Epigenetic inheritance and RNAi at the centromere and heterochromatin
Published Online: 15 NOV 2005
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics
How to Cite
Caruana Scott, K. S. and Sullivan, B. A. 2005. Epigenetic inheritance and RNAi at the centromere and heterochromatin. Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics.
- Published Online: 15 NOV 2005
RNA interference (RNAi) is a conserved gene silencing mechanism by which double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) are processed into short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) that regulate gene expression and posttranscriptional modifications of histones. In fission yeast and vertebrates, RNAi is important for heterochromatin formation and silencing at centromeric regions. In this article, we discuss the landmark studies describing RNAi-induced silencing at centromeres, and the multiprotein complexes that process centromeric repeats and recruit proteins that remodel and maintain centromeric heterochromatin. Finally, we briefly mention the genomic location of centromeres and the functional relevance for regulating essential chromosomal processes such as kinetochore assembly.
Keywords: centromere; heterochromatin; epigenetic; histone modification; methylation; acetylation; satellite DNA; long terminal repeat (LTR)