Evaluation and management of occupational low back disorders
Article first published online: 24 NOV 1999
Copyright © 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume 37, Issue 1, pages 94–111, January 2000
How to Cite
Johanning, E. (2000), Evaluation and management of occupational low back disorders. Am. J. Ind. Med., 37: 94–111. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(200001)37:1<94::AID-AJIM8>3.0.CO;2-X
- Issue published online: 24 NOV 1999
- Article first published online: 24 NOV 1999
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 JUL 1999
- low back disorders;
- occupational medicine;
- risk factors;
- quality assurance;
- quality improvement
This clinical practice review of occupational low back disorders describes work-related risk factors, occupational history, physical evaluation, clinical tests, diagnosis, care, and prevention. It is part of a quality assurance (QA) and quality improvement (QI) effort to establish exemplary occupational practice standards. It emphasizes the involvement of occupational medicine physicians in exposure assessment, care of injured workers, and disease prevention. Important occupational risk factors such as lifting, awkward body posture and vibration, in addition to psychosocial, socio-economic and other factors are summarized. The focus is on mechanical back disorders. Return-to-work, rehabilitation and prevention strategies are discussed as part of integrated disability management involving the injured worker, the primary care provider, employers and other relevant parties. Am. J. Ind. Med. 37:94–111, 2000. © 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.