Standard Article

Jackknife Method

  1. William R. Schucany

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470011815.b2a14019

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

How to Cite

Schucany, W. R. 2005. Jackknife Method. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 4.

Author Information

  1. Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


The jackknife is a general methodology for approximate confidence intervals and tests in certain settings. Characteristics of the relevant sampling distribution are estimated using a process that systematically holds out subsets of the samples. Bias and standard error estimators are based upon elementary summary statistics.


  • bootstrap;
  • cross validation;
  • delete-d;
  • delta method;
  • pseudovalues;
  • sample reuse;
  • subsample