Charismatic leadership viewed from above: the impact of proactive personality

Authors

  • J. Michael Crant,

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Notre Dame, Department of Management, P.O. Box 399, Notre Dame, IN 46556-0399, U.S.A.
    • University of Notre Dame, Department of Management, P.O. Box 399, Notre Dame, IN 46556-0399, U.S.A.
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  • Thomas S. Bateman

    1. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Kenan Flagler Business School, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3490, U.S.A.
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Abstract

We tested hypotheses regarding the relationship between proactive personality and perceptions of charismatic leadership. A sample of 156 managers completed measures of proactive personality along with measures of the five-factor model of personality and other individual differences. The managers' immediate supervisors rated their charismatic leadership and in-role behavior. Results suggest that self-reported proactive personality is positively associated with supervisors' independent ratings of charismatic leadership. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that proactive personality accounts for variance in a manager's charismatic leadership above and beyond that accounted for by an array of control variables (the Big Five personality factors, in-role behavior, and social desirability). Copyright © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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