Population genomics: patterns of genetic variation within populations
Part 1. Genetics
1.1. Genetic Variation and Evolution
Published Online: 15 APR 2005
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics
How to Cite
Gibson, G. 2005. Population genomics: patterns of genetic variation within populations. Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2005
Population genomics is the study of the forces that shape the distribution of molecular variation within and among populations, on a genome-wide scale (Luikart et al., 2003). Throughout the twentieth century, the mathematical theory of the history and fate of alleles became increasingly sophisticated, to the point where it was recognized that multiple gene sequences are required to describe the history or demography of a species (Hey and Machado, 2003) and that properties of single genes must be interpreted in light of other sequences (Chakravati, 1999; Bamshad and Wooding, 2003). While robust evolutionary theory from first principles is essential for the interpretation of the distribution of genetic variation (Kimura, 1983; Hartl and Clark, 1997), it must be supplemented by empirical data that places confidence limits on key parameters. That these vary widely among species is one of the important insights from genomic analysis, which is thus ushering in a dramatic new phase in the discipline of population genetics.
- population genetics;
- linkage disequilibrium;
- population structure;
- haplotype block;