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Genetic Markers

  1. Robert C. Elston

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470011815.b2a05008

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

How to Cite

Elston, R. C. 2005. Genetic Markers. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 3.

Author Information

  1. Case Western Reserve University, OH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


Genetic markers are genetic polymorphisms, used for the study of population structure, linkage and association analysis, paternity testing, and forensics, that segregate in a simple Mendelian fashion. They include blood cell antigens, restriction fragment length polymorphisms, minisatellites (variable number of tandem repeat), microsatellites (short tandem repeat), and single nucleotide polymorphisms.


  • red and white cell antigens;
  • restriction fragment length;
  • variable number tandem repeat;
  • short tandem repeat;
  • single nucleotide polymorphisms