• 1
    Rosai J, Carcangiu ML, DeLellis RA. Tumors of the thyroid gland. In: RosaiJ, SobinLE, editors. Atlas of tumor pathology. Third series. Fascicle 5. Washington, DC: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1992.
  • 2
    Hedinger C, Williams ED, Sobin LH. Histological typing of thyroid tumours. In: World Health Organization classification of tumours. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1988: 911.
  • 3
    LiVolsi V Surgical pathology of the thyroid gland. Major problems in pathology. Volume 22. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co., 1990: 160-1.
  • 4
    Gaertner EM, Davidson M, Wenig BM. The columnar cell variant of thyroid papillary carcinoma: case report and discussion of an unusually aggressive thyroid papillary carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol 1995; 19: 940-7.
  • 5
    Wenig BM, Thompson LDR, Adair CF, Heffess CS. Columnar cell variant of thyroid papillary carcinoma. Mod Pathol 1995; 8: 56A.
  • 6
    Evans HL. Encapsulated columnar-cell neoplasms of the thyroid. A report of four cases suggesting a favorable outcome. Am J Surg Pathol 1996; 20: 1205-11.
  • 7
    Ferreiro JA, Hay ID, Lloyd RV. Columnar cell carcinoma of the thyroid: report of three additional cases. Hum Pathol 1996; 27: 1156-60.
  • 8
    Hsu SM, Raine L, Fanger H. Use of avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (ABC) in immunoperoxidase techniques: comparison between ABC and unlabeled antibody (PAP) procedures. J Histochem Cytochem 1981; 29: 577-80.
  • 9
    Pilotti S, Collini P, Manzari A, Marubini E, Rilke F. Poorly differentiated forms of papillary thyroid carcinoma: distinctive entities or morphologic patterns? Semin Diagn Pathol 1995; 12: 249-55.
  • 10
    Carcangiu ML, Zampi G, Rosai J. Poorly differentiated ("insular") thyroid carcinoma. A reinterpretation of Langhans' "wuchernde Struma." Am J Surg Pathol 1984; 8: 655-68.
  • 11
    Johnson TL, Lloyd RV, Thompson NW, Beierwaltes WH, Sisson JC. Prognostic implications of the tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol 1988; 12: 22-7.
  • 12
    Ashfaq R, Vuitch F, Delgado R, Albores-Saavedra J. Papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas with an insular component. Cancer 1994; 73: 416-23.
  • 13
    Evans H. Columnar-cell carcinoma of the thyroid. A report of two cases of an aggressive variant of thyroid carcinoma. Am J Clin Pathol 1986; 85: 77-80.
  • 14
    Sobrinho-Simões M, Nesland J, Johannessen J. Columnar-cell carcinoma. Another variant of poorly differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid. Am J Clin Pathol 1988; 89: 264-7.
  • 15
    Akslen LA, Varhaug JE. Thyroid carcinoma with mixed tall-cell and columnar-cell features. Am J Clin Pathol 1990; 94: 442-5.
  • 16
    Hui PH, Chan JKC, Cheung PSY, Gwi E. Columnar cell carcinoma of the thyroid: fine needle aspiration findings in a case. Acta Cytol 1990; 34: 355-8.
  • 17
    Mizukami Y, Nonomura A, Michigishi T, Noguchi M, Nakamura S, Hashimoto S. Columnar cell carcinoma of the thyroid gland: a case report and review of the literature. Hum Pathol 1994; 25: 1098-101.
  • 18
    Berends D, Mouthaan PJ. Columnar-cell carcinoma of the thyroid. Histopathology 1992; 20: 360-2.
  • 19
    Sweeney E. Dormant cells in columnar cell carcinoma of the thyroid. Hum Pathol 1995; 26: 691-2.
  • 20
    Wijsman JH, Jonker RR, Keijzer R, Van de Velde CJH, Cornelisse CJ, Dierendonck JHV. A new method to detect apoptosis in paraffin sections: in-situ end-labeling of fragmented DNA. J Histochem Cytochem 1993; 41: 7-12.
  • 21
    Hay ID, Bergstralh EJ, Goellner JR, Ebersold JR, Grant CS. Predicting outcome in papillary thyroid carcinoma: development of a reliable prognostic scoring system in a cohort of 1779 patients surgically treated at one institution during 1940 through 1989. Surgery 1993; 114: 1050-8.
  • 22
    Cady B, Rossi R. An expanded view of risk group definition in differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Surgery 1988; 104: 947-53.
  • 23
    Loree TR. Therapeutic implication of prognostic factors in differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid gland. Semin Surg Oncol 1995; 11: 246-55.
  • 24
    Carcangiu ML, Bianchi S. Diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma: clinicopathologic study of 15 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 1989; 13: 1041-9.
  • 25
    Soares J, Limbert E, Sobrinho-Simões M. Diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of 10 cases. Pathol Res Pract 1989; 185: 200-6.
  • 26
    Fujimoto Y, Obara T, Ito Y, Kodama T, Aiba M, Yamaguchi K. Diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. Clinical importance, surgical treatment, and follow-up study. Cancer 1990; 66: 2306-12.
  • 27
    Kaleem Z, Dehner LP. Papillary microcarcinoma of the thyroid: a pathologist cancer. Mod Pathol 1996; 9: 102A.
  • 28
    Flynn SD, Forman BH, Stewart AF, Kinder BK. Poorly differentiated ("insular") carcinoma of the thyroid gland: an aggressive subset of differentiated thyroid neoplasms. Surgery 1988; 104: 963-70.
  • 29
    Justin EP, Seabold JE, Robinson RA, Walker WP, Gurll NJ, Hawes DR. Insular carcinoma: a distinct thyroid carcinoma with associated iodine-131 localization. J Nucl Med 1991; 32: 1358-63.
  • 30
    Papotti M, Botto Micca F Favero A, Palestini N, Bussolati G. Poorly differentiated thyroid carcinomas with primordial cell component. A group of aggressive lesions sharing insular, trabecular, and solid patterns. Am J Surg Pathol 1993; 17: 291-301.
  • 31
    Albores-Saavedra, Housini I, Vuitch F, Snyder WH III. Macrofollicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma with minor insular component. Cancer 1997; 80: 1110-6.
  • 32
    Hawk WA, Hazard JB. The many appearances of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. Clev Clin Q 1976; 43: 207-16.
  • 33
    Schröder S, Schwarz W, Rehpenning W, Löning TH, Böcker W. Prognostic significance of Leu M1 immunostaining in papillary carcinomas of the thyroid gland. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol 1987; 411: 435-9.
  • 34
    Yamamoto Y, Izumi K, Otsuka H. An immunohistochemical study of epithelial membrane antigen, cytokeratin and vimentin in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Cancer 1992; 70: 2326-33.
  • 35
    McLaren KM, Cossar DW. The immunohistochemical localization of S100 protein in the diagnosis of papillary carcinomas of the thyroid. Hum Pathol 1996; 27: 633-6.