Narratives of smoking relapse: The stories of postpartum women
Article first published online: 27 APR 2000
Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Research in Nursing & Health
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 126–134, April 2000
How to Cite
Bottorff, J. L., Johnson, J. L., Irwin, L. G. and Ratner, P. A. (2000), Narratives of smoking relapse: The stories of postpartum women. Res. Nurs. Health, 23: 126–134. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1098-240X(200004)23:2<126::AID-NUR5>3.0.CO;2-2
- Issue published online: 27 APR 2000
- Article first published online: 27 APR 2000
- Manuscript Accepted: 13 NOV 1999
- Manuscript Received: 20 SEP 1999
- the University of British Columbia Humanities and Social Sciences Fund; National Health Research and Development Program of Health Canada, National Health Research Scholar Awards (to Drs. Bottorff and Johnson).
- smoking relapse;
- smoking cessation;
Many women who stop smoking during pregnancy relapse soon after the birth of their infants. Using narrative research, experiences of smoking relapse were explored using interviews with 27 postpartum women. The stories of relapse were analyzed to identify important components, paying attention to commonalities, differences, and areas of emphasis. Five general story lines were identified: (1) controlling one's smoking (starting with a “puff” and consciously restricting the amount smoked); (2) being vulnerable to smoking (relapsing because of an inability to resist cigarettes); (3) nostalgia for one's former self (relapsing to recapture feelings of freedom and happier times); (4) smoking for relief (relapsing to manage emotions and stress); and (5) never really having quit (relapsing because they did not quit for themselves). The findings of this study provide support for the claim that the experiences of smoking cessation and relapse among postpartum women may be unique and, consequently, may require specialized intervention. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Res Nurs Health 23:126–134, 2000