and Audience Research
      7. 16 Using Ethnography to Understand Everyday Media Practices in Australian Family Life
    6. 4 Comprehending Online Audiences
      1. 17 Beyond the Active Audience
      2. 18 Counting, and Accounting for, Online Audiences
      3. 19 Always at Crossroads
      4. 20 Studying Online News Audiences
    7. 5 Empowering Audiences As Citizens
      1. 21 Health, Culture, and Power
      2. 22 Participation Beyond Production
      3. 23 Audiences as Citizens
      4. 24 Citizenship, Communication, and Modes of Audience Engagement
  5. 5 Media Effects/Media Psychology
    1. Media Studies
    2. Changes And Continuities In The Media Effects Paradigm
    3. 1 Theories and Processes/Processing
      1. 1 Theories of/about Effects
        1. 1 Mapping the Psychology of Agenda Setting
        2. 2 Cultivation Theory
        3. 3 Framing and Priming Effects
        4. 4 Examining Media Effects
        5. You have free access to this content
          5 Perceptions of Media and Media Effects:
      2. 2 Internal Mechanisms: Enjoyment, Appeal, and Physiological Response
        1. 6 Uses and Gratifications
        2. 7 Media Entertainment as a Result of Recreation and Psychological Growth
        3. 8 Selective Exposure to Violent Media
        4. 9 Media Message Processing And The Embodied Mind
        5. 10 Thoughtless Vigilantes
    4. 2 Evidence of Effects
      1. 3 On Views of Self, Others, and Events
        1. 11 Gender-Role Socialization in the Twenty-First Century
        2. 12 Race and News Revisited
        3. 13 The Influence of Media Exposure on the Formation, Activation, and Application of Racial/Ethnic Stereotypes
        4. 14 The Relationship between the Media, the Military, and the Public
      2. 4 On Personal Health and Social Well-Being
        1. 15 Understanding the Role of Cognition and Media in Body Image Disturbance and Weight Bias in Children, Adolescents, and Adults
        2. 16 Tracing the Course of Reality TV Effects Research
        3. 17 Media-Related Fear
        4. 18 Callous/Malice
        5. 19 Sex on Television
      3. 5 In the Political Arena
        1. 20 Political TV Advertising and Debates
        2. 21 News and Political Entertainment Effects on Democratic Citizenship
        3. 22 Exploring Relations Between Political Entertainment Media And Traditional Political Communication Information Outlets
        4. 23 Digital Democracy
      4. 6 On/Of Persuasion
        1. 24 Advances In Public Communication Campaigns
        2. 25 Effects of Social Marketing
        3. 26 Using Message Framing in Health-Related Persuasion
        4. 27 The Intended and Unintended Effects of Advertising on Children
    5. 3 The Young Audience
      1. 7 Media Use and Effects on Learning and Development
        1. 28 Media Use, Scholastic Achievement, and Attention Span
        2. 29 The Educational Impact Of Television
        3. 30 Prosocial TV Content
        4. 31 The Effects Of Internet Communication On Adolescents' Psychological Development
      2. 8 Mediating and Mitigating Effects
        1. You have free access to this content
          32 Boom or Boomerang
        2. 33 The Role Of Parental Mediation In the Development Of Media Literacy and the Prevention of Substance Use
        3. 34 The impact of media policy on children's media exposure
  6. 6 Media Studies Futures
    1. Media Studies
    2. Introduction
    3. 1 The Future of Media Studies: Theory, Methods, Pedagogy
      1. 1 Media Studies
      2. 2 In Praise of Concept Production
      3. 3 Betting on YouTube Futures (for New Media Writing and Publishing)
      4. 4 Media Visualization
      5. 5 The Future of Game Studies
      6. 6 The Study of the Internet in Latin America
    4. 2 Social and Mobile Media Futures
      1. 7 The Prehistoric Turn?
      2. 8 The Waning Distinction Between Private And Public
      3. 9 How To Have Social Media In An Invisible Pandemic1
      4. 10 Mobile Handsets From The Bottom Up
    5. 3 Media Industry and Infrastructure Futures
      1. 11 The End Of James Cameron's Quiet Years
      2. 12 Infrastructural Changeover
      3. 13 The 800-Pound Gorillas in the Room
      4. 14 Preemption, Premediation, Prediction
    6. 4 Journalism and Media Policy Futures
      1. 15 The Decline of Modern Journalism in the Neo-Partisan Era
      2. 16 Reconstructing Accountability
      3. 17 Mending the Gaps
    7. 5 Interactivity, Affect, and the Future of Media Subjectivities
      1. 18 From Audiences to Media Subjectivities
      2. 19 Future Directions for Political Communication Scholarship
      3. 20 The Future of New Media
      4. 21 “It's a Nigger in Here! Kill the Nigger!”
      5. 22 From “The Ultimate Display” to “The Ultimate Skinner Box”
    8. 6 Whose Futures? Children, Youth Cultures, and Digital Media
      1. 23 Mapping ICT Adoption among Latin American Youth
      2. 24 South Asian Digital Diasporas
      3. 25 Fear and Hope
    9. 7 What Future? Or, the Unsustainable Present
      1. 26 Artificial Life on a Dead Planet
      2. 27 The Dead-End of Consumerism
      3. 28 Media Armageddons and the Death of Liberal Biopolitics
      4. 29 Greening Cultural Labor
  7. 7 Research Methods in Media Studies
    1. Media Studies
    2. Convergence, Globalization, Technological Development, and Interdisciplinarity in a Fast-Evolving World
    3. 1 Setting Up the Stage
      1. 1 Media Research Paradigms
      2. 2 The Challenge of Media Research Ethics
    4. 2 Working with People
      1. 3 Doing Survey Research in Media Studies
      2. 4 Beyond the Qualitative/Quantitative “Divide”
      3. 5 The Interview
      4. 6 Oral History Interviews
      5. 7 Memories of Films and Cinema-Going in Monterrey, Mexico
      6. 8 Conducting Media Ethnographies in Africa
      7. 9 Autoethnography in Media Studies
      8. 10 The Basics of Experimental Research in Media Studies
      9. 11 Between-Subjects Experimental Design and Analysis
    5. 3 Working with Texts
      1. 12 Using a Mixed Approach to Content Analysis
      2. 13 Lessons Learned from a Research Saga
      3. 14 Text-Based Approaches to Qualitative Research
      4. 15 Analyzing Text
      5. 16 Cultural History and Media Studies
      6. 17 Historical Approaches to Media Studies
      7. 18 Film Analysis
      8. 19 Eye Tracking in Media Studies
      9. 20 Exploring Visual Aspects of Audience Membership
    6. 4 Virtual Challenges, Interdisciplinary Research, and Mixed Method Research
      1. 21 The Methodology of Online News Analysis
      2. 22 Digital Ethnography and Media Practices
      3. 23 Clicks and Bricks
      4. 24 Exploring the Effects of TV and Movie Music on Childhood
      5. 25 Latino Diasporas and the Media

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