• acrylic bone cement;
  • mixing methods;
  • cemented arthroplasties;
  • mechanical properties;
  • physical properties


Acrylic bone cement occupies a distinctive place in the hierarchy of synthetic biomaterials, because it is the only material currently used for anchoring the prosthesis to the contiguous bone in a cemented arthroplasty. However, the cement is not without its drawbacks. The main one is the role that it has been postulated to play in the aseptic loosening and, hence, clinical life of the arthroplasty. In turn, this role is directly related to the mechanical properties of the cement, especially the resistance to fracture of the cement in the mantle at the cement–prosthesis interface or the cement–bone interface. The present work is a detailed critical review of the recent literature on the properties of bone cement that are considered germane to its use in the stated application. The relevant properties are identified and a case is made for including each of them. Compilations of the values of these properties, obtained under clearly identified conditions, are presented for the six commercial formulations of bone cement in current popular orthopedic use. The gaps and unresolved questions in the current data base, efforts that should be made to address these issues, and research directions are covered. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res (Appl Biomater) 38: 155–182, 1997