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Listeriae

Part 2. Genomics

2.5. Bacteria and Other Pathogens

Short Specialist Review

  1. Carmen Buchrieser,
  2. Philippe Glaser

Published Online: 15 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/047001153X.g205320

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

How to Cite

Buchrieser, C. and Glaser, P. 2006. Listeriae. Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics. 2:2.5.

Author Information

  1. Unité de Génomique des Microorganismes Pathogènes and CNRS URA 2171 Institut Pasteur, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2006

Abstract

The genus Listeria contains six species of ubiquitous environmental bacteria. Listeria monocytogenes is an invasive, opportunistic, food-borne pathogen and Listeria ivanovii, a pathogen that specifically affects ruminants. The Listeria genomes encode a high number of surface, transport, and regulatory proteins. Comparison of the five genomes revealed a high conservation in genome organization, size, and gene content. Strain specific differences are present, probably related to niche adaptation and different virulence properties. However known virulence factors necessary for human infection are conserved among all L. monocytogenes strains.

Keywords:

  • listeriosis;
  • Listeria monocytogenes;
  • comparative genomics