Computer Languages and Programs
Published Online: 15 JUL 2005
Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Encyclopedia of Biostatistics
How to Cite
Lawrence, C. and Maindonald, J. H. 2005. Computer Languages and Programs. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 2.
- Published Online: 15 JUL 2005
Computer languages are artificial languages that enable humans to give instructions to computer systems. Texts written in these languages are called computer programs or code. Influences that explain differences between languages include differences of historical development, of conceptual framework, and of intended use. The use of computer languages for writing large and complex programs raises major issues of program design. The use of computer languages for statistical analysis raises further issues that have been the subject of extensive discussion and research.