Justice constructs, negative affectivity, and employee deviance: a proposed model and empirical test
Article first published online: 4 JAN 2000
Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Organizational Behavior
Volume 20, Issue 7, pages 1073–1091, December 1999
How to Cite
Aquino, K., Lewis, M. U. and Bradfield, M. (1999), Justice constructs, negative affectivity, and employee deviance: a proposed model and empirical test. J. Organiz. Behav., 20: 1073–1091. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1379(199912)20:7<1073::AID-JOB943>3.0.CO;2-7
- Issue published online: 4 JAN 2000
- Article first published online: 4 JAN 2000
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 JAN 1998
- Consortium on Multi-Party Conflict Resolution
- Research Program Committee of the College of Business Administration at Georgia State University
This study tests a model that uses organizational justice variables and the personality trait of negative affectivity to explain two forms of deviant employee behavior. Prior research suggests that deviance can be directed interpersonally or against organizations. We propose a model that links unfavorable perceptions of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice, as well as the dispositional trait of negative affectivity, to both types of deviant acts. To test the model, a survey was distributed to employees from a government agency and an international manufacturer of paper products. Responses to the survey were analysed using structural equation modeling to evaluate the fit of the theoretical model to the data. Results showed that the model fits the data well and that nearly all of the hypothesized relations among constructs were supported. Implications of the results for the prediction and control of deviant behavior are discussed and future research directions are offered. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.