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Keywords:

  • seven-membered cyclic sulfite;
  • oxetane;
  • cationic copolymerization;
  • block copolymerization;
  • one-shot feeding

Abstract

Cationic copolymerization of seven-membered cyclic sulfite, 1,3,2-dioxathiepane-2-oxide (1) and oxetane (2) in one-shot feeding was carried out to obtain the corresponding copolymer. When a mixture of equimolar amount of 1 and 2 reacted at 0°C in the presence of methyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (T fOMe) as a cationic initiator, T fOMe and 2 were completely consumed without the consumption of 1. After rising the polymerization temperature up to 25°C, 1 started to be consumed to obtain the corresponding copolymer of 1 and 2. The obtained copolymer showed a unimodal GPC curve, and it afforded a polyether showing a unimodal GPC after alkaline hydrolysis. These results strongly suggested the occurrence of the block copolymerization in one-shot feeding. From the molecular orbital examination, the formation of block copolymerization in one-shot feeding was discussed to be caused by the much larger polymerizability of 2 than that of 1. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci A: Polym Chem 35: 1007–1012, 1997