Novel Phytoplankton Blooms

Novel Phytoplankton Blooms

Editor(s): E. M. Cosper, V. M. Bricelj, E. J. Carpenter

Published Online: 15 MAR 2013

Print ISBN: 9783540519614

Online ISBN: 9781118669099

DOI: 10.1029/CE035

About this Book

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 35.

A massive phytoplankton bloom, locally termed "brown tide", suddenly appeared in Long Island marine bays in 1985, colored the water a dark brown, decimated eelgrass beds and caused catastrophic starvation and recruitment failure of commercially important bay scallop populations. These "brown tide" blooms, caused by a very small, previously undescribed chrysophyte alga, have directly affected the estuarine environments of three northeastern American states: Rhode Island, New York and New Jersey.

Other phytoplankton blooms such as "red tides" caused by dinoflagellates and "green tides" from chlorophytes as well as blue-green algae blooms have long been recognized and studied world wide, however, the unusual nature of these "brown tide" blooms caught the interest of many people. Scientists were particularly intrigued by the discovery of a previously unknown microalga which provided the opportunity to learn more about small microalgae, picoplankters, which are usually ignored due to the difficulty in identifying species.

Table of contents

    1. You have free access to this content
    2. An Examination of the Environmental Factors Important to Initiating and Sustaining ”Brown Tide“ Blooms (pages 317–340)

      Elizabeth M. Cosper, William Dennison, Allen Milligan, Edward J. Carpenter, Cindy Lee, John Holzapfel and Laura Milanese

    3. Testing and Application of Biomonitoring Methods for Assessing Environmental Effects of Noxious Algal Blooms. (pages 557–574)

      Gregory A. Tracey, Richard L. Steele, Jennifer Gatzke, Donald K. Phelps, Robert Nuzzi, Mac Waters and Donald M. Anderson

    4. Winter Burial of Transplanted Bay Scallops (pages 713–733)

      Steven T. Tettelbach, Christopher F. Smith, James E. Kaldy III, Thomas W. Arroll and Michael R. Denson

    5. You have free access to this content
    6. You have free access to this content