Standard Article

Screening, Models of

  1. Chris Stevenson

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470011815.b2a04048

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

How to Cite

Stevenson, C. 2005. Screening, Models of. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 7.

Author Information

  1. Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

Abstract

This article describes models for disease screening and how they have developed in recent years. The discussion focuses on screening for cancer, because most of the methodological advances in screening design and evaluation have concerned cancer screening. The first part of the article describes the characteristics of these models and illustrates them with a discussion of a simple screening model. The second part describes the development, strengths, and weaknesses of the two main types of screening model—analytic and simulation models—with a particular focus on microsimulation models. The third part discusses model fitting and validation, and the final part briefly describes models for diseases other than cancer—in particular, models for screening for infectious diseases—and discusses the current state and possible future directions for models of disease screening.

Keywords:

  • screening;
  • analytic models;
  • simulation models;
  • microsimulation;
  • model fitting;
  • model validation;
  • cancer;
  • infectious disease