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Changing paradigms of genetic counseling

Part 1. Genetics

1.6. Genetic Medicine and Clinical Genetics

Short Specialist Review

  1. Katherine A. Schneider1,
  2. Vickie Venne2

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047001153X.g106318

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

How to Cite

Schneider, K. A. and Venne, V. 2005. Changing paradigms of genetic counseling. Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics. 1:1.6:75.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA

  2. 2

    Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005

Abstract

Genetic counseling, as a formal medical specialty, has been around since the 1970s. This article provides an overview of current genetic counseling providers and services while weaving in an historical perspective to illustrate how much the profession has evolved since then. We describe the current qualifications and work settings of genetic counseling providers and detail the components of genetic counseling sessions; collecting family history information, assessing risk, arranging genetic testing, and providing counseling. Lastly, we describe some family dilemmas and ethical issues that are unique or more intense in genetics and ponder the possible impact of increased genetic testing opportunities on future medical practices.

Keywords:

  • genetic counseling;
  • genetic counselors;
  • genetic testing;
  • risk assessment;
  • family dilemmas;
  • ethical issues