SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Bjelke, E. and Schuman, L.M., Chewing of tobacco and use of snuff. Relationship to cancer of pancreas and other sites in two prospective studies. In: Proceedings of the 13th International Cancer Congress, Seattle, p. 207 (1982).
  • Blot, W.J., Devesa, S.S., Kneller, R.W. and Fraumeni, J.F., Rising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. J. amer. med. Assoc., 265, 1287-1289 (1991).
  • Boring, C.C., Squires, T.S. and Tong, T., Cancer statistics, 1993. Cancer J. Clin., 43, 7-26 (1993).
  • Breslow, N.E. and Day, N.E., Statistical methods in cancer research. Vol. I. The analysis of case-control studies. IARC Sci. Publ. 32, 5-338 (1980).
  • Brown, L.M., Silverman, D.T., Pottern, L.M., Schoenberg, J.B., Greenberg, R.S., Swanson, G.M., Liff, J.M., Schwartz, A.G., Hayes, R.B., Blot, W.J. and Hoover, R.N., Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction in white men in the United States: alcohol, tobacco, and socioeconomic factors. Cancer Causes Control, 5, 333-340 (1994).
  • Cancer Registry. Cancer incidence in Sweden 1994. National Board of Health and Welfare, Stockholm (1997).
  • Farrow, D.C. and Vaughan, T.L., Determinants of survival following the diagnosis of esophageal adenocarcinoma (United States). Cancer Causes Control, 7, 322-327 (1996).
  • Gammon, M.D. and 14 others, Tobacco, alcohol, and socioeconomic status and adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. J. nat. Cancer Inst., 89, 1277-1284 (1997).
  • Gao, Y.T., McLaughlin, J.K., Blot, W.J., Ji, B.T., Benichou, J., Dai, Q. and Fraumeni, J.F. Jr., Risk factors for esophageal cancer in Shanghai, China. Role of cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking. Int. J. Cancer, 58, 192-196 (1994).
  • Gonzalez, C.A., Agudo, A., Montes, J., Riboli, E. and Sanz, J.M., Tobacco and alcohol intake in relation to adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia in Spain. Cancer Causes Control, 5, 88-89 (1994).
  • Gronbaek, M., Becker, U., Johansen, D., Tonnesen, H., Jensen, G. and Sorensen, T.I., Population based cohort study of the association between alcohol intake and cancer of the upper digestive tract. Brit. med. J., 317, 844-847 (1998).
  • Hansen, S., Wiig, J.N., Giercksky, K.E. and Tretli, S., Esophageal and gastric carcinoma in Norway 1958-1992: incidence time trend variability according to morphological subtypes and organ subsites. Int. J. Cancer, 71, 340-344 (1997).
  • Hansson, L.E., SparÉn, P. and Nyrén, O., Increasing incidence in both histological types of esophageal carcinomas among men in Sweden. Int. J. Cancer, 54, 402-407 (1993).
  • Jayant, K., Balakrishnan, V., Sanghvi, L.D. and Jussawalla, D.J., Quantification of the role of smoking and chewing tobacco in oral, pharyngeal, and oesophageal cancers. Brit. J. Cancer, 35, 232-235 (1977).
  • Jedrychowski, W., Boeing, H., Wahrendorf, J., Popiela, T., Tobiasz-Adamczyk, B. and Kulig, J., Vodka consumption, tobacco smoking and risk of gastric cancer in Poland. Int. J. Epidemiol., 22, 606-613 (1993).
  • Jussawalla, D.J. and Deshpande, V.A., Evaluation of cancer risk in tobacco chewers and smokers: an epidemiologic assessment. Cancer, 28, 244-252 (1971).
  • Kabat, G.C., Ng, S.K. and Wynder, E.L., Tobacco, alcohol intake, and diet in relation to adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. Cancer Causes Control, 4, 123-132 (1993).
  • Kim, R., Weissfeld, J.L., Reynolds, J.C. and Kuller, L.H., Etiology of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomark. Prev., 6, 369-377 (1997).
  • Lagergren, J., Bergström, R., Lindgren, A. and Nyrén, O., Symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux as a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. N. Engl. J. Med., 340, 825-831 (1999).
  • Levi, F., Ollyo, J.B., La Vecchia, C., Boyle, P., Monnier, P. and Savary, M., The consumption of tobacco, alcohol and the risk of adenocarcinoma in Barrett's esophagus. Int. J. Cancer, 45, 852-854 (1990).
  • Lewin, F., Norell, S.E., Johansson, H., Gustavsson, P., Wennerberg, J., Biorklund, A. and Rutqvist, L.E., Smoking tobacco, oral snuff, and alcohol in the etiology of squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a population-based case-referent study in Sweden. Cancer, 82, 1367-1375 (1998).
  • Li, J.Y., Ershow, A.G., Chen, Z.J., Wacholder, S., Li, G.Y., Guo, W., Li, B. and Blot, W.J., A case-control study of cancer of the esophagus and gastric cardia in Linxian. Int. J. Cancer, 43, 755-761 (1989).
  • Muir, C.S. and MacKinney, P.A., Cancer of the esophagus: a global overview. Europ. J. Cancer Prev., 1, 259-264 (1992).
  • Palli, D. and 12 others, A case-control study of cancers of the gastric cardia in Italy. Int. J. Cancer, 65, 263-266 (1992).
  • Pottern, L.M., Morris, L.E., Blot, W.J., Ziegler, R.G. and Fraumeni, J.F. Jr., Esophageal cancer among black men in Washington, D.C. I. Alcohol, tobacco, and other risk factors. J. nat. Cancer Inst., 67, 777-783 (1981).
  • Powell, J. and McConkey, C.C., The rising trend in esophageal adenocarcinoma and gastric cardia. Europ. J. Cancer Prev., 1, 265-269 (1992).
  • Sankaranarayanan, R., Duffy, S.W., Padmakumary, G., Nair, S.M., Day, N.E. and Padmanabhan, T.K., Risk factors for cancer of the oesophagus in Kerala, India. Int. J. Cancer, 49, 485-489 (1991).
  • Spechler, S.J. and Goyal, R.K., Barrett's esophagus. N. Engl. J. Med., 316, 362-371 (1986).
  • Vaughan, T.L., Davis, S., Kristal, A. and Thomas, D.B., Obesity, alcohol, and tobacco as risk factors for cancers of the esophagus and gastric cardia: adenocarcinoma versus squamous-cell carcinoma. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomark. Prev., 4, 85-92 (1995).
  • Wu-Williams, A.H., Yu, M.C. and Mack, T.M., Life-style, workplace, and stomach cancer by subsite in young men of Los Angeles county. Cancer Res., 50, 2569-2576 (1990).
  • Young, M. and Russel, W.T., An investigation into the statistics of cancer in different trades and professions. Medical Research Council, Special Report Series 99. HMSO, London (1926).
  • Zhang, Z.F., Kurtz, R.C., Sun, M., Karpeh, M. Jr., Yu, G.P., Gargon, N., Fein, G.S., Georgopoulos, S.K. and Harlap, S., Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia: Medical conditions, tobacco, alcohol, and socioeconomic factors. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomark. Prev., 5, 761-768 (1996).