We analyzed 23 samples of primary pediatric ependymoma for significant gains or losses of genomic DNA, using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and a rigorous statistical approach. Nine of the tumors in this series (39%) appeared normal by CGH. The remainder had a limited number of regions of genomic imbalance, most often involving losses of chromosome arms 6q and 22q and the X chromosome, or gains of either 1q or 9. Recurrent and exclusive losses of 6q or 22q suggest that these regions harbor tumor suppressor genes that may contribute independently to the pathogenesis of childhood ependymoma. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 24:230–237, 1999. © 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.