Standard Article

Measurement Error in Epidemiologic Studies

  1. Raymond J. Carroll

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470011815.b2a03082

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

How to Cite

Carroll, R. J. 2005. Measurement Error in Epidemiologic Studies. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 5.

Author Information

  1. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


This article concerns measurement error in epidemilogic studies, often called errors-in-variables. I discuss what measurement error is, its impact on parameter estimates and hypothesis tests, and how to perform statistical analyses that account for the measurement error.


  • measurement error;
  • errors-in-variables;
  • attenuation;
  • misclassification;
  • instrumental variables;
  • latent variables;
  • regression calibration;
  • SIMEX (simulation extrapolation)