Standard Article

Sampling in Developing Countries

  1. Karol P. Krótki

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470011815.b2a16064

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

How to Cite

Krótki, K. P. 2005. Sampling in Developing Countries. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 7.

Author Information

  1. American Institutes for Research, Washington, DC, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


The survey process is complex and, if well implemented, becomes a very powerful tool for collecting vital data that are essential for developing policy. This article discusses many issues related to survey design and, in particular, how they operate in developing countries.


  • survey research;
  • population inference;
  • sample design;
  • stratification;
  • clustering;
  • sample size;
  • sampling precision;
  • nonresponse bias