Part 2. Genomics
2.5. Bacteria and Other Pathogens
Short Specialist Review
Published Online: 15 APR 2006
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics
How to Cite
Buchrieser, C. and Glaser, P. 2006. Listeriae. Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics. 2:2.5.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2006
The genus Listeria contains six species of ubiquitous environmental bacteria. Listeria monocytogenes is an invasive, opportunistic, food-borne pathogen and Listeria ivanovii, a pathogen that specifically affects ruminants. The Listeria genomes encode a high number of surface, transport, and regulatory proteins. Comparison of the five genomes revealed a high conservation in genome organization, size, and gene content. Strain specific differences are present, probably related to niche adaptation and different virulence properties. However known virulence factors necessary for human infection are conserved among all L. monocytogenes strains.
- Listeria monocytogenes;
- comparative genomics