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Ontologies for information retrieval

Part 4. Bioinformatics

4.7. Structuring and Integrating Data

Specialist Review

  1. William Richard Hersh

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047001153X.g408206

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics

How to Cite

Hersh, W. R. 2005. Ontologies for information retrieval. Encyclopedia of Genetics, Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics. 4:4.7:83.

Author Information

  1. Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

Abstract

The goal of this review is to describe ontologies used for information retrieval (IR). We will begin with an overview of IR and its processes, followed by a description of how ontologies are used for IR, with particular emphasis on biomedical systems. Ontologies in general, the Gene Ontology (GO), and the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) have been described in previous chapters. The explosion of data from new genomics and related research technologies provide a strong use case for the better understanding and improvement of IR systems.

Keywords:

  • information retrieval;
  • indexing;
  • search engine;
  • text retrieval conference (TREC);
  • thesaurus;
  • medical subject headings (MeSH)