Fluorescent Indicators for Imaging Nitric Oxide Production



The membrane-permeating indicator DAF-FM DA is transformed by intracellular esterases into the highly water-soluble dye DAF-FM, which traps NO produced by NO synthase (NOS) to yield a highly fluorescent triazole compound in cells (see schematic diagram). Monitoring with a fluorescence microscope should allow direct identification of intracellular production and location of NO.