Concordance of cranial and dental morphological traits and evidence for endogamy in ancient Egypt
Article first published online: 6 DEC 1998
Copyright © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume 101, Issue 2, pages 237–246, October 1996
How to Cite
Prowse, T. L. and Lovell, N. C. (1996), Concordance of cranial and dental morphological traits and evidence for endogamy in ancient Egypt. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 101: 237–246. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199610)101:2<237::AID-AJPA8>3.0.CO;2-Z
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 1998
- Article first published online: 6 DEC 1998
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 APR 1996
- Manuscript Received: 20 APR 1995
- Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
- biological distance;
- social inequality;
A biological affinities study based on frequencies of cranial nonmetric traits in skeletal samples from three cemeteries at predynastic Naqada, Egypt, confirms the results of a recent nonmetric dental morphological analysis. Both cranial and dental traits analyses indicate that the individuals buried in a cemetery characterized archaeologically as high status are significantly different from individuals buried in two other, apparently nonelite cemeteries and that the nonelite samples are not significantly different from each other. A comparison with neighbouring Nile Valley skeletal samples suggests that the high status cemetery represents an endogamous ruling or elite segment of the local population at Naqada, which is more closely related to populations in northern Nubia than to neighbouring populations in southern Egypt. © 1996 Wiley-Liss, Inc.