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Gauss, Carl Friedrich

  1. Peter Armitage

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0470011815.b2a17051

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

Encyclopedia of Biostatistics

How to Cite

Armitage, P. 2005. Gauss, Carl Friedrich. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. 3.

Author Information

  1. University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


Gauss was one of the greatest scientists of all time, contributing to many branches of mathematics and the physical sciences. In statistics, he clarified the role of the normal distribution in the theory of least squares and showed that the method provides minimum mean square error linear estimates.


  • least squares;
  • uniform prior;
  • multiple regression;
  • maximum likelihood;
  • minimum least square error linear estimates;
  • Gauss–Markov theorem