Amazonia and Global Change

Amazonia and Global Change

Editor(s): Michael Keller, Michael Bustamante, John Gash, Pedro Silva Dias

Published Online: 21 MAR 2013

Print ISBN: 9780875904764

Online ISBN: 9781118670347

DOI: 10.1029/GM186

About this Book

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 186.

Amazonia and Global Change synthesizes results of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) for scientists and students of Earth system science and global environmental change. LBA, led by Brazil, asks how Amazonia currently functions in the global climate and biogeochemical systems and how the functioning of Amazonia will respond to the combined pressures of climate and land use change, such as

  • Wet season and dry season aerosol concentrations and their effects on diffuse radiation and photosynthesis
  • Increasing greenhouse gas concentration, deforestation, widespread biomass burning and changes in the Amazonian water cycle
  • Drought effects and simulated drought through rainfall exclusion experiments
  • The net flux of carbon between Amazonia and the atmosphere
  • Floodplains as an important regulator of the basin carbon balance including serving as a major source of methane to the troposphere
  • The impact of the likely increased profitability of cattle ranching.

The book will serve a broad community of scientists and policy makers interested in global change and environmental issues with high-quality scientific syntheses accessible to nonspecialists in a wide community of social scientists, ecologists, atmospheric chemists, climatologists, and hydrologists.

Table of contents

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    2. Selective Logging and Its Relation to Deforestation (pages 25–42)

      Gregory P. Asner, Michael Keller, Marco Lentini, Frank Merry and Carlos Souza

    3. The Expansion of Intensive Agriculture and Ranching in Brazilian Amazonia (pages 61–81)

      Robert Walker, Ruth Defries, Maria Del Carmen Vera-Diaz, Yosio Shimabukuro and Adriano Venturieri

    4. Road Impacts in Brazilian Amazonia (pages 101–116)

      Alexander Pfaff, Alisson Barbieri, Thomas Ludewigs, Frank Merry, Stephen Perz and Eustaquio Reis

    5. Small Farmers and Deforestation in Amazonia (pages 117–143)

      Eduardo S. Brondízio, Anthony Cak, Marcellus M. Caldas, Carlos Mena, Richard Bilsborrow, Celia T. Futemma, Thomas Ludewigs, Emilio F. Moran and Mateus Batistella

    6. Characteristics of Amazonian Climate: Main Features (pages 149–162)

      Carlos A. Nobre, Guillermo O. Obregón, José A. Marengo, Rong Fu and German Poveda

    7. The Amazonian Boundary Layer and Mesoscale Circulations (pages 163–181)

      A. K. Betts, G. Fisch, C. Von Randow, M. A. F. Silva Dias, J. C. P. Cohen, R. Da Silva and D. R. Fitzjarrald

    8. Aerosol Particles in Amazonia: Their Composition, Role in the Radiation Balance, Cloud Formation, and Nutrient Cycles (pages 233–250)

      Paulo Artaxo, Luciana V. Rizzo, Melina Paixão, Silvia De Lucca, Paulo H. Oliveira, Luciene L. Lara, Kenia T. Wiedemann, Meinrat O. Andreae, Brent Holben, Joel Schafer, Alexandre L. Correia and TheotôNio M. Pauliquevis

    9. Evapotranspiration (pages 261–272)

      Humberto R. Da Rocha, Antonio O. Manzi and Jim Shuttleworth

    10. Changes in Amazonian Forest Biomass, Dynamics, and Composition, 1980–2002 (pages 373–387)

      Oliver L. Phillips, Niro Higuchi, Simone Vieira, Timothy R. Baker, Kuo-Jung Chao and Simon L. Lewis

    11. The Regional Carbon Budget (pages 409–428)

      R.A. Houghton, Manuel Gloor, Jon Lloyd and Christopher Potter

    12. The Effects of Drought on Amazonian Rain Forests (pages 429–449)

      Pedro Meir, P. M. Brando, D. Nepstad, S. Vasconcelos, A. C. L. Costa, E. Davidson, S. Almeida, R. A. Fisher, E. D. Sotta, D. Zarin and G. Cardinot

    13. Ecophysiology of Forest and Savanna Vegetation (pages 463–484)

      John Lloyd, M. L. Goulden, J. P. Ometto, S. Patiño, N. M. Fyllas and C. A. Quesada

    14. The Role of Rivers in the Regional Carbon Balance (pages 489–504)

      Jeffrey E. Richey, Alex V. Krusche, Mark S. Johnson, Hillandia B. Da Cunha and Maria V. Ballester

    15. Floodplain Ecosystem Processes (pages 525–541)

      John M. Melack, Evlyn M. L. M. Novo, Bruce R. Forsberg, Maria T. F. Piedade and Laurence Maurice

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