Multiproxy climate reconstructions for the Eemian and Early Weichselian
Article first published online: 4 MAY 1999
Copyright © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Quaternary Science
Special Issue: Palaeoclimate of the last Interglacial- Glacial Cycle in Western and Central Europe
Volume 13, Issue 5, pages 367–390, September/October 1998
How to Cite
Aalbersberg, G. and Litt, T. (1998), Multiproxy climate reconstructions for the Eemian and Early Weichselian. J. Quaternary Sci., 13: 367–390. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1417(1998090)13:5<367::AID-JQS400>3.0.CO;2-I
- Issue published online: 4 MAY 1999
- Article first published online: 4 MAY 1999
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JUN 1998
- Early Weichselian;
Palaeobotanical, coleopteran and periglacial data from 106 sites across northwestern Europe have been analysed in order to reconstruct palaeoclimatic conditions during the Eemian and Early Weichselian. Three time slices in the Eemian and four in the Early Weichselian have been considered. In the Pinus–Quercetum mixtum–Corylus phase of the Eemian, summer temperatures were probably at their highest and the botanic evidence suggests a southeast to northwest gradient for both the warmest and coldest month. Coleoptera indicate that the summers in southern England were several degrees warmer than those of present day. The climate during theCarpinus–Picea phase was uniform and oceanic without obvious gradients. In the final time slice of the Eemian, the Pinus–Picea–Abies phase, temperatures of the warmest month seem to drop slightly with some indication of a shift towards a more boreal and suboceanic climate. The reconstruction of the palaeoclimate in the Herning Stadial and Rederstall Stadial is hampered by the limited number of sites, but botanical evidence suggests a gradient in temperature of the coldest month from east to west. Coleoptera from the Herning Stadial in central England and eastern Germany suggest similarly cold and continental climates. During the Brørup Interstadial and the Odderade Interstadial the botanical evidence suggests that the minimum mean July temperatures rose to 15–16°C but during the coldest month these temperatures show a gradient between −13°C in the east and −5°C in the west. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.