Published Online: 15 JUL 2005
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Biostatistics
How to Cite
Kemp, A. W. and Kemp, C. D. 2005. Accident Proneness. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 1.
- Published Online: 15 JUL 2005
The entry reviews five competing models for the occurrence of accidents: (1) pure chance, (2) true contagion, (3) apparent contagion, (4) spells, and (5) liability. The distributions for accident count data that they yield (e.g. Poisson, negative binomial, Neyman type A, short, and generalized Waring) can, however, arise from more than one model. Model identification, in order to modify behavior and hence reduce the number of accidents, has proved largely ineffective. Since 1985, research has moved from model detection to risk evaluation and analysis.
- random event;
- negative binomial;
- Neyman type A;
- discrete distributions