To investigate attentional biases for body shape and weight-related stimulus words among subjects with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and control subjects classified using a measure of dietary restraint. Methods: A visual probe detection task was used to assess attention toward stimulus words reflecting either a thin or a large physique and positively or negatively valenced emotion words. Results: In comparison to controls, subjects with eating disorders detected target probes more slowly when they appeared in the same location as had stimulus words connoting a thin physique. In addition, there was a trend toward faster detection or target probes that appeared in the same location as had stimulus words connoting a large physique. Neither of these effects were observed among restrained eaters. Discussion: Our results extend prior work suggesting information-processing biases for body shape and weight-related stimuli among persons with eating disorders. © 1998 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 23: 199–205, 1998.