Preliminary examination of non-occlusal dental microwear in anthropoids: Implications for the study of fossil primates
Article first published online: 6 DEC 1998
Copyright © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 100, Issue 1, pages 101–113, May 1996
How to Cite
Ungar, P. S. and Teaford, M. F. (1996), Preliminary examination of non-occlusal dental microwear in anthropoids: Implications for the study of fossil primates. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 100: 101–113. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199605)100:1<101::AID-AJPA10>3.0.CO;2-4
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 1998
- Article first published online: 6 DEC 1998
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 NOV 1995
- Manuscript Received: 1 JUN 1995
- Tooth wear;
- Plio-Pleistocene monkeys;
Most studies of microscopic wear on non-human primate teeth have focused on the occlusal surfaces of molars. Recent analyses of the buccal surfaces of human cheek teeth have demonstrated an association between diet and dental microwear on the these surfaces as well. In the current study, we examine microwear on both the buccal and lingual surfaces of non-human primate molars to assess the potential of these surfaces to reveal information concerning anthropoid feeding behaviors. We compare frequency of microwear occurrence in 12 extant and 11 fossil anthropoid species. Among the living primates, the occurrence of microwear on non-occlusal surfaces appears to relate to both diet and degree of terrestriality. The implications of this research for the inference of feeding behaviors and substrate use in fossil cercopithecoids are discussed. © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.