Standard Article

The organelles of apicomplexan parasites

Part 2. Genomics

2.5. Bacteria and Other Pathogens

Short Specialist Review

  1. James W. Ajioka1,
  2. Elizabeth T. Brooke-Powell1,
  3. Kiew-Lian Wan2

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047001153X.g205301

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

How to Cite

Ajioka, J. W., Brooke-Powell, E. T. and Wan, K.-L. 2005. The organelles of apicomplexan parasites. Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics. 2:2.5:64.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

  2. 2

    Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor DE, Malaysia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005

Abstract

The apicomplexa are a highly diverse phylum of parasitic protists that are descended from a secondary endosymbiosis of a photosynthetic algae and single eukaryotic cell. Throughout the evolution of the phylum, most species have maintained a single mitochondrion and a plastid-like organelle called the apicoplast. The genomes associated with these organelles are vastly reduced compared to counterparts in other eukaryotic lineages and this probably reflects a concomitant reduction in function.

Keywords:

  • apicomplexa;
  • plasmodium;
  • toxoplasma;
  • eimeria;
  • theileria;
  • cryptosporidia;
  • genome;
  • DNA sequence;
  • EST;
  • bioinformatics;
  • databases;
  • microarray;
  • life cycle