Heterotaxy-neural tube defect and holoprosencephaly occurring independently in two sib fetuses



We report on two sib fetuses, products of a consanguineous union, who had multiple and apparently unrelated malformations. The first fetus, a female, had trilobed lungs, a single cardiac ventricle, asplenia, situs ambiguus of the liver, and a lumbosacral meningomyelocele. The brain of this fetus was normal. The second fetus, a male, had bilobed lungs, a single cardiac ventricle, situs solitus of the abdominal organs and spleen, and a semilobar holoprosencephaly. The occurrence of these malformations in sibs of different sexes and the parental consanguinity suggest a recessive mutation in a gene responsible for both heterotaxy and midline defects, including holoprosencephaly. Am. J. Med. Genet. 84:373–376, 1999. © 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.