Psychologic distress in women with abnormal findings in mass mammography screening
Article first published online: 20 NOV 2000
Copyright © 1999 American Cancer Society
Volume 85, Issue 5, pages 1114–1118, 1 March 1999
How to Cite
Lowe, J. B., Balanda, K. P., Del Mar, C. and Hawes, E. (1999), Psychologic distress in women with abnormal findings in mass mammography screening. Cancer, 85: 1114–1118. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19990301)85:5<1114::AID-CNCR15>3.0.CO;2-Y
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2000
- Article first published online: 20 NOV 2000
- Manuscript Revised: 1 OCT 1998
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 OCT 1998
- Manuscript Received: 28 MAY 1998
- quality of life;
This study was conducted to explore the psychologic morbidity of women recalled for diagnostic assessment during population-based mammographic screening.
This study prospectively attempted to measure physical, social, and emotional well-being by the administration of a questionnaire before screening, at the time of recall; and 1 month later to women recalled and matched women with those not recalled.
Of the 224 women who were recalled for further diagnostic assessment and their matches, complete follow-up was obtained on 182 pairs (81.3%). In contrast to those women not recalled, recalled women exhibited increased levels of concern at the time of recall. These levels had not decreased to the initial level after 1 month, even though breast carcinoma was not diagnosed. Similar negative short term effects also were evident in the areas of physical well-being, social functioning, and anxiety and insomnia levels, although these were not sustained.
Women with normal results after mass mammographic breast screening experienced no increase in psychologic distress and a decrease in their concern regarding breast carcinoma. However, those women who were recalled to follow-up after abnormal findings experienced an increase in their level of concern regarding breast carcinoma and this concern was sustained, as determined by repeat questionnaire, 1 month after a negative result had been determined. Cancer 1999;85:1114–8. © 1999 American Cancer Society.