An earlier version of this paper was presented at the conference “Co-occurring Substance Use and Mental Disorder: Functional Relation and Clinical Implications”, held November 26, 1997 at the Radisson Plaza Hotel Admiral Toronto–Hurbourfront, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.
Binge eating and substance use among male and female adolescents†
Article first published online: 9 AUG 1999
Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 26, Issue 3, pages 245–260, November 1999
How to Cite
Ross, H. E. and Ivis, F. (1999), Binge eating and substance use among male and female adolescents. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 26: 245–260. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-108X(199911)26:3<245::AID-EAT2>3.0.CO;2-R
- Issue published online: 9 AUG 1999
- Article first published online: 9 AUG 1999
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 APR 1998
- substance use;
- male and female adolescents;
- binge eating
This study examines the relationship between binge eating and substance use behaviors and attitudes in adolescents and explores gender differences and mental health correlates.
The data are derived from the 1997 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey of public and Catholic school students. A weighted sample of 1,031 girls and 888 boys was categorized as nonbingers, past bingers, and noncompensating or compensating binge eaters.
Binge eaters, particularly those who compensated, were more likely to use all types of substances, particularly cannabis and drugs other than tobacco and alcohol. Binge eating was associated with more problematic and heavier substance use and with lowered self-esteem and more depression. Female bingers were more likely to report compensatory behaviors than male students but gender differences in the relationship between binge eating and substance use were few.
Adolescent binge eaters who engage in compensatory behaviors may be an appropriate target group for preventive programs in high schools. © 1999 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 26: 245–260, 1999.