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Keywords:

  • mood;
  • body satisfaction;
  • media

Abstract

Objective

The present study examined changes in women's mood states resulting from their viewing pictures in fashion magazines of models who represent a thin ideal.

Method

Female university students completed the Profile of Mood States (POMS), the Body Parts Satisfaction Scale (BPSS), and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). They were then exposed to 20 slides; the experimental group (N = 51) viewed images of female fashion models and a control group (N = 67) viewed slides containing no human figures. All subjects then completed the POMS and the BPSS again.

Results

Women were more depressed (R2 = 0.745, p <.05) and more angry (R2 = 0.73, p <.01) following exposure to slides of female fashion models.

Discussion

Viewing images of female fashion models had an immediate negative effect on women's mood. This study, therefore, supports the hypothesis that media images do play a role in disordered eating. © 1999 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 25: 223–226, 1999.