The Ecogeomorphology of Tidal Marshes
Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union
Editor(s): Sergio Fagherazzi, Marco Marani, Linda K. Blum
Published Online: 14 MAR 2013
Print ISBN: 9780875902739
Online ISBN: 9781118665114
Book Series: Coastal and Estuarine Studies
About this Book
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Coastal and Estuarine Studies, Volume 59.
Salt marshes are coastal wetlands frequently inundated by tides. Given their peculiar characteristics, salt marshes are colonized by salt-tolerant communities of plants (halophytes) adapted to saturated soil conditions. Vegetation has an important role not only in marsh ecology, but also for the hydrology and geomorphology of these environments. For example, the feedback between marsh elevation and vegetation is fundamental for the survival of salt marshes, particularly when endangered by climate change and sea-level rise. On the other hand, the morphology of salt marshes and the processes that form this peculiar landscape have a strong impact on the ecosystem's function and structure.